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TRANSACTIONS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.
British MUSEUM.

Eighih,-That we consider the en. Report to the Committee of the Hon. tire collection to be equal in most, and House of Commons on the Petition of similar collection which any of us

in many parts superior, in any other the Trustees of the British Museum, respecting the purchase of Mr. Gre have had opportunities of vi wing in

this and other countries. rille's Collection of Minerals.

Ninth,--That having accurately exW VE the undersigned, having been amined and separately valued the dif

requested, by the committee, ferent cabineis and detached speci. to make a careful examination of the mens, we find the total amount to be collection of minerals belonging to thiriren thousand seven hundred and the Right Hon. Charles F. Greville, twenty-seven pounds. and to put a value upon the same,

WM. BALINGTON: with as much fairness and accuracy

L'COMTE DE BOURNON. as possible; have now to report :

RICHARD CHENEVIX. First,-That on May 20, 1810, we

HUMPHRY Davy. assembled at the house of the late Mr.

ROBERT FERGUSON. Greville, on Paddington Green, com

. CHARLES HATCHETT. menced our inspection of the colleo

WM. H. WOLLASTON. tion of minerals; and continued the

The above and, that as an act of same, day after day, up to the 9th of the month.

justice they ought to state to the Second,-That we have found the committee ihe great assistance which specimens scientifically arranged, for had been rendered by the Count de the greater part, in glazed drawers, Bournon, he having been principally, which are contained in cabinets made employed in forming the collection, of beautiful mahogany.

and having also been occupied many Thud, -Thai exclusive of these

in arranging it will the late Mr.

Greville. calvinets, there are two others, con- ville are also mentioned as having ren

Messis. Lowry and Jontaining models in word and in clay, dered considerable service in the arthe former having been most accurately made by the Count de Bournon rangement and inspection of these

minerals. for the late Mr. Greville, exemplifying and elucidating the various figures and modifications of crystallized mi

SocieTY OF ARTS neral substances; a series of great im- On the Properties of Furze, or Whins. portance to mineralogical science. Fourth, -That in addition to the

By Major Spencer Cochrane, of

Muirfield House, near Haddington. minerals contained in the drawers, there are arranged on the upper part

Sir, of the cabinets many large and many Thy publishing, in their twentyarc uncommonly rare and highly va- fifth volume, my communication, luable.

stating the advantage arising from Fifth,-That the whole consists of the culture of poppies, and that seven about twenty thousand specimens. ounces of fine sallad oil had been

Sixth,- That in general through- drawn by expression from two pounds out the collection the specimens ap- of the seed; I now beg leave to add, pear to us to have been selected with that I am informed that considerable very great judgement, both as to their quantities of poppy seeds have been utility and beauty.

lately bought up in ditferent parts of Seventh --That the series of cry, the country, and the expressed oil of stallized rubies, sapphires, emeralds, them sold at the price of Florence oil; topazes, rubellites, diamonds, and and that emulsions made from poppy precious stones in general, as well as seeds answer in every respect the the series of the various ores, far sur- purposes of those made froin almonds. pass any that arc known to us in the The following communication may, different European collections. perhaps, be deemed worthy the notice UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XIV.

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of the Society; it relates to the use May last. His Grace the Duke of of wbins, or furze. Its utility as food Norfolk, the president, entered about for cattle has long been known, though half-past twelve, and immediately probabiy roi sufficiently appreciated; after his Grace was seated, Dr. Taylor, but as a medicine i never till within a the secretary, addressed perlaps as few years heard of it. My first informa- elegant, and cortaiply as numerous a tion was received from a gentleman company as ever appeared, on a similar who has been an officer in the army,, occasion, within the walls of the a friend and reation of mine; he is building. The worthy Doctor began seventy-five years of age, and in good a very elaborate and explanatory ad. health, and what he says may be de- dress, comprehending and animadpended upon. In October, 1806, he verting on, the views of the institution informed me that his sight had been from its origin. He remarked, that much strengthened by drinking an in- it had existed in the bountiful disfusion of whin, or furze blossoms, tribution of its sanction without the dried in the sun in the summer. The aid of parliamentary support, for infusion is made from a lea-cup full more than half a century, and that at of the blessons, in a tea pot, in the this time it was in the most flourishing manner of tea, and the dose half a condition. The Doctor stated, that tumbler at night; that he never had formerly it was the practice to distri. a cough since he first used it, which bute the rewards soon after they were was fifty years ago; it acts as a diu. adjudged to the respective candidate, retic, and by perspiration, and when but that greater dignity should be the dose is increased promotes sleep. given to the proceedings of the SoIn October, 1808, he informed me ciety, and that the public should be that he still continued the use of the able to form a more decided opinion whin tea, that he had no cough, and of the utility of the establishnieni, it that his skin was remarkably fine and had been deemed expedient to alter white, which he attributes to its use. the plan and distribute their honours

