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by the unaided efforts of human reason. Familiar as we | If, reasoning from the analogy of human feelings, they all are from our intancy with the doctrines of revelation, cherishod the belief that piety and devotion must be we find it difficult to believe that this knowledge is not acceptable to their Maker,-that belief would necesimpressed by the Creator on every human mind. To sarily be weakened by the prosperity of the impious and us, who have been accustomed to trace in the universe profane : and, while they saw all things happening alice the operation of its Almighty Framer, his existence and to all the virtues sometimes persecuted and despied, some of his attributes are so plainly legible in the works while the wicked fourished like the green bay-tree, which he has made, that it appears impossible for any they might be tempted to exclaim in the language of human being to be insensible to the great truth which despair : “What reward is there in serving the Lor? they proclaim. Yet it is far from being improbable, Surely in vain have I cleansed my heart, and waste that men might have continued till the consummation my hands in innocence."-REV. ALEXANDER S1EWALT. of all things amidst those works-himself the most (Discourses.) wonderful of them all, without being ever led to

The Rainbow - The rainbow is typical of the Gos: mark the mighty hand that formed, sustains, and regu- pel covenant. It is a bow without a string ; a box lates the whole, had not tbat hand itself drawn aside

without an arrow,

and in its bosom peace : God b. the veil by which it was concealed. For how was the levelled his vindietive bow at his own Son.—Howels

, knowledge of God to be acquired? If from any innate ideas in the human mind, is it not obvious that

Forgiveness of Sin.-—God pardons once and for ever this knowledge would be universal and un varying ; that

as a judge, but daily as a father. Howels. all men, from the philosopher to the peasant, would be On Prayer. ---How much are we encouraged to at enlightened by it in the same degree; and that any for! Why, then, do we receive so little, but because farther revelation on this important subject would be our hearts are not sufficiently enlarged ? We are want altogether superfluous? If it was to be derived from ing in faith. We do not expect enough from God the works of creation, it is true that these works afford We are straitened in ourselves. We are not stratened numerous and irresistible proofs of the existence of a in God. How much more would we receive if ive Deity, when once revealed; and yet it may be equally “ continued instant in prayer,” and “prayed without true, that, without revelation, they could never have ceasing !” We are like the king of Israel who, wheat imparted the knowledge of this grand truth. For let commanded by Elisha to smite on the ground, provoked us suppose that we were left to explore, by unaided the wrath of the man of God by smiting thrice

, ari reason, our own origin, and that of the world in which then staying. Whereas, had he sınitten tive or sis we are placed. We should probably set out with the times, he would not only bave gained a temporary adprinciple, that every thing that exists must have sprung vantage over his enemies, but would have utterly de! from some producing cause. In the course of our in-stroyed them. Thus in our prayers we are contented vestigations, we might trace a long succession of causes, with small success. We do not continue enough in the till we arrived at length at some general principle, exercise. Even when our hearts have been soinewba! extensive, uniform, and simple in its operation, in enlarged, we have been too ready to desist, and rest which we should be disposed to confide, as a fixed and satisfied without persevering till we had received ret priinary law of nature. But beyond this our most larger supplies of divine grace.--MARY JANE GRanau. ! diligent researches might never have carried us; and (Memoir.) wo might still bave been as far removed as ever from the discovery of the Great First Cause. Nay, the discovery of these secondary causes would only thicken ON THE OREB OF THE SACRED WRITINGS, the veil, behind which the Almighty Agent conceals COMMONLY RENDERED THE RAVEN. himself from mortal view ; for, by seeming to explain the appearances of nature, they would lead us to be

