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THE NECESSITY OF HOLINESS TO PEACE ON EARTH

AND HAPPINESS IN HEAVEN:

men."

leaves of which are for the healing of the nations,"_of reared to man's estate. But yet, it seems, war which, if the degraded eat, they are raised not only to must have its glory and its shouts of triumph :the rank of men, but are made partakers of the divine miserable glory, with its laurels dabbled in blood! nature, “ being renewed in the whole man after the melancholy shouts, mingled with the groans of image of God." tree is

, in Christ, laid open to all,—that it can not only the dying, and the wailing of widows and orplans, keep us from the fascinations of sinful pleasure, but seeking their husbands and fathers amidst tte that it can bless us with exalted pleasures during our heaps of the slain! And 0! if such deep woes earthly pilgrimage, and bring us to a land of eternal joy. defile the honours which victory has won, what Child of the dust! wilt thou reject the gracious offer?

must the condition of the vanquished be, returning Wilt thou put away from thee the richest blessings, to to their desolate homes and trampled vines, with drink deadly poison from a gilded cup? " When sin

a broken spirit and the chains of bondage? Yet ners entice thee, consent tbou not.” When Pleasure plies her deceitful wiles, know that “ by her many have is it in the very sight, and under the suffering of been cast down wounded, and many strong men have such miseries, that dying chieftains have left their been slain." “ Enter not, then, into the path of the revenge as a legacy to their offspring, and aged wicked; go not in the way of evil men. Avoid it, warriors have taken their sons bound upon oathi pass not by it, turn from it, and pass away.” Say,

never to listen to the terms of peace. What then “ One thing have I desired of the Lord, and that will I seek after that I may dwell in the nouse of the do we behold? On the one hand, this text enLord all the days of my life, that I may bebold the joining peace; on the other, men serving diverse beauty of the Lord, and inquire in his temple ; for in lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, the time of trouble he will hide me in his pavilion ; in hateful, and hating one another: but we see in the secret of his tabernacle he will hide me; he will this contrast, that the things of man's guilty chuice set me upon a rock."

are doomed, in the course of providence, to prove so many fountains of bitterness, out of which, whilst they draw and drink, the prond and perish

ing are constrained to admire the beauty and ex. A DISCOURSE.

cellency of the precept, “ Follow peace with all BY THE Rev. NATHANIEL PATERSON, D.D.,

Minister of St Andrew's Parish, Glasgow. But, suppose there be no national war, there “ Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without of dispeace ;—as in the case of personal quarrels

may yet, in the same community, be an abundance which no man shall see the Lord."-HEB. xii. 14.

family feuds, religious animosity, and political It affords a high satisfaction to the mind, in view- strife. Now, it is not the question, whether these ing many of the sublime truths and momentous things be agreeable to the corruptness of man's precepts of our holy religion, to find that the same nature? whether they serve to gratify those pasthings, though less clearly, are yet certainly writ- sions by which they are excited and fomented ?ten in the very constitution of nature and the but the question is, whether there be not a law to course of providence. And thus, whether de- discountenance and emn them ?-a law writ. voutly regarding or failing to observe the Word ten with clearness on the conscience, and conof God, man's faith may be strengthened, or his stantly carried into effect by a series of penul folly reproved, by what he is compelled to wit- inflictions in the providence of God. Whatever ness in the work of God. The world, indeed, the gratifications of malice may be, in sowing the maintains a universal opposition to the precept of seeds of discord and watching their mischievous our text: “ There is no fear of God before their growth, yet is the heart, in so doing, all the while eyes—their feet are swift to shed blood—and the the victim of its own devices; it has no quiet, no way of peace have they not known;" but this op- comfort, no self-approbation, no favour of God. position is followed all the way by the reproach It is marked out by all the good as an object to of a blood-stained history—by the testimony of be detested and shunned; it is left amidst the a conscience, that things ought not so to be—by dark sea of its own troubles, and it descries in the the experience of deep and self-inflicted miseries, distance no haven of rest. How strongly, then, and by a thorough conviction of reason, that in- do the dictates of conscience and the laws of profinitely better it were for the well-being of the vidence illustrate and commend the benignant world, if the precepts of our text had a universal precepts of the Word: “Let all bitterness, and acceptance, and a universal efficiency, in the hearts wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil-speaking, of our species.

