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Observer, Sept. 1, '75.
will become as familiar as we are with that serene and lofty countenance. So may it be twice honoured and twice blessed, in her that gives it and
who receives it. Here, where Mr. Campbell spent so much of his time, and where the fruits of his labours are visibly ripening all around us, it is not necessary to vindicate the dignity of his character or make known its value. Yet this ceremonious tribute to his memory will not be without its
If we make the most of his example, it will improve us more than his precepts. At any rate, let us acknowledge the debt we owe him frankly and frequently, so that no statute of limitation can be pleaded when the coming generation calls for its payment.
According to my apprehension his career was most heroic. In support of those truths which divine revelation had taught him he encountered the opposition of nearly the whole world--to say nothing of the flesh and the devil. Friends fled from his side, while enemies met him in front and hung upon his flank and rear.
The life of a Christian man worthy of his vocation is a battle at best. The similes with which Paul describes it are constantly drawn from the struggles of the warrior and the athlete. He of whom I speak contended valiantly for the faith once delivered to the saints, not only against the natural allies of Satan, but against errors which appeared to be consecrated by the approbation of good men; creeds imbedded in prejudice; falsehood guarded by interests which the slightest disturbance infuriated. It was a war against principalities and powers and spiritual wickedness in high places. The little band of disciples that gathered around him at first, and whom the world in derision called by his name, were as literally the “sect everywhere spoken against" as their predecessors in primitive times.
To effect a great reformation under such circumstances; to convince large numbers of men against their will; to organize the believers into a compact and powerful body; to conquer the respect of the world; these are proofs of intellectual ability and moral force with which only a few of the children of men have been gifted. To these qualities were added an unfailing courage, a fortitude that nothing could shake, a chivalrous sense of justice to his opponents and affection for his friends, second only to his love for the cause to which he devoted his life. What higher claims can any man set up to the character of a hero ?
When we estimate his talents and virtues by the practical results of their exercise, we must remember that he wrought out his success solely by appeals to the hearts, reason and consciences of his fellow men. Others have made as deep a mark as he did upon the history of the race, but nearly all of them were backed by political power or aided by unworthy passions. It is easy to account for their achievements without supposing them to possess much strength of their own. Standing behind a steam-engine, even a weak man may make some progress in removing a mountain, but he who scatters it abroad with his naked hands belongs incontestibly to the breed of the Titans.
When I speak thus of his merely human dimensions, I do not undervalue the intrinsic power of the gospel. But the qualities of mind and heart which glorify truth, make the man illustrious in his personal character. He was invincible by virtue of the Divine armour
Observer, Sept. 1, '75.
with which he was clothed; still it is only just to say that he filled it grandly, wore it always, and never sunk under its weight. The weapon that glittered in his hand was the sword of the Spirit, but without the sweep of that long arm its celestial temper would not have been proved.
After crediting his coadjutors with their full share of the common work, he is still without a rival to come near him.
Many of them were tall in their intellectual stature, but, looking through the host, it is neither detraction nor flattery to say that,
“ He above the rest,
He was a thoroughly trained scholar, a life-long student, with industry to which mere idleness would have been pain. He never unbent from mental exertion except in conversation. He was, indeed, a most wonderful talker. No one, I think, ever joined him in these social recreations without being both instructed and delighted. His pen was extremely prolific. His writings are so voluminous that we cannot but wonder how he found time to accomplish the mere mechanical labour. Perhaps his written style had imperfections, but it never fell below the dignity of his subject, and it was always freighted with original thought.
As a great preacher he will be remembered with unqualified admiration by all who had the good fortune to hear him in the prime of his life. The interest which he excited in a large congregation can hardly be explained. The first sentence of his discourse “drew audience still as death,” and every word was heard with rapt attention to the close. It did not appear to be eloquence; it was not the enticing words of man's wisdom; the arts of the orator seemed to be inconsistent with the grand simplicity of his character. It was logic, explanation and argument so clear that everybody followed it without an effort, and all felt that it was raising them to the level of a superior mind. Persuasion sat upon his lips. Prejudice melted away under the easy flow of his elocution. The clenching fact was always in its proper place, and the fine poetic illustration was ever at hand to shed its light over the theme. But all this does not account for the impressiveness of his speeches, and no analysis of them can give any idea of their power.
