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ing, with its devastating tornadoes, its ice-like morsels, the law. But thanks be to God which giveth us the and desolating rains, has been adopted as a similitude victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ.” I Cor. xv, of death ; and certainly, if we compare the two to- 51-57. gether, we shall see many points of resemblance. What can afford a better similitude of the dissolution of the

TO A BELIEVER, ON THE DEATH OF body than the operations of winter on the vegetable

HER INFANT SON, kingdom? The exuberant, flowery lawn becomes a bleak, deserted waste, the rich and verdant herbage Nay, weep not, mother, though thy cherub's gone,

The infant partner of thy lonely bours; withers and dies, the trees drop their leafy covering, The tender bud hath left thy fostering care, and appear as lifeless skeletons, and nature seems to To bloom in fairer lands,-in happier bowers ! hide her offspring in the oblivion of the grave.

Think on the ills, the pains of human life,proceed apace, the analogy fails. The dust of the dead

The cares that rack and vex the human breast; revives not with the returning vegetation of the season. Think on this fileeting, transitory world, While the earth sends forth her enlivening beauties, Think on thy infant's peaceful, happy rest. her flowery stems, and balmy juices, the sepulchre pro- Tho'hush'd that voice whose melting accents charmid, duces the image of death and the rottenness of the

Though cold the heart that beat with filial love, tomb. But we have only to advance a step farther, Mother! look upward, with an eye of faith, and then the similitude may be resumed. We have Behold thy child among the choirs above ! only to consult the grand purposes of redemption to be And when thy chequer'd life on earth hath closed, persuaded that the irksome winter of death shall be And thy free spirit seeks the bright abode, succeeded by the exhilarating smiles of eternal spring, Thy angel-son will welcome thee to bliss, when “ many of them that sleep in the dust shall

And hence convey thee to thy Saviour-God.

C. F. Buchan. awake,” when the heavenly buds shall blossom with eternal brilliancy, and the trees which the Lord hath

THE PROTESTANT CHURCH OF planted shall surpass Eden's most fruitful boughs and most lovely stems. The renovating beauties of this

FRANCE, reviving period are concealed from many who can dwell FROM THE REVOLUTION IN 1792 TO with transport on the rising gems of nature, and the returning delights of spring. Men may examine every

By The Rev. John G. LORIMER, flower with pleasant emotion, and view with rapture

Minister of St. David's Parish, Glasgow. every plant which the earth produces, “ from the cedartree that is in Lebanon, even unto the hyssop that

PART III. springeth out of the wall.” They may rove on the

With regard to the condition of the French Prowings of romantic fancy over every mountain and every

testant pastors,—they are generally much scattered, valley of that land which the Lord bath blessed. They

are able to maintain little intercourse with each other, may dwell on the stately oaks, the fragrant shrubs, and

-are poor in their outward circumstances. Though odoriferous plants which shade the declivities of Tabor,

not unacquainted with general literature, yet from the and admire the waving crops and gorgeous vegetation adverse fortunes through which they have passed as a rushing up in wild luxuriance in the valley of Jezreel. Church, and particularly the want of books, they have They may trace the footsteps of the Lord as he taught by the lake of Tiberias, and extol the benevolence of Hence they do not occupy the same high place in the

no opportunity of becoming deeply versed in theology: Him who miraculously fed the multitude by hundreds Christian ministry which was held by their illustrious and fifties on the grassy plain.,—while they are strangers ancestors. It has been noticed that there is a marked to the excellence of the eternal renovation of the body, superiority in the character and attainments of those and blind to the glories of the resurrection from the who have been thrown into intercourse with the pious dead. But the ignorance of the many will not mar the British resident on the continent. The general condi. blessedness of the few. Though dormant multitudes tion of the Protestant pastors is thus described in 1825 can neither discover their dangerous infatuation, nor appreciate the value of a body endowed with the vid by an intelligent writer in the Christian Observer :

