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of guilt exposing his conscience to the full glory of the mies think themselves satisfied that we are put to wan.
Part VIII. Heth.
The traveller awaked next morning, and, ver. 57, His heaviness is in a great measure gone: he is more lets us hear his first breathing, “O Lord, my portion, calin, meditative, and prayerful. With the Book of I said, (yesterday,) that I would keep thy words; Í God in his hand,' and his eyes directed to heaven, be entreated thy favour with my whole heart; O now reprays, “ Teach me, O Lord, the way of thy statutes; new thy mercy to me." He draws anew from grace; *Give me understanding;” “Make me to go in the he does not trust to past experience, nor yet does he path of thy commandments;' Incline my heart," &c. count on any store of grace in himself. He is a strong Bat some alluring worldly scene meets his view, and in the grace that is in Christ Jesus: " he draws out of tempts his soul: he hears the voluptuous music of the the fountain fresh water of life for the days he gathers gtures of Ashtaroth, and his eye turns to gaze on their
We then see him in ver. 59, 60, in repomp and splendour. But he seeks strength to over- newed strength and vigour. And he is coon called to come, "Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity;' make use of his strength. The bands of the wicked and, in order to effect this, " quicken thou me in thy again meet him, and by them he is robbed of his earthly way." He seeks a fresh sense of God's saving dealings
goods. But all this does not affect his inward peace with man, in order to be able to resist sin; for "faith and joy: his treasure is in heaven. He even rejoices is the victory that overcometh the world."
at the dispensation; he gives thanks at a review of Part VI. VAU.
God's “righteous judgments;” and, “ being let go, he
went to his own company,” Acts iv. 23. The symThese trials within having passed, he meets with pathy of God's people refreshes his spirit, ver. 63. And difficulties from without. But bis recent warfare with when he thinks of God's patient long-suffering towards corruption, and victory over it, have taught him how
a world thus full of sin, and persecuting his people, be to repel all outward enemies. Accordingly, he girds
is led to read on its surface, and to read in all its his. himself for defence against these enemies without, by
tory, the lesson of Jehovah's mercy. His plan of reasking from God a sweet experience of his pardoning demption is going on in the earth; and this is the grand mercy : “Let thy mercies come also unto me, even thy salvation, according to thy word; so shall I have where history of the earth is one marvellous record of grace ;
key to every event. And, viewed in this light, the with to answer him that reproacheth me.” A believer,
every thing done on its surface tending in some way while tasting “ peace and joy in believing," is altogether toward Him who, as he died upon it
, is at last to fill it like the scattered strangers to whom Peter wrote, 1 Pet.
with his presence, and sum up all things in himself. i. 6, 8; and in such a season, when God's sweet mer. “ The earth, O Lord, is full of thy mercy." cies thus “come to him," he feels able to stand against the whole world. If Atheists meet them, and laugh
Part IX. TEtu. them to scorn, and tell them there is no such thing as It is after affliction is past that its “fruits of rightethey dream of, in all the world;
they can reply, as Hope
ousness" are best seen. Hence, it is now that the pilful did, “What! no Mount Zion! Did we not see, grim can best take a full and comprehensive view; and from the Delectable Mountains, the gate of the city? on the review he says, “ Thou hast dealt well with And then, with the assurance of one who has in ward thy servant,” ver. 65. “ Thou art good, and doest evidence of the reality, he will move on with free and good,” ver. 68. So that now no allurements shall se. happy step, “I will walk at liberty," ver. 45. Princes duce him to the path of the wicked; and afflictions on and kings may meet him on the way, and pass him by his own path shall be hailed as blessings. He knows, ia contempt, still he is stedfast. Nay, ver. 48, he grows that affliction, ver. 71, is meant to teach him God's stronger and stronger ; for see now," he lifts up his statutes ; and this is to him “better than thousands of bands to God's commandments," that is, he swears to gold or silver,” ver. 72. sdhere to them.
Part X. JoD.
