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quacks,' 'pbrenologist quacks,' 'itinerating individual rights, now characterizing them, quacks,' 'local quacks,' 'Chinese and voudoo must prove their sure destruction. quacks,' quacks with brass bands and six horse teams, male and female quacks, and THE ALLOPATHIC FUNERAL IN cancer quacks. The profession of Illinois

TEXAS, succeeded beautifully in throwing their physic and themselves into the hands of the politicians, and paying the cash themselves for the transfer, but every man in THE following account of the death in Illinois who will count up the medical

the Texas Senate of the Allopathic impostors in his vicinity will find himself State Medical Association bill to regulate wondering why all the quacks in the State the practice of medicine, taken from the have located in his township."

Daily Erpress, shows how it is done in Again, there is no lese sickness and Texas and will prove interesting to the death in countries and States having med

readers of the JOURNAL. The Senate treated ical examining boards than in those hav- the question with all the dignity it deing none. The rate of mortality is just as

served and killed it too dead for early grent, and the period of human longevity resurrection : not a particle increased. Not a single


“Senator Pope insisted on the regular advocate of authoritative boards has ever order, which was his bill to regulate the shown that they have benefited the people practice of medicine and surgery and crepractically or done aught for the improve- ate a State board of medical examiners. ment of the art of healiug. A portion of The question of medical legislation has the profession bas been elevated above the created much interest among physicians, rank and file, have had some brief author- and quite a number of both Hippocratic ity, and the brakes have been put upon and Homeopathic were present this mornthe inventive genius of the student, and ing. The latter class are opposed to upon his independence of thought and Pope's bill. The bill creates a State board action.

of medical examiners, to consist of seven I have been proud of Tennessee, when, Hippocratics and one each of the Homeyear after year, her General Assembly re- opathic and Eclectic schools. fused to enact restrictive medical laws to “Senator Lubbeck offered as a substitute please a few medical men who may aspire for the pending bill, his bill 274. He to get above their fellows by political stated that this bill has less machinery, is methods, or who would create some medi- more concise and is more equitable in its cal artistocracy in imitation of that in the provisions. This is the bill the Homcoold world. I trust you will have the pa- pathists want. triotism and courage to restore medical "A point of order was made that the freedom to our great State.

friends of a bill bad the right to perfect The signs of the times clearly indicate it before a substitute could be in order. the approaching end of monopolies and un- The chair, Senator Page, decided the holy combinations and protected classes. point of order well taken and the substi

The pride and power and disregard of tute was decided not before the Senate.

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"The question then recurred upon Stephens' amendment to section twelve which prescribed who shall be legally qualified practioners. His amendment is: or those who are regular graduates and hold a diploma from some legally chartered medical college of the United States.

"Discussion on this amendment was interrupted by three raps of the mallet, the Senate arose and the chair introduced Lieutenant Governor Chase, of Indiana. The introduction was greeted with applause, and the second in power of the Hoosier State acknowledged in a neat speech his pleasure "in having it in my power to greet the Senate of the great State of Texas."

"Senator Stephens' amendment was adopted. Senator Burney offered an amendment to give each school an equal number on the board. He contended that if, under the provisions of the bill, the Homœopathic and Eclectic schools were recognized at all, they should be recognized in a fair and equitable manner. He does not favor class legislation. Senator Burney spoke strongly in favor of his amendment, and the hearts of the Homoopathists grew large and happy.

"Senator Sims offered the following as an amendment to the amendment: "Amend so as to include on the board three botanic, yarb tea or root doctors." The amendment was decided not in order.

"Senator Tyler offered the following: Amend section one by striking out after the word "to-wit" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: Four of the Hippocratic school, three of the Homœopathic and two of the Eclectic school of practice. The first members of said board shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and

shall hold their office until their successors are elected and qualified; and thereafter that the members of said board shall be elected by the people at the next general election and at each ensuing general election, and shall hold their offices for the term of two years. This amendment was discussed and much fun provoked over the inability of the members to define. the difference between the schools. Upon a vote it was lost.

"The question then recurred upon Burney's amendment, which was adopted by a vote of 17 to 9.

"Pope was so dissatisfied at the result that the bill, on his motion, was indefinitely postponed.


