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patience, gentleness, compassionate disposition, and of sweet communion with God, resigned himself endelicate regard for the feelings of others. No one could tirely to his will. His desire, however, once more to be long in his society without perceiving that he was commemorate his Saviour's dying love, at a communion blest with no small portion of the spirit that marks the table, was at length gratified, and frequently afterwards followers of Christ. Worldlings, ignorant of the opera- he was heard to express great thankfulness that he had tions of restraining or sanctifying grace, wondered to see been enabled to attend upon that sacred occasion, in one in the prime of life abstaining, and that without any bodily and spiritual comfort. In the beginning of apparent effort, from irregularities which are commonly August he was removed to Edinburgh, and thence to tolerated, if not approved, in youth, and felt that there the south of Perthshire, where it was hoped he might must be a " pleasantness in wisdom's ways,” which derive some benefit from the mild climate, but vain are They had in vain sought in those of folly. There are, all the efforts and plans of friends, when the decree has perhaps, few afflictions incident to mortals, under which gone forth, “ Thou shalt die." The dear sufferer beMr Howison bad not been called to suffer, yet was he came rapidly weaker, yet, though his outer man was nut cast down. He who had taught him to do his will visibly decaying, his inner man received strength equal enabled bim also to bear his will. He had mourned into his day. He spoke of his departure as an inevitable bitterness of spirit, yet in joyful hope, over the remains event, and meekly resigned himself and all his concerns of both his parents, and bad seen a numerous family of to the care of a covenant-keeping God. When sufferbrothers cut down in their bloom by consumption, the ing severely he would sometimes exclaim, “O for faith seeds of which insidious disease were but too deeply and patience,” or, “When will this struggle be over?” tooted in his own constitution; he was himself seldom Then, as if speaking to himself, he added, “I am most free from indisposition, and had experienced many mercifully dealt with,” or, “ How thankful I ought to revere alsacks of illness, yet a complaint never escaped | be for this affliction! I fear I was in a very worldly bis lips; his mind appeared at all times in the frame of frame when it began; my proud heart required to be Joh, when he said, “ Shall we receive good at the hand abased, and my merciful Father laid me in the dust." of God, and shall we not receive evil also ?” Passive His susferings at times, from cough and breathlessness, under his own afflictions, deeply did he sympathize were dreadful ; and the enemy of souls appeared to with those of others. No personal interest or con- take advantage of his great weakness, to suggest fears venience were ever suffered by him to interfere with and doubts as to his spiritual state. Upon such occathe calls of friendship, or the duties of humanity. sions, he observed, “Oh! how sad to be distressed in Many affecting instances could be mentioned in proof body and, at the same time, afflicted with the absence of these assertions, did not the limits of this narrative of God's countenance ! Lord help me! prevent their insertion. More than once he was instru- tience,” or, "Give me a sweet text, I am very low tomental in saving the lives of individuals, at the imminent day, 0 for another sight of his blessed countenance.” risk of his own. From the period of his being licensed in the evening of a day on which he had been visited as a preacher of the Gospel, his greatest delight was to by two pious friends, he expressed himself thus : deliver from the pulpit his Master's message to lost have had some sweet thoughts to-day, the Almighty sinners; and this he always did in the language of so- has been very kind to me; he sent two of his servants lemn, yet sweet persuasion, and holy boldness. Con- to minister to me. I was much comforted by Mr vinced himself of the great importance of Scripture W.'s prayer, he is a good man. To be called a child truth, he longed to recommend it to others; and, bad of God, what a privilege !” Being asked bow he felt it pleased God to spare his valuable life, there is little after a day of comparative ease, he said, " I trust I have doubt but that he would have been a burning and a been enabled to throw myself more than ever on the shining light in the Church of Christ. But the time Saviour ; my mind has enjoyed a sweet peace.” That was approaching when, alas ! too soon for those who his love to the Saviour was ardent and habitual, the loved him, he was to be removed to a temple “not following observations may bear some testimony: made with hands, eternal in the heavens.” Though“ Read to me from the Gospels, in them I can more suffering from a severe cold, he could not be dissuaded perfectly realize a Saviour's presence, using his own from preaching, whenever an opportunity occurred, dur-sweet words.” “O to be with Jesus' to serve him ing the stormy winter of 1836. His indisposition in without sin.” Avoid vain disputations, and look creased, and before the end of February, an attack of constantly at the Saviour. Keep him, his offices and inflammation confined him to a sick-bed, whence, it his words, constantly in view, whether reading the Old was feared, he would never arise. Ho vever, by the or the New Testament." “ O how I hope in the last blessing of God upon the means prescribed, a temporary struggle, that there will be some one near to whisper to check was given to the disease, he rallied a little, and me the name of Jesus!" On regret being expressed at as spring advanced, was able to enjoy the