Here is another interval of quiet. He was leisure to And now for a season opposition is removed, and meditate and pray; and the road is smooth, nor is there trial is over. Yet the watchful traveller to Zion is never any rough blast to annoy. He, therefore, is intently off his guard. He uses the interval of repose to pray fixed on God. We have, in this part, a continuous for more grace; and, ver. 51, 52, he calls to mind prayer for sanctification; and this to be effected by the former trials for present improvement. In ver. 53 we Word: Sanctify them by thy truth; thy word is see that his whole soul abbors every way that leads truth.” He asks this for many reasons.
He urges it from God his Saviour; yea, he has got such insight on the ground that God has made him ; 0 then will into sin, that he is struck with horror_" a tempest of he not bestow as much pains in sanctifying bim, that borror," as the word signifies at the thought of their he may be " his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus evil ways. That night he sleeps in perfect peace, stayed unto good works?" Epb. ii. 10. He urges it, because upon bis God; and during its watches, God's statutes it would rejoice and benefit God's people, ver. 74; and are his songs. This peace and joy is the frequent recom- as being the expressed object of his dispensations, (ver. pence of faithfulness under trials: See Acts xiü. 52. 75,) both common and afflictive. He specially asks It is like the angels that ministered to Christ after the discoveries of God's mercy and grace :
“ Merciful temptation. It is as the martyrs have experienced un- kindness, and tender mercy,” ver. 76, 77. Thereby der their fiery trials, when they tell us, (as James Ren. meaning, God's rich display of these attributes in the wick does,)“Oh! let none fear a suffering lot! Ene. salvation of man. He knows, that to grow in grace, he
must grow in the knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ, Circumcision, and other ceremonies of the law of Moses, The soul of a saint is nourished by deeper and deeper prevail; and among other saints' days they have one feeling of free grace.
This leads the thoughts to the consecrated to Pilate and his wife! The country is despisers of free grace, ver. 78,
continually distracted by civil broils ; rapacity, false21; and then, by contrast, to God's saints. And thus hood, and dishonesty, characterise the people ; and he seeks to bave “ the spirit of a sound mind." All polygamy is allowed. The missionaries for some years this part reminds us of Christian and Hopeful, when past, have been distributing portions of the Scriptures “they came to a delicate plain called Ease, where they in their language: and one encouraging symptom is, went with much content. But that plain was but nar- the general desire to receive the Word of God, and the row, 80 they were quickly got over it."
reverence shown to it.
One man gave two oxen for Part XI. Caph.
two gospels. Another was sent by his father and The pleasantness of the last scene is all gone; and brother a journey of five days, to Gondar, to get a New yet it breathed ardent prayer for more of God's pre- Testament; and on getting it, cried aloud with tears, sence, and more of grace. That prayer was beard, and “Now, I have obtained that which will show me the here is the very answer, no doubt, though sent in an way to heaven." A native convert is at present qualiunexpected way. To make us grow in grace, and in fying himself to act as a missionary to bis countrymen. an experimental knowledge of salvation, God uses to cast his people into many sad trials; and often allows corruptions to stir, that thus they may see their need, THE LATE REV. DR MARSHMAN, and learn the value of that all-sufficient grace.
BAPTIST MISSIONARY AT SERAMPORE, INDIA." " I asked the Lord that I might grow In faith, and love, and every grace;
The Rev. Dr Marshman was born of bumble parentage Might more of his salvation know,
in the village of Westbury Leigh, in Wiltshire, on the And seek more earnestly his face.