"AUSTIN, Tex., March 20.-It rarely happens, in these days of legislation, when the colored gentleman who removes the cuspadores gets fifty cents more a day than the honored senator, that the Senate laughs and has fun, but certain it is that hash-house bills and theatre expenses were forgotten for awhile, at least this morning and a current of good humored laughter and Irish wit swept over the entire chamber. The Adonis-like features of the chair could not resist the infection, while the Goliah frame of Babe Henderson shook like an Arkansas native with his morning chill.

"The Senate was discussnig the Pope medicine bill. No one knew anything about it, but this body would lose its dignity and power, did it allow a bill to pass through without amendments. Sims had gotten in his, directing yam yam, huckleberry, yam tea and root doctors should be on the board of examiners.

"Senator George W. Tyler, M. D., presented an amendment, as follows: Amend


section one by inserting the following: cated in the peach tree oil school-rub it The board shall consist of four members either way, it always cured. He begged of the Hippocratic school, three of the the Senate to excuse Tyler. He thought Homøopathic and two of the Eclectic he knew something about the bill, but he school of practice. The first members of didn't; he himself knew nothing about it. said board shall be appointed by the gov- Tyler should not talk so positive about ernor, by and with the advice and consent little doses-big results. He then attacked of the Senate, and shall hold their office the Homeopathic doctrine of little pills until their successors are elected and qual- and big results, of sugar and molasses, and ified, and thereafter that the members of suggested that the senator from Bell take said board shall be elected by the people a little for the disordered condition of his at the next general election and shall hold brain. He rehearsed many of the fundatheir office for the period of two years. mental principles of the science of medi

"Senator Tyler, M. D., spoke in favor of cine, not forgetting the herb gatherer and his amendment. He said that under the catnip tea caterer. provisions of his amendment, no

"Hippocratic Carter was up for fun, school would have a majority, and thus no and the Senate was tired of work and young fledgling M. D.'s could get license laughed at what he said. In session 'twas and the country would be safe. The Hom- funny, but on paper it can't be. Quite a a copaths would not license the Hippocratica number joined in the discussion, which and the Hippocratic would kill the Eclectic, was protracted for some time.” and the Eclectic would electrify the Homcopaths.

A STARTLING PROPOSITION. “Garwood asked the M. D. to explain

From the MONTGOMERY, ALA., ADVERTISER. the difference in the schools. This was easy enough to the senator and M. D.

HALL OF THE MEDICAL AND SURGICAL The Homeopaths believed in homocracy, SOCIETY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, the Eclectic in electricity and the Hippo

MONTGOMERY, ALA., March 7, 1891, cratic in hippocricy. As for him he was a Homeopathic in reference to this bill, he wanted as little of it as possible. Again, THE Medical and Surgical Society of his amendment would smooth down the Montgomery County has rendered ruffled feelings of several senators. It good service to the Medical Association of had the appointive feature. This would the State of Alabama during the sessions of so place the governor that he would not the Legislature for the past fifteen years. veto the Austin charter, and also the free The issues that we have had to encounter pass bill. He then gave a discourse on have been prosecuted at times with great hygiene and surgery, and sat down out of zeal and vigor, and we have had to meet breath.

them with prompt and continuous “Senator Carter, the wit of the Senate, action. arose and spoke to the amendment. In Occupying this unenviable opportunity response to an inquiry as to what kind of for observation we feel that we stand a physician he was, he stated he was edu- somewhat as sentinels and have the right





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to make a few suggestions concerning the The Legislator asks in what way this prejfuture welfare of the profession and the udice may be demonstrated? In fact they Medical Association of this State. We say that we consider them unworthy of trust that our motives will not be misin- our professional confidence, esteem and terpreted and that these suggestions will association. Our political friends, some be received in the spirit in which they are of them men of no little wisdom and forewritten and maturely considered as a sight, tell us that this is their strongest means of solving the serious problem con- argument, and one which appeals to the fronting us. You are aware that an effort