“ The number of pastors is at present insufficient to gour of eternal youth, the purposes of God will stand,

provide for the vacant charges; and many districts the wonders of Jehovah will be accomplished, man will have no pastor, nor any spiritual instructor whatever. be raised in glory, and the tomb will send forth a per- Whence does this deficiency of ministers arise ? One fect similitude of the dignified body of our Lord. cause is, that in France the Protestant clergy are very “Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all poorly paid, and those persons who look to the Church sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the for support can scarcely obtain it. The allowance made

to each minister by the Government does not exceed twinkling of an eye, at the last trump; (for the trumpet shall sound ;) and the dead shall be raised incor- forty, sixty, or eighty pounds a-year, and they derive

very little in general from voluntary contributions to ruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible supply the scanty allowance of the State. This conmust put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on dition of things not only produces a want of ministers, immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put but it tends to prevent men of superior talents and on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on im- learning from engaging in the important office of the mortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that but ill fitted, not only to maintain with advantage the

ministry, which is thus apt to be occupied by persons is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. O death, interests of religion against the enemies of the faith, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory ? but to enlarge the numbers of enlightened and pious The sting of death is sin ; and the strength of sin is ' attendants at their places of worsbip. It is true that

Till very

there are many distinguished miristers in the French | them Roman Catholics, and formed them into a Church, but they stand in need of help; they are in Christian church, increasing at the rate of forty to fifty general encumbered with a weight of occupation ; and although the influence of their character is powerfully a-year; established a weck-day school, attended by felt in their own circle, their exertions can reach but a

one hundred Roman Catholics of all ages; held public little way."

discussions with accomplished priests of the Church of As to their religious character, more particularly Rome, till the archbishop of the district vainly protheir soundness or unsoundness in the faith, it cannot

hibited his fock from listening to the discussions. be denied, and it should not be concealed, that the far Moreover, M. Monod put an agency of young men as larger portion of them, to say the least, are still very tract distributors, &c., &c., into operation, which was defective in their knowledge of the Gospel,-many felt so powerfully, that the priests of Lyons stuck up grievously ignorant and hostile, Arminian, Socinian, large placards, warning their people against the " perNeological, in different stages and degrees.

nicious little books, which would deprive the holy recently, all their colleges or theological seminaries, both virgin of the honour which is her due." While faith. in France and Switzerland, might at least, in point of de- ful professors are thus finding their way into seats of cided influence, be pronounced Socinian. Faithful minis- influence, a new and strictly evangelical college has ters are, in various quarters, reproached and persecuted been lately erected at Geneva, presided over by five by their own brethren. Within these few years, the eminent Christians, and preparing an increasing numRev. M. Monod of Lyons, one of the most distin. ber of young men for the holy ministry-above thirty. guished ministers of the Protestant Church, was de- Then it is to be considered that the religious press of posed from his charge through the influence of his France is very much in the hands of the faithful part colleagues, for no other crime but the faithful preach of the Reformed Church. It is remarked that the ing of the Cross. In 1833, the same party in the Neological party publish almost nothing, and that the Church published a book, entitled “ Letters on Me- religious journals, books, and sermons proceed from thodism," which, we are informed, consist of a collec- the pens of orthodox pastors. The Sower, The Joure tion of disgraceful calumnies, aimed not only against nal of Missions, The Friend of Youth, The Archives pious men, but against the most sacred doctrines of the of Christianity, are all organs of Christian truta. Gospel. The spirit of the party may be gathered from The chief branch of Christian literature, during the the facts, that they are anxious to be released from the last twenty years, bas been sermon writing; and the signing of the Confession of Faith, and contend that most popular and wide-spread discourses have been the Bible Society should confine its labours to the those of evangelical authors, such as Cellerier, Vinet, Protestant population, and not meddle with the Roman Grand Pierre, Scholl, and Bonnet,—a mighty contrast, Catholics. Of course, they support the circulation of indeed, to the prevailing sermons of the beginning of the Apocrypha.

the century. These are powerful instruments to be But even among them there is progress. An intelli-wielded by a small party, and indicate the presence, gent writer, one of the ministers of the French Pro- while they provide for the extension, of a salutary inte testant Church, and a correspondent of a religious paper fuence. To turn to other evidences, we find from the in the United States, to whom I shall have occasion table of M. Soulier that, in 1829, the Reformed Church repeatedly to refer, says, (New York Observer, May could point to four hundred and fifty-one Bible asso1834,) “ It may be added, and I say it with joy, that ciations, one hundred and twenty-four missionary sosome of the latitudinarian or universalist pastors are cieties, seventy-nine Sabbath schools, and fifty-nine inclining more and more to the true and pure evange-depots for religious tracts. Many of these may be so lical doctrines, and that several among them give the small and inefficient as to be only nominal, but taken hope of a speedy and thorough conversion.” While as a whole, they proclaim the existence of spiritual even the erroneous and hostile are improving, the de- life. And it is worthy of notice, that the evangelical, cidedly evangelical clergy were lately estimated at though a much smaller party, receive three or four nearly one hundred, without reckoning the Lutherans. times as much in gifts and subscriptions for religious