fresh air in a the prospect of losing him, he observed, “ It is cruel of garden chaise. But the hopes raised by this circum- you to wish to detain me here; is it not better to be with stance proved fallacious. To use the language of one the Saviour ? The dark valley must be passed through of his affectionate attendants," he drooped like a flower some time, and why not as well early as late ?" When having a worm at the root.” From the first it does not about to separate from a friend, whose blessed privilege appear that he entertained any very sanguine expecta- it was to attend upon bim almost hourly, during some tions of being restored to health, yet the prospect of of the last weeks of his life, he said, “Well, dear E., being cut off from the land of the living in the prime of God be with you! never lose sight of the cross of life, at a tiine, too, when his prospects were brightening Christ; keep close to it, it leads to glory; and let your on all sides, caused him no concern. He mourned his prayer for me be, that I may have a speedy dismissal.” absence from Church privileges, but, enjoying seasons Though his habitual conduct through life had been,
humanly speaking, in the sight of man, so pure and or observations bearing the same import, were frequently blameless, that, compared with the mass of his fellow addressed to individuals around him. On the doctrine creatures, he may be said to have been, like Nathaniel, of assurance, his expressions were guarded. “Judge without guile, he disowned all dependence for salvation of your state,” said he, " by your love for the Bible and on any thing short of a Saviour's merits; and sought for prayer; if that is cold, take the alarm." On one for that salvation, to use his own words, as a “miser- occasion, when suffering much from fever and breathable sinner at the foot of the Redeemer's cross.” His lessness, he exclaimed, " 0, when will this struggle be only source of hope and comfort arose from the fulness over ! O, for patience! patience is more difficult to and freeness of the Gospel provision and promises. attain than resignation. O, if the old Adam were to He delighted to dwell upon such passages as the fol- arise now and get the better of me, what should I do ?" lowing: “God so loved the world, that he gave his The respective merits of different ministers and sermons only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him being discussed in his hearing, he said, 0, what should not perish, but have everlasting life.” “Ho! would I give to hear but the poorest sermon," alluding every one that thirsteth come ye to the waters, and to style, &c., “that ever was preached within the walls whosoever will let him take of the water of life freely." of God's house." Referring to his own ministerial “ Come unto me all ye that labour and are heavy laden, duties, he said, “I would gladly bave spoken again in and I will give you rest." “ Him that cometh unto my Master's behalf, but His will be done.” Among his me, I will in no wise cast out.” Precious to his soul latest remarks were the following: Being asked if he was the doctrine of justification by Christ, and most enjoyed a sure hope, he replied, after a pause, “ I am warmly did he recommend it to others. One instance enabled to lie at the foot of the cross. At another may be mentioned, among many, in which the Lord time, “ I have no fears as to the Almighty." On bear. was pleased to bless his efforts for the good of souls. ing Dr A.'s opinion that he could not live long, he exCalling one evening on an acquaintance, the conversa- claimed, “ He is a messenger from heaven an angel to tion assumed a serious turn, and in the course of it Mr tell me that I shall soon get rid of this shell, this useless Howison discovered that his young friend was suffering body.” He then spoke of the blessed feeling of being a under the terrors of a broken law, and appeared to be child of God; said he had not a Saviour to seek now; totally ignorant of the way of salvation as provided by bad no fears, none." For some time preceding his dethe Gospel. Here was an opportunity of “speaking parture, he lay motionless, and apparently free from for his Master,” which Mr Howisor. gladly embraced. suffering, when, suddenly, as his friends were watching He proceeded to unfold the glorious scheme of justifi. round his bed, he made a sign to one of them to stoop cation, through faith in the Son of God; the influence down, upon her doing which, he feebly pressed her of that blessed Spirit accompanied the words of instruc- hand between both his, and, applying it to his lips, tion ; light broke in upon the mind of the astonished and kissed it several times; soon afterwards he became indelighted youth, and they parted not till, like the Ethio- sensible, and the gentle happy spirit was peacefully dispian Eunuch, he was prepared to go on his Christian way missed, leaving many a heart to sigh, many an eye to “rejoicing." Two years after this happy event took weep; for if ever mortal may be said to have possessed place, a lingering disease brought the young disciple to the power of attaching to himself the hearts of his fel. an early death-bed, from which he wrote to his beloved low-creatures, it was he, and long will his memory be spiritual father in the language of exulting hope and cherished, his instructions be remembered, and his say. perfect peace ; thanking him as an instrument, under ings repeated, by all who knew him. In summing up tbe God, of bringing him to the knowledge of a Saviour's character of this dear departed saint, much might be said matchless love, and rejoicing in the prospect of soon of his natural talents, which were of the highest order, enjoying the purchased possession in the presence of his and of his extensive acquirements, the result of an ardent adorable Redeemier.
