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I fed my father's sheep; my hands

seeing what is said, without going any further. ReThe shepherd-organ maile;

view and attention, and even forming a judgment, beI strung with strings the psaltery,

come fatigue, and to lay any thing before them that reAnd on it sweetly played ;

quires it, is putting them quite out of their way.

BUTLER.
Who shall report my name, my praise,
Unto my Lord on high ?

I am the Resurrection and the Life." —Behold our The Lord himself on high ;-be heard

remedy for the misery of the grave! Though it be My gentle vow and sigh.

dark, a bearn of light is let into it; here is comfort for

a dying bed: not the lying comfort of the atheist, the He sent his angel down ; he took

moralist, or the philosopher who tells us, " It is the Me from the flocks I fed ;

debt of nature.” What consolation does that thought And with his own anointing oil

yield ? But here is the Prince of Life saying, “ Though lle did anoint my head.

thou art dying, though there is a bottomless pit, in. My brothers were of valiant strength,

finitely more dreadful than the grave, yet come ye unto And goodly-fair to sight;

me; why will ye die?"-Cecil. But not in Jesse's elder sons

Avoid Anger.Do nothing in a moment of wrath. Th’ Almighty took delight.

Would you put to

storm ?- Religious I to the war went out to meet

Monitor.
The heathen-champion proud ;

Consider your latter end. - My earnest desire to you
The Philistine looked down, and cursed is, that you would, in the fear of God, compare your
Me by his idols loud.

band-breadth of time with vast eternity, and your My sword I drew in God's own might ;

thoughts of this now fair and blooming world with the His bead I took that diy ;

thoughts you shall have of it, when corruption and

worms shall eat your fiesh and make your body dry And from the hosts of Israel Removed that stain away.

bones. What thoughts will you then have of idle pleasures? what would you then give for the Lord's

favour? and what a price would you then give for jar. CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

don! Death and judgment will make inen lament that

ever their hearts carried them to lay out their love upon Understandest thou what thou readest?"— Though false appearances and night dreams. O how pititully it is scarce possible to avoid judging, in some way or and miserably are the children of this world beguiled! other, of almost everything wbich offers itself to one's and what wonder that hopes built upon sand sbonid thoughts, yet it is certain that many persons, from dif- fall and sink! It were good for us all to abandon the ferent causes, never exercise their judgment upon what forlorn and withered hope we have had of the creature, comes before them, in the way of determining whether and henceforth to come and drink of the fountain of it be conclusive and holds. They are perhaps enter- living waters, and build ourselves and our hopes upon tained with some things, not so with others—they like Cbrist our Rock.- RUTHERFORD. and they dislike; but whether that which is proposed to be made out, be really made out or not,- whether a

Cast thy burden on the Lord.--No burden is too great inatter be stated according to the real truth of the case,

or too little to be cast upon the Lord. A cheerful looking

to Jesus, an assurance that he ever loveth and caretb for -slems, to the generality of people, merely a circumstance no consideration at all. "Arguments are often us, will bear us through many petty annoyances, which wanted for some accidental purpose ; but proof, as such, sometimes wear health and spirits inuch more than real is what they never want for themselves, for their own

and great grievances.-M. J. Graham. (Memoir.) satisfaction of mind or conduct in life. Not to mention the multitudes who read merely for the sake of TIE CHRISTIAN'S OBLIGATIONS TO LABOUR talking, or to qualify themselves for the world, or soine such kind of reasons, there are, even of the few who

