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After Albert III. the Electorate was en Prince of Wales, son of George II. King of joged successively by Frederick the War- || Great Britain, and grandmother of our like, Frederick the Wise, &c. of the Thu- present monarch. ringian branch of the Witekindian stem.* The existing branches of the House of Frederick the Wise had two sons, Ernest | Saxony are as follows :and Albert: the former was the patriarch The Ernestine l'ranch, comprizing Saxe of the Ernestine, the latter of the Albertine | Gotha, Saxe Meiningen, Saxe Hildburghline of the Saxon princes. The Protestant hausen, Saxe Coburg Saalfeld, and Saxe religion is under the greatest obligations to Weimar Eisenach, which profess the Luthe princes of the Ernestine line: Fre- || theran religion; and derick, the eldest son of Ernest, was Lu The Albertine Branch, represented by ther's first patron and defender; and John, Frederick Augustus, King of Saxony, of the second son of Ernest, was the greatest the Roman Catholic faith. promoter of the protestation against the John Frederick, the eldest son of the dechurch of Rome, from which the Protes- | prived Elector, left two sons : John Casitants have derived their appellation. mir, the founder of the Coburg line; and
John Frederick the Magnanimous, having | John Ernest, from whom the Saxe Eisetaken arms against the Emperor Charles nach line descends. the Fifth, and fallen into the hands of that His Serene Highness John Ernest, Duke Sovereign after the disastrous battle of of Saxe Coburg Saalfield, died in the year Muhlberg, in the year 1547, was by him | 1729; leaving, by his second Duchess, detained in prison till his death, which hap- || Charlotte Joanna, daughter of the Prince pened in 1554; having, in the year follow- of Waldeck, Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe ing his capture, been deprived, by the Em-Coburg Saalfeld, who died at Rodach on peror, of the Electorate, which was grant- the 15th of September, 1761; leaving, by ed by him to Maurice, of the Albertine the Duchess Anne Sophia, daughter of branch of Saxony, the cousin of John Fre-Lewis Frederick, Prince of Schwartzburg derick; in whose posterity-elevated a few || Rondelstadt, three sons :- 1st. Ernest Freyears since to the rank of Kings of Saxony derick, Duke of Saxe Coburg Saalfield, --it still continues.t
the grandfather of Her Royal Highness the The unfortunate John Frederick, thus | Duchess of Kent, the subject of this medespoiled of the ancient inheritance of his | moir ;-2d. Christain Francis ;-3d. Freancestors, left two sons: John Frederick, derick Joseph, who was born in the year the founder of the old line of Saxe Gotha; \ 1737, who, as a Field Marshal in the Ausand John William, the founder of the old trian service, distinguished himself during line of Weimar, whose present representa- | the wars of the French revolution, and who tive is Charles Augustus, the reigning Duke died at Coburg in the year 1815. of Saxe Weimar. From this John William
His Serene Highness Duke Ernest Frealso descended the Princess Augusta of derick, married in 1749, Sophia Antoinetta, Saxe Gotha, consort of Frederick Lewis, | daughter of Frederick Albert, Duke of
Brunswick Wolfenbuttle; and, dying in • Foreign genealogists speak of the “ Four || September, 1800, left issue by his Duchess, Fruitful Branches of the Witekindian Trunk ; who survived him two years, two sons :Saxony, Rengleheim, Wettin, and Lippe. 1st. Francis Frederick Anthony, the late
+ John George, the younger nephew of | reigning Duke of Saxe Coburg Saalfield, Maurice, above-mentioned, celebrated three | father of the Duchess of Kent;-and, 2d. jubilees : the first, in 1617, in commemoration | Prince Louis Charles, a General in the of Luther; the second, in 1630, in memory of Austrian service, who died at Coburg in the Augsburgh Confession ; and the third in 1807 ;-also, a daughter, Carolina Ulrica 1655, in memory of the peace of Passau.-In 1697, Frederick Augustus, then the hereditary Amelia, who is still living, and Abbess of Prince, afterwards Elector of Saxony, embraced
Gandersheim. the Roman Catholic religion ;
His Serene Highness Francis Frederick Butler, “ neither he nor his successors have Anthony, the late reigning Duke, was born attempted to constrain the consciences of their at Coburg on the 15th of July, 1750; and subjects."