My friend supposes the young shoots on the last Tuesday in May. of firze may answer if the blossoms The candidates were arranged in cannot be got; he informs me that their proper classes, as heretofore, and when an epidemical cold came from if that branch of the Society's busiGermany, and destroyed many horses ness, viz. agricultural improvements, in England, the east wind continued was ever considered entiiled to presix weeks, and the infection came over cedence, it is particularly so at this to Ireland, where he had the care of a time, when daily experience proves troop, in so poor a village that he the great progress which is making in could get neither bran por mait for a pursuit on which so much depends, mashes, which were ordered for the and which indeed may justly be conHorses with sulphur, after bleeding. sidered of the highest national imThat he ordered the meu to cut furze, portance. and to give it to the horses after they T. Johnes, Esq. of Hafod, Cardihad beat it weil on the pavement; ganshire, was the first candidate on that at first they had to mix it with the list, who received the gold medal oats, but that in two days the horses for having planted thirty thousand dievoured it like clover.

That by larchi trees, thirty thousand becchi, these means he recovered them all, and ten thousand spruce fir. We rethough every other troop lost two or gret to add, that Mr. Johnes was prethree; and that iiis was the only treop vented attending from an accident in good condition at the review. which has lately befallen bin, having I remain with esteem, Sir,

bust a blood vessel. Your sincere and humble servant,

J. C. Curwen, Esq. of Workington

Hall, Cumberland, who seldoni suffers
SPENCER COCHRANE.

a sessions to pass over without offering To C. Taylor, M.D.

loimsoli to the notice of the Society,

was presented with a gold medal, for The annual distribution of the So- experiments ou stall-feeting cattle. ciety's rewards took place in their A letter was read from this gentleman, Great Room, in thic Adelphi, on 29th expressing the regrei he felt at not

being able to have the honour of re- a process well worthy the consideraceiving the melal in person, and tion of the Society, as it mavin fu. assuring the Society that the number ture check the rise in price of this of obligations they had conferreri on article, which has been most enorhim did not lessen the value of their mous. The same reward was also favours.

bestowed on Mr. B. Cooke, of BirThe gold medal was next given to mingham, for his riihod otproducing J. Stockdale, Esq. of Cark, Lincoln- beat light, and various u util articles shire, and R. Towers, Esq. of Dudden from pit conl. Grove, Cumberland, for having gain- The society, in the distribution of ed five hundred and sixty-four acres their monours to the candidates in of land from the sea at Windermere polite arts, have, this session, been in Lancashire-an honour which the uncommonly fortunate in their se. candidates were justly entitled to. lection. Among ibe various perform

Silver medals were given to J. B. auces of youth of both sexes, there Petre, of Westwick-house, Norfolk, are a few which particularly claim our for extensive plantations of Pinaster Dorice. The landscape of the houses, fir-trees; to E. Smith, Esq. of Brent. called the Five Chimnes, in Tothil woor, Essex, for preparing froin the fields, reflects the bigliest credit on fibres of the common nettle thread Miss Jane Steele; the colouring is and articles resembling Hax, hemp), particularly chale, and this young low, and cotton; to Sir. T Bulls, Sax- lady is certainly entitled to the conilingham, near Holt, Norfvik, for a gratulations of the society, for baving screv adjusting plough; to Mr. W. produced a most intere. iing and wellJeffery, Cottonend, Northampton, for fivislied drawing: a pair of expending harrows; to Nr. The portrait of an elderly gentle. Haiton, jun. Ridway, Dear Sheffield, man, in cazon, i): Hiss Diaminond, for an improved reaping hook; and to a young ladi, only thirteen years of Mr. J. Baker, West Coker, near age, cinces great promise; at the Yeovil, Somersetshire, for an imple- same lime, while we give every credit ment for destrozing docks and thisties. to the young artist, aud much adinire