20th of April 1769, where the cottage in which he first "Twas he who taught me thus to pray, And he, I trust, has answered prayer;
drew breath may yet be seen. Of his family little is But it has been in such a way
known, except that they traced their descent from an As almost drove me to despair.
officer in the army of Cromwell; one of that band who, I hoped that in some favoured hour At once he'd answer my request;
at the Restoration, relinquished for conscience' sake all And by his love's constraining power,
views of worldly aggrandisement, and retired into the Subdue my sins, and give me rest.
country to support themselves by their own industry. Instead of this, he made me feel
His father, a man of strong mind, undaunted intre-
pedity, and intiexible integrity, passed the early part Assault my soul in every part.
of his life at sea ; and was engaged in the Hind sloop Yea more, with his own hand he becmed
of war, commanded by Captain Bond, at the capture of Intent to aggravate my woe; Cross'd all the sair designs I schemed,
Quebec,--the action in which the gallant Wolff fell; but Blasted my gourds, and laid me low.
shortly after he returned to England, determined to Lord, why is this ?' I trembling cried ;
settle among the humble and honest manufacturers of Wilt thou pursue thy worm to death? "Tis in this way,' the Lord replied,:.
his native country, and taking up bis residence in WestI answer prayer for grace and faith.
bury Leigh, he married, and turned his attention to the These inward trials I employ
weaving trade. Hence he was subsequently unable to From self and pride to set thee free, And break thy schemes of earthly joy...
afford his son any education, beyond what his native That thou may'st seek thy all in me.''
village supplied, except in his own Christian principles ; NEWTON.
and he lived to see the principles he had instilled ripen It is exactly so in this part of our Psalm. After such into the most enlarged and active benevolence. Dr a season of deep-breathed prayer, we are surprised to Marshman from a very early age exhibited so extrabear groanings at the sight of corruption. He no more ordinary a thirst for knowledge, as to convince his feels the happy ease of one breathing the fresh air, and family and friends that he was destined for something enjoying its fragrance and health: he is "like a bottle higher than the loom. At the age of eight, he first began in the smoke;" like the contracted leathern skins of a a course of desultory reading; snatching every moment smoky tent. And from ver. 84 to 87, enemies are from labour and play to devote to his books. He has spoken of as lively and strong. But it is most instruc- assured the writer of this memorial, that between the tive to observe, that, in the midst of this darkness, he age of ten and eighteen, he had devoured the contents directs his soul to God's " loving-kindness," ver. 88; of more than five hundred volumes. Thus at an early that is, he seeks out God's manifestation of love to period he was enabled to lay in a vast store of knowsinners, as shown to Israel in bis doings and in bis co- ledge, which, improved by subsequent study, made his venant. Exactly as a believer now must, in such sea- conversation so rich and instructive. After reading sons, look, without delay or hesitation, to the only through all the volumes which so humble a village could quarter whence light can arise, namely, to the cross of furnish, he extended his researches to a greater distance, Immanuel, where alone sinners can read, “God is love." and often travelled a dozen miles out and home to bor: (To be continued in our next.)
row a book. Having no one to direct bis pursuits, he
read promiscuously whatever fell in his way, with the MISSIONARIES IN ABYSSINIA.
utmost avidity. But it was to biograpby, and more
particularly to history, that the bent of his mind was The missionaries in Abyssinia have been expelled by directed. So much so indeed, that when his parents, the government of that country. They have been de- on the death of an elder brother, endeavoured to direct voted men, and probably indications of an impression on his thoughts to the joys of heaven, he declared that he the people have caused this decree of expulsion. These felt no disinclination to contemplate them, provided were missionaries from the Church Missionary Society, there was room to believe that the reading of bistory sent out in 1830. This country has been little known would not be incompatible with the pursuits of that to Europeans, none having penetrated its interior since blessed region. Among the early incidents of his life, the days of Bruce, the traveller, till these heralds of the it was long remembered in his native village, that & Cross found their way into its cities. The native church neighbouring clergyman passing with a friend through is corrupt and superstitious beyond measure, and the Westbury, while he was playing at marbles, put his priests bigoted and ignorant. Their system is really reading and memory to the test, by a long series of & compound of Judaism, Heathenism, and Christianity.
