Abortion and the Ways We Value Human Life

Forsideomslag
Rowman & Littlefield, 1999 - 127 sider
In Abortion and the Ways We Value Human Life, Jeffrey Reiman argues that an overlooked clue to the solution of the moral problem of abortion lies in the unusual way in which we value the lives of individual human beings-namely, that we value them irreplaceably. We think it is not only wrong to kill an innocent child or adult, but that it would not be made right by replacing the dead one with another living one, or even several. Reiman argues that there are only a limited number of facts that could justify such valuing, with the result that human children and adults have the fullest right to protection of their lives, infants have a lesser but substantial right to such protection, and fetuses do not qualify at all. Leading up to this argument, Reiman presents a survey of Western attitudes and laws about abortion from Hammurabi's Code to Roe v. Wade, and a critical analysis of all the major philosophical arguments on the issue, pro and con. The book is written in straightforward, jargon-free language that makes it accessible to college students at all levels and to the educated lay reader as well.
 

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Indhold

The Asymmetric Value of Human Life
Prolife and Prochoice
5
Humans and Persons
6
Overview
7
Abortion from Hammurabis Code to Roe v Wade
11
to Roe v Wade
32
A Limited Defense of Roe v Wade
39
The Main Abortion Arguments and Why They Fail
47
Continuity and Gradualness
69
Intrinsic Values Intentions and Double Effects
70
Physical Identity
75
The Sacredness of Life
79
Loss of a Future Life like Ours
80
Abortion Infanticide and the Ways We Value Human Life
83
Values Objective and Subjective
88
Ways of Valuing
90

Arguing around the Fetus
48
Viability
49
Owning Ones Womb
51
Virtue Theory
53
Arguing about the Fetus
55
Species Membership and Uniqueness
56
Potentiality
59
What It Looks Like
63
Higher Mental Capacities
64
The Conventional Meaning of Personhood
66
The Logic of Rights
67
Wanting Loving Respecting
92
Respect as Reasonable Asymmetrical Valuing
93
The Morality of Abortion
97
Persons and EndsinThemselves
98
Love Infanticide and Fetuses
100
The Stages of Human Being and the Ways We Value Life
104
Abortion and Liberal Discourse
109
Index
113
About the Author
123
Copyright

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Om forfatteren (1999)

Jeffrey Reiman is William Fraser McDowell Professor of Philosophy at the American University and the author of many books, including Critical Moral Liberalism (Rowman & Littlefield, 1997) and The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison. He is coauthor, with Louis Pojman, of The Death Penalty: For and Against (Rowman & Littlefield, 1997).

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