By The Late Rev. David Scot, M.D., lieve that we had succeeded in tracing them to their Professor of Oriental Languages in the Uniorsity of St. Andrrat. origin. A historical survey of human opinions would prove that this is no imaginary supposition ; but that The raven belongs to that family of birds which inmany of the boasted philosophers of ancient (and I am

cludes the carrion crow, the royston crow, the rook, sorry to aud, of modern) tiines, have thus bewildered the jackdaw, and others. It is the largest bird of its and perplexed themselves in this most interesting of all family, being twenty-five inches long from the point di inquiries. But, granting that men might have been the bill to the end of the tail, and forty-eight incie: conducted, by the mere light of reason, to the discovery broad when the wings are expanded. The prevailing of a Creator, how were they to acquire a knowledge of colour is black, mixed with violet in the back, with his attributes ? When they looked into the natural

ash in the throat, and green in the belly, as well as world, they would perceive many indications of attri- under the large pinions of the wings. It is thought butes apparently incompatible. While the calm and to live to a very great age, perhaps to a hundred years, the sunshine invited them to rejoice in the benignity of

or many more. It is called the cornir annosa by Hotheir Creator, the storin and the whirlwind would race, or the crow full of years. Few ravens, however, appal them with the terror of his wrath. While his die of mere old age, or indeed any wild animals

. They bounty seemed to shine forth in the luxuriance of are either killed by enemies, or starved to death, before summer, and the fertile beauty of the plain—the deso.

extreme old age comes on. lation of winter, the rugged mountain, and the barren

The raven does not confine itself to a particular spot, desert, would appear totally irreconcilable with parental but ranges from one district to another. ' It prefers sea care for the welfare and sustenance of his creatures.

coasts to inland tracts, haunts precipitous cliffs beat by The baneful poison would be found entwined around

the tempests and lashed by the billows, loves mousthe nutritive plant. The animal which seemed now

tainous ridges intersected by deep ravines, and resorts to exult in the happiness of existence, would be seen

to dreary eminences, surrounded by parks of grass of the next moment bleeding under the fang of the beast

enclosures of wood. of prey, or falling a victim to the feller rapacity of

The colour of the raven often embellishes the works man. When they looked into the moral world, their of the poets. Sir Walter Scott, in the first canto of perplexity would still be increased. If conscience re

the Lady of the Lake, uses these words : minded them of the superintendence of their Heavenly

" And seldom was a snool amid Sovereign, the apparently promiscuous distribution of

Such wild luxuriant ringlets hid. good and evil would stagger their belief in his justice.

Whose glossy black to shame might bring
The plumage of the raven's wing."



And Milton, in his Comus, thus speaks of the notes | an eminent servant of heaven. In the seventeenth of music:

chapter of 1 Kings, we are told that Elijah the Tish" How sweetly did they float upon the wings

bite rereived a coinınand from the God of Israel, after Of silence, through the empty vaulted night ;

prophesying a drought of three years, as a punishment At every fall smoothing the raven down Of darkness till it smiled."

of that people for apostasy, to hide himself from Ahab Kirk White thus begins one of his sonnets :

by the Brook Cherith, which is before Jordan, and to " Let the sublimer muse who, wrapped in night,

drink of the brook, and the ravens should feed him Rides on the raven pennons of the storm."

with bread and fesh morning and evening. And, not to multiply quotations, Young, on one oc

Some have supposed that the orebim of the original, casion, expresses himself in these words :

which we translate ravens, were inhabitants of the town

of Oreb, bordering on the cave in whichi Elijah was “O majestic night! a starry crown thy raven brow adorns."

concealed ; but though this interpretation is supported It is therefore no common praise when, in Cant. v. by the opinions of Chaldee, Arabic, and Jewish writers, 11, the locks of the bridegroom are said to be black yet it is triumphantly couluted by Reland, and that and bushy as a raven, or more literally, his pendulous which is commonly received ably supported by Scheuchlocks to be black as a raven.