IN THE CAUSE OF THE JEWS. read for their own entertainment, and have a real curi. The following is the substance of an address delivered osity to see what is said, several (which is prodigious) who have no sort of curiosity to see what is true: 1 in 1834, by the late Rev. Charles Simeon, at a meeting say, curiosity, because it is too obvious to be men- for promoting Christianity anong the Jews, held at tioned, how much that religious and sacred attention Cambridge :which is due to truth, and to the important question, Religion, J observed, in its first rise in the heart, What is the rule of life? is lost out of the world. For is a personal matter between God and a man's own the sake of this whole class of readers,-for they are soul. A man desirous of obtaining mercy from Gol, of different capacities, different kinds, and get into this and peace in his own conscience, reads the Scriptures way from different occasions,- I have often wished that in order to find out the way of salvation, and marks it had been the custom to lay before p-ople nothing, in with special care those passages which assure him of matters of argument, but premises, and leave them to acceptance with God through the merits and mediation draw conclusions themselves; whicb, although it could of our Lord Jesus Christ. For a considerable time, not be done in all cases, might in many. The great it is his own eternal welfare which engrosses all his numbers of books and papers of amusement, which, of attention, and almost exclusively occupies bis mind; and one kind or another, daily come in one's way, have in even the salvation of the world is of chief interest to part occasioned, and most perfectly fall in with and him, as warranting a hope, that he himself may be a bumour, this idle way of reading and considering things. partaker of the blessings so freely offered and so extenBy this means, time, even in solitude, is happily got rid sively diffused. of without the pain of attention. Neither is any part “But when he has obtained peace with God, then be of it more put to the account of idleness, (one can searches the Scriptures, to find bow he may adorn his scarce forbear saying, is spent with less thought,) than holy profession, and render to the Lord according to his great part of that which is spent in reading. Thus stupendous benefits that have been conferred upon bin. people habituate themselves to let things pass through He sees that love in all its branches is bis bounded their minds, as one may speak, rather than to think duty and his highest privilege ; and he accordingly de. them. Thus, by use, they become satisfied merely with termines, with God's help, to live in the most enlarged

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exercise of that heavenly grace. Benevolence in all | exclusively about ourselves : in its progress, it engages its offices, both towards the souls and bodies of men, is us about the welfare of our fellow-creatures: in its now cultivated by himn with holy ardour; and every more advanced stages, it animates us to consult in every society that is engaged in imparting good to man is thing, and to exalt, to the utinost of our power, the gladly encouraged by bim. Schools, hospitals, and honour of our God. Having now our eyes opened to Bible and missionary societies, in all their efforts to see, what is so clearly revealed in the Scriptures of spread the knowledge of God throughout the world, truth, that the restoration of God's ancient people to are become the objects of his regard and support. bis favour will be an occasion of joy (so to speak) and

“ As he advances in religion, he takes deeper views of honour to God bimself,' (Jer. xxxiii. 9,) and the of divine truth. He now enters into the character of means of bappiness and salvation to the whole world, Jehovah, as displayed in the Sacred Volume, and His (compare Rom. xi. 12-15 with Jer. xxxiii. 7-9, and dispensations, both of providence and grace, as there | Psalm cii. 13-15, 'So the heathen shall fear thy name,') revealed. He traces up the great work of redemption and, above all, that God's glory will be displayed by to the eternal councils of Jehovah, and regards all its means of it with such brightness as shall perfectly benefits, whether as conferred on himself or others, as eclipse all former manifestations of it, (Psalm cii. 16 the fruits of God's love, manifested in Christ Jesus, and with Isaiah lxv. 17, 18, and Jer. iii. 16, 17,) we cannot ratificd with the blood of the everlasting covenant. but feel ourselves bound to promote this great object He sees that covenant ordered in all things and sure ;' to the utmost of our power, and to aid the efforts of a and founds his hopes of ultimate felicity, not only on Society for Promoting Christianity amongst the Jews." the mercy, but on the truth and fidelity of God. He now begins to view with wonder the dealings of God

NINEVEH. with his ancient people, who, from the days of Abraham to the present inoment, have been such remarkable ob.

