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Such was the commencement of the first schism of his army, as by ordinar pastors and English that had taken place in the Church of Scotland ministers ; qubilks captanes, commanders, and since the time of the Reformation. The contro troupers, when they enterit the pulpits, did not versy involved a number of questions, casuistical observe our Scots formes, bot when they ascended, and political, of which we can hardly afford room they enterit the pulpits with their swords bung at even for an abstract. Much may be said on both their sides, and sum carrying pistolls up with sides; and great allowances must be made for thame; and after their entrie, laid asyde within those who contended for the necessity of enrolling the pulpits their swords till they had ended their all who were capable of bearing arms. But it is sermonds. It was thocht,” adds our simple aneasy for us, who have the light of subsequent bis- nalist, “ that these men war weill giftit, yet were tory to guide us, to see that the Protesters, as not ordourlie callit according to the discipline obtheir brethren were afterwards compelled to ac- servit within this kingdom of Scotland.” knowledge, “ had their eyes open, while the Re- In various places throughout the country Cromsolutioners were blind.” The perfidious conduct well's soldiers behaved very rudely. They would of Charles at the Restoration, and twenty-eight come into the churches during the time of service, years of bloody persecution, furnish a melancholy take up their seat, by way of showing their concommentary on the truth of this conclusion. “I tempt, on the stool of repentance, and after sermust confess, madam,” said Mr Dickson, to a lady mon publicly challenge the minister to dispute who came to visit him on his death-bed, “ that the with them on the doctrine which he had been Protesters have been much truer prophets than we preaching.* The ministers, however, generally were.” It is needless to speculate on what might got the advantage of the soldiery, and even before have been the result, had the Church aeted other Cromwell bimself
, thcy showed a becoming spirit. wise: it was the will of Providence, that she Though a proclamation had been issued, probibitshould be subjected to a long period of trial; and ing any to pray for King Charles, many of them in a little time, as Wodrow expresses it, “the continued to do so, in spite of the prohibition, and whole honest Presbyterian ministers were struck even in the face of the soldiers who threatened to at, and sent to the furnace to unite them." fire on them if they attempted it. When Crom
By the advice of his new councillors, Charles well came to Glasgow, the magistrates and some undertook an expedition into England, the result of the ministers tied at the first news of his apof which is matter of well-known history. His proach. But among those who remained was Mr defeat at Worcester, in September 1651, which Zachary Boyd, famous for bis translation of the Cromwell in his despatches called “a crowning
Bible into metre. This divine, nothing daunted mercy,” was not such matter of congratulation to by the presence of Cromwell and his soldiers, who the king as that at Dunbar; it completely ruined his came to hear him, “railed on them all to their hopes, and, after many narrow escapes, he effected very face in the High Church.” Mr Durbam also a passage to France, leaving the whole country at preached before him, and had the boldness to call the mercy of Cromwell. It is hard to say, whether Oliver an usurper to his face. The Protector the good people of Scotland were more alarmed (for so was he now called), so far from resenting at the arms of Cromwell's soldiers, or their ministers this liberty, invited Mr Durbam to visit him in at the deluge of heresies which they brought along the evening, when they supped together in great with them. The latter behe!d, with dismay; an harmony. Cromwell
, it would appear, could stand army of sectaries, impregnated with all the errors a sermon levelled at his civil authority with better of the times, and quite as ready to combat them temper than a reflection on bis powers as a theoin the pulpit, as they were to meet their army in logical disputant. Coming into the General Asthe batile-field. Cromwell himself, who delighted sembly on one occasion, he made a harangue to in nothing so much as a theological debate, enter- them, nearly an hour in length, in his usual style ed into a curious controversy with the minis- of unintelligible rhodomontade, and copiously inters who had taken refuge in the Castle of Edin- terlarded with quotations from Scripture. The burgh, which held out after the city was captured. members looked at each other in bewildered While his soldiers battered the walls of the castle amazement, till at length an old minister, Mr with their cannon, the General attempted to storm John Semple of Carsphairn, rose up and said: the minds of the besieged theologians with his Moderator, I hardly know what the gentleman Independent missives, which were met by regular wald be at in this lang discourse, but one thing! and firm replies on the part of the ministers. am sure of, he was perverting the Scripture.” Meanwhile their pulpits were usurped by the For this speech, the bonest minister was punished gifted lay-preachers of the army, holding forth in by six months' imprisonment. their regimentals to crowded and astonished audi- The General Assembly, however, was a court tories. « General Lambert,” says Nicoll, “ having too free in its constitution to suit the despotic urgit the toun of Edinburgh Councel to appro- temper of Cromwell, any more than that of James priate to him the Eist Kirk, being the best kirk VI. The successful usurper, who had dissolved in the toun for his exercise at sermound, the the Long Parliament, and openly scoffed at the samein was renderit to him for that use; quhairin mention of Magna Charta, was not likely to there wes divers and sundrie sermonds preached, suffer the continuance of an Assembly, the mem. asweill by captanes, and lieytenants, and troupers
* Lamont's Diary, p. 58.
