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evinced throughout to discover the simplest combina- | the late Dr E. D. Clarke, as peculiarly worthy of notice. tions of letters in which the words of all languages have “ I have lived to know that the great secret of human originated. Mr Good was not a mere linguist; he was happiness is this :-Never suffer your energies to staga universal scholar, and the activity and unwearied The old adage of 'too many irons in the fire,' ardour of his mind cannot be better depicted than in is false ; you cannot have too many; poker, tongs, and the words of his biographer.

all-keep them all going." “From the year 1797 to 1803 or 1804, Mr Good The extraordinary exertions of Mr Good, both literary contributed largely to some of the Reviews and other and professional, from 1800 to 1812, almost exceed beperiodical publications. The Analytical' and ' Criti: lief. It would occupy, in fact, too much of our space to cal Reviews, were those in which his productions usually enumerate simply the works which issued from his pen. appeared, though there are a very few interesting specimens of his taste and erudition in the British' and

There were two, however, connected with Theology, Monthly Magazines. Thus in the latter magazine for which fall more immediately within the province of this August 1800, there is a paper on German literature, journal,—we allude to his translation of the “Song of with two translations from. Klopstock's Messias.' And Songs," and of the book of Job; both of which are in the number for January 1801, there is an elegant highly valued for the critical remarks, and the copious communication on the resemblance of Persian and Arabic illustrations from other authors with which they abound. poetry to the Greek and Roman, with several spirited The language in which he characterises the latter book versions. But during greater part of this, and even a longer period, his principal communications were to the is singularly felicitous and just ; “nothing can be purer

Critical Review;' of which indeed he was for some than its morality; nothing sublimer than its philosophy; time the editor, and the labour of preparing the most nothing more majestic than its creed." We cannot elaborate articles often devolved upon him. It has agree with him in his idea that it was written by Moses, been in my power to specify the critiques upon Hindley's Persian Lyrics,' * Allwood's Literary Antiquities Abraham; the language, the style, the allusions appear,

or indeed by any individual subsequent to the days of of Greece,' and of some poems, by Sir B. Burgess, and Mr Cowley. In the beginning of 1803, his labours in our view, to indicate an earlier period as the date of were still more multifarious. He was finishing his its composition. translation of Solomon's ‘Song of Songs,' carrying on Towards the Autumn of 1810, Mr Good was earhis life of Dr Geddes, walking from twelve to fourteen nestly solicited to deliver a course of lectures on popular miles a-day, that he might see his numerous patients ; science in the Surrey Institution, which were attended nor was this all. In a letter to Dr Drake, dated Jan. by crowded audiences both during that and the two suc29, 1803, after speaking of these engagements, and adverting with thankfulness to the state of his business ceeding winters. The substance of these lectures was as a surgeon, (which then produced near fourteen hun- afterwards published under the vague and indefinite dred pounds per annum,) he proceeds thus :

title of the · Book of Nature,'-a work including a “ I have edited the . Critical Review,' besides writ- great extent of general information expressed in a siming several of its most elaborate articles ; I have every ple popular style. No individual could have been week supplied a column of matter for the Sunday selected more happily suited to address a popular Review; and have for some days bad the great weight audience than Mr Good. His manner was free, open, of the British Press' upon my hands; the committee for conducting which have applied to me lately, in the unrestrained; his language plain, perspicuous, often utmost consternation, in consequence of a trick put elegant, while his reasonings, instead of being abstract upon them by the proprietors of other newspapers, and and metaphysical, were enriched with many interesting which stopped abruptly the exertions of their editor, facts, and enlivened with some beautiful and well-susand several of their most valuable hands."

tained flights of fancy. Though not published till after the period to which

In the year 1820, Mr Good, at the suggestion of his the above quotation refers, Mr Good's translation of friends, entered upon a higher department of professional Lucretius was begun and finished several years before. duty than that in which he had hitherto been engaged. The object for which it was undertaken was character- He now commenced practice as a physician. His di. istic of the man, being, in the language of his biographer, ploma was obtained from Marischal College, Aberdeen. “to bring bimself under something like the urgency of From this period till his death, Dr Good turned his a moral necessity to become thoroughly acquainted with attention more particularly to studies connected with the utmost possible variety of subjects, upon which his profession, as the fruits of which, he gave to the men of literature, science, and investigation had been world, his · Physiological System of Nosology,' and his able to throw any light.” It is accordingly a work invaluable • Study of Medicine.' In our next we shall of most astonishing erudition and research, and must consider more minutely the religious character and long remain a standing monument of the author's un- history of this excellent man. wearied industry, refined taste, and vast acquirements. Nor was this translation penned in the silence and solitude of the closet. It was composed in the streets of

