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rity of our blessed Saviour, to be that command- | The true God such persons do not love; nav, ment which is first in rank, in obligation, in some of them scruple not to tell us so,-scruple importance. The love commanded is exceedingly not to tell us that they do not, and cannot love a comprehensive: it is to be exercised by the se strictly just, and jealous, and sin-bating, sinveral different powers of man to the full extent punishing God. of their capacities. All thy heart, and soul, and Hence, then, you see that it must be an intelmind, and strength,—thy will, thine affections, ligent love of God that fulfils the commandment thy understanding, and thy bodily capacities are of the text. You must know God, and you must to be, in the most vigorous and complete manner, know him as he really is. Not that you must operated upon and possessed by love to God. know the whole of his character; that is impos.

In discoursing on this subject, we shall endea-sible; “for who can hy searching find out God ? vour, in the first place, to point out some of the who can find out the Almighty unto perfection?” properties of the love commanded in the text; But you must know him as he has revealed himand, in the second place, to state some reasons self to his creatures in his Word, and by bis why we should entertain this love towards God. works. And as far as it goes, your knowledge of May God, by his Spirit, enable us to do this with him must be correct. You are to receive the a plainness and affection becoming the sacred revelation that he has given of himself, and not theme.

to follow your own fancies and reasonings in this I. In the first place, then, I am to endeavour matter. It is on such knowledge as this that to point out some of the properties of the love your love to God must be founded ; and love commanded in the text. And here I would ob- originating in any other source, than in a correct serve, first, that this love is an intelligent love. acquaintance with the glorious perfections and Love is the inclination of the soul towards an attributes of God, can never be that intelligent ohject, from an apprehension of the object's worth, love which must enter largely into the fulfilling or beauty, or usefulness. It produces a desire to of the first and great commandment. obtain an interest or property in the object loved, 2. A second property of the love commanded a feeling of uneasiness when the object is absent, in the text is, that it is an active love. It is not a complacency or delight in it when it is present, a mere inoperative sentiment, but having entered a desire and endeavour to promote its good, and through the understanding, it influences the whole a feeling of uneasiness and distress when it is current of the thoughts, it bends the determinadishonoured or injured. Love cannot be felt tions of the will, and sets the whole man into simply in obedience to a command. No person active operation. It gives rise to an earnest deloves merely because he has been enjoined to do sire, followed up by a constant endeavour to proso. Such is the constitution of our souls, that mote the glory of God and the happiness of his no admiration, or desire, or love of any object can creatures. For, is it possible that he whose whole be excited in them till they perceive some beauty heart, and soul, and mind are filled with love to or excellency in such an object. This is true God can sit still in indolence, while so much is to whether the object of your love be a creature or be done on every band for the glory of God, so the Creator. It is impossible that you can love much communion with God to be enjoyed, so God unless your understandings have apprehended much of his love to be received ? Can any who something of his holy and illustrious character. claim to be possessed of love to Jehovah continue

But love may be founded on an apprehension inactive, when many of God's creatures need their of imaginary as well as real excellencies. You help, when necessities are calling aloud for relief, may have feelings of admiration and love excited and afflictions for comfort ? Have not instances in you by an apprehension of fancied excellencies occurred where love for an earthly object has inin God. You may imagine him to be altogether spired the indolent and trifling with a vigorous a different being from what he really is, and by activity, and led to the most splendid exertions ? such a being your

may be engaged. But And shall love to Jehovah produce no such rethis is not love to God. You love, in these cir- sults ? O if ye really love him, if ye possess cumstances, a being different from God, and you that love enjoined in the text, then, in the exerlove this being, just because he possesses attributes cises of devotion, and in works of kindness and of character different from God's attributes. O love, ye will greatly abound ! this is a great, and, we fear, not an uncommon sin ! Would ye have some examples of this active Are not those who think and talk of God as a love ? Think of the blessed Jesus himself, the being weakly merciful chargeable with it? They author and finisher of your faith. As an old divest him of the grandest of his attributes, of divine saith, “ He was 'a benefactor both to the his justice, his holiness, his infinite hatred of sin; souls and bodies of men. He was not idle, but and having imagined him to possess only the still doing; not selfish, but doing good; he did milder attributes of Deity, even those on which not contine himself to one place, nor wait til a sinner in his own strength and righteousness people came to him to seek bis help; but he can look with pleasure, they profess to feel, and went to them, went about from place to place, and perhaps they really do feel, love to such a being. wherever he came, he was doing good. And in But this being is not God; it is something quite this he hath set us an example of indefatigable different from the eternal majesty of Jehovah. I industry in serving God and our generation ; for,