We may readily conceive that if the orebim were Black, as a colour, was held in high estimation by not ravens, but inhabitants of the town of Oreb; the the ancients. In proof that black eyes, not to speak bitling-place of Elijab would soon have been discovered. of black locks, were reckoned an ingredient of female The whole country round about, and of course Ahab, loveliness, as well as of masculine beauty, we need his powerful enemy, would soon have become master of only refer to the heroines and heroes of Homer. the secret, and the prophet's life been in danger, instead

The female raven builds her nest ut trees or rocks, of being safe, as bis almighty protector intended. lays five or six bluish green eggs, spotted with browni

, No one can succeed in his interpretation of the sacred and sits upon them twenty days. She is furnished with writings if he is wholly inattentive to their real charfood by the male, who supplies her place when she

The events which these writers relate are leaves the best. With what perseverance she executes chiefly miraculous; and this peculiarity of the events this task, we learn from a story of White. In the is ever to be kept in view by those who undertake to centre of a grove, near Selborne, stood a large oak, in explain them. There would be no interterence of God which a pair of ravens had built their nest for a series in behalf of his prophet, if they were not real ravens of years. At length the saw was applied to the butt, by which he was fed morning and evening. It would the wedges were inserted into the opening, the woods be one of those ordinary occurrences by which a perechoed to the heavy blows of the beetle or mallet, the secuted and destitute person, whether a prophet or not, tree nodded to its fall; but still the dam sat on. When might have been indebted to the good offices of the it gave way, the bird was fiung from her nest; and, Orebites. though her parental affection deserved a better sate, But whether the people of any town near Jordan she was whipped down by the twigs, which brought were called orehim or not, certainly individuals got the her dead to the ground.

name of oreb or raven. Thus a king of the Midianites For a time at least, the parent ravens cannot be said was called Oreb,

-a name either adopted by himself, to be bard hearted towards their young. No animal, or given hiin hy others, to inspire confidence into his however savage, seems to be destitute of the aflection | friends, and strike terror into bis enemies ; because, necessary for rearing its offspring. Like the young like a raven, if he did not kill his adversaries, he ostriches, however, the young ravens seem often to be preyed on their goods; as a brother king of his was distresscd for want of food. Either they are so vora- called Zeeb or wolf, for gimilar reasons. Both, how. cious that the old ones are unable to satisiy them, or ever, were defeated in battle by Gideon, and, wben the old ones tiee to so great a distance from their nest they fled, pursued and taken. in search of food, that they forget to return; or, soon No bird, or even beast, deserves more to be called losing all sympathy, drive the young ones from their omnivorous than the raven. It refuses no kind of food, nests before they are able to provide for themselves. whien hunger prompts, but prefers flesh, whether alive

However the fact may be accounted for, the satisfy- or dead, fresh or putrid. It preys on lambs and weakly ing of their hunger, by the supply of food, is repeatedly sheep, leverets, and young ducks, shore fish and shell alluded to by the inspired writers as a proof of the care fish. Shell fish it lifts up into the air and drops, that of Providence for every living thing. “ The Lord the shell may be broken and the fish obtained.

When giveth to the beast his food,” says the Psalmist, cxlvii. it assails dead or living bodies, it always begins with 9, "and to the young ravens which cry." When the their eyes. These it reckons a delicious morsel; and question is asked, in Jub xxxviii. 41, Who provideth picks them out before it proceed to any other part, for the raven his food, when his young ones cry unto This fact is mentioned by Solomon, Prov. xxx. 17, God, wandering for want of meat ?" the answer inti- " The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to mateth that God alone provides for them.

obey his mother, the ravens of the valley sball pick it From this care of God for ravens, our Saviour calls out, and the young eagles shall eat it." upon human beings, who are of a far nobler nature, to The young eagles are very ravenous, and, when they trust to his providence for the supply of their wants. have it not in their power to prey on living bodies, “Consider the ravens; for they neither sow nor reap, they content themselves with dead ones, and in partiwhich neither have storehouse for barn, and God cular they pick out and eat the eye. The nomenclature ferdeth them. How much more are ye better than the of birds in Scripture, however, is not very accurate, fuwls ?” Luke xii. 4. By this declaration, our Lord and by eagles vultures may be intended. These, whedoes not mean to throw an obstacle in the way of in-ther young or old, feed on carrion ; and when they dustry. He only means to discourage unreasonable light upon a carcass, they first pick out and eat the eye. anxiety about the supplies of to-morrow. While we

Our Lord seems to understand vultures when he says, bestir ourselves in securing these, we discharge an im- “Wheresoever the carcass is, there will the eagles be portant duty, but excessive anxiety concerning them gathered together." accuses God of negligence in providing for our wants, Other authors besides Solomon have mentioned the or weakness in the control of those events on which attack on the eye by the raven. Isidore, xii. 7, "he supplies depend.

