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Observer, Aug. 1, '75.

away without a struggle to the full realization of the glad hope that had taken such complete possession of his mind and heart.

Upon reading his will, it was found that he had bequeathed another thousand dollars for the thorough furnishing of the Sunday-school, and five thousand to be invested for the support of the pastor of Paca street church. This will probably yield the church an annual income of from $350 to $400, thus continuing his yearly subscription to the preaching of the gospel for all time to come. In addition he divided $21,000 among the charitable institutions of Baltimore, making $28,000 dollars for religious and benevolent purposes.

Thus closed the rounded and beautiful life of one who, with ordinary ability and no pretension, made himself useful in every department of religious life in which it was possible for him to work. His body is the first one to lie in the beautiful cemetery which he planned, and which was almost ready for the market at the time of his death. I have thought that his example might not be without force, and have therefore given this brief sketch.


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GOD, THE OMNIPOTENT. If it be possible for God himself to be astonished, is it not when He thinks how little you and I have Him in our thoughts? I ever and anon surprise myself that my mind and heart are not more engaged in the study of His character. With what spirit of deep humility, profound reverence and devout joy ought you to commune with that Great Spirit. O, my soul, your origin, your present circumstances and destiny of His appointment—the one truth which gives sure hope. But there are gods many and lords many. Why is it, then, that there is no god like our God, and what are the peculiar attributes which distinguish Him from all the other gods which men worship? Why is your God, Christian, the only one deserving the tenderest love, the most sacred and intense adoration of the wisest, best and loftiest intelligence of earth or heaven?

Some of His attributes we are permitted to know. And what a catalogue of stupendous adjectives. How utterly exhaustive of super

. latives. Omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, infinite, eternal, invisible. The Creator and Disposer of all events in holiness, justice, mercy, love and perfection. Well said the law of Moses at Sinai, and later at another mountain by a greater than Moses : “ Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God.” Worship follows worth. Once only in our version is He called the Lord God Omnipotent; yet in the original the word is used ten times, and elsewhere translated Almighty.

What if the man who hates you with a bitter hatred were almighty? What would you not expect ? But the friend who shows a tender solicitude for your welfare-were he omnipotent, what favours would you not ask—what benefits confidently expect? It is the part of prudence, then, to make the omnipotent God our friend.

All powerful, yes; and yet there is a thing God cannot do, although, alas ! I do it almost daily-be inconsistent with the character professed, God cannot lie, nor does He authorize confusion. Then go your way


and ponder well the import of this paradox. Has He ordained a plan of saving sinful man ? He asks your faith. Believe Him. For penitence, then, He asks immersion. Obey in meekness, thankful for a hope of heaven; nor be so selfish, nor so arrogant, so foolish, as to expect Him to save you by your own plan, thus being inconsistent and bringing in confusion.



PRAYER does not directly take away a trial or its pain, any more than a sense of duty directly takes away the danger of infection, but it preserves the strength of the whole spiritual fibre, so that the trial does not pass into the temptation to sin. A sorrow comes upon you. Omit prayer, and you fall out of God's testing into the devil's temptation ; you get angry, hard of heart, reckless. But meet the dreadful hour with prayer, cast your care on God, claim Him as your Father though He seem cruel and the degrading, paralyzing, embittering effects of pain and sorrow pass away, streams of sanctifying and softening thought pour into the soul, and that which might have wrought your fall but works in you the peaceable fruits of righteousness. You pass from bitterness into the courage of endurance, and from endurance into battle, and from battle into victory, till at last the trial dignifies and blesses your life. The force of prayer is not altogether effective at:

Its action is cumulative. At first there seems no answer to your exceeding bitter cry. But there has been an answer. God has heard. A little grain of strength, not enough to be conscious of, has been given in one way or another. A friend has come in and grasped your handyou have heard the lark sprinkle his notes like rain drops on the earth- -a text has stolen into your mind, you know not how. Next morning you awake with the old aching at the heart, but the grain of strength has kept you alive—and so it goes on; hour by hour, day by day, prayer brings its tiny sparks of light till they orb into a star; its grains of strength till they grow into an anchor of the soul, sure and steadfast. The answer to prayer is slow; the force of prayer

is cumulative. Not till life is over is the whole answer given, the whole strength it has brought understood.