affections

to any

therefore we came into the world, that we may do him, or to be put in competition with his favour. all the good we can in it, and therein, like Christ, “ My son, give me thy heart,” he says: and if we must always abide and abound.”

you give him your heart, you have it not to give From the Lord and Master turn to the ser

of his creatures. « Thou shalt love the vant,—to the Apostle Paul. Where will you Lord thy God with all thy heart,” he says : and find, in the history of mortal man, the record of if thou dost, where wilt thou find room in thy a love to God so active as his? Read that re- beart for a greater love than that which thou cord in 2 Cor. vi. 4-10 : “ In all things approv- bestowest on him? The Psalmist saith of the ing ourselves as the ministers of God, in much ungodly, " With a double heart do they speak; patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, or as you find it translated literally on the margin in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in la- of your Bible, “ With a heart and a heart do they bours, in watchings, in fastings ; by pureness, by speak.” One heart they propose to give to God, knowledge, by long-suffering, by kindness, by the but another heart they would reserve to give to Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned, by the word of something else. But this imagination of the untruth, by the power of God, by the armour of godly is vain and ruinous. God has declared that righteousness on the right hand and on the left, he will accept no such divided offering, and with by honour and dishonour, by evil report and good | the authority of a Sovereign, yea, of a Creator, report : as deceivers, and yet true ; as unknown, he has issued the command, “ Thou shalt love the and yet well known; as dying, and, behold, we Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy live; as chastened, and not killed; as sorrowful, soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy vet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many strength." rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all We must press upon you the necessity of this things." These Paul shared with his brother supreme love to God. There are other things apostles. Let us next read the catalogue of his that may and that ought to engage your affections ; own peculiar labours: “ Are they ministers of but, in comparison of that love with which you Christ? (I speak as a fool,) I am more : in la- ought to love God, the love that you are required bours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in to feel towards these things may be called hatred. prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. Of the Have you not the declarations of the blessed Jesus Jews five times received I forty stripes save one. himself to this effect ? Does he not say, “ WhoThrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, ever loveth father or mother more than me, is unthrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I worthy of me?" And again, “ If any man come have been in the deep ; in journeyings often, in unto me, and hate not his father and mother, and perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by wife and children, and brethren and sisters, yea, mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.” in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in Some of the nearest and dearest connections by perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren ; which human hearts are linked together are here in weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, mentioned. Christ means not that his disciples in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and must feel hatred towards such connections ; but nakedness. Besides those things that are with he means that his disciples loving father and moout, that which cometh upon me daily, the care ther, and wife and children, and brethren and sisof all the Churches.” 2 Cor. xi. 23–28. Such ters, with a strong and tender love, they must yet was Paul's active love to his God and Redeemer. love him, their glorious Saviour, with a love so Ah! how dull, how sluggish, how indolent are we, superior, so supreme, that this their love for their Christian brethren! How little do we perform dear relatives may be, in comparison as it were, for Him whom we call our beloved Master, in only hatred. You must love Christ, so as to be comparison of what was done by the fervent prepared to give up every thing for him. No apostle of the Gentiles ! O for an active love, a commands, no solicitations, no fears, no disburning zeal, that we may be found in labours pleasure of nearest and best beloved friends must more abundant than now !