[Extracted from a very beautiful and interesting work entitled,

" Scripture Illustrations," by the Rev. J. A. La Trobe.] jects of his care. He sees their separation from all mankind, and their wonderful preservation as a peculiar Nineveh, in antiquity, was second only to Babylon. people in all ages: he sees their miraculous redemption It was founded, according to our version, by Ashur, from Egypt, their establishment in the promised land,

son of Shein; but some commentators interpret Gen. and their final expulsion from that land for their mani. x. 11, as applying to Nimrod, and read thus: “ From fold transgressions, but especially for their murder of this place he went out to go into Assyria, where he the Messiah. Whilst he beholds them dispersed through built Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah, and Resen;" which the world as objects of universal hatred and contempt, places they assume to have been so many strong forthe contemplates God's design to restore them in due resses, built by Nimrod in the land of Shinar to overseason to their former inheritance, and to a state of awe the people." In process of time, Nineveh arose piety and blessedness far exceeding any thing which, in

to be one of the most powerful and extensive cities in their national capacity, they ever possessed. He sees,

the worlil. The kingdom of Assyria, of which it was farther, the connection which subsists between the res. the capital, from her connection with the kingdoms of toration of that people and the salvation of the whole Israel and Judah, forms a prominent feature in Scripworld, the latter being, in the divine mind, the effect ture history. She proved to the Jews either a broken and consequence of the former. Here, then, his mind reed or a scourge, according as she was trusted or with. becomes expanded, and his heart enlarged, and a fresh stood; and was at length the instrument employed by unthought-of line of duty opens itself to bis view. God as the rod of his anger, for the destruction of the Now be desires to co-operate with God, so far as his kingdom of Israel. The extent of Nineveh, at the time feeble influence can extend, in the production of this of Jeroboain II., may be gathered froin incidental notices great event; and he thanktully avails himself of any in the prophecy of Jonah. It is termed "an exceeding opportunity that is afforded him to promote the eternal great city of three days' journey” (ii. 3), in wbich were welfare of the Jews. His very love to the Gentile ** six score thousand persons, that could not discern be. world strengthens this desire, and encourages him in

tween their right hand and their left band" (iv. 11); the discharge of this grievously neglected duty. He which, being understood of intants, would suppose a Jongs to see God's glory advanced, and his purposes population of six hundred thousand inbabitants. The accomplished ; and in his prayers, as well as in his description of the city by Diodorus Siculus gives a cor. efforts, he labours to hasten forward this glorious con

responding idea of its magnitude. His measurements summation ; yea, he determines to give God no rest, answer to seven leagues in length, three in breadth, till he arise, and make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.' and eighteen in circuit. Its walls were one hundred Formerly be thought but little of conferring benefits teet high, of proportionate breadth, and were fortified on this despised people ; but now, seeing how nearly by one thousand five bundred towers, each two hunthe honour of God and the salvation of the wbole dred feet in height. world are connected with their destinies, he accounts In many particulars Nineveh resembled Babylon. it bis bounden duty to promote, by every means within

Both cities were “ of ancient days;” both rose to the his power, their restoration to the divine favour. He suminit of earthly greatness; both became infamous by is even astonished and humbled, that he has passed over their iniquities; both were used to scourge the people that mysterious dispensation which Paul has so clearly of God; both were condemned to utter overthrow. and fully developed in the eleventh chapter of the The preaching of Jonah led to an outward repentance, Epistle to the Romans, and in the contemplation of and Nineveh was for a while spared. But its season which he exclaimed, the depth of the riches both of penitence passed away with the judgment, and acof the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearch- cumulated sin made provision for a more overwhelming able are bis judgments, and his ways past finding out!' doom. Nineveh is described by the prophet Nabum, He now determines to redeem the line for the dis- during the hundred years of its further probation, as “a charge of this duty to them, that he may no longer bloody city, all full of lies and robbery; the mistress subject himself to that anathema which was denounced of witchcraft, that selleth nations through her whoreagainst the Ammonites and Moabites for not adminis. doms, and families through her witchcrafts." And the tering to the necessities of that people, who were the demand is made: “Upon whom bath not thy wickedness special objects of God's peculiar care and favour. passed continually ?" Thus her crimes are distinctly

Thus, it appears to me, the reason of this sacred noted to have been idolatry, violence, and deceit; and cause having made but small progress in the land is for these a coming woe was denounced. In the reign made clear. Religion, in its rise, interests us almost