bers of which had taken such an active part in king; and Cromwell endeavoured, by all the arts favour of Charles. Accordingly, on the 20th of of his masterly policy, to gain them over to his July 1653, when the General Assembly had con- interests. He succeeded in inducing some of vened in Edinburgh, and the clerk was beginning them to take the tender, which was an acknowto call the roll, ibe church in which they met was ledyment of his authority and that of the English surrounded by a troop of horse, under the com- Commonwealth without a king or House of Lords. mand of Lieutenant-Colonel Cottrel, who, with With great difficulty he prevailed upon them, and another officer, entered the Assembly, and stand- ultimately on the Resolutioners also, to cease ing upon a bench, demanded to know by whose praying for King Charles ; but Mr Patrick Gilanhority they had met, whether by authority of lespie was the first, and I believe the only minister the late Parliament, or of their late king, or of in Scotland who publicly prayed for the Protector. the Protector ? Mr David Dickson, the Mode- Mr Gillespie was, it may be presumed, a great fator, replied that they were an ecclesiastical favourite with the usurper, and he, with some of synod, a spiritual court of Christ, which meddled his brethren, received a commission in 1655, emnot with any thing civil, and that their authority powering them to settle the affairs of the Kirk. was from God, and confirmed by the laws of the In this document, Cromwell declares himsel land yet unrepealed. The colonel then demanded clearly in favour of an established Church." “ Being a list of the inembers, wbich the Moderator told throughly sensible,” his highness says, " that him he would get if he would have a little pa- whatsoever union of nations is made where the tience till they had called the roll; but Cottrel true religion is not the foundation thereof, it will declared this would be too tedious an affair, and prove tottering and unstable, he hath therefore ordered them to be gone, otherwise he had in- expressly commanded his council here to endeastructions how to proceed. Upon this the Mo-vour the promoting the preaching of the Gospel, derator, in the name of the Assembly, protested and the power of true religion and holinesse ; and against such unexampled violence, and was pro- to take care that the usual maintenance bere be ceeding to dissolve the meeting with prayer, when received and enjoyed by such ministers as are of he was rudely interrupted, and ordered to the a holy and unblameable conversation, disposed to door, a mandate with which he and the rest of the live peaceably under the present Government, are members of Assembly at last complied.* “ He able and fit to preach the Gospel, and shall le led us all through the whole sireets,” says Baillie, approved according to an ordinance of his highness “ a mile out of the town, encompassing us with of the 8th of August 1654.” It appears from foot-companies of musqueteers and horsemen; this that Cromwell was determined to be patronall the people gazing and mourning as at the general to the whole Church of Scotland; it is saddlest spectacle they had ever seen. When he obviously so framed as to admit only such as were had ied us a mile without the town, he then de- Protesters ; and what is very curious, in the orclared what farther he bad in commission, that we dinance to which he resers, with the view of securing should not dare to meet any more above three in his own men, it is expressly provided that, in the number, and that, against eight o'clock to-mor- induction of ministers, " respect shall be had to the row, we should depart the town, under pain of choice of the more sober and godly sort of the being guilty of breaking the public peace: and people, although the same should not prove to the day following, we were commanded off the be the greater part,” *.