be allowed to turn you aside from your duty to 3. A third property of the love mentioned in God, or make you do that which is displeasing to the text is that it is a supreme love. It is this your Saviour. ' I know it is hard to vex and discharacteristic of the love enjoined, which more obey one, an earthly friend, whom you dearly love. directly strikes one in reading the words of the But I know that for a Christian to offend his God, text, " Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with whom he loves dearest of all, is far harder still. all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all Yes, I might undergo exile, and torture, and death, thy mind, and with all thy strength." You feel for the beloved friends of my home, but rather at once that this is a command to love the Lord than offend my God, I would displeasure these your God above every thing else. He must sit beloved friends all: rather than give up my Saon the throne of your hearts, and wield the golden viour, I would leave all and follow him ; for whom sceptre of love over all your thoughts, words, and have I in heaven but him? and there is none on actions. He must have no rival; for he will earth that I can desire besides him. either reign supreme, or not at all.

« Ye cannot Take heed to yourselves, professing Christian serve God and Mammon.” You love not God friends. I know that many strive hard to shake aright if you consider any thing comparable to off from their mind a sense of the obligation under which they lie to love God more than any person | ableness in an object? And where are these quaor thing besides. They tell us, for instance, that lities to be found existing in such perfection as in love to God is quite different from love to any the eternal and ever-blessed God? Do you adthing else-quite a different kind of love. And mire justice? Where is there justice like the thus they try to excuse themselves to their own justice of our God? Do you admire wisdom? consciences for not feeling and acting towards In that who can be compared with God? Do you God, as they do towards an earthly object that love truth? God is truth. Is mercy amiable in they much love. But, my friends, love to God your estimation? Where is mercy so tender

, so manifests itself in the very same way that love compassionate, so long-suffering, to be found, as towards any creature does. It brings God fre- the mercy of God? Every thing that wisdom can quently into the thoughts; it excites a desire for approve—every thing that virtue can love, is found his favour; it leads to a regard for his will, and in God: all that we can imagine of excellency and an endeavour to promote his glory. When these amiableness-every thing that constitutes beauty things do not constitute the settled habit of the and glory of character, centres in him. He soul, it is vain to disguise the fact that supreme hath revealed himself to be the Lord, the Lord love to God does not exist. Something has God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering and usurped the place of God, engaged the affections, abundant in goodness and truth. He is the founand taken the command of the will. It is need- tain of light, of life, and of love. This is he whom Jess to say that God is such a great, and terrible, you are called to love with all your heart and soul. and mysterious being, that you cannot love him And say is he not worthy? Look at any of God's as you do a creature. His greatness and glory creatures the holiest, the worthiest, the most are not terrible to those who love him. Out of beautiful, the most amiable ;—what have they Christ, he is indeed a consuming fire; but as ma- but merely some faint resemblances or slender nifested by the Eternal Son, he is all mercy and participations of that unblemished purity, that love. He is infinitely removed above your bighest infinite wisdom, that almighty power, and that comprehension, it is true; but you cannot be ig- unconfined bounty which reside in God? Are norant of him, whilst you have his word in your your affections won by these faint resemblances hands, and his world around you. And if you do of the divine perfections, and do you remain love bina supremely, he will be oftener in your insensible to the loveliness of his character in thoughts than any thing else-you will prefer his whom all beauty and excellency dwell? Has honour and glory before every thing—you will the excellency of the creature so much to charm count all things but loss and damage, that you may you, and the infinite excellency and amiableness win and enjoy Christ—and you will not hesitate of the Creator so little? Surely this bespeaks some to give up every thing that interferes with the dreadful disorder in your moral powers. A rightly love and service that you owe to your God and constituted mind will always admire and love that Saviour.