A DISCOURSE. London during the translator's extensive walks, to visit

BY THE Rev. JOHN SMYTH, D.D., his numerous patients.' This is perhaps the finest instance of the valuable art of economizing time of which Minister of St. George's Parish, Glasgow. we have either read or heard, and we call the attention

“And ye, fathers, provoke not your children to wrath : of our readers to it, as a bright example of industry and

but bring them up in the nurture and admonition activity which it were well that all should imitate.

of the Lord,”-EPHES. vi. 4. The mental and bodily powers are much more frequently impaired by idleness than by excessive labour; and It is the sublime saying of a Master in Israel, therefore we would cordially recommend the saying of that “the bosom of Jehovah is the seat of law,



All that is holy, just and good, has its dwelling- priety, have, in wisdom and mercy, been awakened place there “from everlasting to everlasting.” In by the God of the Spirits of all flesh, for ends creating rational and immortal beings, one main worthy of his infinite perfections. With what design of God is to bless them with the experience, profound gratitude ought we to recognise this that “in the keeping of His commandments there provision of divine munificence; beholding in the is a great reward.” Obedience to these is, at tie which knits the heart of a parent to his child, once, their duty and privilege. The apostasy of an imperfect but touching emblem of that which our race, has, it is true, hrought along with it a binds each member of the household of faith to universal disrelish to the service of God. As men their Father in heaven. do not like to retain Him in their knowledge, so I. The first duty which a Christian father owes their carnal minds are enmity against God; and to God in behalf of his children, is a solemn dediare not subject to the law of God, neither, indeed, cation of them to Him in whom they live, and can be.

move, and have their being. Hence, the manifest and urgent necessity of a A memorable instance of such dedication occurs method of salvation which provides not only for in the Scripture history of Samuel who was our restoration to divine favour, through perfect brought unto the house of the Lord in Shiloh ; righteousness and atoning blood ; but, likewise, and of whom Hannah said, “ For this child I for our being “ renewed in the spirit of our minds.” I prayed; and the Lord hath given me my petiThe regenerating power of the Holy Ghost is not tion which I asked of Him. Therefore, also, I less indispensable to new obedience than the have lent him to the Lord: as long as he liveth, finished work of the Saviour. The law of God, he shall be lent to the Lord.” The effect of a indeed, requires from all men conformity to its specific act of dedication to Jehovah, on the mind enactments; but, the righteousness of the law is of a parent, is eminently beneficial. It is assofulfilled in those only who are made new creatures ciated with all those feelings of dependence, humiin Christ Jesus; and who are, thereby, disposed lity, and thankfulness which we ought to cherish and enabled to walk not after the flesh, but after in the reception of important benefits; and, it is the Spirit.

“ Do we make void the law through calculated to deepen our sense of responsibility to faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the law." Him who bestowed them. The remembrance of

It merits special and grateful consideration, the act is precious to the heart in seasons of duty that so many of the divine precepts appeal to the and of trial; and, whether the Lord giveth or strongest affections and sensibilities of our nature. taketh away—the piety of which it is so befitting Their supreme authority is not more distinctly an expression, dictates the prayer,

Blessed be apparent, than is their accordance with the moral | the name of the Lord.” constitution which we have received from the But such dedication to God is not to be a Father of our spirits. From the various relations solitary act. It ought to be frequently renewed, in which we are placed as superiors, inferiors, and as indicating our continued sense of his authority equals, arise corresponding duties, none of which and our “ memory of his great goodness.” can be discharged aright, without the light of II. The ordinance of baptism is an invaluable Scripture revelation, and the power of the Holy mean of grace for guiding us in the dedication of, Ghost..