sense of justice and right. to re-enact the penal clause of the act reg- Let us now briefly review the history ulating the practice of medicine in this of medical legislation in this State, State was made two years ago and failed. and in considering the legal recogniThe same effort was renewed in the ses- tion which sectarian practitioners have sion of the legislature lately adjourned, received, draw our conclusions thereresulting after many weeks of labor in the from: passage of the penal clause by a large ma- It must be recognized that the enactjority. But this was far from being all ment in 1877 of the law to regulate the the medical legislation introduced. Early practice of medicine in Alabama constiin the first half of the session, Colonel

tutes a most important epoch in the mediQuarles, of Dallas County, introduced a cal history of the State, and that policies bill providing for the establishment of

and regulations which may have been wise Homeopatbic and Eclectic Boards of Ex

and expedient prior to that time may have amination, which bill if it had passed, ceased to be wise and expedient nnwould have seriously crippled the Medical - der the greatly changed conditions in relaAssociation of the State and lowered the tion to the medical profession which now standard of medical qualification amongst obtain. us.

Prior to that time it was easy for ignorThis bill found an enthusiastic champion ant and incompetent men

ant and incompetent men to engage in in Col. Quarles, and was defeated by only practice of medicine. Since that time no two majority. Does not this argue that man can legally engage in practice without something must be done, or we must run at least a decent acquaintance with most the risk of having hostile legislation thrust of the fundamental branches of medical upon us. The evil day may not be near,

science. but unless we beed the voice of warning Prior to that time the Medical Associait will come sooner or later. What, then, tion of the State and the county medical is the remedy?

societies were private organizations with The argument advanced by the advo- the full and unquestioned power to control cates of the Homeopathic and Eclectic their own membership according to their schools is that we are incompetent judges own wishes and their own conception of of their capacity, on account of the preju- propriety and good policy. Since that dice which they suppose we entertain time the State Association and the county against them, and hence we should not be societies have become a part of the legal allowed to sit over them as examiners. machinery of the State, and all legal pracistry."

tioners in the State are entitled to mem- ors of his profession. Nevertheless, as in bership in them and a full participation of consultations the good of the patient is all their legal duties and powers, and this the sole object in view, and as this is often without regard to the schools of medicine dependent on personal confidence, no into which they may belong or to the telligent regular practitioner who has a theoretical principles upon which they license to practice from some medical may ostensibly base their methods of prac- board of known and acknowledged respecttice.

ability, recognized by this Association, Prior to that time a physician might be and who is in good moral and professional expelled from membership in any of our standing in the place in which he resides, medical organizations for the violation of should be fastidiously excluded from felany rule of purely professional ethics. lowship, or his aid refused in consultation, Since that time membership in our medi- when it is requested by the patient. But cal organizations is controlled by the med. no one can be considered as a regular ical laws of the State before which laws practitioner or a fit associate in consultaall systems and schools of practice are tion whose practice is based on an excluequally legal and reputable.

sive dogma to the rejection of the accuThese far reaching and radical changes mulated experience of the profession, and in the relations existing between practi- of the aids actually furnished by anatomy, tioners of medicine and the laws of the physiology, pathology and organic chemState suggest, and even render necessary, a more liberal construction than has here- On the construction of this rule some tofore obtained of the established ethical question might be raised as to the meanrules in regard to professional consulta- ing of such desigations as “a regular tions.

medical education," and a "regular practiIn Alabama there are now two of these tioner." There may be such a thing as rules, viz:

“ethical irregularity;" but no such a thing (1) The well known rule in the ethics as “legal irregularity;" and this distinction of the American Medical Association; Sec- is nowhere made in the Code of Ethics, tion 1 of Article 4, wbich may be found on and for us in Alabama, it is practically page 214 of the Book of Rules; and, settled by the law of the State that the

(2) The special rule of the Medical As- principle of legal regularity has legal presociation of the State of Alabama, which is cedence and dominates all issues growing numbered five (5) on page 222 of the Book out of irregularities that are purely ethiof Rules.

cal. We have deliberately invoked the The rule of the Code of Ethics of the intervention of the State in the regulation American Medical Association is in the of the practice of medicine, and it is infollowing words :

cumbent on us to accept in good faith all A regular medical education furnishes the necessary consequences of that interthe only presumptive evidence of profes- vention. In the meantime it is fortunate sional abilities and acquirements, and for us that we can do this without vioought to be the only acknowledged right lence to the letter or the spirit of the of an individual to the exercise and hon- ethics.

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