The gold medal was next given to the performance, we regret that the J. Jopling, Esq. Gateshead, Durban, colouring of the role hid not been The first candidate on the list in chy: different—as it is, it bears too gre:& mistry, for having worked quarries of a senıblance to the vile touches in the British marble. This Grace, the pre- face. sident, paid many handsome compli- Miss Watts's paintings on china are ments to this gentleman for his per- peculiarly delicate and chaste, and severing exertions in working his well entitled her to the silver pallet. quarries. Such meritorious endea- The oil painting, 2 view of New vours, lis Grace observed, would Shoreham, is finished with judgment, prevent the necessity of an extensive and evinces great power of execution; importation of marble from Italy, we think he society should have given and he was happy to know that so this lady the silver medal instead of good a substitute could be bad from the pallet. the bowels of the earth we inhabit, The oil painting of a Dutch smack without resorting to foreign markets. going off in a gale, by ll. Parke, Esq. The Society, it will be recollected, carries with it some m.sterly strokes; last session rewarded Mr. Hubbard the picture is altogether grand, and with their gold medal for a similar does infinite credit to the artist; the undertaking, which has no doubt silver tnedal is bere well bestowed. been the cause of bringing forward The oil painting, by Mr. Thielcke, Mr. Jopling's marbles, which are well of the Iloiy famiiy, is jusily entitled entitled to a place in the Great Room, to the paliet. as companions to those of the former The original historical drawing, by candidate.

Mr. Denis Dighton, the defeat of king The silver medal was given to H. B. Porus, by Alexander the Great, on Way, Esq. of Bridport Harbour, Dor- the banks of the liycanpes, is highly setshire, for his method of extracting creditabic to the talents of the artists turpentine from fir of English growth, we, however, would recommend line

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chine.

to avoid, as much as possible, the in- pertained, was awarded the candidate troduction of too many characters in in question, who, though he justly aphis sketches; though the execution is preciated the favour done lim, froin to be admired, we have likewise to feelings wbich do honour to bis heart, regret, that the drawing, at first view, mentioned to a meanber (not for the seemingly presents an undefinable purpose of it being communicated to nuinber of objects.

the society) that at that time ihe most Master Farey promises to excel in tribina pecuniary reward would have that branch of the art he has adopted ; been equally, if not more acceptable, bis perspective drawing of London his parent having vecently laboured bridge water,works, is highly credit. onder pecuniary embarrassments, able to hiin; were it only a cosy, he which being made known, the society, woulit deserve commendation, but with a :iberality which ever characbeing an original, much is to be ex. terize their proceedings, voted twenty pected from him heaiafter.

guineas in addition, and which he reMaster Landseer's etchings entile ceived, accoinpanied with the appro. him to our praise.

Lation and applause of ail present. The improvements made by Mr. J.

The candidates in mechanics were Hossell, in the aqua-tinta process, as nan" as heretofore, and the invenpromise to be of great utility to artists tions which have been brought before in general. By this method, pen, the society, during the present session, pencil

, and chaik-dravings can be promise, in every respect, to be of easily imitated. The gold medal was presented to noticed on former occasioi:s.

equal tility to those which they have Mr. Andrew Wilson for bis exertions in stereotype printing, a branch of N. P. Lee, Esq. claimed the gold the art, which though not likely io be medal for an improved thrashing mafollowed generally by the trade, must be most valuable in printing a variety

Gold medals were also given to Mr. of books, particularly those of long

Allam, and Mr. Brvan Donkin for a numbers, and containing logarithms, machine to ascertain the velocities of

mathematical dividing engine, and a on account of the certajuty, the pages being once cast, of keeping them cor

macbi.ery.