-a somewhat arbitrary town under the pain of present imprisonment. and invidious distinction, which, it must be alThus (adds Baillie) our General Assembly, the lowed, left ample powers of discretion to those glory and strength of our Church upon earth, is who were intrusted with the administration. by your soldiery crushed and trode under foot, It does not appear that the Protesters availed withont the least provocation from us, at this themselves of the power which this commission time, in word or deed.” †
put into their hands; though it is certain that very This unconstitutional encroachment on the unseemly contests happened at various settlements liberties of the Church, though it came with a about this period, particularly in the west country, bud grace
from one who boasted himself the where the protesting party mustered very strong. patron of toleration and liberty of conscience, Baillie has given some very lamentable accounts was, after all, the less to be regretted at this of ministers being forced upon congregations with period, when the meetings of the Church the aid of the English soldiery ; but it must be courts were chiefly occupied with unseemly remembered that this writer was a bitter oppodiscussions between the Resolutioners and Protes- nent of the Protesters, and he is chargeable with ters. The melancholy consequences of this breach having not only exaggerated their conduct, but among the leaders of the Scottish Church soon resorted to very unworthy means to defeat the became apparent after the defeat of Charles had negotiations which were set on foot for healsubjected the whole of Scotland to the arms of ing the breach between them and their brethren Cronwell. The English conquerors, as was na- the Resolutioners. It is but justice to add that tural, were partial to the Protesters, who had the great body of the Protesters were far from been opposed to the party that brought over the being favourable to the usurpation of Cromwell. * Lamont's Diary, p. 60.
Lamont informs us in his Diary that, at a com† Baillie's Letters, ii., 309.
• Nicoll's Diary, pp. 163-106.
munion at Sconie in Fise, where Mr Alexander And yet, notwithstanding all these causes of Moncreiff and Mr Samuel Rutherfurd officiated, grievance, which, after all, are not more iban what « all that had taken the tender were debarred from might have been expected in a country lying unthe tabeli, as also the English.” The same scru- der the power of a victorious army, and notwithpulosity was not selt hy Mr James Sharp, who standing the heats and divisions which prevailed, afterwards, as Archbishop of St. Andrews, ren- and which must have frustrated to a great degree dered himself infamous in history for the persecu- the good effects of the Reformation, it appears, , tion of his brethren; he swallowed the tender, from the most indubitable evidence, that religion and paid his court to the usurper, with the same prospered in no ordinary degree during the time ease that he afterwards renounced the Covenant, of this invasion. “ It is true," says Kirkton, “ that and truckled to the king. Mr James Guthrie, on they did not permit the General Assembly to sit; the other hand, whose death he had a share in (and in this I believe they did no bad office, for procuring, though a Protester, not only refused both the authority of that meeting was denied by the tender, but incurred considerable risk in main- the Protesters, and the Assembly seemed to be taining his loyalty. “ I have it from good hands more set upon establishing themselves than pro(says Wodrow) that Mr Guthrie defended the moting religion ;) also, the division of the Church king's riglit, in public debate with Hugh Peters, betwixt Protesters and Resolvers continued for Oliver's chaplain, and from the pulpit he asserted six or seven years with far more heat than bethe king': title in the hearing of the English offi- came them; and errors in some places infected some
few; yet were all these losses inconsiderable in Still, these dissensions among the ministers were regard of the great success the Word preached productive of bad effects among the people. The had in sanctifying the people of the nation : and Protesters, openly despising the sentence by which I verily believe there were more souls converted they had been deposed, continued to exercise their to Christ in that short period of time than in any ministry, holding communion exclusively with season since the Reformation, though of triple its those of their own sentiments; and on too many duration. Nor was there ever greater purity and occasions the pulpit was converted into an arena plenty of the means of grace. Ministers were of controversy with their brethren; so that the painful, people were diligent. So, truly, religion people beheld the spectacle, hitherto unknown in was at that time in very good case, and the Lord Scotland, of ministers preaching, and even pray- present in Scotland, though in a cloud.” Again, ing, against each other. Nicoll informs us, that referring to the state of Scotland before the Rein September 1655, Patrick Gillespie having come storation, he has these remarkable words :—" At to Edinburgh, was invited by Mr Stirling, a Pro- the King's return, every parish had a minister, tester, to preach for bim in the West Kirk. The every village had a school, every family almost rest of the ministers, hearing of it, refused to had a Bible,-yea, in most of the country all the countenance him with their presence. “Mr Pat- children of age could read the Scriptures, and rick," says our author, “at his cuming to the pul- were provided of Bibles either by their parents or pitt, was interuptit by ane of the lait King's ser- ministers. Every minister was a very full provandis, callit Captane Melvill, quha, sitting near fessor of the reformed religion, according to the to the pulpit, did ryse and call to him, saying, large Confession of Faith framed at Westminster
. “Mr Gillespy, how dar ye cuin thair to the pulpitt None of them might be scandalous in their conto teache and preache? Ye aught not to cum versation, or negligent in their office, so long as a thair, becaus ye are deposed from the ministrie by Presbyterie stood. I have lived many years in a the General Assemblie, and ye have been ane paroche where I never heard an oath; and you enymie and traitour both to Kirk and kingdome! might have ridden many miles before you
heard and sum moir to that purpos; and with that he any. Also, you could not, for a great part of the rais and went out of the church, and sindry utheris country, have lodged in a family where the Lord with him, allegeand, that he aucht not to be heard was not worshipped, by reading, singing, and pubin pulpitt, being a deposed minister. Yet, Mr lic prayer. No body complained more of our Patrick Gillespy, not being much dasched, pro- Church government than our taverners ; whose cedit, and cfter a shoirt prayer, red his text, quhilk ordinary lamentation was,—their trade was broke, was the 29th verse of the 26 chaptour of the people were become so sober!” Acts of the Apostles, in these wordis, • And Paul This high testimony is fully borne out by that said, I wald to God that not only thow, but also all that heir me this day, war both almost and al- strong and heidie with hemp seed, coriander seed, Turkie pepper.