thirst for knowledge, and the most persevering industry. Mr Howison survived his return to Edinburgh only a to him all the works of creation were objects of the few weeks. To the last he suffered much, and could deepest interest, and every science by which an acquaintspeak but little. His mind, however, seemed at peace;
ance with them could be cultivated, afforded food for no word of impatience or of murmuring escaped him. study to his active mind. But it is especially as an In nothing was the sweetness of his disposition more enlightened devoted disciple of the Lord Jesus, that he exemplified, than in the grateful manner in which he is presented to the general reader. Genuine piety, and received the attentions of those who waited upon him. its attendant-peace, may be said to have accompanied He frequently expressed, in short but endearing terms, him almost from the cradle to the grave. Lovely in his affection for friends, both absent and present. To life, tranquil in death, the Saviour, to whom all his two young ladies whom he had known from their powers were consecrated, prepared him early for a more early childhood, and in whose spiritual welfare he was exalted sphere of action than this infant state of man much interested, he sent a message in the following presents, and removed him to the full enjoyment of the words: “Tell them I shall never see them again in the
rest that remaineth for the people of God," on the body, but I hope to meet them in heaven.” To a little 14th of October, 1836. “He is no longer here, but is boy, to whom he had for years acted a parent's part, he risen!” said, “ Dear boy! never forget your God, and He will never forget you ; pray to Him with your heart, and never Published by John JOHNSTONB, 2, Hunter Square, Edinburgh :
J. R. MACNAIR, & Co., 19, Glassford Street, Glasgow ; JAMES NISBET forget your prayers.” Speaking of an absent friend, he
& Co., HAMILTON, ADAMS, & Co., and R. GROOMBRIDGE, London said, “ Tell her to mix cheerfulness with religion." He
W. CURRY, Junr. & Co., Dublin ; and W. MCOMB, Belfast ; and was very desirous to cherish a spirit of humility in himself Parishes of Scotland ; and in the principal Towns in England and and others. “Remember you have nothing of your own,” Subscribers will have their copies delivered at their Residences,
fold by the Booksellers and Local Agents in all the Towns and
SCOTTISH CHRISTIAN HERALD,
CONDUCTED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF MINISTERS AND MEMBERS OF
THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.
CONTENTS. 1.- The Early Settlers in New Brunswick. By the Rev. 6.-- A Discourse. By the Rev. John Smyth, D.D., George Burns, D.D., .......
Page 81 7.-Home Missionary Sketches.-1. A Poor Widow. 2. The 2.-The Wisdom of God in the Creation of the Vegetable
Surgeon of an East Indiaman, World. By the Rev. William Grant,
8.-Sacred Poetry. · The Hope of Israel.' By the Rev. 3.- Analysis of the Forty-fifth Psalm. Abridged from Bishop
W. M. Hetherington, A.M., . Horsley. Preface and First Section,
85 9.-- A Blind South Sea Islander, 4.-Sacred Poetry. 'A New Year's Day Hymn.' By C. Moir, Esq., 86 10.---Christian Treasury. Extract from Dr Doddridge, 5.- Biographical Sketch. John Mason Good, M. D. Part I. 11.-The Young Shown where to find Happiness. Extracted By the Editor,
from The World's Religion,' by Lady Colquhoun,
93 th, 94
THE EARLY SETTLERS IN NEW BRUNSWICK.