* Newton's Dissertations, ix,

men.

of Sardanapalus, Nineveh was taken by the Medles and solidity. At the south-west angle is one called Nebbi Babylonians, under Arbaces and Belesis. The inbabi. Yunus, so termed from an idle legend that it was the tants, trusting to the strength of their position, were burial-place of Jonah. It is partly covered by a village overtaken in the midst of testivities and luxurious in- of about three hundred houses. “ Its antiquity is well dulgence; " while they were folden together as thorns, ascertained by the remains found on digging into it very and drunken as drunkards, they were devoured as deep; when fragments of bricks, whole bricks, and stubble fully dry." Nah. i. 10. The immediate cause pieces of gypsum, covered with inscriptions in the of the destruction of the city was an inundation of the cuneiform character, are found.” But the largest mound Tigris, which overthrew the wall for a space of twenty is near the centre of the western face of :he wall, and furlongs, upon whied the king set fire to his palace, is of a pyramidal form, with steep sides and a level top. and perished with bis household in the flames. “ The It is termed Koyunjuk Tepè, and has a village on its gates of the rivers were opened, and the palace was north-east extremity. It is, in perpendicular beight, dissolved: with an overrunning flood he made an utter forty-three feet, with a circumference of seven thousand end of the place thereof." Nah. ii. 6, 8; i. 8. Nineveh six hundred and ninety-one feet; and the interior conwas subject to a second overthrow about a century struction manifests unburnt bricks without reenis. In after, under Astyages and Nabopolassar; since which a part higher and broader than the rest was found, some time it has never recovered itself, but is recorded by years ago, an immense bas-relief, representing men and an eye witness, Lucian of Samosata, to have been a animals, covering a grey stone to the beight of two heap of ruins in the second century after Christ. A It was dug up from a spot a little above the surcity built upon or near the site by the Persians, at a face of the ground. latier period, was destroyed by the Saracens, A.D. 632. “ The top of the mount," says Mr Rich, " does not

And what is Nineveh at the present tine? Even wear the appearance of ever having been greatly higher what Jehovah declared he would make her: "a deso- | than it is at present; but it evidently las bad building lation, and dry like a wilderness.” In the second cen- on it, at least round its edges. Stones and bricks are tury some ruins of habitations might probably remain, dug or ploughed up every where. There were also and the Word be fulfilled: “ The cormorant and the other buildings farther in the mount; and at a place bittern shall lodge in the upper lintels of it: their voice where they had been digging into it, we saw the saire shall sing in the windows : desolation shall be in the coarse stone and mortar masonry, and a piece of coarse thresholds: for he shall uncover the cedar work.”grey stone, shaped like the capital of a column, such as Zeph. ii. 14. But now, cedar work, thresholds, lintels, at this day surmounts the wooden pillars or posts 0. and windows bave long passed away; "the Lord has Turkish or rather Persian verandahs; but there was no made an utter end thereof-she is empty, and void, and carving on it. We also saw, in many parts, a flooring Waste." Nah ji. 10.

or pavement, on the surface of the mount, of small The site of ancient Nineveh is supposed to be on the stones rammed down with earth. Pottery was also eastern bank of the Tigris, opposite the modern town found, and other Babylonian frag!nents; also bits of of Mousul. Lines of artificial embankments, with an | brick, with bitumen adhering to them. A piece of tine occasional sculpture and inscription, are all that re- brick or pottery, covered with exceedingly small and main to attest the existence of a city on the spot; but beautiful cuneiform writing, was found while we were whether it be the city of Ninus, or one of the later looking about the mount. It is of the finest kind, yel. erections, cannot be determined. Nothing has yet been lowish, with a polished or bard surface, and apparently discovered sufficiently distinct to enable a traveller to belonged to one of the large cylinders. Some part of announce with certainty, “this is Nineveh!” Nine- the surface of the mound, probably where the buildings vel is laid waste, who will beinoan her? Nah. jii. 7. were either less solid or entirely wanting, is ploughed Mr Rich, the late English consul at Bagdad, who, on