For this man we ask you to keep a perpetual as well as a high place in your memory, and to think of him always as one who was endowed with rare intellectual faculties, enriched by vast learning devoted to the faithful service of his God and the highest interests of his fellow menupon whose private life no stain was ever dropped even by accidentwho, working "ever as in his great Task-master's eye,” was unfailing in the performance of all his duties. Not for his sake do we make this request-he is beyond the reach of human praise or blame--but for the sake of the living to whom his pre-eminent virtues will continue to speak from the tomb.
Here especially should these things never be forgotten. I need not remind you, Mr. President, or the other members of the faculty, that this institution owes its existence to him. He laid its broad founda
Observer, Sept. 1, '75.
tion, and taught its lofty towers to rise. As its first President, he started it on a career of substantial prosperity, and gave it the high character which it still maintains. You, then, have a peculiar interest in his reputation. Hoard it as a priceless treasure. Be true to his great name, and I can safely promise that the large army of his admirers in every part of the country will be true to you.
I conclude, Mr. President, by repeating the presentation which consigns this memorial of our great and good friend to the care of Bethany College.
PRESIDENT PENDLETON'S REPLY. It is made my privilege, honoured Sir, living friend of the honoured dead, to thank you for the worthy words in which you have spoken to us of “the man whom we revere," and through you to tender the grateful acknowledgments, not only of Bethany College, but of a brotherhood of friends wide as the world, to her whose ever-loving heart has done the best she could, and given us here, instead of his living self, now gone from us for ever, this noble sculptured image of a man whose very look was greatness. We knew you were his friendknew it from many a word of warm admiration which we remember of his own lips--and we thought
“If aught of things that here befall,
Touch a spirit among things divine," his could not hear unmoved the testimony which we knew your
heart would bring of how, with the riches of his great and gifted soul, he had made to himself friends who cherish him in the temples of worship on earth and welcome him with the gratitude of regenerated natures to the mansions in heaven.
We shall not forget--the faculty of Bethany College, charged with the work which he began-these young men, looking up to the high forms that stand in the honoured places in the temple of a people's gratitude; and this people, here to-day, to honour the grand life of Alexander Campbell : will not forget the inspiring words in which you have spoken of him, nor cease to thank you, as I now do, for their hearty and eloquent utterance. You have stirred the depths of our souls as with the trident of Neptune, and we give you back the answer of a sea of hearts.
And to Mrs. Campbell, who has committed to us this memorial treasure of highest art, we beg you to say that while his own great life forbids us to look on any image with feelings of idolatrous worship, still it is true that “on God and god-like men we build our trust,” and that her gift shall be to us, by its ever speaking presence, an incentive to make our service to the world, like his, sublime. She has erected upon this platform, not a vain monument of the dead, reciting in graven words virtues which the world had never recognized in the living, but a grand, life-like image, which in its majestic port speaks for itself. When, in all the after years of Bethany College, young hearts, thirsting for knowledge, shall come up to these halls, seeking the inspiration and the learning that must ever be the married parents of all birth and nurture of greatness, the dim traditions of her
Observer, Sept. 1, '75.
illustrious founder that have floated “as airy nothings” before their imaginations shall gather into form and take to themselves in this memorial marble “a local habitation and a name; and thenceforth for ever Bethany College and Alexander Campbell shall live in their hearts, the inspiration of nobleness and the sustaining fulcrum of powers that shall move and bless the world. And is not this a grand rich legacy to leave to posterity—to establish firm in the hearts that shall rule the world, “the throne of Jupiter," the steadfast, against which the shock of the whirlwind's car of revolution shall break in vain and leave the world in peace ?
But our simple word of thanks must not indulge in reasons. These speak for themselves, and inspire the eloquence of true gratitude, which is ever silent. In few words, therefore, but with sincerest thanks, bear to Mrs. Campbell the acknowledgments of the trustees, the faculty and the friends of Bethany College, with assurances of the deep obligations under which you, honoured Sir, have placed us all by the distinguished manner in which you have rendered the service of the hour and the deep and lasting impression for good which, under the inspiration of friendship and a kindred nature, your glowing words have left upon our hearts--in trust for ever.