Twenty years ago, we have seen they could scarcely objects as the Neological. If soine Bible associations be rated higher than twenty, and what is very cheering, be asleep, others are awake. To that of Paris, not they are yearly increasing in number. In Switzerland less than from forty to fifty pastors of the French there are now more than two hundred faithful ministers Protestant Church, some of them from a distance of of the truth ; twenty-five years ago, they were reck- one hundred and fifty to three hundred leagues, asoned by so small a number as five. In Paris, the Rev. sembled on a recent anniversary. Never was there a Mr Baird stated, a few years ago, the Gospel is faith wider circulation of the Word of God in France than fully preached in six places of worship in French, and during the last year. in nearly as many places in English. And what is a With regard, again, to missionary labour, not only is great matter, M. Monod of Lyons, who was deposed the spirit of it greatly on the increase, but of late years for his faithfulness by bis brethren, was, two years ago, several men have actually gone forth from the shores installed Professor of Morals and Eloquence at Mon of France to the heathen world. Nine have already tauban. The event is a very important one, gratifying, been settled as missionaries in the north-east of the we are informed, to all the Christians of France, who Cape at four stations, and not long ago six or eight regard the appointment as the beginning of a new era were in a course of study at Paris for the same work. of blessing to the Protestant Church. Some idea of When there is so loud a call for their exertions at home, its importance may be formed when it is remembered their self-denied devotement to the foreign field is the that, after his deposition, M. Monod was successful in more remarkable, and argues the presence of no comcollecting a congregation of four hundred, one balf of mon zeal. I might appeal to various other proofs of

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the renovating spirit of true religion, but it is unne- that article of the constitutional charter, by which it cessary. Perhaps the most striking evidence is to be is declared that all Frenchmen may profess their reli. found in the Popish persecution which, in many quar- gion with equal freedom, opened a chapel at Metz, in ters, is kindling anew with the revival of the faithful Lorraine. For this he was prosecuted by the mayor; preaching of the Cross. In some quarters the revival, and after an appeal to the highest court,—that of Casthrough the labours of the Protestant Church, and the sation,-it was found that the previous leave of the different religious societies which are directed to the municipal authorities is indispensable to the opening of spiritual good of the continent, is very marked. We a place of worship. And what was the ground of obhave noticed the case of M. Monod at Lyons. At jection in this case? It does not seem that the mayor Strasbourg, the capital of Alsace, a pious evangelist, a had any bimself-he may even have been friendly to the few years ago, collected a congregation of more than chapel—but the preacher had offended the rich Jews by four hundred persons, and his place of worship proving some publications on the subject of Judaism, and it was too small, the extraordinary sum, in France, of from they who were the persecutors,—men who but lately had thirty thousand to forty thousand francs was raised by been themselves the victims of oppression! Had they his people to build a larger ; and all this in a city lately not succeeded in this legal objection, it is easy to see notorious for the deplorable errors of Neology. The that a thousand other modes of annoyance and opprescorrespondent of the New York Observer, to whom I sion were within their reach. The preacher was fined. have already referred, states that, last year, there was Various other and more serious cases have occurred a remarkable revival of religion at Lionville, near since, so much so, that the writer in the New York Cherburg. The majority of the inhabitants of this Observer remarks : “ The French Cabinet shows hospopulous village, with the mayor at their head, avowed tile feelings against religious sects, and seems disposed their abandonment of Popery, and invited the Pro. to tread in the steps of the Ministers of Charles X.” testant pastor of Cherburg to preach to them the Word “ Facts evince that the French Government have of God. This he has accepted, and statedly performs adopted a systematic plan of judicial prosecutions the duty. The Roman Catholic journals denounced against the liberty of worship." Any one who is living with extreme violence the defection three quarters in such personal danger as the present monarch, would of a large commune, and in their anger said that it was need a more enlightened faith than it is to be feared in consequence of the marriage of the Prince Royal Louis Philippe possesses to preserve him from the to a Protestant woman, The writer adds : “ The temptation of leaning to the priests who surround him, latest information I have received respecting the evan- But these incipient persecutions all show that divine gelization of the department of Saone and Loire is truth is making progress. It would not be worth while very satisfactory. Chapels have been built at Chalons, to attempt forcibly to restrain wbat was not worth at Branges, at Sorney, &c.; and it is worthy of re- fighting with, or what threatened no danger. mark, that the government of the Canton of Berne in Switzerland has voted a donation of six hundred francs MAN'S CHIEF HAPPINESS FOUND IN THE SERVICE OF for this object. The religious movement has assumed a more serious and settled character in the department

