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AN

ETHICAL ESSAY.

OR

AN ATTEMPT TO ENUMERATE

THE SEVERAL DUTIES

WHICH WE OWE

TO GOD, OUR SAVIOUR, OUR NEIGHBOUR. AND OURSELVES,

AND THE VIRTUES AND GRACES OF THE

CHRISTIAN LIFE;

CONTRASTED ON THE OPPOSITE PAGES

WITH THEIR OPPOSITE VICES AND ILL DISPOSITIONS.

TO EACH OF WHICH ARE SUBJOINED SOME

Loose Notes,

IMPERFECT HINTS, AND COMMON OBSERVATIONS,

SERVING TO ILLUSTRATE, LIMIT, OR ENFORCE THEM,

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DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS_TO WIT:

District Clerk's Office. Be it REMEMBERED, That on the twelfth day of May, A. D. 1830, in the fifty-fourth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Joshua WARD, of the said District, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit:

" An Ethical Essay: or an Attempt to enumerate the several Duties which we oice to God, our Saviour, our Neighbours, and ourselves ; and the Virtues and Graces of the Christian Life contrasted on the opposite pages with their opposite Vices and Ill Dispositions. To each of which are subjoined some loose Notes, imperfect Hints, and common Observations, serving to illustrate, limit, or enforce them. Intended to assist in the important Duty of SelfExamination. By the late Edward Augustus Holyoke, M.D., LL.D., A.A.S. To which is added an Appendix, containing, some miscellaneous Papers and Prayers. With a Biographical Memoir, by John Brazer.

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled "an Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned”; and also to an Act entitled “an Act supplementary to an Act, entitled an Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts and Books to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned ; and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical and other prints.”

Clerk of the District

of Massachusetts.

JOHN W. DAVIS,

2,5264

SALEM:

Foote & Browon, Prs. Gazette Office.

gat

ADVERTISEMENT.

The following “ETHICAL Essay" was begun, as appears from the Introductory Notice of the Author, in the Eighty-Sixth year of his age. It was continued, at intervals, until the very close of his life. A great part was written after he had passed his Ninetieth year, and some portions were added, and others revised, after he had attained the age of One Hundred years.

It was not originally intended by the author for publication, nor even to be printed, but solely as a means of Self-improvement. Five or six years since, the work, so far as it was then completed, having been submitted, in confidence, to the Editor, for his perusal, he urged the Author to publish it, on the ground that it would be useful to others, as it had been to himself. This suggestion he waived, on account of what he deemed a want of originality, completeness and literary finish in the Manuscript. Within a few days of his death, however, and when he was in hourly expectation of this event, he sent for the Editor, and earnestly inquired whether his opinions of the usefulness of giving a wider ciroulation to the work remained unchanged. On being assured of this, he consented to sacrifice his own feelings to a conviction of duty, and committed the Essay to the Editor, for the purpose of being revised and printed for the use of his family and friends. A few copies of the work, therefore, are now printed, and for this especial purpose. They are not published. To those who know the characteristic modesty and diffidence of Doctor Hol

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