our children to Jehovah. It would be unseasonThe immediate subject of this discourse, re- able to enter, at present, into any

elaborate proof lates to the duties of the Christian as a father : of the scriptural authority of infant-baptism. SufAnd the terms in which the Apostle's exhorta- fice it to remark, that although the evidence in suption is expressed are as tender as they are in- port of it were less cogent than we believe it to structive: “ And ye fathers, provoke not your be, the practice would find many an argument in children to wrath ; but bring them up in the nur- the affections of a pious mind. It is true, that ture and admonition of the Lord.”

nothing short of direct precept—or of an estaParental duties commence with the existence of blished course of practice from the earliest period the child, and terminate, only, at the death of one of the Christian Church (which argues a divine of the parties. It is scarcely necessary to advert, command) should authorize the administration of minutely, to these obligations which devolve upon baptism to infants. Judging, however, as we do, you with respect to the preservation of the lives from the nature and designs of the Abrahamic of your infants ; as the strong instincts of the covenant ; from the encouraging words of Christ, parental nature provide for their safety so far as - Suffer the little children to come unto me, and human exertions can avail, in all, but the most forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of flagitious and abandoned of our race.

heaven ;"_from apostolic usage, according to It is a delightful proof of a heavenly Father's which whole households were baptized, and from beneficence, that he has not left such duties to de- the testimonies of the primitive fathers, we bepend on the dictates of conscience and Scripture lieve that infant baptism is of supreme authority, solely ; but has made the performance of them and that it affords a precious mean of grace, whersone of the sweetest and most sacred of all our ever it is faithfully improved. There are few subpleasures. Those stirrings of affection within us, jects, however, in regard to which more lamentwhich are experienced, antecedently to all rea- able ignorance prevails. By some, the baptizing sonings about their moral excellence and pro- of infants seems to be regarded as an ecclesiastical ceremony, which is needful for sanctioning lar ambition, that even our dissent is mingled with a name to the child; whilst others conceive and profound veneration of the man of faith and prayer. speak of it, as if it possessed some mysterious Others are careful and troubled about many things: virtue for “making young Christians.” Such his soul is engrossed with the attainment, for notions are not confined to the most illiterate por- himself, and his family, of “the one thing needtions of the visible Church. They have been ful,” satisfied that is this be their portion, “he promulgated by the advocates of baptismal rege- leaveth an inheritance to his children's children.”

| , , sively felt even within the pale of the Presbyterian that Providence, all bountiful and considerate, Churches.

moreover, of his promises to “the seed of the Suffer, brethren, the word of exhortation on righteous,” operates by means ; and that neglect this subject. Bear in mind, that baptism is one of these is displeasing to God. We have no right of the sacraments of our holy faith; that the to devolve on others the support of our families, water poured out, and thereafter sprinkled on the provided we are enabled, by lawful industry, to child, is significant of our original guilt and pollu- secure for them a moderate competency of this tion, and of our deliverance from both “hy the world's goods ; and, it is the duty of every man washing of regeneration and the renewing of the to endeavour to place those with whom he is conHoly Ghost." In thus dedicating your children nected by the strongest and dearest ties, beyond to God, you solemnly declare your belief in the the reach of indigence or straits. But, there is supreme and infallible authority of the Scriptures another, and a more perilous extreme-more perilas the sole guide of your faith and practice. You ous, because the soul, for which the gain of the voluntarily undertake, by vows the most sacred whole world would not compensate, is mainly enwhich can bind the conscience, that you will, in dangered. We refer to the hoarding up of wealth at devout reliance on the grace and strength of God all hazards,—if within the limits of bare equity,— our Saviour, bring up your children in the nurture in order to aggrandize our families, that they may and admonition of the Lord. that, by all divinely distance less prosperous neighbours in outward appointed means, you will seek to promote the display. Of all the passions which settle themkingdom of God within them,—in order to their selves on things beneath the sun, this ought to be full enjoyment of its glory and blessedness here- regarded as especially ignoble. It contracts and after.

debases the soul; brings it down from the emiIII. A Christian father is bound to provide for nences which it was formed to traverse, to become the temporal necessities of his children, as God of the earth, earthy. For the superiority conferhath prospered him.