A DISCOURSE. of Saone and Loire." The last report of the European Missionary Society states that, at one town in

BY THE LATE Rev. ANDREW BULLOCK, A.M., the south of France, in the course of last winter, no Minister of Tulliallan, Kincardineshire. less than three hundred persons presented themselves

"Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they as converts from Popery, anxious to be admitted into

may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in communion with their Protestant brethren.

through the gates into the city."-Rev. xxii, 14. Such a state of things as this--and what has been recorded is only a specimen—could not be allowed to go

Where is happiness to be found ? is an inquiry on without opposition. There would be a strong pre

which all men make, because all men are capable sumption that the work was not sound if Infidelity and of happiness, and desirous to obtain it. And every Popery could look tamely on at its progress. Accordingly, man, by his conduct and by his actions, shows persecution, so far as the laws will allow, is beginning to

what he considers as the proper and the practical appear anew. Many men imagined that the Revolution answer to the question. Riches, rank, learning, of 1830 was to seal for ever the triumph of religious the praise of men, and the grovelling enjoyments freedom, and that after the article in the charter de- of sensuality and excess, have each their reclaring the Roman Catholic religion to be the religion spective rotaries, who, in spite of repeated and of the State bad been abolished, there could be no painful disappointments, still continue to pursue possible pretext for oppressing evangelical commu- them as objects of ultimate attainment, and able nions; but the truth is, that persecution has a far to confer selicity on their possessors. But it is deeper foundation than the accidental circumstance of not merely the restlessness arising from deferred whether a particular Church is or is not recognized by hope, and disappointed expectation, which excites the State. It is founded in the depravity of human men to persist in the pursuit of objects. Extremes nature,—in the hatred of Popery and Infidelity to the may here he said to meet, as success produces holy truth of God. And this persecution will show the same effect with failure. Our desires enlarge itself whether Churches are established or not. Wit- in proportion as they are gratified: when wealth ness the persecutions of the truth by the unestablished is increased, the heart is not content, but is still Popish Church of Ireland at this moment;-so in set on the acquisition of riches, and the eminence France. Two years ago a faithful minister, relying on on the steep of ambition, which appeared so airy



and enchanting, when seen from the distance of a feelings of kind affection towards all men. Such depressed situation, does, at last, after years of are the commandments of Christ. Now the anxiety and toil have enabled us to reach it, serve sons mentioned in our text, are not such as have not so much to show us the great progress which merely acquired a theoretical knowledge of the we have already made in our arduous path, and the doctrines of the Gospel, or the duties which it eleration which we have already gained, as it en- enjoins us to discharge. They are not repreables us to descry the unascended heights which sented as considering it sufficient to entertain or we have yet to climb. The men of the world who, to profess a speculative belief of the excellence with all the eagerness arising from wishes hitherto of Christ's commandments, and to admit that unsatisfied, and hopes continually baffled, are ex- they are holy, just, and good; no, they do more claiming, “ O, who will show us any good ?” would than this, they set themselves practically to find, were they but willing to reflect, that the obey them. While they account it most reasonwords of our text would not only show them some able to assent to all which Christ reveals, they good, but that, if believed and acted upon, they account it no less reasonable to do all wbich be would lead them to the enjoyment of pure, and requires. Far from being content with saying, perfect, and satisfying, and never-ending happiness. "Lord, Lord,” they strive with all diligence to do

