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in the use of musquetry and artil- his plans, and he returned to Buenos lery.

Ayres to complete his preparations of "What contributed not a little to defence. excite emulation was the attention “ After the splendid successes he which Don Santiago paid to distin- had obtained, it might be supposed guish each corps by different uni- that Don Santiago would fatter himforms, according to their respective self with the expectation of receiving provinces. The Andalusian disputed the greatest favours at the hands of the palm of application with the the Court; and even of being hoGallician; he with the native of noured with the dignity of Viceroy of Biscay and Montagna, and they with a country which he had defended, and the Catalans, &c. The Creoles, under as it were conquered a second time. both the names of Patricios and Arre. But he conceived that the popularity renos, in like manner laboured to sur- he had acquired on the occasions, pass the Europeans. The blacks and the relations, of every descripthemselves, and all the free-casts, tion, which he had contracted as a joined this aggregate of patriotism. citizen, during a residence of 17 years, Lead was wanting ; the gutiers of the (having married a Creole of Buenos houses and tin vessels were melted. Ayres), might prove obstacles in the Lima and Chili supplied powder, way of his maintaining, in a soitable which was carried across the Andes on manner, the dignity of a superior men's backs. It was carried in bot- chief: besides, as the principles of tles that formerly contained liqueres, subordivation were necessarily relaxed and other articles of luxury. The by the new situation in which the interraces of houses, formerly covered habitants were placed, and they would with flower-pots and orange-boxes, feel greater reluctance to obey a chief were covered with cases of grenades with whom they were in babits of and fire-pots. In a word, an opulent familiarity than a stranger; inasmuch and voluptuous city, at the voice of as the rigorous language of the laws one man, became suddenly converted which, in the mouth of the former, into a new Lacedemoni. The very would seem harsh und disagreeable, ecclesiastics, by their exhortations, would in that of a stranger appear their writings, and their, presence at ovly what justly belonged to his chaall the exercises, proved to all classes racter; Don Santiago, in his repreof the inhabitants that the love of sentations to the Court, strongly incountry, and fidelity to the lawful sisted upon the necessity of sending sovereign, are the first duties of a out to the River Plate, a Viceroy full Christian.

of energy and integrity; and above “General Whitelocke soon learnt :ill, thai he should be accompanied by to his cost, what can be done by a two reziments of troops of the line. people fighting for their wives, their In this conduct he acted like an children, their property, and their able physician, who, afier employing independence. The days of the 5th cold applications in an inflammatory and 6th of July, 1807, will be ever disorder, or tonics in a disease of apainemorable in tlie annals of the Spa- thy, is compelled, in both cases, as nish nation, as will also the treaty soon as the dangerous symptoms have which restored to the king an in- subsided, to resort to the contrary reportant fortress, which had cost the medies in order to restore the equiliEnglish an assault and a considerable brium in the human system. Thus loss, some months previous to tie was Don Santiago of opinion that actions of Buenos Ayres.

the same method should be adopted “During the siege of Monte Viden, with regard to the body politic; and Don Santiago had proposed to his that the military ideas impressed upon volunteers to march wiih him to its a people, together with a consciousrelief. He selected 3000 of them, n'ess of their own strength, things with whom he made two forced which, on certain occasions, might be marches on foot, a thing unprece necessary and useful, might become dented in that country; but on the verydangerous in other circuinstances. march he was informed of the reduc- What he, therefore, proposed, was to tion of Monte Video, which frustrated confer marks of distinction on such of

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the citizens as had distinguished the vice-royalty, and rendering him themselves, and to give rewards to responsible for whatever should liapthe relations of those who had shed pen in case of resistance. their blood for the country; but he " The bearer of these dispatches was, at the same time, anxious that was the Baron de Sassaney, formerly the artizans should return to their deputy from Burgundy 1o the States employments, and the merchants to General, but who afterwards emigraltheir commerce. As to hiniself, he ed and served under the Prince of solicited only the appointment of In- Conde in the first campaigns of the spector-General of that Continent, revolution; and having subsequently in order to organize its means of de- become an inhabitant of the United fence, and to employ the local know- States of America, had, in the chaledge he had acquired in improving racter of a merchant, made two voy. the methods of working the mines, ages to the river Plate. and opening roads and communica. “ Don Santiago Liniers was not tions from one province to another, apprised of the name of this Envoy and thus to facilitate the operations Extraordinary, until within a few of commerce, which, from the dific hours of his entering Buenos Ayres. culty of convevance, scarcely puts in He however bad time to reflect upon circulation the hundredth part of the the delicacy of 'receiving an emissary raw materials wiih which that part of of that sort, and resolved to receive the globe abounds.