DR. GUTHRIE'S HABIT. "I HAD resolved," writes Dr. Guthrie, “ on coming to Edinburgh, to give my evenings to my family; to spend them, not as many ministers did, in the study, but in the parlour, among the children.

-“The sad fate of many city ministers' families warned me to beware of their practice. Spending the whole day in the service of the public, they retired to spend the evening with their studies, away from their children, whose ill habits and ill doing in their future life showed how they had been sacrificed on the altar of public duty. This I thought no father was justified in doing.

“Thus the only time left me for preparation for the pulpit, composing my sermons and so thoroughly committing them that they rose without

Observer, Aug. 1, '75.

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effort to my memory (and therefore appeared as if born on the spur and stimulus of the moment) was found in the morning. For some years after coming to Edinburgh, I rose, summer and winter, at five o'clock. At six I had got through my dressing and private devotions, and kindled my fire, prepared and enjoyed a cup of coffee, and was seated at my desk, having till nine o'clock, when we breakfasted, three unbroken hours before me. This being my daily practice, gave me as much as eighteen hours in each week and instead of Friday and Saturday—the whole six days to ruminate and digest and do the utmost justice in my power to my sermon. A practice like this I would recommend to all ministers whether in town or country. Is seems ample time for pułpit preparation, brings a man fresh each day to his allotted portion of work, keeps his sermon simmering in his mind all the week through, till the subject takes entire possession of him, and as the consequence, on Sunday to his pulpit to preach with fulness, freshness and power.”

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Intelligence of Churches, &r.

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CHELSEA, LONDON, July 12th.-During PILTDOWN. We have been much the months of May and June we have refreshed by a visit from Bro. Adam, who been blessed with further additions. remained with us over six Lord's days, While our chapel was being repaired Bro. earnestly labouring to build up the Ellis preached in Hyde Park, to large and church and preaching the Gospel to sinattentive audiences; and though no im- ners. He immersed four believers, who mediate fruit in the form of conversions have been added to the church.

We is apparent, yet it is certain that the hope, by God's blessing, that the seed principles of the Reformation were more sown may bring forth fruit to the glory widely circulated than they could possibly of God.

A. D. be within the walls of our chapel. On DOUGLAS.-Bro. Pittmay having con. June 6th, the first Lord's day evening cluded a visit of several weeks, Bro. D. of our return four persons were immersed; King has followed him to labour in three of them from the Sunday school. word and doctrine for some four weeks. And on last evening, July 11th, another confessed the good confession before many witnesses, and put on Christ. Bro. Ellis has been away three Lord's days, visiting the

Obituary. churches at Tunbridge Wells and Brighton, but we are expecting him home in wife of John Weston, after a lingering

ANN WESTON (formerly Callaway), the course of the week. There is evidence

consumption, fell asleep in Jesus, the of good work too at Forest Gate. The

18th of May, aged twenty-four years, brethren meeting there brought five She bore her sufferings with fortitude and candidates for baptism to Chelsea on the patience, having a bright hope in Christ. 4th.

J. C. V.

She has left a husband and two little WIGAN.-During the past six months children to mourn their loss. we have had twenty-four souls added to ELIZA WRAPHAM, wife of C. H. Whapthe church by baptism, and two by ham, departed this life, suddenly, June restoration. On the other hand we have 19th, after five hours' illness, aged sixtylost from the fellowship, of the church six. While in health her seat in the meetwithin a few weeks past, two excellent ing place was always occupied, but of late and steadfast Disciples, Jane Grundy and through infirmity, she had not been able Peter Sharrock, both of whom fell asleep to attend. She has left an aged partner in the confident assurance of a resurrec- and a son and daughter to mourn her tion to eternal life.

J. COLLIN. sudden departure.

A. D.

Observer, Sept. 1, '75.



WHEN we read that in the days of the Apostles “the Word of God grew mighty and prevailed,” we are constrained to look further and see how they did it. We inquire for the secret of their success.

1. We see a prodigious amount of personal labour. The book of the Acts is not a chronicle of conventions, or conferences, or councils, or even of churches as such. It is the story of individual life and labour. What Philip did to enlighten the Ethiopian treasurer, and what Paul did for a heathen jailer, and how Peter visited and guided Cornelius, and how Aquila and his wife set Apollos aright—these are the main features of the apostolic history. We do not read that a “ benevolent society" was organized at Joppa, with plentiful bye-laws. But there was one woman's needle very busy there under the “bye-law” of love. Throughout the book runs this golden thread of personal consecration to Christ's cause. In our time there is no small amount of eloquent nonsense uttered about “ reaching the masses." It is a glittering generality, which finds no warrant in God's wise book. Human beings sin as individuals, suffer as individuals, and must be saved as individuals. Christ did not die for “masses;" He died for men. Each person must be reached-one at a time.