Blessed,” says the Word of God, “ are they that his sayings. Their language is not merely, “Speak do his commandments, that they may have right Lord, for thy servant heareth," but, Command, to the tree of life, and may enter in through the Lord, for thy servant will obey. They make it the gates into the city."

object of their most ardent desire, and the business In discoursing from these words, we shall, by of their whole lives, to abstain from every thing the help of God, consider, First, The character of which their Saviour prohibits, to hate whatever the persons spoken of, as pronounced to be blessed; he abhors, and constantly to reduce to practice all Second, The connection between doing the com- his precepts in all things-precepts which his sovemandments of God, and having a right to the tree reign authority so peremptorily enjoins, and which of life. And, Third, Wherein the blessedness of his own life so brightly exemplifies. They, and these persons consists.

they only, who think and act thus, are they who I. We are to consider the character of the do the commandments of Christ, and they, and persons here declared to be blessed. They do the they only, are blessed, inasmuch as they shall commandments of Christ. The commandments “ have a right to eat of the tree of life, and to of Christ are the revelation of the will of God, enter in through the gates into the city.” made to us either by Christ Jesus himself, or by II. We are now to consider the connection behis servants speaking in his name, and commis- tween doing the commandments of Christ, and sioned by his authority. This revelation consists baving a right to eat of the tree of life. And partly of doctrines or truths to be believed, and here, at the very first, it is necessary to state, that partly of duties to be performed. All the doctrines we must beware of imagining, that by doing the that are to be believed, and all the duties that are commandments we procure for ourselves a title to to be performed, may be considered as summarily eternal life. Were we, indeed, able persectly to comprehended in our believing that Jesus Christ keep all the commandments of God, then we is the Saviour of the world, and in cultivating at might merit eternal life; and were we, besides beall times, and manifesting, on all occasions, a kind ing able, also willing perfectly to keep all his comand charitable disposition toward our brethren of mandments, then, unquestionably, we should both mankind; on the one hand, in believing, that the merit and possess eternal life; but we are most grace of God hath, by the coming of his Son, certainly assured, that in our present circumstances appeared and been offered to all men, and on the no mere man ever did, or ever can do this. In other hand, in being taught by his grace to live consequence of the transgression of Adam, our soberly, and righteously, and godly, in this pre- first parent, a moral taint has been communicated sent world. Doctrines and duties agree in this, to us, his posterity, which has had the fatal effect that they are both of them subjects of command, of estranging our affections from God, and of so that we are equally enjoined to believe the one weakening both our capacity and our inclination and to discharge the other. Thus the Apostle to render to him that complete and universal obe

“whatsoever we ask, we receive of dience which it is our duty to present, and nohim, because we keep his commandments, and do thing short of which his holiness and purity can those things that are pleasing in his sight. And possibly accept. No title to life, therefore, can this is his commandment, That we should believe be established on the footing of our own perfect on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one obedience; the thing is altogether hopeless and another, as he gave us commandment.” The great impossible. Nor will the plea of partial obedience commandment, then, is to believe in the atone- stand us in any better stead, since it never can be ment of Christ, to account it “ a faithful saying, shown, how perfectly fulfilling the law of God in and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus some instances, even granting that to he possible, came into the world to save sinners,” and having can make compensation for our breaking it in thus believed, it is incumbent on us to cherish, others,-how a certain number of acts of obediand not merely to cherish, but to express, and to ence, in performing which we merely do our duty, express not in empty words, but in solid actions, and nothing more than our duty, possess not only