over." several occasions, examined the ground with great care, Similar lines of walls, mounds, and artificial embank. describes the principal enclosure as of a rectangular ments are seen on every side without the enclosure form, corretponding with the cardinal points. This above described. Upon a close inspection of the maarea he considers, on a rough guess, to be from one and terials of which these masses are composed, from which a half to two miles broad, and four miles in length. | large stones, frequently with bitumen adhering to them, On the river, or west side, as on the north and south, are dug out, Mr Rich concludes, that “but very few there are remains only of one wall, but on the east, of bricks were used in the building of Nineveh." There three. The first, or innermost, is a line of earth and is, however, great difficulty in determining “wbat are gravel, out of which large hewn stones have been dug. ruins and what are not; what is art converted by the A ditch intervenes between this and another similar lapse of ages into a semblance of nature, and what is embankment, under which is the well of Damlamajeh, merely nature broken by the hand of time into ruins, and beyond it still, what Mr Rich considers, the largest approaching in their appearance to those of art.” “One wall. Between the west wall and the river, the ground thing is sufficiently obvious," observes this intelligent is subject to frequent inundations and changes; but it traveller in another place, “ which is, the equality of has not interfered with the area.

age of all these vestiges. Whether they belonged to It will be at once seen, that in the dimensions of this Nineveb, or some other city, is another question, and area could not have been admitted a city of the size of one not so easily determined; but that they are all of Nineveh. Mr Rich therefore conjectures, that “the the same age and character does not admit of a doubt."" enclosure formed only a part of a great city, probably Such is “the rejoicing city, that dwelt carelessly, that either the citadel or royal precincts, or perhaps both, said in her beart, I am, and there is none beside me: as the practice of fortifying the residence of the sove- bow is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to reign is of very ancient origin. From what we are told lie down in! Every one that passeth by shall hiss, and of the Babylonian palaces, and see of tbat of the Setii. wag his hand !” Zeph. ii. 15. viyalıs, and of the Sultan of Constantinople, this extent

• Rich's Narrative, &c., ii. pp. 29-64. would not be too much to assign for the residence of the Assyrian kings." Attached to the walls, and

Printed and Published by JOAN JOHNSTONE, 2, Hunter Square, in its line, are several mounds of greater size and Edinburgh; and sold by J. R. MACNAIR & Co., 19, Glassford Street

Glasgow; JAMES NISBET & Co., HAMILTON, ADANS & CO 100 Rich's Narrative of a Residence in Koordistan, &c., il. pp. 33-35. R. GROOMBRIDGB, London: W. CORRY, Junior, & Co., Dublin; " In this place I cannot help remarking a passage in Jonah. The W. M.Comk, Belfast ; and by the Booksellers and Local A zents in prophet sutfered grievously fro:n the casterly wind. This is the all the Towns and Parishes oi Scotand; and in the principal Tous sherki so much dreaded in all these countries, which is hot, stormy, in England and Ireland. and singularly relaxing and dispiriting."

Subscribers will have their copies delivered at their Residences

THE

SCOTTISH CHRISTIAN HERALD,

CONDUCTED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF MINISTERS AND MEMBERS OF

THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.

CONTENTS. 1.-Pastoral Letter from the Synod of Angus and Mearns, to

their Final Establishment in their own Land. Part IV. Masters and Servants within their bounds, and more

By the Rev. George Muirhead, D.D.,

. Page 806 especially those who are Engaged in the Labours of 5.-A Discourse. By the Rev. Andrew Milroy,

809 Husbandry, Page 801 6.-Sacred Poetry. “ The Jew." By Elnie,

812 2.- Revivals of Rcligion in the Isle of Skye,

803 7.-Christian Treasury. Extracts from Nevins, Bishop Hall, 3.--Sacred Poetry. “ An Address to Light." By Alexander

Cecil, Fleming, and Graham,

il. Letham,

805

8.–Biographical Sketch. The late Rev. Alexander Waugh, 4.-Sketch of the History of the Jews, from the Destruction of

D.D., Minister of Wells Street Chapel, London. By the Jerusalem down to the Present Time, and Onwards to

Editor. Part I.,

813

PASTORAL LETTER FROM THE SYNOD OF ANGUS AND MEARNS, TO MASTERS AND SERVANTS WITHIN THEIR BOUNDS, AND MORE ESPECIALLY THOSE

WHO ARE ENGAGED IN THE LABOURS OF HUSBANDRY.