be put away from you, with all malice; and be ve War, to say the least of it, is a shocking out- kind one to another, tender-hearted, forgiving one rage upon all that is delicate and beautiful in the another, even as God for Christ's sake, hath formechanism of the human frame-upon all that is given you: Follow peace with all men, and holibenevolent and biissful in the social affections, ness, without which no man shall see the Lord.”. which the Almighty has implanted. In the fierce And as we have said of national war and of encounter, the spear destroys the image of Goddomestic strife-both equally the opposite of peace lays waste that which he hath “fearfully and won- -so say we now of sin, the opposite of holiness. derfully made.” In this way millions perish in Sin hardens the heart; and left to itsell, running their prime, and are lost to all the ends, in time, to excess of riot, it grows, by the unperceived and for which they were tenderly nursed and dutifully | irresistible force of babit, to an inveterate and ab

solute dominion. But then the consequence is, As the carnal mind is enmity to God, it is no that such a sinner is not more a pest to society, wonder that man in such a spirit should hate that than he is his own most relentless and destroying holiness which he requires. Hence they give to foe. He carries in his own heart a witness against it some bad appellation, and strive to invest it himself. He can bear no reasoning about right- with a prejudice which may render it unlovely, if eousness, temperance, and judgment to come. not hateful, to others. They describe it as being In the fear that hath torment he would fain righteous overmuch, or they call it fanatical, and have it, that there is no God and no hereafter; allege that those who are the most remarkable for but conscience all the while bears testimony to its attainment, are merely hypocrites. Thus they both; and that voice, which he cannot bribe to brand, as being a detestable delusion, that very silence, he seeks to drown by drinking iniquity thing which in the creature is likest the Creator, with greediness: but the effect of this foolish en- and which, as it honours the Sovereign Ruler, condeavour is at once to increase the terrors, and to stitutes the chief good for time, and the only preaccelerate the approach of death; and that voice, paration for eternity. I warn thee, O reader, if once unheeded as a whisper, will shake the soul ihou hast ever so spoken, take heed that such with its thunder, amidst the fearful looking for of words be no more found on thy tongue. They judgment, and fiery indignation that shall con- betray the deepest enmity to God, and the worst sume the adversary. That the wicked may flourish will to the best interests of man. If ever thou and live long, is true-in which case the long- come to a right frame of spirit, the remembrance suffering of God will make their reckoning for of such words will be thy burning shame and eternity more dreadful; but more frequent it is, bitterest sorrow; and if thou die as ihou art, thou that whilst sin embitters every moment of his life, wilt be speechless before that high and holy triit also cuts off the sinner in the midst of his days. bunal from which the wicked go away into everAnd thus the precept of our text, much needed in lasting punishment, and the righteous into life an evil world, much needed in the period of youth, eternal. and in the place of abounding temptations, is com- How well might it correct all such loose and mended to heart and soul by all that you expe- injurious thoughts respecting holiness, to learn rience within, and by all that you see around you, for certain, that without it there can be on earth in the constitution of nature and in the course of no solid peace amongst men; that without making providence. There you see laws which are as it the first aim, as means to an end, the ablest of plainly written as they are stedfast; whose ope- statesmen and the best of patriots will labour in ration, if they are unheeded, must be felt ;-laws vain. That term, apart from all aspersions, and which no art can elude, no power can resist, and in its proper sense, means nothing more nor less, whose excellence, whether for man's good or than every living soul ought to aspire after, and God's glory, no mortal creature can deny. And labour to attain. It signifies the absence of those thus, if the precept have less welcome because it evil passions that corrupt the soul, as well as those is written in the Word of God, the careless reader lusts that defile the body; and which, taken colwill be compelled to meet with it in another lectively, the apostle terms a pollution of the flesh volume by the same Author: and though nothing and of the spirit. Is it not then to be suspected, can add to the obligation laid on us by what we that they who scoff at holiness, if they do not knew to be the Word of God; yet are we bronght patronize, have at least no great aversion to those to a clearer understanding, and deeper feeling of vices which are no less vile than destructive? the preceptive authority, when we see the same But the term in question does not only imply the thing as certainly written in the work of God's removal of those evils, but the possession of whathand as in the Word of his inspiration, and find soever things are pure, and lovely, and of good its sanction upheld before our eyes every day, in report—the highest attainments of those virtues all the dealings of that providence by which he and graces by which the disciple of Jesus, through rules the world.

sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth, The two greatest things that concern the whole adorns the doctrine of God his Saviour in all of our being, as sojourners here in the prospect things. And probable it is, that they who speak of eternity, are peace with men and acceptance highly of holiness have as little relish of the worth with God' in heaven. Our text embraces both; by which it is dignified, as they have of hatred to “ Follow

peace with all men, and holiness, with those degrading propensities from which it is out which no man shall see the Lord.” These altogether free. two are essentially connected. The wisdom that Such is that true nobility of character, that pucometh down from above is first pure, then it is rity of heart and life, which the Gospel wonderpeaceable. Without holiness, there can be no fully achieves, which God peremptorily requires, peace on earth; without holiness, we cannot en- and which it is the part only of the ungodly, in ter the kingdom of heaven. We proceed then, in their ignorance and folly, to deride : and now, an humble dependence on the Divine aid and seeing what holiness is, it is easy also to show, blessing, to consider, First, The necessity of that without it there can be on earth no solid holiness to the promotion of peace; secondly, peace amongst men.

Sin is disorder carried into The necessity of holiness to a meetness for the ways and works of God. However weak the heaven.

hand, sin, in any shape, is a blow levelled at the

make for peace.

foundations of the universe; it is enmity to the preserving the unity of the spirit in the bonds of Sovereign Ruler, and rebellion against his righte- peace. Thus, sin being destroyed, selfishness ous laws. See, then, the inevitable consequence: would cease. There would be no more clashing If all men are by nature in a state of sin, and that of interests and crossing of paths, but all creatures sin is enmity to the Supreme Ruler, there can be yielding obedience to the blessed and only Potenno bond of innion amongst men, as the subjects of tate, would, like the planets, moving in one way, a divine and righteous government. Hence, as and shining with one light, harmonize, and in their it is truly said, “ All men seek their own things.” happiness proclaim the glory of Him in whom Hence, might becomes substituted for right; or, they live, and move, and have their being. This if might fail, selfishness will seek its own ends by is the Bible theory of peace,—the only one that baser means,—such as falsehoud, circumvention, has reason on its side, and, so far as they go, the and fraud. Hence the endless crossing of paths, facts of experience for its vindication,—the only and clashing of interests ; a continual course of one that fallen mortals will ever realize; holiness mutual injuries; the suffering of oppression on the way, and peace the end! presenting on earth the one hand, and the exhibition of ill-got gains the scenery of heaven,- ,-a type and pledge of suon the other ; never ceasing to provoke envy and ture bliss,—where all are of one mind, because strife, hatred and revenge. Hence it is said, as one holy and unerring will is law; and all is peace, it may be seen of men, that “their feet are swift because all is pure. to shed blood, and the

way

of

peace have they not Let no one fear that the world, by such a reknown."

novation, would lose the interest of variety, or It is in such a state of things that the precept suffer a tedious monotony in the quietude of its of our text is given, under a certain limitation,- peace. We cannot allow to sin any one good “ Follow peace with all men.” It is not said, Be effect; and we see no want of variety in the works at peace with all men, but, Do the things that of God. There is much diversity of feature and

The same precept is elsewhere temperament in the character of the apostles, given, with the like reserve, —“ If it be possible, though they are all holy men, devoted to their as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all Lord, and lovely in their lives. There is one men;" intimating that it may not be possible, do glory of the sun, another of the moon, and another what you will; and if possible, that in some cases of the stars, and one star differeth from another it would not be right, for peace must not be sought star in glory; but they are all glorious. The by the sacrifice of principle,—we must not aban- flowers of the field have many hues and forms, don the fear of God, and the allegiance we owe but they are all beautiful; and if moral evil might to him, in order to please the wicked, and be at improve the world, then would the effect of flowers peace with them.

be heightened by the foot that treads them down, But, suppose the precept requiring boliness to or the hand that stains their bosoms with mire. be carried out to its full extent, not aiming at The dew-drops have the sameness of a single elepeace directly, and in the first instance, but indi- ment, and the light which they reflect is one and rectly, and through the medium of an acquired the same to all ; yet have they no dreariness of holiness, then would peace, the desired end, be aspect, but delight the eye with the varied hues most certainly acquired. Healing the fountain, of modest green, of orient pearl, and of brightest the sweet waters would flow; a joyful order fire: and, oh! in what permanent and peaceful would arise out of the confusion of darkness, in loveliness will the converts of Zion appear, when the presence of a holy light; and in proportion to shining in the light of the Lord, they shall be the abundance of that beauteous element, would a numerous, and beautiful as the drops of the blissful peace be diffused over the homes and the dew ! hearts of men.