Epictetus, "the If ravens at any time forget their offspring, they ravens devour ihe eyes of the dead;” and Catullus, were once at least serviceable in supplying with food cv. 5, “the raven devours eyes, which it picks out."

first seeks the eye of dead carcasses;

We have said that ravens delight in mountainous out a dove, which gave him such information as he situations; and it may be asked, why does Solomon wanted. call such birds ravens of the valley? The answer is Like the stork, the raven carries things not eatable plain : all valleys are in the neighbourhood of moun- to its nest; and it is not easy to decide from what motains; and while they seek these for security, they de- tive this desire of amassing arises. At any rate, it scend to the valleys for prey, either to attack the weak shows a strong disposition to pilfer, and has a marked animals, who are unable to leave them after they come predilection for things glittering; such as money, rings, into them, or to feast on their carcasses after they die. and silver spoons. The butler of a genteel family, we When Solomon speaks of the valley which the ravens are told, missed some silver spoons, and was a long frequent, some suppose that he alludes to Tophet, or time unable to account for their disappearance. At the valley of the son of Hinnom, into which all the filth length he perceived one in the mouth of a tame ravel, of Jerusalem was thrown, where criminals were exe- which was kept about the house, and, watching its cuted, and carcasses left to rot. A disobedient son motions, he found more than a dozen in its hiding: among the Jews committed a capital crime, and if the place. parents complained, the law took effect. The dead When young this bird is easily tamed; and, wbza body lay in the valley of Tophet, and thither the ravens tamed, it walks tbrough the house, or about the doors, flocked to devour.

with much dignity, and enjoys the triumph of putin The raven is accused of lighting on the back of the the bens and ducks flight. Its cry is very particular. larger beasts, of piercing into the Aesh with its beak, it resembles the word croak, which is repeated three and of not quitting it till it be eaten to death. Vul- or four times in succession, and followed by a short tures can kill an ox in this manner, if they be provoked | interval. When uttering its cry, as it comes through to an attack by a wound on its back; but we hardly the air, we conclude that it is lured by the scent of think ravens would dare to attack an ox, however the carrion, and that it is hastening to a banquet of that back might be wounded. They show the utmost eager- kind in the neighbourhood. Even ravens seem to foreness, however, to attack a dead animal. From what know the death of an animal, gather round the spot ever cause they get intelligence, whether from acute. where it is expected to die, and seldom are disappointed ness of sme!), or some other faculty, whenever at Hud- of that repast which they so wonderfully anticipate

. son's Bay, an animal dies or is killed, though at the From this extraordinary anticipation, perhaps, the cre. moment not a raven is to be seen, yet in less than half dulous have reckoned them messengers of the will of an hour there are dozens or scores upon the carcass. heaven; and, while this divine office, as it has been In the arctic regions, they prey with the white bear, conceived, has recommended them to the veneration of the fox, and the vulture; and in tropical climates with the weak, it has infused a dread of calamity into the the vulture and hyæna.

minds of the superstitious. While the raven is dangerous to the weak or young Among the ancients, the utmost importance was at. quadrupeds within that range which it infests, it is tached to the raven as a bird of augury. The various very bold in assailing the smaller birds, though, as far changes of its voice were judged to be prophetic of as we know, is not itself persecuted or destroyed by good or bad fortune, and studied with the utmost care the larger. When it comes upon them in their nests, by those who interpreted omens. Its croak is eren it both kills the dam, and feasts on the brood. The thought to be ominous by the moderns. This idea at puffin, however, repels this aggression. Unless the least is implicitly credited by the vulgar, and, as is llaraven, at the first onset, gets hold of the puffin's throat, tural, it has been eagerly seized upon by the poets. she catches him under the beak, and sticks her claws