sute, salt, and uther sophistications. Whair-with the magistrados togidder such as I am, except these bandis.'" f of Edinburgh did take no ordour ; nather yit with blown inuttor,
corrupt veill and fesche; nor yit with fusted breid and lucht loar.» • Wodrow's Hist., i., 103. Burns' Ed.
and with fals missoures and wechtis."-i Diary, p. 18.). "Mar.
over," he adds, “befoir the English airmy come into Scotland, the + Nicol, who is a staunch loyalist, complains very grievously of a lecture every day in the afternune, at the ringing of the four the increase of crime in Scotland during this period; but indeed he hour bell, quhilk did inuch goo I both to the soull and body; the grumbles straight on till he comes to the Restoration, and then not soul being edifeit and fed by the Word, and the body withheld in a word but "jay and rejoicing." The following specimens of his lugubrious reflections are sufficiently amusing. He complains bit
from unnecessary bibbing, qubilk at that hour of the day was in use terly of the taxes levied in Edinburgh for the support of the Eng
and custome."-(p. 170, 171.) But what distressed him most of all lish ariny; especially the plack laid on the pint of ale,--for the
was, that not withstanding of all these burdens, the ladies dressed as
fine as ever. "The moir poverty, the pryde of me much no imposition of which, he seriously considers a storm of wind and rain which happened, as a judgınent on the city! " And then," says he,
aboundit ; for at this time it was daylie seen that gentill women and thair wyne, aill, and beir, were all sophisticat,--drawn over and
burgersis wyffes haid moir gold and silver about thair gown and kirned with milk, brijustone, and uther ingrediants; the aill made
wylicoat tayles, nor thair husbandis had in thair purses and cofa fei is,"—(p. 108
of other witnesses, as unimpeachable as honest Good night-go say the prayer she taught, Kirkton. They tell us what fell under their own
Beside your little bed; observation; and those must have been no mean
The lips that used to bless you there
Are silent with the dead. attainments, either in piety or morality, which came up to the standard of Presbyterian ministers A father's band your course may guide in these times. No doubt, many hypocrites may
Amid the thorns of life, have been concealed under the mask of rigorous
His care protect these shrinking plants
That dread the storms of strife; devotion ; but, whatever might be the case in
But who upon your infant hearts England during the same period, it is certain that
Shall like that mother write ? hypocrisy was not then the reigning vice in Scot- Who touch the springs that rule the soul? land. We grant that crimes and outbreakings
Dear mourning babes, good night. of a very flagrant nature, some of them almost un
SIGOURNEY. known in our day, were occasionally taking place, which some, not considering the rude state of society A LETTER TO HIS PARISHIONERS. at the time, would set down as a proof of its general
BY THE REV. ANDREW A. Bonar, demoralization. It would appear too, that, imme
Assistant Minister of the Parish of Collace, Perthshire. diately before the Restoration, a sad declension became apparent, which was the more marked
MOUNT CARMEL, June 29, 1839. from its contrast with the previous prosperity.