Were all intent on getting, for Thus have we seen the necessity of holiness to themselves as well as for their kindred and race, the promotion of peace; an end as certainly to the holiness of heart and life which is dear to God, attained through holiness of heart and life, as the then would all have one end,—not their selfish blessedness of its boon to man's few days is by gratification, but his glory. To gain that end, all any other course absolutely and for ever unattainwould be conducted in one way. “ To the law able. and to the testimony,” would be the universal Let no one say, The end is so remote, and the rule; “not my will, but thine be done." This field so wide, I cannot entertain the motive, or oneness of object and procedure would be accom- feel that an obligation for the wellbeing of a panied by a divine and constraining influence, ever world should rest upon me. Thy God requires tending to produce in all minds a similarity of thee to “ follow peace with all men.” The sin character. Serving the same Lord, and walking that thwarts that purpose, as in every other view, in his steps, his followers would grow in his like is an infinite evil; for there is no end to its effects. ness; and all growing like to One, they would A bad word or deed that dies not with thee, may insensibly, and without invidious comparisons, disturb the peace of another hemisphere, and hurt become like one to another; and finding in each the generations yet unborn ; and well may it be nothing hateful, there would be no hating, but, felt in thy heart, that, at the least, thou art anbearing the image of their Saviour and Lord, they swerable for whatever may create dispeace in thy would dwell together, as dear children, in love, | family, amongst thy kindred and neighbours

, and

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in all the sphere to which thine influence does the world? Whence, then, those absurd and monstrous obviously extend. - Simeon and Levi are breth- systems of superstition, which, before the introduction ren; instruments of cruelty are in their habita- of Christianity, universally prevailed? Or why, even tion. Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; 10W, where the liglıt of the Gospel has not arisen, does

“ darkness cover the earth, and gross darkness the and their wrath, for it was cruel." “ Blessed are people ?” Is it a religion concealed from the vulgar the peace-makers: for they shall be called the chil- and unlearned, but discoverable in all its lustre by the dren of God.” See, then, the field of thy duty, studious and contemplative? Whence, then, that besiand come under a feeling of thy obligation, to seek tating mmeertainty about essential duties, that incothat holiness which is essential to peace amongst of belief, which disfigure the systems of the best and

herent absurdity in regard to the most important points men; and see how this largest public good is

most intelligent philosophers of antiquity ? Or, was it linked with thy deepest personal interest,—“With

reserved for the more enlightened wisdom of modern out holiness no man shall see the Lord.” This times to dispel the clouds of ignorance and error by we shall consider in what remains of this discourse. which true religion was obscured, and display her (To be continued.)

genuine form in all its purity and loveliness? This, indeed, is an honour to which some moderns seem

willing to lay claim ; but, unfortunately for their preCHRISTIAN TREASURY.

tensions, those clouds had previously been dispelled by

the light of revelation; and all the beauties with which Love not the World. You ask me how are we to they bave adorned the idol, that they worship under wean our hearts from the world ? I know no answer

the name of Natural Religion, are borrowed from the but that which Scripture gives, (1 John iv. 4 ; v. 4, 5.) religion of Jesus, which they affect to despise. WhenA believing view of Jesus must make the world look

ever they lose sight of this fair original, their delineadark and insignificant; and whenever we begin to love tions become disfigured and ridiculous.

When they it too inuch, we have only to apply to Him who bas affect to be wise above what is written in this sacred said to us,

“Be of good cheer, I have overcome the volume, their wisdom degenerates into fully: and, world," and his mighty power shall be put forth to en.

were they our only instructors in religion, we should able us to overcome it also. I used to make many speedily be overtaken by that gross derkness, in which resolutions against a worldly spirit, and try many ways the world was formerly'involved, and which the light to break myself to it, and these resolutions were re- of revelation alone could clear away.--Rev. ALEXANpeatedly broken, but now I have but one way. I try DER STEWART. (Discourses.) to take my heart to Jesus, believing that the victory is already mine for his sake. Lord, thou hast promised deafened by these ears of ours, and how are we

Spiritual Deafness and Blindness.-Oh! how are we that sin shall not have dominion over me. Thou hast said that every one that is born of thee overcometh

blinded by these eyes of ours,—that we cannot bear the world.” Fulfil thy gracious promise, and make me

the voice of God, calling us to heaven, to his eternal more than conqueror in thy might. Thou hast given kingdomn and glory,—that we cannot behold the divine thyself for my sins, that thou mightest deliver me from light that shines through all things.—Howe. this present world, and wilt thou now leave me to be A true Christion is courageous. It is the cowardice taken captive by this evil world? The faithful God of Christians that spoils their fortune._Da M.Crie. must become like a lying, promise-breaking man before(On Esther.) he can refuse to help his servants who thus cast them