The silver medal and twenty guiMr. T. Wyon also received the gold neas were given to a poor, but worthy medal for a medal die engraving of clergy man, the Rev. J. Brumner, for the head of Isis, the patroness of the a method of making every ship's boat arts, which the society so much

ap

a life-boat. We have introduced this froved, that they have purchased the candidate, perhaps, in terms, which dies, intending, in future to present may appear humiliating and disressthe medal in question, exclusively to ing to the feelings of the worthy die

vine, but we are anxious that it should the candidates in polite arts. Master D. J. Ross, a youth only fold benefit this society has, in this

be impressed on the public the twofourteen years of age, who has already been twice rewarded by the society, instance, occasioned—that of bringing was again honoured by their favours into use a method of saving our brave This young gentleman's performance, ship-wrecked tars, and rewarding a wbich is an historical drawing of Ca- clergyman with their honours and peractacus, the British king, before cuniary assistance, who has a large Claudius Cæsar at Rome, we have no

family, and an income of only seventy hesitation in pronouncing, surpasses pounds per annum to support them. cvery effort of the art which we have The silver picdal was giren to Mr. witnessed from so juvenile a candi. S. Herman for an improved mowing date; and here, while we do justice block. to the abilities of the little artist, ve Fifty guineas were given to Mr. cannot but refrain expressing our ad- Davis for a fire-escape. This inven. miration at the liberality of the insti- tion is well worthy ihe attention of tution. The silver medal, the greatest the parish officers throughout the honorary bounty which could be given metropolis. If one was to be kept in the class to which the drawing ap. with the parish ladder many lives, we

rect.

cart.

are persuaded, might be saved in cases of great assistance to the invalid as he of fire,

gains strength-and, though last not Fifteen guineas were given to Mr. least, the silver medal and forty guiG. Marshail, for constructing sash neas were presented to Mr. J. Moriwine;ws so as to be cleaned and re- son, of No. 145, Holborn, for inyentpaired wiibin the house, which, if ing iinplements, by which persons ; brought into general use, would save who have had the mistoriuue to lose many a servant from a broken limb. their hands may usefully assist them

Fifteen guineas were also given to selves. Mr. Smith, foi a method of relieving Every person who has attended the a horse when fallen in the shaft of a distribution of the society's rewards,

cannot but feel a peculiar satisfaction The silver medal was given to Mr. in witnessing the bounties which are Tavlor, of Holwell, Tavistock, for a bestowed, but, at the same time, gramethod of ventilating mines and hos- tifying as the sight is, it cannot be pitals; and the same reward to Mr. denied, that it would be much Mult, for a new method of using a heightened, if the company had not filtering stone.

to encounter the excessive crowd in Mr. Reid received fifteen guineas gaining adinittance, which is the case, for a compensation pendulum. but which, we think, might be avoid.

The silver medal was given to Mr. ed, if the distribution was in fuiure Baker, for improvements in fire-arms. removed to the Freemasons' Tavern,

Twenty guineas were given to Mr. or (rown and Anchor. This may be c. Willianis, for a method of boring considered the more necessary, as from the conical part of brass cocks. the flourishing state of the society it

Thiity guineas were given to Mr. now consists of at least one thousand Lewis Aubrey, for instruments for five hundred members, who have an equalizing the width and thickness of indiscriminate right of sending their leather straps.

friends on this occasion, whilst ibo The silver medal was given to Mr. Great Room will contain only eight G. Risley, for spring crutches, which, hundred people. from their principle, must be found

VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL; With Notices respecting Men of Letters, Artists, and Works

in Hand, &c. &c. THE THE first volume of the theological most ancient English Version of the

works of Mr. Archibald M‘Lean, New Testament, are Memoirs of the one of the pastors of the Baptist Life of Dr. Wiclif; and an bistorical church, Edinburgh, which, from the Account of the Saxon and English urexpected demand, the proprietors Versions of the Scriptures previous were under the necessity of reprinting, to the fifteenth century; embellished is now finished, and ready for de- with an elegant portrait. livery. Volumes 5th and 6th, con- A new edition of Dr. Lamont's Serlaining the Paraphrase and Com- mons, on the most prevalent vices, is mentary on the Epistle to the He- in the press, and will appear early in brews, will be immediately put to August. press, aud the subsequent volumes Thc Account of Alexander the will be published as speedily as pos- Great, which Sır William (useley bad sible. I be whole, when finished, been for some time preparing, will will consist of eight or nine hand- not now be completed till after his some volumes duodecimo. A new return fom Persia, when it will proedition of his treatise on the Apostolic bably be enriched by many original Commission is also just published. documents from the East, as will also

The Rev. H. H. Baber, of the Bri- his intended work on the Geography tish Museum, has just published a of Persia. new edition of Wiclif's Version of

A very interesting work is in the the New Testament. Prefixed to this press, entitled London, a Complete

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