MY DEAR PEOPLE, BELOVED AND LONGED ron,But there can be no question that the piety of The last time I wrote you we were at Alexandria in that period was both more intense and more widely Egypt. Since then we have been in many various and diffused than it has ever since been in Scotland. new scenes, but the Lord bas carried us safely through It is not by looking into the records of church all. During the last two months we have been dwelling courts, which indeed almost supplied the place of in tents, and travelling on asses and camels from place courts of police, nor into the . Acknowledgments to place. The heat in this part of the world is very of Sins, published about that period, that we can great at mid-day, so we set out on our journey early form a proper estimate of the moral state of the in the Morning-sometimes before sunrise-and rest country. Such documents only serve to show several hours when the day gets hot, under the shade that, in these days, the discipline of the church of a tree–either olive, or palm, or fig. In the Afterwas administered with a fidelity which is now too
noon we travel on again some hours, and then pitch our little known, and that our fathers were affected
tents and sleep for the night. We never travel on with the existence of public evils, which are no
Sabbath ; but on that day we rest; and though we longer so candidly acknowledged, only because have no public ordinances, yet we find it a happy sea
son, while we read and meditate, and pray ;-it is a they are not laid so deeply to heart.
time when we especially remember the Church at home,
and our Parishes, and ask the outpouring of the Spirit A FATHER TO HIS MOTHERLESS
to accompany the preaching of the Word throughout CHILDREN.
You will remember that living in tents was the manCome, gather closer to my side,
ner in which the Patriarchs lived. I have often thought My little smitten flock, And I will tell of Him who brought
of Abraham pitching his tent under the oak of Mamre, Pure water from the rock,
and of Deborah under the palm-tree, and of many others Who boldly led God's people forth
-and I feel that God is explaining to me many things From Egypt's wrath and guile,
mentioned in Scripture, that I may explain them to And once a cradled babo did noat,
you when I return. I trust that through your prayers All helpless on the Nile.
He may so fill my soul, that when I see you again you You're weary-precious ones—your eyes
may rejoice the more. I do not feel that distance, and Are wand'ring far and wide,
new scenes, bave made me forget you; on the contrary, Think ye of her who knew so well
the countries where we are shown to our very eyes the Your tender thoughts to guide ?
fulfilment of what God spoke, and the places where Who could to Wisdom's sacred lore Your fixed attention claim,
we have lately been, are places wherein most of the Ah! never from your hearts erase
mighty works of Jesus were done; and when we are That blessed mother's name.
thus feeling the truth and reality of the things set be
fore us in the Scriptures by the Holy Ghost, then we 'Tis time to sing your evening hymn,
desire more than ever to come and bear witness of them My youngest infant dove,
There are few people who believe that God is sin.
cere, and really intends to do everything He says. My poor deserted throng ;
Thoughtless, unconverted men, will not be persuaded Cling as you used to cling to her,
that He will do all he threatens, and will take their Who sings the angel's song.
soul out of their body, and plunge it into hell. And Begin, sweet birds, the accustomed strain,
many indolent and self-sufficient Cbristians will not Come, warble loud and clear,
believe that they might receive a hundredfold more joy Alas! alas! you're weeping all,
and holiness than they have yet attained to, if they You're sobbing in niy ear.
would only make better use of a full Saviour. Now I
wish I could take such, and lead them to the village people are mostly Jews or Mahometans. The Jews Emmaus, which lies on the side of a bill we saw near have here sit synagogues, all of which we visited in Jerusalem- for it was on the road to that village that turn; but the people are very poor and unhappy. If Christ reproved two of his disciples, saying, “O fools, you saw them and their children growing up in ignorand slow of beart to believe all that the Prophets have ance, and the women not taught even to read; and if spoken."