If the devil can only succeed in enticing God's people into a big convention and into a passage of a series of flaming resolutions, and the appointment of a tremendous committee and then

going home to sleep over it, he is perfectly delighted. But when he sees a man hard at it in personal effort with some impenitent soul, he is full of rage. Satan knows what hurts him, and there is nothing he chuckles over more than the pious vapouring about “saving the masses." His policy is to tempt people and ruin them one by one. When churches are revived, it is by individual hearts getting aroused and at work.

2. Another secret of apostolic success was that they knew how to pray. They had no stereotyped liturgy. Too many Christians pray alike a book." Those early Christians asked God for just what they wanted. If Peter was in å dungeon, they met at John Mark's house, and prayed him out of the dungeon. If they needed courage to face the enemy, they prayed that they "might speak the word with all boldness." Every prayer

Every prayer had a point and purpose. They were united in their requests. They continued in supplication till the blessing came. Such

prayer would bring a revival in the most cast-iron church in all our borders. Nay, such prayer-meetings would be a revival.

3. Those early Christians knew how to give. They sold a part of their possessions in order to help Christ's poor. They gave also, systematically, every week, as God had prospered them. When the time comes that church members begin to sell their carriages, and rosewood pianos, and Brussels carpets, in order to fill up the treasury of Christ, we may conclude that the millennium is nearer by several degrees. Whenever they begin to give “ as God has prospered them,” we shall hear no more about “ destitute neighbourhoods," and starvedout mission enterprises. The art of giving to the Lord is well nigh a "lost art.” Let us go back and find it in the New Testament.



4. Those early Christians knew how to preach. The narrative is— “They preached Christ unto them.” A personal Saviour was brought right home to each needy, guilty sinner. They wasted no time on bootless controversies. Taking it for granted that each man was a perishing sinner, and taking it for granted that the Gospel of Calvary was true, they pressed the Saviour upon every conscience. Conversions came thick and strong.

5. But the grandest thing about those early followers of Jesus was their lives. For them to live was Christ. No epistle that noble, old Paul ever penned affects me more than his pure, sweet, cheerful, honest, heroic life. The man himself represented Jesus to a wandering, wicked world. The crying need of our day is “ more Christ-like men and women.” Then we shall have a fresh and beautiful “ book of the Acts.'



TO BETHANY COLLEGE. This Bust is the work of the American artist, J. T. Hart. The history of it is briefly as follows :- When Mr. Campbell was in Lexington, Kentucky, many years ago, this (then) young artist requested permission to take a cast of his head. This cast Mr. Hart carefully preserved, and afterwards carried it with him to Florence, Italy, where he established his studio, and where he has since become known to fame. About two years ago, Mrs. Campbell, widow of the illustrious deceased, sent an order to Mr. Hart for a marble bust from this cast.

Upon its arrival in this country a few months ago, she placed it temporarily in the College, with a view to its formal presentation to the authorities thereof on this fitting occasion. The Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, who is a member of the Christian Church, was chosen to make the presentation. Notwithstanding the pressure of his professional duties, he found time to leave his home at York, Pa.,

and come, in response to the invitation extended to him, to present the Bust to the College. On June 17th, on making the presentation, he said

MR. PRESIDENT :-I am about to offer you, or rather the institution over which you preside, a figure in marble of Alexander Campbell, your former friend and benefactor. As a work of art, it will decorate your College. No person who remembers how he appeared in the noon of his manhood will fail to perceive here a most felicitous likeness of his noble features. For the truth of this I am able to give you a better assurance than any word of mine-seeing is believing—let every one look for himself. [Here the speaker unveiled the bust.]

In making this formal presentation of it to you, Mr. President, I act as the commissioned representative of that beloved woman, who was not only his disciple and friend, but the devoted companion of his life, bound to him by ties at once the strongest and the most sacred that human souls can know.

I am sure you will not only take it gladly, but keep it with careful reverence and preserve it for

your successors. By it future generations


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