which is good and excellent; and the degree of its How stands it with you, my friends, regarding love will be proportioned to the excellence of the this matter? What says conscience to the ques- different objects with which it is acquainted. But tion, Do you supremely love God? Beware how is this the case with yon? Is the love that you listen to any excuse, however plausible it may you feel proportioned to the excellencies of the appear, for the command is express, and no ex- different objects presented to your understanding? cuse can be taken. I do not mean that your love No; it is not. God, in whom every excellency to God will be perfect. That it will never be in resides, is not, in many instances, loved with a any saint on this side heaven. But it must be supreme love. You have erected an altar of idolsupreme. You must entertain no love like it-atry in your hearts to some of his creatures, and no love equal to it. It must be your ruling prin- on it you sacrifice your choicest and fondest affecciple—that which directs your life and conduct. tions.' 0, were your understandings enlightened, I fear that many hearts will rise up in rebellion your moral powers rectified, and the light of trath against this vital truth, and deny the necessity of poured around your spirits, with what raptures of such a love to God. May that God whom they love would you gaze on the perfections of the dislight, before whom they prefer some creature of vine character on the peerless excellency and liis hand, convince and enlighten them, in the ex- amiableness of Him, who is glorious in holiness ercise of his sovereign mercy. May he bless the and excellent in working ! word that yet remains to be spoken, and carry But, besides the supreme excellency and amihome the truth with power to your souls, whilst ableness of God, there is another reason for our 've endeavour, in the

loving him with all our heart and soul, and strength II. Second place, to state some reasons why we and mind, namely, that he has done us more should entertain this love to God. And first, we good than any other being. That we should love are to love the Lord our God with all our heart, those who are kind to us, none of you, we preand with all our soul, and with all our mind, and sume, will deny. Have you, then, enjoyed ang with all our strength, because he is the most ex- comforts, any happiness, in the course of your lives

? cellent and amiable of all beings. What is it Have you had any hours of pleasurable existence? that excites love? Is it not, as we have already who gave you these but God? Have you kind said, a perception of excellency, or beauty, or ami- I friends and a happy home? Have you met with

sympathy in your affliction? Have you respecta- | abundantly, enable you to see what great reason bility in your several stations ? Tell me, who has you have to love him with all your heart and soul, provided you all these things but God? Nay, and mind and strength, and incline your hearts to more; have you not received all this kindness render bim such a love, and to manifest it by the from him, above and even contrary to what you uniform holiness of your love. Amen. deserved ? Often you thought not of the hand that bestowed the blessing, even whilst you were

STANZAS ON PRAYER. gladdened by its possession. You love a friend who

BY DAVID Vedder. has cherished for you a tender affection, and done you many kindnesses; but was it not God who When the lunar light is leaping

On the streamlet and the lake, gave you this friend, and communicated to him

And the summer breezes sleeping, the inclination, and bestowed upon him the means

And the nightingale awake; to do you good? Of a truth, God is the giver While mirror'd in the ocean of every good and perfect gift. And can you

The bright orbs of heaven appear, walk abroad, and breathe his air, and rejoice in

'Tis the hour for deep devotion,the beauty of his creation as it is spread around

Lift thy soul to heaven in prayer ! you, can you share the comforts and endear- When the autumn-breeze is sighing ments, and thousand nameless happinesses of

Through the leafless forest wide, social and domestic life, with which the bounteous

And the flowers are dead, or dying, hand of God has strewed the path of man, and yet

Once the sunny garden's pride ;

When the yellow leaves in motion refuse to love the Lord our God with all your

Are seen whirling in the air, heart, and with all your soul, and with all your 'Tis the hour for deep devotion,mind, and with all your strength ?

Lift thy soul to heaven in prayer ! Or do you regard yourselves as immortal be

On His power and greatness ponder, ings, having interests that stretch away into the

When the torrent, and the gale, depths of eternity? Viewing you in this light, And the cataract, and thunder, God has loved you, Christian friends, with a mar

In one fearful chorus swell :

Amidst nature's wild emotion vellous love, and manifested that love in a most

Is thy soul oppressed with care ? amazing inanner. Herein is love, not that we

'Tis the hour for deep devotion,loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son

Lift thy soul to heaven in prayer ! to be a propitiation for our sins. Yes; herein is love indeed. In other instances God's love to man

HAPPY DEATH OF A CHRISTIAN is shown, but in this most of all. Herein is love

ISRAELITE. “without precedent and without parallel.” “Greater love than this hath no man, that a man lay down [From the Journal of the Rev. W. Ayerst, Church of England