he died there, on the 9th of December,
1806. He espoused, on the 13th of June, ! His Serene Highness Alexander Frederick 1777, Augusta Carolina Sophia, daughter Charles, Duke of Wurttemburg, brother of of Henry, the twenty-fourth Count of the late King of Wurttemburg ;—3d. Her Reuss Ebersdorff; and by her Highness, Serene Highness Princess Juliana Henwho is still living, had four sons and five rietta Ulrica, married in 1796, His Imperial daughters. The sons were :-/st. His Highness the Grand Duke Constantine, Serene Highness Charles Louis Anthony, brother of Alexander, Emperor of all the reigning Duke of Saxe Coburg Saalfield, Russias--the grand Duchess, on the occaborn on the 2d of January, 1784, and mar sion of her marriage, assuming the name ried, on the 31st of July, 1817, the Princess of Anna Feodorowna ;-4th. Her Serene Louisa, daughter of Augustus, Duke of Highness Victoria Maria Louisa, Princess Saxe Gotha, by whom he has two sons ; of Saxe Coburg ;—5th. Her Serene High2d. His Serene Highness Ferdinand George | ness the Princess Marianne Charlotte, who Augustus, Prince of Coburg, born on the died young. 28th of Mareh, 1785, and married, on the Her Serene—now Her Royal Highness 2d of January, 1816, the Princess Maria Victoria Maria Louisa, the fourth daughter Antoinetta Gabriela, daughter of Prince of their Serene Highnesses Francis FreFrancis Joseph de Kohary, by whom he derick Anthony and Augusta Carolina has issue ;-3d. His Royal Highness Prince Sophia, was born at Coburg, on the 17th Leopold George Frederick, of Saxe Co-of August, 1786. This illustrious Princess burg, &e. K.G., G.C.B., &c. &c., Field was married, on the 1st of December, 1803, Marshal in the British service ;-4th. His to His Screne Highness Charles Louis, Serene Highness Prince Maximilian, who Prince of Leiningen; by whom, who dedied an infant.
parted this life at Amorbach, on the 4th of His Royal Highness Prince Leopold, the July, 1814, she had issue an only son, His third son of His Serene Highness Francis Serene Highness Charles Frederick WilFrederick Anthony, was born on the 16th liam Enrich, Prince of Leiningen, born on of December, 1790; and on the 2d of May, the 12th of September, 1804; and a daugh1816, he was married at Carlton House, to ter, Her Serene Highness, the Princess Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte | Anne Feodora Augusta Charlotte WilhelAugusta of Wales, the only child of his mina, born in 1807. present Majesty King George the Fourth; On the 29th of May, 1818, this Princess whose premature decease, on the 6th of was married, at Coburg, according to the November, 1817, threw the whole empire | Lutheran rites, to His late Royal Highinto a state of inexpressible grief.
ness Prince Edward, Duke of Kent Heaven's fiercest bolt
and Strathern, &c., and fourth son of Had struck the dear belov'd one to the earth,
our late revered monarch, King George And all that erst was gen'rous, kind, and good, the Third. The Royal Pair having arrived And all that erst was lovely, breathed no more! in England, the marriage was again solem
nized at Kew Palace, on the 11th of July A father's joy, in all its pride was crush'd ! following. A husband's hopes were withered in their Persevering in the economical plan which bloom !