ANI

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Christian FRIENDS BRETHREN, We In the exercise of this office among that imearnestly entreat your serious attention to the portant class of our people, we have long observed, sew words of exhortation, which we now deem it with great grief of heart, a growing inclination to

ur duty to address you, as Christian masters and shun the ordinary means and opportunities of reservants; and we fervently pray, that a blessing ligious instruction and edification, and to fall away from the God of all grace may descend upon our into various idle habits and sinful courses. We present humble endeavour to promote, as we observe them, in the progress of their service, fondly trust, both your own personal comfort, and necessarily removed, at an early period of life, from the best interests of your families and labourers. the dwellings of their parents-placed together as

We are very anxious most explicitly to assure a separate household, along with others of their you, that we have no desire to interfere with your own age-exposed, in this way, to the full inordinary management, regarding the accommoda- Huence of evil example and corrupt communication of servants, or the time of their continuing tions—more ready to harden than to help one in service; but purpose only to bring under your another in the good use of their leisure time, and notice several circumstances in their condition the due discharge of their religious duties. We which appear to affect their religious interests, observe them, also, moving so frequently from and to secure, if possible, your countenance and service to service, and from parish to parish, that co-operation in such measures as may tend, under it becomes impracticable to bring them within the the divine blessing, to remedy, if not altogether reach of such instructions and admonitions as their to remove, the evils in question.

peculiar situation seems to require; while, at the We are persuaded that, generally speaking, same time, by this incessant shifting from place the heads of families in our landward parishes are to place, and sojourning so generally among those neither unobservant of these evils, nor uncon- who are strangers to themselves and their concerned about their removal ; and we are the more nections, they are apt to become less ashamed of encouraged in our present appeal, by the assurance their ignorance and irregularities, and less conthat we have the approbation and good wishes of cerned about maintaining even the ordinary stanmany of your number in this our united endeavour dard of moral character required in all Christian to increase the means of pastoral inspection and communities. Christian instruction, particularly among the In this alarming state of things, we confidently young and unmarried portion of our agricultural trust, that we shall not fail in this our appeal to population; and the more so, as in this view we your judgment and feelings, as friends of good are not aiming to devise any novel expedients, or morals, lovers of social order, and professing disto exercise any unwarranted powers on our part, ciples of Christ Jesus, deeply conscious of your own but are only consulting, in concurrence with your- responsibility to him as a Master in heaven; but selves, how we may most effectually apply the that you will at once concur in our opinion and existing regulations of the Church, and most entreaty, that you should not give in to the too faithfully fulfil the acknowledged duties of our prevailing notion, “ that you are concerned with office.

your servants only in their hours of service and No. 51. DECEMBER 21, 1839.-1fd.]

[SECOND SERIES. VOL. I.