From the " Friend of India."
questions upon the more ancient history of England, 1 him into a new circle, where his energies and talent ami declared bis astonishment at the correct replies might have play. He removed to that city at the age which be received to every inquiry. At the age of of twenty-five, and obtained permission to devote the twelve, the clergyman of his own parish meeting bim time not occupied in this school to one of his own. ore day with a book in bis pocket, too large for it to This seminary was soon crowded with pupils, it rose conceal, asked him several questions, and among the rapidly in public estimation, and placed him at once in rast, the names of the kings of Israel from the beginning circumstances of independence. Among his scholars to i be Babylonish captivity, and being struck with the was the late lamented and amiable Mr Rich, the resident securacy of his replies, desired him to call at his house at Bagdad, whose work on Babylon has given bim so in future for any book he might wish to read.
just a celebrity. But the chief advantage of his position On his reaching the house, the clergyman begged heat Bristol was the introduction afforded him to Dr would tell hin whom he thought the best preacher ; Ryland, the president of the Baptist Academy. He tie dissenting minister of the town or himself? With entered as a student in that seminary, and devoted the certainty, on the one band, that the first named every moment which he could spare from his avocations errellert, and the fear, on the other, of losing the pro- to study under so able a master. He applied diligently mised treat, he besitated for a moment; but determin to the Greek and Hebrew languages; and subsequently inng not to purchase even this at the expense of truth, added to them Arabic and Syriac, in which his attainte begged to be allowed to refer him to the answer of ments, though not profound, were greatly above medioMelville, who when asked by Queen Elizabeth whether crity. In this congenial course of improvement he she or his Ruyal Mistress of Scotland excelled in beauty, passed six of the happiest years of his life. By the replied that each was handsomest in her own kingdom, advice of Dr Ryland he prepared himself for the minisand desired him to accept that as his answer. At the try, for which his great theological reading had well are of tifteen his father sent him up to London to Mr fitted him, and there was every prospect of his becoming Ctror, the bookseller in the Strand, in the hope that an ornament to the denomination, in his native land, coine path would open for his obtaining a livelihood in with which he was associated. But a nobler field of 8 sphere more congenial with his tastes than a weaver's exertion was now opened before him ; for which, in the evitage. Here he was employed on errands; but, at economy of Providence, this previous training appears Every interval of leisure, availed bimself of the new evidently to have been intended to prepare him. facilities be enjoyed for reading. Wben sent out with Dr Carey, who had been employed for six years in parcels be too frequently spent half his time in perusing India, in the new and untried field of Missionary lathe books with which be was charged, instead of taking bours, while his future colleague was completing bis them to their destination. His master declared that he studies at Bristol, had requested the Baptist Missionary could make nothing of him, and that he never would | Society, of which Dr Ryland was one of the founders, succeed as a bookseller. His life in the shop was not to send more labourers into the vineyard. Dr Ryland of the most agreeable description ; and it was embittered proposed the subject to his pupil, and found that it by ibe prospect of being condemned to a life of such was not altogether new to him, as the perusal of the nintellectual drudgery. On one occasion baving been periodical accounts of the mission had begun to kindle sent to the Duke of Grafton with three folio volumes in his mind an anxiety for India. He was accepted by of Clarendon's History, and several other books, he was the Society, then in its infancy, as a Missionary, and overcome with fatigue and despondency at the tasks to embarked with Mr Grant, one of his own pupils, Mr which he was subjected, and walking into Westminster Ward, and Mr Brunsdon, in the Criterion, an American Hall laid down bis load and began to weep. But the vessel. They arrived in the river in October, and inbitterness of his feelings soon passed off; the associa- tending to proceed to Mudnabatty to join Dr Carey, tions of the place, with which bis reading had made were advised to take up their abode temporarily at SeLim familiar, crowded into his mind, and appeared to fill rampore, wbere they landed on the 13th October 1799. bim with new energy; and he determined, as he has It was about this time that the fear of an invasion of often told us, in however humble a situation he might India by the French predominated in the councils of be placed, to continue storing his mind with knowledge, India ; several French emissaries in the guise