he had formed previously to his marriage, A nation's glory blasted by the shock !"*
the Duke, a few weeks after the performThe five daughters of their Serene High- || ance of the second ceremony, returned nesses, Francis Frederick Anthony and with his Royal Bride to Amorbach, the reAugusta Carolina Sophia, were :-Ist. Her sidence of the Duke of Leiningen; which Serene Highness Princess Sophia Frederica the Duchess, who had been left by the will Carolina Louisa, married, on the 22d of of her late husband guardian of her son, February, 1804, to Emanuel Count de and Regent of the principality during his Mensdorff;—2d. Her Serene Highness | minority, had occupied in her widowhood. Princess Antoinetta Ernestina Amelia, It was during their Royal Highnesses’remarried, at Coburg, in the year 1798, to
tirement at this spot, that the Duchess
proved enceinte ; and as Her Royal High* HARRAL's Claremont.
ness fully concurred in the sentiments en
tertained by her illustrious consort, as an the agony of her soul, to give vent to that Englishman, that her child ought to draw | bursting sorrow which threatened the deits first breath on British ground, they struction of her own existence ! both revisited this country, where the “0, Woman! in our hours of ease, Duchess gave birth to a daughter, named Uncertain, coy, and hard to please, Alexandrina Victoria, who was born at And variable as the shade Kensington Palace on the 24th of May, By the light quivering aspen made; 1819.
When Pain and Anguish wring the brow, In the winter of that year, His Royal A ministering Angel thou !" Highness took his Duchess and their lovely 0, in the hour of death, may our pillow offspring into Devonshire, that they might be smoothed, our eyes closed, by the anenjoy the benefit of a purer air and a milder gelic hand of woman! Such was the tenclimate. There, as it must be yet fresh in derly sublimely soothing lot of him whose the recollection of the reader, the Duke | departure we record. unhappily, and to the nation's inexpressible Since the decease of the Duke, Her Royal and lasting regret, fell a victim to a sudden Highness has passed a life of comparative attack of pulmonary inflammation, so vio- privacy-chiefly at Kensington Palace lent and so rapid in its progress, as to cherishing the tenderest recollections, and baffle the utmost efforts of medical skill. solacing her widowed heart by sedulously It was on Thursday, the 13th of January, | superintending the early education of her 1820, that His Royal Highness, in a long infant charge. * walk with Captain Conroy, in the beautiful environs of Sidmouth, found his boots
* The particulars of the life of His late soaked through with wet. On his return Royal Highness the Duke of Kent are too
well known to require, in this place, any deto Woolbrook Cottage, attracted by the
tailed notice. He was born on the 2d of smiles of his infant Princess, with whom he November, 1767. He was educated in part, sat a considerable time in fond parental play, | by the Rev. Dr. Fisher, late Lord Bishop of he neglected, until he dressed for dinner, | Salisbury, who died on the 8th of May, in the to change his boots and stockings. Before present year. His Royal High..ess completed night, however, he experienced a sensation his studies in Germany, residing on the Contiof cold and hoarseness, when his physician, nent from his eighteenth to his twenty-second Dr. Wilson, prescribed for him an anti- year. In 1790 he went to Gibraltar, as Colonel febrile draught. Advice was again neglect- of the 7th Fusileers; in 1791 he was removed ed. In his usual confidence in constitu to Canada ; and, in the spring of 1791, he was tion, and dislike of medicine, His Royal | at the reduction of St. Lucie, in the West InHighness considered that a night's rest
dies, by the army under the late Lord Grey.
At the close of the campaign of 1794, he rewould carry off every uneasy symptom.
turned to British North America, and served The event proved the contrary. In the
at Halifax as Major-General, till 1796, and as morning, the febrile and inflammatory | Lieutenant-General, till 1798, when, in consesymptoms were found exacerbated ; and, | quence of a fall from his horse, he was obliged although His Royal Highness subsequently to return to England. In April, 1799, His lost a hundred-and-twenty ounces of blood, Royal Highness was created a Peer by the from the arms, and by cupping, the progress titles of Duke of Kent and Strathern, and Earl of the disease could not be arrested, and of Dublin. The following month he was prohe finally sank beneath its power, on the moted to the rank of General in the army, and forenoon of Sunday, the 23d of January, || appointed Commander-in-Chief in North Ame1820.