Missionary to the Jews at Frankfort-on-the-Maine. Jewish Inbis life for his friends; but God hath commended telligence, July 1839.] his love towards us, in that whilst we were yet Mr Rix was brought to a knowledge of the truth sinners, Christ died for us.” Divine love was so long after he had reached manhood. Mr Rix was at vast, that no gift could be found capable of mani- the Reformed Church on Sunday morning, April 21, festing it, but the gift of God's own Son. And 1839, and spoke very particularly of the blessing he is it conceivable that any of you should cast down had received under the discourse of the Rev. Mr Zimfrom the throne of your affections the God who In the afternoon, he visited me with some other hath thus crowned you with loving-kindness and friends, and rejoiced in reading the Scriptures and tender mercies, and exalt thereon divers of bis prayer. He spoke with great feeling of the wonderful creatures ? O, base ingratitude ! O, sinful folly! goodness of God, as shown in assisting us in our Look up to the starry frame, the contrivance of humble endeavours, and wished me very feelingly the God's wisdom, the workmanship of his hand, blessing of God on my journey which I was about to look abroad on this world, so clothed with beauty undertake, little thinking that I should never see him for rebellious man,-behold God's own Son dying again. After that he attended a missionary prayeron Calvary for sinners,—think of your own state, meeting, and returned to his lodgings. The people of your comforts, your blessings, your hopes, for all the house invited bim to join them at supper, but be of which you are indebted to the free favour of said, he had enjoyed such a spiritual feast on that day, God, and say

if
any

of you can deny it to be your he did not wish for any bodily food. He retired to duty to love the Lord your God with all your rest; and very soon after this a fall was heard, which heart, and with all your soul, and with all your alarmed the inmates of the house, so that, as they remind, and with all your strength ?

ceived no answer, they forced the door of his room I know, however, that no exhibition of the love open, and found him stretched on the floor. They got that you owe to the Lord your God, and no mo- him into bed with difficulty, and he recovered a little: tives, however plain and pressing, can produce it was proposed to send for a doctor, but he declined any effect, till the Holy Spirit takes away the car- this, saying, "My Saviour is the best physician—he nal mind which is enmity against God, and ren- has helped me so often, he will not leave me now.” der the heart capable of being influenced by these He very soon, bowever, again lost the power of speak. motives: and therefore it is now my earnesting, and before medical aid arrived he was no more. prayer that God would pour out bis Spirit on you He was remarkable for bis great courage in confess

mer.

course.

of age.

ing Christ wherever he came; and, although not a

The eloquence of prayer consists in the ferlearned man, still we may hope that, in eternity, much vency of desire, in the simplicity of faith, and in the fruit will be found of the warm-hearted and honest earnestness and perseverance of love. The abundance avowal of the need of salvation through Christ, as falling tions, are things which compose a mere human barangue,

and choice of fine thoughts, studied and vehement mofrom the lips of this venerable Jew. He had been

not an humble and Christian prayer. Our trust and baptized about twenty years, and was about sixty years confidence ought to proceed from that which God is able

to do in us, not from that which we can say to God.Another thing which deserved notice in him, was QUESNEL. his great benevolence. Although he was by no means

Sin must be mortified.God is forced to mortify our in afluent circumstances, I never heard a word from sins by afflictions, because we will not mortify them his lips of complaint or even allusion to any temporal God gives us favours from his own tenderest love, but

by the Spirit, in the use of holy means. A gracious matters—but be frequently used to collect for others. convictions are always forced, though very necessary He was touched with the distress he saw, and lent a for our souls' good.-SIBBES. ready hand. The last thing he was engaged in, was a The Sun of Righteousness.— The Sun of Righteouscollection for a poor weaver, who was anxious to be- ness arising in the human heart is the only dawn of come the owner of the loom at wh he worked; and light which the transgressor sees; and the more be it was in allusion to the success which had crowned his sees of that light, the more he imbibes of the Spirit of efforts, that he so feelingly expressed his acknowledg. Jesus, and exclaims, "I abhor myself, and repent in

dust and ashes.”_HOWELS. ment of the goodness of God, the very last time I spoke to him. Those who have known him longest and best,

True Religion.—Look narrowly at the words and give the best testimony to his character. May God actions of Christ, to know what the Holy Ghost must

and will be in you, miracles excepted. Aiming at this raise up many of the house of Jacob to follow him as

likeness in the power of a true faith is being a Christian ; he followed Christ!

all else is unprofitable. -Adam.