BY THE REV. GEORGE BURNS, D.D.,
In realizing the solemnities and delights of a rections by a Committee of the General Assembly. Scottish Sabbath within the newly formed Pro- In many instances, the versification is far from vince of New Brunswick, one leading object with being smooth or agreeable to the ear. The fact the writer of these pages, as its first Scottish is, a literal was more an object of attention than minister, was the introduction of our national an elegant translation, and we have the satisfaction psalmody, hitherto unknown in that interesting to know that we utter praise in the very words of land. This, as might have been expected, was at inspiration. Our version is capable of the same once hailed with rapture by every Scottish emi- defence with that of Sternhold and Hopkins, forgrant, reviving, as it did, in his yet unalienated merly used in the Churches both of England and breast, some of his earliest and dearest associations, Scotland, as compared with the one now authorised awakening recollections at once “ pleasant and in the sister establishment. “ The book of Psalms,” mournful to the soul,” if it did not, in every case, says that celebrated Oriental scholar, the late rekindle, “as by a live coal from off the altar,” Bishop Horsley, “is a compendious system of that hallowed fervour which had well-nigh died divinity for the use and edification of the common away under the unkindly influence of other habits people of the Christian Church. In deriving the and other scenes. But, at the same time, there edification from it which it is calculated to convey, were to be consulted the predilections and anti- they may receive much assistance from a work pathies of various classes with whose habits and which the ignorance of modern refinement would hearts the songs of our Zion were not thus de- take out of their hands, I speak of the old singing servedly interwoven, and who might naturally have psalms, the metrical version of Sternhold and Hopurged their first and best impressions as powerful kins. This is not what I believe it is now geneadvocates in favour of “psalms, and hymns, and rally supposed to be—nothing better than an awkspiritual songs,” to which the harp of the son of ward version of a former English translation. It Jesse was never strung. With the view of dis- was an original translation of the Hebrew text, arming prejudices so natural, and securing a favour- earlier by many years than the prose
translation of able reception of the time-honoured and justly the Bible, and of all that are in any degree paracherished" " Psalm-book” of our beloved Church, phrastic, as all verse, in some degree, must be, it the following statements were made, and are here is the best and most exact we have to put into the introduced, as not altogether unprofitable or un- - hands of the common people. The authors of interesting to our readers :—The version of the this version considered the verse merely as a conpsalms now adopted as the national psalter, was trivance to assist the memory.”. Listen to the introduced by the joint authority of English and testimony of Boswell, the biographer and friend of Scottish Parliaments, and ratified by the General Dr Samuel Johnson, in regard to our metrical Assembly of the Church on the 23d Nov. 1649. version of the psalms : “ Some allowance must no The translation was made by a very distinguished doubt be made for early prepossessions, but at a Hebrew scholar, Francis Rouse, Esq., M.P., one maturer period of life, after looking at various of Cromwell's Counsellors of State, and preferred, metrical versions of the psalms, I am well satisfied on account of his acquaintance with the Greek that the version used in Scotland is, upon the and Latin languages, to the Provostship of Eton whole, the best, and that it is vain to think of Scbool. His translation underwent various cor- having a better. It has in general a simplicity No. 6. FEB. 9, 1839.-14d.]
[SECOND SERIES. VOL. I.
and unction of sacred poesy, and in many parts its | little difficulty, requiring, in no common degree, transfusion is admirable.” And it is well known “ the wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness that when the aid of Sir Walter Scott was asked, of the dove." In addition to those labours and with the view of improving our present version, trials which he must share in common with bis his reply was, to those who made the applica- brethren in the bosom of the parent Church and tion, completely satisfactory, and put an end to in his own beloved land, he has calls for the exerall further agitation on the subject. It was to cise of skill and address, caution and prudence, the effect that the version now in use throughout vigilance and circumspection, discernment and the Church of Scotland, with the associations con- discrimination, firmness of principle and strength nected with it, could not be improved.