rica. In March, 1802, he was appointed GoWhat were the feelings, the sufferings of vernor-in-Chief of the fortress of Gibraltar,
which office he held till the time of his decease. the amiable and afflicted Duchess at this
At that lamented period His Royal Highness heart-rending period! She was indefati
was a Knight of the Garter, Thistle, and St. gable in her attentions on her beloved | Patrick; a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath ; consort--all his medicines were adminis- || Keeper and Paler of Hampton Court Park, tered to him by her own hands-for five Colonel of the Royal Scots Regiment of Foot, successive nights she never took off her and, from the year 1805, a Field Marshal in clothes she never left his bedside, but, in the army. T. 111
and I calculated, that, by the we reflect that our own are considered time we could reach our own sweet little surprising and ridiculous in their turn. island, we should, on the long neck of As we were nearing this curious Golland, leading to it from the ferry, meet one gotha, we beheld about forty men and woof our brother officers marching at the men, whom we recognized as forming a head of the relief-guard to Bombay, im- Parsee funeral procession. Amidst them penetrable as a tortoise, in his cloak, blue was a corpse, which we afterwards found trowsers, and Wellington boots. Now, to be the body of a young female, on a either laughing or quizzing was naturally cot, or low bed, that served for her bier. to be expected by men in soiled silk stock. They all seemed to be her near relations; ings, and full military costume, who had and instead of the solemn decency which omitted even to bring a boat-cloak as a I had before observed at such ceremonies, wrap in case of the weather's changing. this exhibited hurry and secresy: the hour To avoid this exposure we agreed to half was unusually early; the lamentations an hour's delay; and, in search of the were not loud; there was no beating of sublime and curious, I led my friend to the breast by the women; but, in long wards the Parsee cemetery on the sea-shore. | dresses smeared with ashes and paint, and The Parsees neither burn nor bury the with dishevelled hair streaming to the bodies of their dead, but expose them in morning-breeze, they were uttering low two receptacles, one for males and the groans and imprecations. Tears were other for females, made of solid masonry, flowing copiously down two of the wóand open only at the top for the admission men's cheeks; and we could hear them of birds of prey. Having deposited the lament that ever they had been born, and corpse in one of these sepulchres, through utter wildly-suppressed rejoicings that she a door at the bottom, it is left, slightly whom they bore along, was dead. When covered with a muslin cloth, to be de. they arrived at the receptacle, instead of Foured. The bones are then carefully unlocking the door, and placing the body collected, and buried in an urn, with cer- | on the platform with tenderness, it was tain ceremonies, This mode of sepulture thrown with apparent detestation from the was common, in ancient times, in some parapet, and we heard the echo of its fall parts of Persia. It excites surprise now with a chill of horror. by its seeming barbarism; and that it All this naturally aroused my curiosity; should be practised by such an enlightened and through the instrumentality of Horand humane tribe as the Parsees of Bom- mongee and Monagee, to the latter of bay, who are very justly called the Quakers | whom I promised my interest respecting of the East, is strange. Precept and ex- | the canteen, by way of bribe, for divulging ample will, however, school the human | the secrets of his tribe, I received the fol. mind to any thing; and, therefore, we | lowing particulars, which, I have every need not wonder at strange customs, when reason to believe, are perfectly true, and
in strict accordance with Parsee usage. * The remarkable and melancholy facts here Limgee Dorabjee, a respectable trader in recorded, in illustration of the customs and | jewels, had a daughter called Yammá, morals of the Parsees, in India, are from the whose beauty equalled the lustre of the original manuscript of the same interesting finest diamond. She appeared, among the work-“ Forty Years in the World, or Sketches | virgins of her tribe, as a gem of Golconda and Tales of a Soldier's Life"-from which we
amidst beads of glass. Her parents saw in last month (LA BELLE ASSEMBLEE, Vol. I. page 239) were indulged in the favour of ex
her, as in a flattering mirror, their fondest tracting “ The Vow," a tale of Eastern super
wishes. They pearled her jet black hair stition. The work alluded to--which, it will
with many a costly transparent row; their be recollected, is by the author of " Fifteen rubies in burning glow were pendant from Years in India," “ Memoirs of India," &e. her delicate ears; their sapphires from her is dow on the point of publication.