red by illustrious talent, acquirements, and virtue, The helpless years of infancy and childhood, we feel the risings of many a sympathetic emorender your offspring absolutely dependent on your tion. These we naturally connect with what besuppori. “If any provide not for his own, and longs to the permanent character of our race—to specially for those of his own house, he hath de- the records of its future, as well as of its present nied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.” | glories. But wealth, for its own sake, or for the 1 Tim. v. 8. In terms still more explicit the sake of gratifying personal and domestic vanity, same apostle addresses the Corinthians, 2 Epistle can never awaken one feeling of satisfaction exxii. 14, “I seek not yours, but you ; for the cept in minds of kindred earthliness. Brethren, children ought not to lay up for the parents ;

but beware of the influence of devotedness to the the parents for the children.”

world. Beware of its influence over the hearts of The portions which were allotted by the an- your offspring. Provide for their welfare, present cient patriarchs to their offspring, were agreeable and prospective, as God enables you, and implore

, to the dictates both of nature and revelation. the divine blessing on your exertions for their beThere is considerable danger of extreme views on efit.

at your arrangements embrace this point. A parent who is distinguished by the widely extended interests of their imperishable eminent spirituality of mind, who is habitually souls. You may not, without heavy guilt, expose conversant with heavenly things, and who accepts either yourselves or them to situations, however in their utmost latitude the command and the lucrative, in which their religious and moral prinpromise accompanying it, “ Leave thy fatherless ciples shall be in bazard of contamination. children with me, I will preserve them alive,” is communications corrupt good manners.” A single sometimes tempted to overlook the temporal wel- sentence of infidelity or of impurity may defile fare of his household, or to consider it as a mat- their whole nature ; and, although the wealth of ter of trivial consequence; and, to fortify his Crosus were the prospect in reversion, you must reasonings by attaching an indefinite enlargement not, for filthy lucre's sake, leave them the prey to the Saviour's precept, “ Seek first the king- and sport of the emissaries of Satan,—the enemies dom of God and his righteousness : and all these of all righteousness. Riches take unto themselves things shall be added unto you."

wings and flee away; and death, on the verge of It may seem unjustifiable to find fault with any whose dominions we are ever treading, shall one whose confidence in the Lord Jehovah is so wrench them from the firmest grasp. There are strong and unlimited. And the instances of such pleasures of the intellect and the heart sacred to confidence are so rare, in the present age of secu- truth and virtue: there are, above all, joys with

But see

« Evil which nothing merely external intermeddleth. the declarations of, the Psalmist to herself, the tears There is contentment with our lot, and the full- began to start from her eyes, and stealing from beneath ness of a grateful heart; there is the testimony of her withered eyelids, rolled down the furrows of her a good conscience, and the approving testimony wrinkled cheeks. The big sob was gradually gathering of God. Let these precious objects never be within, till at length she gave utterance to the folseparated, in your aims, from the inheritance which lowing : you labour to transmit to your children ; and, “ Sir, although now a poor and helpless widow, I rather than forego them, be willing to sacrifice all

was once rich. I dwelt in Holland for many years; my the pomp and circumstance of worldly station. husband being a trader 'twixt Amsterdam, England, and A truly Christian parent will tremble, lest his New South Wales. Providence there endowed me offspring have just cause to accuse him as the in- with every thing that could gratify my taste, or delight strument of their final ruin, as having bartered my senses. I had my house and garden well stocked their undying souls for the gold that perisheth. with the bounties of nature;” and here she abruptly Infinitely rather would he bear the prospect of a

paused ;—“ but what of all that? I was poor indeed. habitation for them in the lowliest dwelling-place; Thus did I live in the midst of temporal comfort and that the bread of poverty and the water of affic- affluence; but, O my poor soul was truly barren! there tion should be their fare ; and that, disregarded by

was no English Church where I was, and the Bible in “ the children of this world,” they should pass the Dutch language was a dead letter to me. Oft have I their lives in deepest obscurity, than that their stood at my cottage door on a Sabbath morn, and looked immortal happiness should be forfeited, and that wistfully towards the land of my fathers, where Gospel for ever. How differently shall the relative magni- ordinances were in so rich abundance. Oh how iny tude of things present and things eternal be beheld soul wept within me, when I remembered the days of in the light , and amidst the solemnities of the judg- the Church of Scotland! Thus placed in a foreign land,

old, in which I was wont to engage in the services of ment day! In this world, the laws of moral

perception are often reversed ; but, in eternity all although rich, yet was I poor.” I could enter into the things are seen exactly as they are.