him only in the presence of the magi“Unfortunately, Spain then groan- strates and two menbers of the Munied under the tyranny of a favourite, cipal Body. Baron de Sassenay ap. equally ignorant and unprincipled. proached Don Santiago with open The plans of Don Santiago Liners arms, as an old friend. He was much were not adopted. He was appointed astonished at the return to these toViceroy ad interim, but did not re- kens of friendship, which consisted ceive a single line of instructions. In only in telling him in Spanisi, ib2t short he was wholly left to bimself, at be regarded him only as an envor the moment of the catastrophe which from Napoleon, and that he muse de Napoleon caused to bursi forth in clare the purpose of his mission in Spain; and at one and the same in the presence of the persons there as: stant intelligence arrived of the fall of sembled. M. de gassenay then opened Godoy, the abdication of Charles IV. his portmanteau, and laid all his packand the proclamation of Ferdinand ets upon the table before Don SanVII. which was received with accla- tiago, who caused them to be opened mation in all parts of Spain.

and read aloud. While they were “ Preparations had been made at reading, the indignation of the 25. Buenos Avres for the august ceremo. sembly manifested itself to a degree nial of taking the oath of fidelity; but which it is impossible to describe. while entertainments and public re- Don Santiago informed the envoy joicings were preparing, an emissary that he had, through a legitimate of Napoleon arrived with dispatches, channel, received orders to proclain in the name of Charles IV. announc. Ferdinand VII. King of Spain and ing that the abdication he had made the Indies; that he (Don Santiago in favour of his son was null, that he would receive no orders from the Emhad re possessed himself of his rights, peror of ihe French; and that the and that the use he had made of them ceremony of administering the oathi was to cede them in full property to of fidelity, which had been deferred his friend Buonaparte, who made only to give more splendour to the them over to his brother Joseph, proclamation, should take place with: King of Naples. These dispatches out delay." were signed by the former Ministers of War and Finance, who, as well as the Ministers of Napoleon, addres ed • M. de Sassenay was transported to private, letters to Don Santiago Li. Cadiz aud put on board the bulks with niers, exhorting him to submit to the the rest of the Freneb prisovers. His new order of things, making the most spouse came to London to olicit the flattering offers of being confirmed in liberation of her busband, and had

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In this conjuncture it was neces- Don Santiago ?. What part ought sary to acquaint the people with the he to take under circumstances so reason of the arrival of an emissary critical? He could not hesitate. from a man who, but a few weeks be- Doubly a subject of the House of fore, was regarded in the country as Bourbon by his birth and his appointthe best and most powerful ally of ments, le sacrificed a part of his po.' Charles IV. To declare the whole pularity to his lovalty-bis personal secret was deemed dangerous by the interests to what he felt to be his duty. magistrates present. The Council Born a kvight he acted as became a rras convoked and consulted by Don knight; like a man of honour he opSantiago, upon the measures to be posed an energetic resistance to an laken in a case of so much delicacy. extravagant and disloyal project, and The fiscals drew up a proclatīation, to the attempts of a neighbouring cawhich was approved of by the whole binet. This resistance has drawn of the Council. This production, upon him persecutions without numwhich has been laid to the charge of ber;: and his efforts to preserve for Don Santiago Liniers, is the only one Ferdinand VII. his kingdom of Paraof the kind which he did not wriie. guay, have been represented by ca