graceful nose; while many a far-famed No. 7.-Vol. II.
mine glittered on her bosom, sparkled on he be desirous of preserving fidelity to his her fingers and arms, and shed its light on departed half. The same rule holds if the her toes and ankles. Gold and silver gave husband die : his family are bound to find splendour to her dress : in short, in the a widower, in compliance with a wish on impassioned phrase of Lord Byron, and the subject, indicated by the lady's friends. perhaps with less of poetical hyperbole By this judicious arrangement the frailties
of human nature are restrained, and even “She was a form of life and light, That seen became a part of sight."
converted into a public benefit. The Par
see women receive the advantages of eduThis charming young Parsee, or Peri, was cation; many of them can read, write, about fourteen years old, an age at which play on the Indian guitar, make up acthe female figure attains the round perfec-counts accurately; and, in some transaction of beautiful ripeness in India. Indeed | tions I have had with them, they appeared marriage takes place generally at a much | very sensible and intelligent. All public earlier period of life; but in Yamına's business, however, is transacted by the case, the young man to whom she was The women do not appear in mixed affianced had been detained at Surat company; but in influencing affairs, and in nearly two years by important commercial private negociations, they are powerful inaffairs, in which he was deeply concerned, struments. and the expensive ceremony, on solemni Such was the lovely Yamma, and such zation of wedlock, had been postponed were the promises of hope, when it was from time to time, in anxious expectation her fate to be rescued from imminent peril of his return.
by the intrepidity of Captain S- She Yamma's prospects were bright as the had accompanied her mother in a covered star of Venus. In her tribe women are and gorgeously decorated hackery, to a treated with great consideration. They | garden-house which belonged to her father act an important part in the public and on Colabah. They staid in the garden private concerns of their husbands, go un rather longer than their attendants wished, veiled, and in point of personal freedom || pleased with its cooling fruits, neat walks, they are under no restraint, beyond that | silver streams, and shady trees. The golwhich delicacy and the custom of their den banana, glittering mangoe, and imperial mothers impose. The Parsee usages with || jack attracted their gaze and touch. At respect to marriage are founded upon the length their bullocks, in splendid housings, happiness of domestic life, and they pro- | proud of the music of the silver bells vide for the preservation of purity in the which played in suspension from their fair sex so effectually, that it is the boast || necks, approached the bed of the tide, of this admirable class of the Indian com which I have before described as separating munity, that their wives never prove un the island of Colabah from Bombay. The faithful, nor is there an instance of prosti- || raft was beginning to ply in the lower part tution among
their daughters: indeed their of the channel, but the carriage-road along character in this respect is so well esta- the crest of the high rocks was practicable, blished at Bombay, that it is believed every though the rising tide might be seen glitaberration from virtue in their tribe is pu tering in streams across its black ravines. nished with immediate death, and the no The drivers and runners calculated that toriety of the family disgrace carefully the bullocks would cross before the tide suppressed. The Parsee laws and usages covered the rocks, and they urged them at are so well framed for the prevention of full speed. A strong breeze, however, crime and the adjustment of disputes, that came into Bombay harbour with the flow an instance scarcely ever occurs of a re from the ocean, and before the hackery ference to British justice. A Parsee can reached the shore, the ladies saw with have but one wife. If she die, her family terror that the devouring element was are bound to find a widow for the forlorn's floating them, that their footmen were second mate; for he is not allowed to swimming and in great agitation, striving to marry a young girl, as with us, in his old keep the bullocks' heads towards the land. age; nor is he obliged to wed again, should | Alarm soon finds utterance. The mother