The decep

feelings of this woman, bereaved of all the spiritual pritious glare of the world gives place to the un

vileges she had once so highly enjoyed. I could transveiled light of truth. Illusive shadows are suc

plant myself in imagination, and picture her seated in ceeded hy dread realities.

some sequestered spot, having taken a solitary walk on Blessed God : Give to us, and to our children,

a Sabbath morning, listening to the supposed tollings of

the parish bell. It tolled, but not to her. With a portion beyond the grave. Let us be mutually partakers of thine own inheritance, which is in striking pathos did the lines of that sublime and heartcorruptible, undefiled, and which fadeth not away.” touching. Psalm, the lamentation of the exiled Jews,

start up in my mind : “ The life is more than meat, and the body than ༦ raiment." · May their souls and ours live before

“ By Babel's streams we sat and wept,

When Sion we thought on. thee." “ Thy favour is life: thy loving-kindness

In midst thereof we hang'd our harps

The willow trees upon." is etter than life.” (To be continued in our next.)

To continue the narrative, her husband's ship found

ered at sea, and was never more heard of. The widow, HOME MISSIONARY SKETCHES.

a few months afterwards, returned to Scotland, about 1.-A Poor WIDOW.

seven years ago; and although now obliged to work

for a livelihood, she is far happier than when she sat In a sombre looking dwelling, I came upon an aged in the lap of plenty. Although“ poor, yet is she individual, and I have every reason to believe an aged rich.” Christian. Her very appearance bespoke contentment; her little wares were all so regularly arranged, her

2.-THE SURGEON OF AN EAST INDIAMAN. house so neat and clean,” that I was sure she was At one door I knocked, and an old decent woman not such a one as her profligate neighbours, whom I answered my call. I thought, by her woful deporthad but recently left. Her humble deportment, her ment, that all was not right within. I entered the heavenly smile, her open welcome, beckoned me to room ; and on turning round, my anticipations were take a seat. I was desirous to know something of this too truly realized. I beheld one whom I never exremarkable saint. At first our conversation was rather pected to find there, stretched on a bed of pain, of langeneral, but gradually became more particular. Leaf guishing, and of death. O how was I stunned when I after leaf she unfolded of her experience, which was viewed one who recalled to me many a year long since remarkably edifying. So great spirituality of mind past by. This was the surgeon of an East Indiaman. I scarcely ever witnessed. 'Tis only those who, after | He was studying in the medical classes when I was having visited thirty or forty families, sunk in the mire passing through the curriculum of arts; and although of profligacy, and ignorant of the truth, fall in with even then I was not personally acquainted with him, such a case as this, that can share in the Missionary's yet I at once recognised the features I so well knew, joy on such a discovery. To his own soul, while plod-though much changed. I could not help pausing, and ding through such a moral wilderness, they are as "pools reflecting, even before I could utter a single word. of water dug in Baca's vale."

What an awful change the hand of disease and death I read and remarked on the 42d Psalm, fraught with effects on man! obliterating the very traces which naso much consolation to one wbo is, or had been, in spiri- ture has stamped, and which we would almost consider tual distress. As I began to enlarge upon, and to apply indelible. Oh, what a change was there! Still when

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I looked, I saw, as it were, before me, a shattered | They conquered, reigned, sinned, and were chastened fabric; the ruins of a splendid edifice, in which there dwelt the soul of learning and genius like the smoulder

Wielded by God's avenging hand, ing remains of some ancient and magnificent cathedral,

The pestilence, the famine, and the sword,

Swept wasteful o'er the guilty land ; with silent majesty and awe proclaiming its former

The prophet's warning voice is raised in vain,greatness.

In foreign lands they drag the captive's chain. His expanded brow, his eyes sunk in their sockets, In their affliction to their God they turned; which occasionally cast their languishing look towards He, pitying, heard their contrite cries, me, his pale and livid countenance, and his hollow faint- Restored them to their loved Jerusalem, ing voice, all conspired to rivet on my mind the melan

And bade her walls and towers arise choly scene. Oh! had some of his gay and thought. Of joy swelled loud from Judah's ransomed throng.

In renovated beauty, while the song less fellow-students been here, methinks that,

Judah returned; but where was Ephraim still ?
Here would they have paused and dropt a tear.