"Amidst the entertainments and lumry, as the result of a plan to deliceremonies upon taking the oath of ver it into the hands of the usurper fidelity to Ferdinand, ap envoy from Napoleon." the Junta of Seville, announced that Spain had risen in mass to expel the [Here commences a contest, of a usurper of the throne of their young description absolutely novel. On the king, that war had been declared one side will be found Don Santiago against France, that peace had been Liniers, Viceroy, ad interim, united made with England, and the first with the Council of the Audiencia, operations of the Spanish arms had the Bishop, the Commandants, and been signalized by great victories. the faithfal Corporations, to defend All these articies of intelligence were and inaintain the sovereignty of Perreceived with acclamation. It was in dinand Vul.; and on the others be expected, that the only thing that Colonel Elio, successively made Brithen remained to be attended to, was gadier and Inspector-General, united 10 remit supplies of specie to the with the municipality and the insurmother country, and to regulate trade, gents, desirous of emancipating themwhich henceforth would have nothing selves from their duties to the mother to fear from the masters of the sea.

country. We shall also see figuring But if there were no longer any exter: in these civil broils, an einissary from mal enemies to fear, much more was the Brazils, who joins Elio; an Engto he dreaded on the part of certain lish knight, who displays on these factious individuals, compounds of half-savage coasts the same loyal and ignorance and ambition, who had heroic character which he manifestlong cherished ideas of independence, ed on the barbarous shores of Syria and who were supported and encou: and Egypt; a new Vicerny who arrives paged by secret intrigues which will from Europe, and is instalied and be explained more at large at a future acknowledged at Buenos Ayres only time.

after the interposition of Don Santi“ What ought to be done by an of- ago has saved him from the plots of ficer in the service of his Catholic the opposite party; and finally Don Majesty for 35 years, the representa- Santiago himself, banished to Cordolive of Ferdinand VII. the Vicerov, va, 160 leagues from the iown he had

so bjavely defended, where he waits her petition granted, at the moment previous to his setting off for Cadiz, when she learned that he was on board and coming to combat in Europe the one of the hulks which the prisoners enemy of the Bourbons, for satisfacfrad carried to the other side of the tory answers to the memorials which bay of Cadiz, and that hier husband he has transmitted to Spain relative was thus already liberated.

to his conduct. )

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THEATRICAL RECORDER. Covent-GARDEN THEATRE. of dogs, equalled that in the O.P. THIS theatre was opened for the row.

At length, finding it in vain to conwith the Beggar's Opera, when, in- tend any longer, the managers thought stead of an (). P. row, as before, ano- fit to comply; and therefore caused it ther equally clamorous was begun by to be announced in the evening papers a party that may be called the 0.C.'s, of Tuesday, “ that they had deteras standing up for the old contract. mined to throw open the four boxes In the treaty concluded last season on each side," the source of contenbetween the managers and the 0. P. tion according to the alledged concommittee, it was stipulated and tract. But as some time was necessary agreed to by the former, that the num. for the execution of this mortifying ber of private boxes should be reduced part of the business, it was proposed to three on each side: but on the last to shut the boire up till Monday, night of the last season, Mr. Kemble September 24, when it was hoped came forward, and, for the reasons peace would be perfectly restored, and which be then' stated, solicited from the public have the pleasure of seeing the public the favour of permitting the actors and actresses perfectly at the managers to retain seren private home in their proper places and cha. boxes on each side. This proposition racters; and which we are glad to see was certainly received with consider- has taken place. able applause by the audience then The house, however, has undergone present; and it seems, that upon the a material alteration since the last understanding that the favour then season, of which the expense is estj. solicited was granted, the managers mated at no less than 7000l. This has had subsequently made their arrange. been occasioned principally by the ment. This arrangement being now necessity of forming a communication brought to the test, in a very full for the public with the tier of private house, was very loudly objected to: boxes. To effect this, it became nethe ominous sound of O. P. was heard cessary, and, we think most fortunatevery easily in the performance, and a ly, to take down the paltry winding noise was kept up, which rendered it stairs; this has accordingly been done, impossible to hear connectedly ihe and in their place a flight of stairs, performance on the stage. The cur- much more commodious, though by iain finally dropped at a quarter past no means so spacious as such a build. ten. The uproar was kept up the three ing demands, have been substituied. following nights of perforınance with The stairs are all of stone, as also are increased vigour. " No Private the passages of the corridors; to supBoxes," and "The Contract," appear- port which, flat brick arches have been ing on placards. Very little of tbe turned, springing from the beams performances could be lcard.