The raven himself is hoarse, in his breast; and, whilst he screams out with pain,

That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan

Under my battlements. and tries to get off, she holds him fast, and tumbles

SHAKSPEARE'S Macbeth. him about; and if this struggle be on a cliff, bordering

The dog howls dismal on the heath, on the sea, both tuinble into it; and, while the raven

The raven croaks the dirge of death. is drowned, the pusfin returns in triumph to her best.

Ah me! disaster's in the sound, After this detail of the food of the raven, and its dili

The terrors of the night are round.

A sad mischance my fears forebode, gence in procuring it, whatever waste of life it may

The demon of the dark's abroad. occasion, we cannot wonder that it bas been placed

LOOAN's Lovers. among unclean birds by the Mosaic law. Its foul feed. Like most animals of prey, the raven is of a solitary ing, and its determination to kill every animal weaker disposition. Never more than two of them are seen than itself are suflicient to account for that pre-emi- together, though pairs may be found not far from each

other. Thus one or two pairs frequent Arthur's Seat, We hear of this bird as early as the time Noah, south-east from Edinburgh. Those, at least, who walk when he went into the ark, to preserve himself and round its base, either see or hear them, as they come family from the deluge of waters brought upon the and go, in the direction of the mountain. earth; and after the ark had been tossed about on the All animals of prey are of a solitary turn; such as waters for many days, he sent out a raven to ascertain the lion and the tiger, the panther and the hyæna, the whether they were abated. According to the Samari. eagle, the vulture, and the hawk. All these are found tan, Chaldee, and Arabic interpreters, it flew to some together, as well as the raven, when a carcass is to be distance from the ark, but finding no resting-place, it devoured; but, as soon as their appetite for prey is sureturned ; and, after it had rested upon it for a little, tisfied, they retire each to its den or roost. few anew over the surrounding waters, supporting From this disposition in the raven, it may be experied itself by the carrion floating on their surface; and con- to inhabit desolate buildings and forsaken ruins. They tinued to go and come, till they retired from the earth; the prophet Isaiah makes it frequent the abardorid but, according to the Syrian, Greek, and Latin inter- cities and demolished houses of Edom, along with tte preters, and all the ancient fathers and commentators, it pelican and the ostrich. did not return, but went to and fro, till the waters subsided. The unadulterated words of Moses authorise us

Printed and Published by John JOANSTONE, 2, Hunter Square, to say, that the raven, after it was sent out, and few for Edinburgh; and sold by J. R. MACNAIR & Co.,':9. Glassford Street, many miles from the ark, could find no spot on which

Glasgow; JAMES Nisbet & Co., HAMILTON, ADAMS & Co., 2nd

R. GROOMBRIDGE, London ; W. Curry, Junr, & Co., Dubla; it could rest, and was forced to return; but, as it W. M'Coma, Belfast ; and by the Booksellers and Local Agents was not taken into the ark, and Noah did not know

in all the Towns and Parishes of Scotland; and in the principal

Towns in England and Ireland. wbat had become of it, he found it convenient to send

Subscribers will have their copies delivered at their Residences


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... 728

CONTENTS. 1.- An Address to one of the Congregations of the Associate 5.-—" Minims of Nature." Part II. By the Rev. David Lands. Synod which have recently joined the Communion of the

borough. British Zoophytes, .

Page 725 Church of Scotland. By the Rev. W. W. Duncan, Page 721 6.- A Discourse. By the Rev. Nathaniel Paterson, D.D., .. 2.- Sacred Poetry. “ Christ Stilleth the Tempest." By 7.-Christian Treasury. Extracts from Graham, Baxter, Stewllemans,..


art, Howe, M'Crie, Tillotson, Howels, and Leighton, 3.--Biographical Sketch. The Rev. David Bogue, D.D. Part I. 8.- Thoughts on Studying the Scriptures. By Alexander By the Editor,

Tough, Junior,

ib. 4.-Sacred Poetry. “To the Rev. Alexander Duff, D.D." By 9.-The Abolition of Patronage and Coronation of Charles the the Rev. W. M. Hetherington, A.M.,

Second. By the Rev. Thomas M'Crie,


... 731



Minister of Cleish, Kinross-shire.