Where the lost Ten of Jacob's race ?
This fatal illness he had only lately contracted. He Roam they through distant deserts wild and vast,
had been a three-years' voyage out with the vessel of Without a home or resting-place?
which be was surgeon. The ship, on her return, having Is their's the fettered captive's hopeless doom,–
wintered at London, he seized the opportunity of coming Find they no peace, no refuge but the tomb ?
down here to see bis friends. Who knows what is hid in Again stern war beleaguers Salem's towers ;
the womb of futurity? How mysterious are the ways of

'Tis conquering Rome's remorseless tread ; Providence ! He came here to die. In fact, he had again. The eagle, speeding to his gory feast, returned to London, and was just on the eve of setting 'Tis done,--the temple burns, and, Judah, thou

Swoops on the dying and the dead. sail, when he was attacked by this malady, and confined Art crownless, sceptreless, and homeless now! there for some days; and seeing that his complaint was

Thus was the page of prophecy fulfilled; increasing, and rapidly making inroads upon his consti

But was this all the light it gave ? tution, he determined on going back to his father's Did it reveal Jehovah, strong to smite, house, where he would have the kind hand of a mother, And not Jehovah, strong to save ? to minister that attention which a stranger could never Beheld the Seer, guilt, judgments, woes to be, bestow; and thus was he situated when I saw him.

Yet could no future peace, bliss, glories, see ? He recollected me, and from beneath the bed-clothes No! down the vistas of approaching years drew forth his shrivelled hand, to give me a welcome. Triumphant visions met his gaze ; I made some serious observations on the circumstances Lo! Zion's daughter from the dust uprears in which he was placed, to which he listened with

Her prostrate form, around her blaze eager attention. I also read with him, at his request, The Lord of Hosts, from bis eternal throne !

The glories of her King, the mighty One, a Psalm suited to his afflicted condition, of which every word he seemed to weigh. He lingered in this con

And lo! from distant east, west, north, and south, dition for some days, and expired, not however, with Rivers, seas, deserts, smile around their steps,

Trooping in countless throngs they come; out giving evidence that he was resting implicitly on While haste the God-led pilgrims home. Him who is the sinner's stay.

All, all return; in wondrous union join After I beard of his death, I visited his aged and sor

Thy rod, O Judah, and lost Ephraim, thine! rowing parents, to drop the balm of consolation into Yes! there they come from their long banishments; their wounded souls. They have been enabled to bear In vain the nations rage, the Lord

Hath for his battle-bow strong Judah bent, up with resignation under their affliction. I have no

His quiver is with Ephraim stored ; doubt but that they looked forward, with fond antici

The alien armies perish in his ire, pation, to bim as a means of comfort and support in For Jacob's God is a consuming fire ! their old age; and he, too, expected to enjoy many a happy year. How striking a commentary on the words Awake, awake, O Zion, in thy might !

Put on thy strength thou rescued one! of Job, “ Thou destroyest the hope of man!”

Lift up thy voice, sing to the Lord thy God,

Who wondrous things for thee hath done!
Who bath redeemed, sustained thee on thy way,

Thou mother of a nation in one day!

Arise, ye nations, hasten to behold
Minister of Torphichen.

Salem, the joy of all the earth,

The holy city of the mighty God, CAME they not from the house of bondage forth ?

Whence issue life's pure waters forth ! From Egypt and her tyrant king?

Shout, earth! for now o'er all thy wide domains Shook not the earth ? did not the trembling sea The Lord our God, and his Anointed reigns !

Its waves obedient backward fling?
Then whelm stern Pharaon in its refluent tide,

While Israel hymned her conquering God and guide ?

A blind South Sea Islander.-Mr Williams in his Did not the desert yield them heavenly food,— narrative of Missionary Enterprises in the South Sea The rock pour forth a living stream?

Islands, mentions an old blind chief of the name of Me, While the cloud-pillar led their steps by day,

who was brought under the influence of the Gospel. By night an uncreated beam !

Mr Williams having found this old blind man laid upon Recoiled pot Jordan from their hallowed tread, a bed of sickness, and intimating to him that he thought Till to the promised land unchecked they sped ? the sickness would terminate in death, wished bim to




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