which sustain the floors. The day after the first row, Mr. The grand saloon, from which the Kemble thought proper to propose, public were excluded last season, is that the publicshould permit the seven now thrown opens The twelve centre objectionable boxes to remain open boxes of the ci-devant private circle during the present season, upon the are now thrown open; in each box! promise that they should be positively there are three benches, calculated to removed in the next. This promise, contain, in the whole, ten persons however, which, like the former, they the first and second three each, and had no bond for the fulfilment of, the the third four. These twelve boxes public would by no means listen to. will, therefore, accommodate one hunAccordingly, on Monday the 17th, dred and twenty spectators. when the Suspicious Husband was The two shilling gallery, which, in brought forward, the audience was its original state, excited a sutiocaling Inore clamorous than before. Placards sensation, is essentially improved. The of every description were exhibited: space above the head has been inand the rattling, bawling, hooting, creased, by cutting away the cieling cal-calls, whistling, and the barking as close as possible to the floor of the

upper gallery. There are ten benches presentation without a single disin this gallery, the lowe: on which sentient voice. Pieces of this dehas 'not been moved, builhe other scription are seldom intended for any nine have been raiser) out two higher purpose than to serve as veinches each; the top of the upper seat hicles for the music, and therefore being 13 inches higher than it was. must be estimated more as they serve In the upper vallery, and the side that end, than by the rules of the pigeon-holes, there is no alteratinp. begitimate drama. Mr. Arnold's proThe baize, with which the benches of duction, however, might, for plot and the pit were covered is removed, ind interest, be ranked with many of ihe they are all neatly painted. The doors dramatic ephemera of modern times, of the pit have been rehrung, upon a whilst the music it serves to convey plan which precludes the possibility enti: les it to the anplause wiihi which of the frequent noise that was so great it was received. The overture is chaa nuisance. The bauging of the box racterised by movements at once vabenches is also prevented by the end rious and affecting, and several of the of the flap falling on a stuffed cushion. songs were encored. The performers

exerted themselves with much zeal,

and contributed essentially to the strc. LYCEUM THEATRE.

cess of the piece. The sons have Monday, Sept. 9d.--Plots; or, the considerable poetic inerit, and are North Tover.-'Ilie piece is the pirn- beside appropriate and correct. The duction of Mr. Arnold, and tlie music dialogue is generally chaste, and often the composition of Mr. King. It was marked by strong and novel sentiment. received with very general approba. This piece bids fair to have a run. tion, and given out for a second re


Three French ladies having heard fessed to be converted in a sud- much of the grandeur of Championden and violent manner, bad asso- Court, determined to gratify their ciated with religious people some time curiosity.

A coach was therefore when the return of the wake season hired, and off they set in that harhaving arriverl, she thus disclosed to inonious flow of spirits which the another feniile the genuine feelings commencement of a journey always of her heart, “There is to be a dance excites. The weather was fine, every at the wake to night, I can't stay away. thing was strange; every object was I must go to it. I wish I had not been delightful; and they had proceeded converted till after the wakes.". more than half the way before the

cravings of appetite had in any degree Francis de Malherbes, a French bunted the eagerness of disquisition. poet, used to say, that when the poor After stopping to breakfast, and repromised to pray for him, he did not entering tire carria, e, as they were, believe they could liave any great in generally speaking, of the terest in hearen, being left in so bad English language, they had delegated a condition upon earth; and that he one of their number to interpret, should be better pleased if the Duke when she being desired to urge the de Luyne, or some other grandee, had coachman to greater speed, had onmade him the same promise.

fortunately forgotien these English

expressions, “Make haste. Be speedy. A bookseller in the city, rather ec- Get on, &c." could think of nothing centric in bis mode of labelling his but the French phrase, Allons done, books, having lately in his possession which the coachman naturally underan old folio in Divinity,' called a stood as relating to London, especially Golden Chain, &c. made the following as the interpreter again popping her alteration :-" A Gover Chuin, but head out of the carriage, exclaiming rather spoiled by some of the Iran Ailons donc, made him ivstantly conLinks of Calciniim."

clude that some of them were taken

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