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The circumstances under which I address you at | Ark of our Zion moves smoothly on her course, present are fraught with overwhelming interest. with the sun of worldly prosperity shining on her, Till within a very few days you belonged, as a con- and no dangers around her. On the contrary, gregation, to a communion which, though holding just as might have been expected, when God beexactly the same doctrines as the Established gan to smile upon us, and symptoms of returning Church, has, nevertheless, till now kept itself life appeared among us, the world is pouring upon quite distinct from it as a body. In that com- her, and enemies of various kinds, from some of munion there is much that demands the respect whom better things might have been expected, and admiration of every right thinking man. The are marshalling in hostile array against her. Be principles on which you seceded from the Church assured, we appreciate and cordially reciprocate of Scotland were,

I am

am persuaded, perfectly con- the friendly feelings which, in these days of rebuke scientious, and therefore honourable. And, in and blasphemy, have prompted you to cast in your these days when sterling principle is at a discount, lot with us—to share our dangers, and offer us and expediency reigns paramount in so many your aid. And now that I appear before quarters, it is not a little refreshing to observe so ambassador of Christ, I am desirous to impress numerous and respectable a body of Christians upon you as deeply as possible one most impor(actuated by the very same views as those which tant duty, which is imperatively demanded of you originally led their fathers to separate themselves, by the new relation in which you have voluntarily with much reluctance, from a Church to which placed yourselves to our beloved Zion. That they were warmly attached) returning so readily duty is expressed in the language of Sacred to the hosom of that very Church. It was on Scripture, “ Pray for the peace of Jerusalem ; principle that they seceded—it is on principle that they shall prosper that love thee.” you return. It was because of seen and felt cor- How delightful it would be, were you to celebrate ruptions that they formed themselves into a sepa- this your return to the bosom of the Motherrate community—and now that you, their sons, Church by more vigorous and united exertions in join yourselves once more to the National Church, the cause of Christ—by a more decided manifestait is because you are convinced, on what you con- tion, than you have ever yet made, of your interest ceive, and í doubt not will prove, to be good in the extension of Ilis Kingdom—by more systegrounds, that these corruptions are in the fair way matic social prayer for the outpouring of the Holy of being thoroughly reformed. In the name of Ghost. I know not whether there be any fellowthat Church, of her ministers, her elders, her peo- ship meetings in connection with this congregaple—in the name of every individual belonging to tion or no; but, if not, is there no one here who her communion who is interested in her welfare, is ready to come forward, and to stir up his brethand hails the dawn of a bright era in her history. ren to unite without delay in so important and I welcome you, and bid you most cordially God interesting a work? A more favourable opporspeed. You have proffered brotherhood“ in tunity than the present there can never be ; and troublous times." These are not days when the O, if you are sincerely interested in the spiritual No. 46. NOVEMBER 16, 1839.-14d.]

[Second SERIES. Vol. I.


wellbeing of yourselves, your families, your friends And the wind ceased_it ceased that word -of hundreds of perishing sinners at your very

Passed througb the gloomy sky;

The troubled billows knew their Lord, doors—you will not, you cannot, be backward in

And sank beneath his eye. forming yourselves without delay into at least one society for weekly or monthly prayer. And if

And slumber settled on the deep, you do, who can tell what new life, and energy

And silence in the blast,

As when the righteous falls asleep and success, may be imparted to all the minis

When death's tierce throcs are past. trations of your pastor,—who can tell how many who are now utterly unconcerned about their souls,

Thou that didst rule the angry hour, serving the devil and hastening fast to hell, may