of character, united with gentleness of disposiIt has been already hinted that the various tion and placidity of temper, which are peculiar classes, with their no less various likings and dis- to himself and the sphere assigned to him by likings, interposed a formidable barrier in the way Providence. It is to be recollected, also, that the of obtaining a firm footing for our Scottish psal- characters of men undergo a wonderful transmumody and music in the commencing period of tation from change of place; and while this I'resbyterianism in New Brunswick. It may, might forin one of the niost interesting subjects therefore, be expected that some characteristic of intellectual inquiry, it frequently unfolds one of sketches should here be presented with a more the most trying cases of casuistry to which our general and extended object. The population of ministers abroad are required to address themthe colony is composed, in a large proportion, of selves. The affecting truth is, that a process of the natives of Great Britain and Ireland, with a deterioration is too generally undergone, and that considerable admixture of Americans, properly so not the less marked and melancholy, that the called, Germans, Dutch, Acadian French, African worldly circumstances have been greatly improved. tribes, and Indian aborigines. The natives of the 66 When riches increase, set not your hearts upon Province, or those actually born within the ter- these,” is an admonition which comes with pecuritory of New Brunswick, are, to a large extent, liar effect from the pulpits of a flourishing British the children or immediate descendants of persons colony. The struggles of competition during who had emigrated from the older inhabited coun- the infancy of the settlement are comparatively tries. And it is well known that birth often de- little known; and while capitalists of great comtermines the religion of the parties. Presby- mercial skill, intelligence, and address have scarcely terianism, as was to be anticipated, has for the found out the distant field thus opened for entergreatest proportion of its adherents Scotch and prise, mercantile alventurers of inferior grade and Irish, or the children of such ; while natives of very humble acquirements are enabled to carry the United States and their descendants, occupy a all before them, and are often surprised at their place next to them in point of numbers.
own rapid and distinguished success. Thus raised The establishment of Presbytery in Scotland, by the peculiar favour of heaven from circumthe prevalence of the same principles in the north stances of indigence and obscurity to a station of of Ireland, and their wide-spread influence along respectability and independence, they too often
with the kindred tenets of Congregationalism or want solidity of mind to maintain the right halance Independency throughout the Uni ed States, suf- in their elevation; they rule with the iron rod of ficiently account for the strong partialities in their oppression ; pride, luxury, or revenge alternately favour, cherished and manifested by those who mark their conduct. Had they remained in the look to either of those quarters of the world as land of their nativity, earning a precarious and their father-land. At the same time, it is not scanty subsistence, and satisfied in the humble meant to be affirmed that none connect themselves sphere and narrow circumstances which seemed to with our Scottish Churches abroad who happened have been all that was destined for them, they to draw their first breath in other regions of the would most probably have been found among
the globe than those now specified, or who have Eng- most consistent imitators of Him who was “ meek lish or Welsh blood flowing in their veins. The and lowly in heart.” But a change of place Dutch almost always attach themselves to their having resulted in a change of worldly circumcommunion, but seldom or never do French, stances, propitious far beyond their most sanguine Africans, or Indians intermingle with the wor- anticipations, the feebleness of a mind, unable to shippers in our Zion. The former and the latter withstand the influence of prosperity, which are of the Roman Catholic communion, while the would have remained concealed amid the obscurity people of colour classed under the other head which originally surrounded it, has been detected generally attach themselves to the Methodist or and exposed, while the despotism of newly acBaptist persuasions. Having to deal with the quired power, and the indulgence of passions just consciences, the habits, the prejudices, and the roused from their lethargy, proclaim to the world feelings of such a variety, not merely of charac- that the means of gratification were only wanting ters, (for that falls to the lot, more or less, of to discover the latent tendencies of the heart in erery minister of the Gospel at home or abroad,) | all their strength and deformity. In regard to but of characters influenced, if not formed, by those who move in the humbler walks of life, the peculiarities of country, the situation of a colo- shopkeepers, mechanics, artisans, and tradesmen nial clergyman is one of great delicacy, and no of our colonial possessions, it may be stated as the result of many years' observation, that a dif- , the holy sacrament of the Supper. The custom ferent class of temptations are more peculiarly seems to be for all at a certain age to come foraddressed to them, by which they are too often ward, and those who have been under scandal have seduced to their temporal and eternal ruin. Fond- no sooner been formally absolved from it than, with ness for show, ostentation, and display; love of peculiar rashness and daring effrontery, they claim consequence and