Family Worship.--The principal part of family reliselves on his word of promise, and disclaim all wisdom, gion is prayer, every morning and evening, and reading strength, and goodness but his. The world, and the

some portion of Scripture; and this is so necessary to things of the world, as a strong man armed, who keep alive a sense of God and religion in the minds of keepeth his goods in peace, must continue to have pos- inen, that when it is neglected I do not see bow any session of our hearts till Christ, who is stronger than family can in reason be esteemed a family of Christians, the world, breaks in and claims the house of the strong

or indeed have any religion at all.–TILLOTSON. man as a mansion for his Spirit to dwell in. Cast yourself, then, without fear upon the free grace of God

Forgiveness of Injuries. When injured by any one

we should remember that God presents to us the most in Cbrist Jesus. The more worldly and wicked you feel yourself to be, the more he is concerned to show glorious opportunity of showing forth his own imagehis faithfulness in saving you from your worldliness and mercy and forgiveness.—Howels. wickedness.-M. J. GRAHAM. (Memoir.)

The value of Communion with God.-- Were we more The first and second Advent.-0 that Christians in the mount with God, our faces would shine more

with inen.-LEIGHTON. were careful to live with one eye still on Christ crucified, and with the other on Christ coming to glory.

THOUGHTS ON STUDYING THE BAXTER.

SCRIPTURES. Natural and Revealed Religion.—The enemies of our

By MR ALEXANDER TOUGH, JUNR., religion have endeavoured to detract from its excellence, by maintaining, that it enjoins no duties formerly un- One of the Elders of the Middle Church, Greenock. known, and reveals no truths of importance to salvation, wbich uraided reason might not bave discovered. Its The times in which we live are indeed atrange, and morality, they pretend, is the native morality of every fraught with danger. Principles are abroad which tend uncorrupted heart; and its doctrines, except where more to bewilder than enlighten the understanding of they are peculiar in absurdity, are merely the suggestions Knowledge is progressing, but in comparatively of natural religion. Before admitting or controverting few instances is it unto godliness. The varieties of the truth of this assertion, we may ask- What is this opinion are almost as numerous as are the diversities natural religion? Is it a religion which Nature bus engraven in deep and legible characters on the heart? of the human countenance; and there sre those who Why, then, is it not to every man, like the written pertinaciously adhere to the seductions of error, in de. word of God, a light unto his feet, and a lamp unto fiance of the evidences of Scripture and the dictates of his path ? Is it a religion common to all the nations of common genze. To what are we to ascribe all this? Why, it must be to our ignorance of the truth, and to how inconsistent it was with the nature of the Divine the false pride of the heart that refuses to hearken to Being; that he should be cheered. The Earl perceiv. instruction. In order to come to a knowledge of the ing this, begged leave of his Majesty to make a motion. truth, we must compare Scripture with Scripture, doing Earl, to admit of your Scotch cook to be sent for

men.

,

the King. Why,' replied the this in humble dep ndence on the agency of that Divine who, I understand, is always reading his Bible, and if Spirit who moved holy men of old to write and speak there be such a place in the Scripture, he will turn to the will of God. There is a secret operation wrought it directly.' 'Well,' says the King, ‘such a man as upon the mind by supernatural agency, that communi- this we want ; prithee, send for him immediately. cates, through the medium of the Word, light so clear When the cook came, the King very freely asked him, and vigour so strong, that all the learning of Greece if he knew of such a place in Scripture as wine checta and Rome cannot equal them. Men, possessed of mere ing God and man?' David, with a low bow, replied

he did, and turning to Judges ix. 13, read, 'And the buman knowledge, may dispute about the grammatical Vine said unto them, Should I leave niy wine, which correctness, and the critical arrangement, and the his- cheereth God and man. torical exactness of the Scripture ;-in short, they may The text being produced, the Queen humbly asked possess accurate views of science, and of religion in pardon for talking so freely to his Majesty, boped what relation to its abstract theory, and yet be totally igno- she had said would not raise his resentment against her, rant of the spiritual meaning of the Bible; while a man

for sbe was not prepared to bear the wrath of a king,

which is as the roaring of a lion.' The chaplain blushed in the humbler walks of life will often put to the blush

to think a Scotch cook could turn to a place in the man of letters, or him who is versed merely in the Scripture of which his great genius had not the least policy of this world. The one too often seeks nothing remembrance. Rochester begged leave to ask the docmore than to administer to the fine taste of his fellows, tor, if he could unravel the mystery that lay in those by laboured and refined criticisms; while the other words, “Wine cheering God and man;' but here the seeks the approbation of his God, and the salvation of great man was silent: he had no more light in his unhis own soul and of the souls of others.