MOODY AND SANKEY.*
In our last issue we gave in ull a very important article on the operations of Moody and Sankey in England, from the able pen of David King, of the Ecclesiastical Observer. We publish it not merely nor mainly to give our readers the information contained in it—they have much of this already or to speak of Moody and Sankey personally, or their operations particularly, but to speak of the principles involved in all operations of the kind.
Some years since the name of Maffett, of Methodistic notoriety, was known throughout the country. He was sought by the Methodist people, heralded as the wonder of the world, and the numbers reported converted at his meetings were vast. True, some of the wisest and best men they had did not want Maffett. But they had no power to stop him. They must have him! He operated on the regular old-fashioned mourner's bench plan, and as a Methodist. “ The work of they sometimes phrased it, or “the outpouring of the Spirit, as they at other times called the same thing, in his revivals, made Methodists and nothing else. He never made a Baptist nor a Presbyterian. This rule was invariable.
For many years past we have heard of Elder Knapp, among the Baptists, of revival fame. More recently we hear of the mighty deeds of A. P. Graves, among the Baptists. The "work of grace," or "the outpouring of the Spirit," in all the revivals conducted by those two men makes Baptists, not Methodists, nor Presbyterians. We give this peculiar circumstance as material for the reader to meditate on. In former years we think this held good in all sorts of revival meetings.
From the American Christian Review.
Observer, Sept. 1, '75.
“The work of the Spirit,” or the "work of grace," invariably made the converts the same sort as the operator in the revival.
This led many good people, in their simple way of reasoning, to think the “work of grace," or of the “outpouring of the Spirit” was not of the grace of God, or of the Spirit of God at all, but the work of the revivalist—that those begotten were simply of the same sort, as the man by whom they were begotten. But now
we have Moody and Sankey, Whittle and Bliss, and Hammond, who are neither Methodists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians, Congregationalists, nor Independents. What are they? They are nothing. To what are they committed ? Nothing. To what does the "work of grace" or "the outpouring of the Spirit" in their revivals convert people? To nothing. They report converts; vast numbers of them! To what are they converted ? Nothing. What are they when converted ? Nothing. What do the converts hold ? Nothing. Here, again, many good people are confounded. They cannot understand this. The “work of grace,” or “of the Spirit,” in former years, made Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Congregationalists, but now people are converted to none of these; yet converted soundly, but converted to nothing. This is the latest style of the “work of the Spirit,” as represented by our modern revivalists. Here, again, many people are led to believe, who view this kind of work, that those converted are converted by the revivalists, and not by any “influence of the Spirit" at all. Those begotten are the same sort as the man by whom they are begotten. The work is purely of man. If the revivalist is nothing, the converts are nothing also. But then, what are the converted advised to do? To unite with some church. What church ? The revivalist cannot answer that question. Is not such a man a lucid guide in the way of righteousness? There lie before him the records, showing what church those joined who were converted under the Apostles' labours. But these moderns have no light on that subject, but say: "Join some church.” Certainly, and so said Beecher to the people of the
“ Join some church ; join any church; any church is better than you are."
We read in Scripture of “the church,” “the body,” “the body of Christ,” “the kingdom of God." To what church do Moody and Sankey,
" Whittle and Bliss, or Hammond belong? Who can tell ? If no one can tell, what evidence have we that they belong to any church ? Here we have the wonderful spectacle of men crossing the Atlantic to show the people the way of salvation, who have not given us evidence that they are in the body of Christ, or that they ever showed any other person the way into the kingdom of God. They have the Bible, and the gospel of Christ clearly set forth in it, but they do not know the way of salvation set forth in the Bible, or knowing it will not set it forth. That they utter many Bible truths, firmly and forcibly, we doubt not, but that they know the way of salvation, or that they ever follow the Apostles, and set it forth as they did, showing the sinner how to come to the Saviour and be saved, we have never seen in evidence !
But have they not wonderful success ? We cannot answer that question till we know what is meant by success. If the meaning is, have they not been successful in drawing vast crowds, getting their