you saw how little they care about their salvation, you In our journey through the Desert that lies between would pity them, and long to send a Missionary among Egypt and the Holy Land, we were often fatigued and them. No real Christian can live in Jerusalem without exhausted by the heat and the burning sand; yet the being deeply affected by all he sees. He walks in the Lord preserved us, and brought us to the end. Part very streets over which Christ passed so often; he may of that Desert is the Wilderness of Shur, where Hagar, climb Mount Zion, where the Tabernacle stood; be Sarah's maid-servant, had a vision from God, and was may go and look on Calvary, and remember that "the sent back to her mistress by God himself-teaching us blood of Christ cleanseth from all sin ;" he may go out that in the lowest station of life we may be near to God. a little way from the town and see the Garden of Geth. Let servants among you remember this, and read over semane, which is still marked by seven old olive trees; all about Hagar in Genesis xvi. and xxi. ; you will thus | he may stand on the spot where Jesus wept over Jeru. see that God requires you to submit yourselves to your salem; and he may ascend the Mount of Olives, from masters, and at the sametime He himself takes as much which Jesus went up to Heaven, and where he foretold concern in your souls as in the souls of your masters. bis second coming, and the end of the world, and bade The people who drive our camels and asses are de- us " watch." scendants of Hagar's son, Ishmael. They are ignorant We were twice at Bethany, where Christ so often and unhappyBut there is a prophecy, that when the went in the evening, and where he comforted Martha Jews are converted, and settled again in the Holy Land, and Mary when Lazarus died. Are any of you afflicted? these sons of Ishmael also shall he saved. Isaiah fore- Have any lost friends since I was among you ? Go to tells it in chap. Ix. 6, 7; and this should be another night to “that same Jesus," and he will wipe away all reason why you ought to pray much for the conversion tears from your eyes.—Many of my young people will of the Jews,—there will be so many other nations con- remember the Dead Sea, and how Jesus never visited verted after they have been brought in.
it, because it is a type of hell, and no soul ever is It was on June 1st that we entered the land of Israel. redeemed if once in hell. Now, we see the Dead Sa We crossed the channel of " the River of Egypt," and from the Mount of Olives; and are thus, on the one found ourselves in the Plains that used to belong to hand, reminded of the way of salvation, when we look the tribe of Simeon. It is a region for flocks and herds. at the places where Jesus did his works of grace; and. We then went northward to Gazm; and in the olive on the other hand, are reminded of the utter hopeless. groves and gardens near that city first heard the turtle ness of deliverance if we turn away from him. One dove, and the voice of other birds uniting with it,-for- day we visited Bethlehem, where the Angel told the ming the very scene spoken of in the Song of Solomon, glad tidings to the Shepherds, that there was a Saviour chap. ii. 12, “ The towers appear on the earth; the born for them. I am afraid that there are some among time of singing of birds is come, and the voice of the you so inattentive to your sinful state and wicked heart, turtle is heard in our land,”-in which words God tells that you never yet were really glad at the thought of the joy that Christ's coming will give to his people. a Saviour; if so, you are “dead in sin," and are like From Gaza we travelled to Jerusalem, through the valley the devils, who are troubled when they hear of Christ, of Eshcol and the plain of Zephathah, famous for king and wish he were away. Asa's victory. And here I wish to put you in mind how We have visited the Jews in almost every town of remarkable it was that God should cause our way to lie this country; they are all poor and none of them seem through Gaza, so that we came to Jerusalem by the very happy. The reason is, they bave not the joy that Christ road which the Ethiopian Eunuch traversed, when he gives—his blood is upon them—they try to save themwent on his way rejoicing ;"—for you remember that selves. On remember it is written, “ If any man love was the last text I preached upon to you: the place, not the Lord Jesus, let him be Anathema Maranatha." therefore, brought you all to my mind, and made me After leaving Jerusalem, the most interesting place we pray that you might in truth have that same joy in you went to was Sychar, where Christ conversed with the for ever. One night on this road we heard the howling woman on Jacob's Weli. When looking at it, and sittof a wolf; and, another morning, a wolf sprang across ing by it, I remembered that Joby iv., wherein the our path; which brought to my mind our Lord's par- story is given, was tho last chapter I read with my able, wherein be represents his people as safe in bis Sabbath Morning Class, and I asked for them all “bat fold from all such enemies. If any one, young or old. living water, which springs up to everlasting life.” Ask in all the parish of Collace, is not in Christ's fold, then the same for me in this dry and thirsty lund. A few that poor weak soul may become the prey of the wolf days after, we arrived at Mount Carmel, and I did not of the Devil_this very night.
forget my promise to pray for you there. We pitched We were two Sabbaths in Jerusalem, and worshipped our tent on the sea-shore, close under the bill, which is with the few Christianis that are there, and I had also by the sea, as Jeremiah xlvi. 18 mentions. It is not the privilege of preaching to them on Sabbath evening bigh, but once it was covered with vines and every in an Upper Chamber on Mount Zion, where they met. fruitful tree to its very top, until the curse came on There are indeed but few Christians bere ; for the account of the sin of the land—"the top of Carmel Roman Catholics, who have a large Church bere, are shall wither.”- Ainos i. 2. The brow that overhangs not Christians, except in name; and the rest of the the sea, is the spot where Elijah prayed so persever