derstanding to expound the text, than he had strength

in his memory to turn to it. Rochester said to the Learning, although good in itself, is not sufficient to

cook, “Honest friend, you have done well in producing enlighten or feed the mind. The mind, by nature, is chapter and verse to his Majesty, can you expound the surrounded with thick darkness, beyond which it can- meaning of it, and show how it cheers God, and hou not penetrate till a heavenly light disperse the gloom man?' The cook replied, 'If his Majesty please to with which it is surrounded—a gloom which the genius, hear me, I have this to offer :-How much wine cheeror wisdom, or power of man can never dispel. We eth man, your Lordship knows; and that it cheers God, have a striking proof of this in an interesting discussion pensation there were meat-offerings and drink-offer

I beg leave to observe, that in the Old Testament diswhich took place between Charles the Second and his ings: now in those drink-offerings there was wine; Royal Consort, in company with the Earl of Rochester this wine was typical of the blood of the Mediator : by and Dr S--, the Royal Chaplain :

a metaphor it is said to cheer God; as he was well “ The King being in conversation with the Earl of pleased in the way of salvation he had found out, in Rochester, Dr S. his chaplain, Queen Catherine, some that his justice was satisfied, his mercy displayed, his of the Ministers of State, &c., and after having dis- grace made triumphant, his perfections harmonized, the coursed for some time on the affairs of Government, on sinner saved, and God in Christ glorified.' The King a sudden he cried out, . Let our thoughts be unbent was agreeably surprised at this clegant exposition, and from the cares of State, and give us a generous glass Rochester did not spare to applaud the evangelical turn of wine, that cheereth God and man, as the Scripture that the cook had given to the text: says Rochester, saith.' The Queen, hearing the King talk of wine May it please your Majesty, your chaplain may be a cheering God, and quoting Scripture for it, was sur- man of exalted genius, he may have fine abstracted ideas prised, and begged leave to observe, “that, in her hum- of philosophy, he may dress Hebrew Roots elegantly, bile opinion, it was not less than blasphemy; for,' says and garnish them out with great politeness to please a she, God is an eternal, infinite, unchangeable Being, tine taste in criticism, but where is bis evangelical a pure Spirit, and so hath neither parts nor passions, turn upon a text? Where is his knowledge in the Old and consequently cannot be cheered.' • Well,' says and New Testa!nent dispensation? Where the glory the King, 'I am not prepared to turn to chapter and he gives to the Redeemer of the world, and the glaring verse, but I am sure I have met with it in my Scrip- daylight that shines through the poor cook’s exposition? ture reading. The chaplain was asked if he knew such With submission to your Majesty, I beg leave to make a part in Scripture as · Wine cheereth God and man:' one other motion.' What's that,' says the King, He gave his opinion on the Queen's side of the argu-Why, that your Majesty would be graciously pleased ment. Rochester, thinking the King was in the right, to make your chaplain your cook, and your cook your went out and asked privately if any could be brought chaplain. that were well versed in the Bible, to decide the con- This anecdote shows what was the practice of the troversy that was then on the carpet ? He was told of cook, and what we may believe was the practice of one David, a Scotch cook, who had always a Bible about him, and every spare minute was reading in it,

many in the humbler grades of society in those days.

He had read, and thought on, and compared the Scrip and if such a part was there, to be sure he could tell. Rochester, willing to brow-beat the chaplain, and

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tures for himself. The Bible was his close companion; throw the conquest on the King's side, went down into and hence he made every other kind of knowledge the kitchen, conversed with the cook, and asked him which he might possess subservient to the acquisition if he knew of any such place in Scripture as wine of the knowledge of its sacred contents. cheering God and man? David told his Lordship he knew the place, and could easily turn to it. • Very * Or, Gorts and men :-Probably Jotham, in speaking to the well,' said the Earl, put on a clean apron, I shall

idolatrous Sechemites, adapts vis speech to their notwns. Or gut

and mon, may mean, high and low: princes and peasants. send for you, by and by, before his Majesty.' Ro.

logues or fables, which are intended to convey some moral and in: chester returns into the room where the conversation teresting truth to the inind, it is not expected neither indeed, is it was still warmly pursued by her Majesty: She observed

necessary, that every word should be agrecable to the exact truth of things.

Pure and

In ap

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