affectation of superiority ; eager- and take their places among the most established ness for pleasure and amusement, prove fatal to and consistent of the saints at that sacred festival." many even in these ranks of life, who would have A certain degree of obloquy attaches to all such as escaped their seductive and baneful influence had are not in full communion with the Church. It is they never abandoned the simplicities of their quite otherwise in foreign parts. Whether it early bome. To vast numbers of the same classes arises from a dread of peculiar responsibility arising (though, alas ! the remark is by no means con- from observing the ordinance, and of additional fined to them) does the intoxicating draught, obligations being thereby imposed, or from the recommended as it is by lowness of price, prove conviction of a want in respect either of due pretoo powerful a temptation to be resisted ; and paration, or suitable qualifications for the right hence that bane and curse of our own country celebration of it, the truth is that the number of being more easily procured, and still more fiery the communicants is small indeed, compared with and maddening in its qualities, is to a greater the number of the congregations. To be regular extent ruinous to character, and comfort, and sitters in a church, and to receive baptism for their prospects in life throughout the most flourishing children, are thought by a large proportion of coloof our transatlantic settlements. It is, however, nial Presbyterians, very different things from being worthy of remark that, notwithstanding the ab- partakers of the Lord's Supper. And to show sence of an efficient parochial economy, such as how much custom regulates matters even of this exists in Scotland, there are even among the very sacred character, it has often been remarked denser masses of population much fewer cases of that Scottish emigrants on their first arrival on a irregularity of conduct, on the part of candidates foreign shore have embraced with eagerness the for holy wedlock, previous to that sacred connec- earliest opportunity of joining in the Sacrament, tion, than are to be witnessed and deplored in the but after a second or third recurrence of the sacred villages, hamlets, and sequestered vales of this season, discovering that many of the most respectboasted land of scriptural education and sound able people of the place did not engage in the morality. Delicacy forbids enlarging on this topic; solemnity, and that no reproach would be incurred and I therefore leave it with the remark that, by the neglect of it, they too have abandoned that whether the effect produced is to be attributed to part of their Christian profession, and have thus higher principle, or the more refined usages of made it apparent, by a change of circumstances, society, it is surely so much more seemly in itself, that they regarded more the fashion of the world as well as consistent with the Christian profession, than the law of Christ, in the form of godliness as may well make us blush for the sad contrast which they assumed. How many religious prowhich we exbibit, and almost envy a state of senti- fessors, whose sincerity is now above all suspicion, ment or feeling so much more powerful as a cor- would have the falsity of their pretensions most rective of evil, than all the restraints imposed by fearfully displayed by a mere bodily removal ! a Church proverbial for the purity of its principles Who can tell the number among us who would go and the rigour of its discipline. O when will it away and walk no more with Jesus, had they not be the lot of the true philanthropist to witness his the multitude to give them countenance ? What country's peace and safety founded on a surer basis multitudes are borne along the smoothly gliding than the severity of law, and its prosperity derived current of popular opinion, and how few are to be from the only true and certain source,—the moral found resisting the stream!
What a vast proporcharacter of its people, and the blessing of its God! tion of our people must be regarded as the sinners
In reference to those duties which come strictly or the saints of accident ! How small is the comunder the character of religious, it must be con- pany of those who dare to be singular and good! fessed that the colonists do not stand distinguished Which ought we most to deplore, the formality at for their strict and conscientious discharge. The home or the laxity abroad ? To relieve, however, Sabbath is not sanctified, nor is public worship some of the grim features of the picture now exattended as in this country; family worship is not hibited, it must be recorded to the honour of our performed, nor is catechising of the young by their foreign churchmen, that on all occasions when an parents and guardians practised, as it is among our appeal is made to their charitable feelings they Scottish people; reverence for the name of God evince a liberality that is above all praise. Objects is not manifested either by high or low, young or of Christian beneficence hold that place in their old, to the same extent as even in our degenerate estimation to which they are justly entitled, and land; and there is not the same general resort to the amid all the defects with which they have been table of the Lord, as distinguishes the inhabitants, at charged, they honour God by their efforts and least, of the Lowlands of Scotland. On this latter their sacrifices, they “provoke one another to love point there is a strange and unaccountable back and to good works.” wardness. Here ministers are rather called upon
Such are the characteristic features of the sucto discourage and debar, than to excite and allure to Icessful colonist in a new and tourishing settle