performance of work, and have no title to inquire | pray habitually to their Father in heaven, as the into their manner of life and disposal of their guide of their youth-teaching them to follow his time in other respects." We entreat you to bear Word of Truth, as the light to their path—acwith us, while we call to your remembrance the customing them duly to wait on the services of peculiar commendation bestowed by Jehovah him the Sanctuary, as the wells of salvation—endeaself upon the father of believers, respecting the vouring, when they go forth to serve among ordering of his family and servants: “I know strangers, to procure for them the good counsels him, that he will command his children and his of some Christian friend or fellow-servant in their household after him, and they shall keep the way neighbourhood or place of service-bearing them, of the Lord.” And while we exhort you, also, to at all times, on your hearts to the throne of grace, hold it as a matter of conscience to look to the and committing them, with humble hope, to the character and behaviour of your servants, that paternal care of that gracious God, who alone is they may sustain no injury in regard to their souls' able to keep them from falling, “that he may rewelfare, while in your employment, through your ceive them, and be a father unto them,” and that negligence; and to make it rather a subject of they may be even “as his sons and daughters.” prayer before God, that their connection with To these your sons and daughters we now adyou, however transient, may prove to them a dress, in conclusion, our earnest and affectionate blessing for ever-110t leaving them to err from admonition. For their good, more particularly, the way of life, but leading them, like the house it is that we have been consulting together-the hold of Joshua, while serving you, to serve also good, especially, of their precious and immortal the Lord ;-more particularly, that you will not souls. For this it is, that we are specially bound fail to rebuke and restrain among them every to watch, as those who must give account: And thing like the language of profanity or indecency, for what is it, ye young disciples, that you ought, and every thing approaching to actual profligacy; first of all and most of all, to be concerned? —that you will encourage them in the pursuit of “What shall it profit a man,” asks the compasuseful knowledge, especially in the furtherance of sionate Saviour of souls, who best knows their their religious instruction ;—that, above all, you value, “if he shall gain the whole world and lose will place every wholesome check in your power his own soul? or what shall a man give in ex10 prevent them from growing up in the most change for his soul ?” What, therefore, ought ruinous of all courses, the forsaking of the house we more earnestly to urge upon your consideraof God, and the profaning of the day of the Lord, tion, and you to hear with deeper attention, than but will diligently endeavour, by your admonitions, the things which pertain unto godliness, and which and example, and family arrangements, to bring it accompany your salvation ? Consider, then as about that your servants, like those of the good we now solemnly exhort and warn you to do), centurion, may be duly " present before God, to how many and how precious are the privileges

, hear the things commanded them of God,” and for the well-being of your souls, with which you “the words whereby their souls may be saved.” are favoured, in the land where your lot is cast

To those of our people who are called, in the privileges, indeed, which no people on the face of providence of God, to serve under a master, espe- the earth enjoy in greater abundance, and which cially those who are at the same time heads of only a small portion of this world's inhabitants do families, and who have the prospect of sending yet possess in any measure. There is the Word forth their own children, or who have already sent of heavenly truth in your hands, which is able to them forth, to serve in distant places and in the make you wise unto salvation ; there is the day of midst of strangers, we now address ourselves, in holy rest at your command, to give you time and the full persuasion that many of your number will quietness to mind those things which belong to cordially bid us God-speed, and cheerfully come your peace; there is the house of God within forward as fellow-workers in so good a cause. your reach, to which you may freely go with your Such we entreat and exhort, as Christian men friends and brethren, to learn his will and seek and parents, to encourage your younger fellow- his blessing; there is his throne of grace, open at servants to choose the good part, and to serve the all times and in all places, to which you may draw Lord Christ; and, as far as in your power, to near, through the Great Intercessor, as often as supply the place of their far-distant parents and you please, “ that you may obtain mercy and find friends, as you would wish others to counsel your grace to help in time of need." These are all as own sons and daughters in similar circumstances. a price to get wisdom, put into your hands by a Especially would we remind you of your own ob- gracious Providence—as talents given you to ocligations to prepare your own children for encoun- cupy by the great householder, the Lord himself tering the various difficulties and duties of their as your Master in heaven, who giveth to every condition, by teaching them early the fear of the man his work and portion, his place and duty in Lord, and, as has generally been the practice of life, and for which you must all answer and account our Scottish peasantry, to do all in your power to to him, when he cometh to reckon with his sersecure for them the blessing of a sound scriptural vants. O remember that he will thus come again, education-taking advantage, in this view, of all as he has said, as the Lord from heaven, * to the helps provided in schools and Sabbath schools render to every one according to that he bath within your reach-training them particularly to done, whether it be good or bad,” “taking ven

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