And tame the tempest's mood,

Oh! send thy Spirit forth in power, be arrested in their headlong career, and brought

O'er our dark souls to brood. within the fold of Christ? What is to prevent this very town and neighbourhood from becoming

Thon that didst bow the billow's pride, the scene of a Revival as lively, as animating, as

Thy mandates to fulfil,

So speak to passion's raging tide, arousing, as remarkable in every respect, as any

Speak, and say—“Peace, be still." that has ever been vouchsafed since apostolic

HEMANS. times ? It is very common to cry out against the coldness, and slothfulness, and inefficiency of the Church. But I would just ask those who do so, whether they have done their duty in praying

THE REV. DAVID BOGUE, D.D. for a purer and a brighter era ?

If not, they

PART I. have no right to find fault. So long as any

BY THE EDITOR, are indifferent to the wellbeing of the Church, and neglect fervently to pray for its advancement The subject of our present Sketch was the son of and success,

it ill becomes them to speak of cold- John Bogue, Esq., laird of Hallydown in Berwickshire. ness, and slothfulness, and inefficiency. On their His ancestors, for many ages back, had been remark:shoulders, in a great measure, lies the blame. able for piety and Christian worth. David Bogue was Ministers are more dependent on the pravers of born on the 18th of February 1750. In early life partheir people, for their personal piety and habitual ticular attention was paid to his religious education, success, than their people seem to be at all aware.

and he was well schooled in the Sacred Scriptures and What wonder if few or no conquests be achieved in our invaluable Assembly's Shorter Catechism. To when the arms of the messengers of truth are not

the judicious training of his childish years he often upheld by the earnest supplications of those among and thankful acknowledgments to his excellent parents


looked back in after life with devout gratitude to God, whom they labour! What wonder should any He seems to have received the rudiments of classical Church (however surprising her past history) become a proverb among men, if it be doomed to instruction first at the Grammar School of Eyemouth, struggle against the fearful calamity of having a

then at Dunse. While attending school at the latter worldly, formal, prayerless people with which to place, he derived much benefit from the intercourse of do !

some pious persons with whom he became acquainted. At present, a dark and portentous cloud seems

He was a member of a fellowship-meeting which was to be suspended over the Church of Scotland. regularly held in the parish of Coldingham. The memAll eyes are turned towards it. Her enemies bers of this society were chiefly persons in humble lite, are eagerly expecting it to burst in ruin on her and from their devout exercises he received the highest head.

Late in life he was acciis. But her real friends behold with joy the

pleasure and gratification. brilliant rainbow of hope that smiles from that comed, occasionally, to revert to bis pious friends in lowering cloud; and if you do your duty in Coldingham, with whom be had spent many a happy

hour. To the last, I know," says the Rev. Mr praying for her prosperity and peace, and if all others who belony to her communion do theirs, tion of these meetings, and great affection for those who

M'Laurin, “ that the Doctor retained a lively recollecyou shall presently see yonder heavy masses fall- belonged to them. I believe he seldom wrote to his ing asunder and melting away, till the blue sky relations here but he sent bis regards to Alexander shall appear without a speck, and the pinnacles of our Zion shall again glitter in the rays of a cloud- I never had the happiness of meeting with him, but he

Dickson, blacksmith, who was one of the number; and less sun!

made the kindest inquiries respecting the same indiri


From the grammar school, David Bogue passed to

the College of Edinburgh when he was not more than Fear was within the tossing bark,

twelve years of age.

Nine years he studied here with When stormy winds grew loud,

the utmost diligence and perseverance. During the And waves came rolling high and dark,

College vacations he returned to his friends in BerAnd the tail mast was bowed.

wickshire, and spent much of his tine with the bumble, And men stood breathless in their dread,

pious circle at Coldingbam. After he bad completed And baffled in their skill

bis course of study in literature and theology, he was But one was there, who rose and said

licensed to preach in connection with the Established To the wild sea, Be still !

Church of Scotland. From the respectability and ia•

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