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CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

REVIVALS OF RELIGION IN THE ISLAND Seek to repress Infidelity.-- Intelligent Christians are

OF ARRAN, especially called to set themselves in strong array against DURING THE YEARS 1804, &c., BUT ESPECIALLY IN the gathering forces of infidelity. “ God hath chosen

1812, 1813. * the foolish things of the world to confound the wise,” and he could now, and perhaps may, see fit to arrest | Thirty years ago, the state of religion in this island the progress of infidelity by unlearned men; yet, when was exceedingly low. “ Darkness covered the land, we look back upon the instruments which he has hither. and gross darkness the people." But, through the to raised up, and consider the many advantages of hu- tender mercy of God, the day-spring from on high man learning which he has placed within our reach, it visited it. Divine light arose on them that sat in darkseems evidently our duty to use these means to the ness, and the cause of Christ has gained much ground utmost; at least till the Lord shall give us some clear

in this part of his vineyard, since the year 1804. In indication of a more excellent and acceptable way.

that year, and the year following, many were awakened Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings our God or- at the north end of the island, especially about the daineth strength! Let us, then, seek to obtain the farms of Sannox and their neighbourhood. And alspirit and temper of a little child; but let us never for- though this awakening, as to its power and progress, get, that while “in malice we are children," it behoves was not of long continuance, yet a considerable nurous in “ understanding to be men." David, with his sling ber of the subjects of it testified, by their after lives and stone, fought Goliath, and conquered. This time

and conversation, that they had undergone a graciou he wanted no other weapon, for God had appointed

change. This day of small things was the commencehim no other ; but when, on a future occasion, he was

ment of the revival which followed. From this time, sore pressed by his enemies, he went into the temple of a change for the better might be observed in the relithe Lord, and demanded the sword of that same Go- gious sentiments and conduct of many among the peowiath. “ There is none like that,” he said, “ give it ple. Many seemed now to be awakened from the me.” Why should be choose a weapon which he had slumber of spiritual death ; being disposed to attend to seen fall powerless from the hand of the uncircum- the things which belong to their everlasting peace. cised Philistine ? Because he knew, in the hand of the Their eyes were now opened to see the evil of their circumcised David, it would do goodly service. The former wicked ways, their perishing condition as sinners, hand, not the weapon, had been in fault.

and their need of Christ as a Saviour. They now bewe, if called by the leadings of Providence, avail our- gan also to distinguish between truth and error ; to selves of human means, and meet our adversaries hand relish evangelical doctrine; to attend with diligence in hand with their own weapons. Only, let us use on the means of grace; and, in general, to set up the David's caution,—let us not take the sword of the worship of God, morning and evening, in their families. Philistine, till it bas been consecrated in the temple of Religious meetings were also set up in many places; the Lord.-M. J. GRAHAM. (Memoir.)

and, in the course of a few years, a kind of reformation

was thus visible throughout many parts of the island. Thanksgiving necessary.--I have found, at all times iny soul bas been in a better frame, when admiring and sively, in the parish of Kilmorie, which was at this

This was the case more especially, though not excluadoring acknowledgments have preceded supplications; time favoured with the ministry of the late pious and and I dared not ask for more till I had rendered my acknowledgments for past favours. This I feel to be his usual style of preaching, that he was by no meros

laborious Mr M‘Bride. It may be remarked, respecting my state when I awake, if I am at all in a proper frame; and the object I would wish to attain would be, to

what might be called an alarming preacher, but ratber have my soul abidingly in this state.— Thomason. (Ale- searching; but he dwelt more on the consolations of

the opposite. His sermons were frequently close and moir.)

the Gospel than on the terrors of the law; and the Prayer.-Prayer requires more of the heart than of the tongue, of sighs than of words, of faith than of dis- lately published in Glasgow.

* Reprinted from one of the interesting Tracts on Devivals

Thus may

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