John says,

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enough of merit for themselves, but possess, more- and, on the other hand, Jesus Christ is represented over, abundance to spare, as a supply for those as having interposed in our behalf, and by his indeficiencies, and an atonement for those offences, carnation, and suffering, and death, redeemed us of which every man must be conscious every day from the awful condition in which we were placed, of his life. Again: it has been maintained by and restored us to the favour and love of God. some, that in consequence of the sufferings and The whole of the Gospel, from beginning to end, death of Christ, God has been graciously pleased is nothing else but an announcement that Christ to relax the rigour of his law, as to us; that he has obtained for us pardon and eternal life ; with has placed us, as it were, under a new and milder a declaration of the particular manner in which covenant; and that he is now willing to accept from we may become partakers of inestimable blessings. us sincere instead of perfect obedience. This | And what is the inference which obviously, and scheme, which makes sincerity the condition of palpably, and irresistibly follows from this? Who acceptance, affords to us sinners no firm founda- can be at a loss at once to perceive it? Why did tion on which to build our hopes; it allows our the Son of God come down from heaven to earth salvation to remain doubtful and uncertain,-it to deliver us from misery, but because we could leaves us to ourselves, to our own endeavours, and not have delivered ourselves? Why did he give our own unassisted strength, to work out our re- himself a ransom for us, but because we ourselves demption as we best can. It is, besides, deroga- could never have extinguished the debt which we tory to the honour of the Son of God, by lower- owed to divine justice? Why did he make reing him to a level with us, and by exalting us to conciliation for our iniquities, but because we had an equality with him, in finishing the great work nothing to present as an adequate atonement ? of our salvation. It says, indeed, that our sincere Why did he bring in everlasting righteousness, obedience requires the merit of Christ's satisfac- but because we were altogether unholy of ourtion to go along with it; but what is this but selves, and needed the righteousness of another? declaring, that both our sincerity and Christ's Why did he purchase for us an inheritance in merit are necessary, and that, consequently, each heaven, and lay down his own life as the mighty of these is singly insufficient; so that, as Christ's price, but because all which we could do never satisfaction is requisite to render our sincere en- could have obtained it, and all which we could deavour meritorious and effectual, in like manner, give never could have bought it? Why did he, these sincere endeavours are in their turn requi- by yielding a constant and unsinning compliance site to give avail to his satisfaction: and thus does with his Father's will, fulfil for us the law of God, this scheme represent weak and sinful man as throughout the infinite extent of its requirements co-operating with God in the plan of redemption, —why, but because, from the total want of moral and as sharing with him in the glory of complet- inclination, and of moral strength, we were uting it. Nothing can be more at variance with terly incapable of perfectly yielding it? Why are the Word of God than such a view of the matter. all spiritual blessings said to reside in Christ in It stands directly opposed alike to various pas- unmeasured fulness; wisdom to enlighten, and sages in the Sacred Volume, and to the whole power to help us, and holiness, to fit us for heascope and tenor of the plan of redemption as de- ven, —why, but because we are ignorant, and lineated there. If our good works and obedience, weak, and depraved? Why are all the benefits however sincere, can invest us with a right to the which redemption comprehends within its wide favour of God, then how are we to explain such embrace---remission of sins, peace of conscience, passages as the following: “ Not by works of joy in the Holy Ghost, the renewing of our will, righteousness which we have done, but according the regeneration of our natures, growth in grace, to his mercy hath he saved us ;”—“ The wages of perseverance in holiness, security and repose amidst sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life, the dangers and disquietudes by which life is conthrough Jesus Christ our Lord;”—“By grace are | tinually assailed, hope in death, and happiness for ye saved, through faith; and that not of your- ever beyond it,--why are all these represented and selves, it is the gift of God.” In this last pas- declared to be conferred upon us as free gifts, sage the language is very remarkable ; not only why, but for this reason, that we had nothing are we said to be saved by faith, but even this whatever to offer in exchange, and could not have faith itself is declared to be not ours, but the gift otherwise received them. The work of our salof God; so that here we see even the act of faith, vation is, in the Word of God, ascribed to Christ, which is ours, inasmuch as our own minds must | from its commencement to its close. He it was exert it, entirely excluded from having any meri- who, in the counsels of eternity, undertook the torious influence in procuring our salvation. But great work; be it was who began it, who carried besides these detached passages, the whole tenor it on, and who finished it. As he suffered in our of the Gospel, if it has any tenor at all, goes to stead the whole of the wrath due to our offences, overthrow such a scheme. In the Gospel, all and left us none of it to endure, so he fulfilled for mankind, without exception, on the one hand, are us all righteousness, and left us nothing to perrepresented as a race of transgressors against God, form,--nothing, I say, to perform in the way of --as having contracted most aggravated guilt, as recommending ourselves to the favour of God; suffering, in consequence, misery here, and as although we bave unquestionably much to perdoomed to still more dreadful misery hereafter ; 1 form on other grounds.

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