of priests till the fitting opportunity should come round for his having been detected about the country. In announcemancipation. He returned to the country between ing the arrival of Dr Marshman and his associates, the the age of sixteen and seventeen, and resumed bis printer of one of the Calcutta papers, who had never manual occupations, still continuing to indulge his irre- heard of the existence of a Baptist denomination, set pressible thirst for reading. He now turned his atten- forth, that four Papist Missionaries had arrived in a fonon to divinity, and made bimself familiar with the reign ship, and proceeded up to a foreign settlement ! works of all the most celebrated divines, without dis- The paragraph could not fail to catch Lord Wellesley's tinction of sect; and those who have enjoyed the ad- eye. The captain was instantly summoned to the po. Fantage of conversing with him on religious topics, lice, and informed that his ship would be refused a port cannot have failed to appreciate the industry wbich bad clearance, unless he engaged to take back the Papist gives him so vast a store of knowledge. To these Missionaries. He explained the mistake, and in one pursuits he added the study of Latin. The strength of respect removed the fears of Government : but there inind displayed in these intellectual pursuits by one who was so strong a disposition manifested to obstruct Miswas obliged to look for his daily bread to the labour of sionary operations upon the plea of their dangerous bis own hands, will appear, on reflection, to form, per- tendency, that the Missionaries found they could not haps, the most remarkable trait in his character. At reside with any confidence in the British territories, the age of twenty-three he married the grand-daughter and that it was wise to accept of the countenance and of the Rev. Mr Clarke, the Baptist minister at Frome; protection which was so generously offered them by the and this ebange in his circumstances rendered him doubly Danish authorities. Dr Carey felt the full force of anxious for a different sphere of life.
their arguments, and soon after came down to join At length the long expected opportunity turned up. them; and thus commenced the Serampore Mission. The post of master in a school supported by the Church Three congenial minds were thus brought together in Broadmead, in the city of Bristol, became vacant by the appointment of Providence, and they lust no His friends urged him to apply for it. He came up to time in laying a broad basis for their future operations. Bristol, underwent an examination before the committee They threw their whole souls into the noble enterprise, of management, and was unanimously accepted. The which demanded all their courage and zeal, since from salary was small_forty pounds a year ; but it brought the British Government they had nothing hut the sternest opposition to expect, the moment the exten-cutta was indebted for its birth and subsequent vigour. sion and the success of their labours should bring them The idea of it was struck out when Dr Leyden, Dr into public notice. The resonrces of the Society were Marshman, and Dr Hare were dining together; and the totally inadequate to the support of all the Missionary prospectus, drawn up by Dr Marshman, was carefully families now in the field. Indeed, Dr Marshman and revised by Dr Leyden. He continued to act as secrehis associates had come out with the distinct under- tary to the Institution, to the last moment in which his standing that they were to receive support only till they health permitted him to act. He was also associated could support themselves. They immediately began with Dr Carey in the translation of the Ramayun into to open up independent sources of income. Dr Carey English, of which three volumes were published. To obtained the post of Professor in the College of Fort the plan of native schools be gave up much time and William, then recently established; Dr and Mrs Marsh- labour; and the valuable • Hints,' which he published man opened a boarding school; and Mr Ward esta- in the form of a pamphlet, just at the time when the blished a printing office, and laboured with his own first efforts were made for education in India, twentyhands in setting the types of the first edition of the one years ago, was deemed worthy of being incorporBengalee New Testament, which Dr Carey bad brought ated with one of the leading publications in England. with him. Dr Carey's motto, “Expect great things ; In 1826 he revisited England, after an absence of attempt great things," became the watchword of the twenty-seven years, and travelled through the United three. They determined, by a noble sacrifice of indi- Kingdom, endeavouring by his public addresses, and in vidual interests and comforts, to live as one family, and private conversation, to urge on the cause of missions ; to throw their united income into one joint stock, to and there are many now in India to whom this notice be devoted to the common cause. Merging all minor will recal, with a melancholy pleasure, the warmth and differences of opinion in a sacred anxiety for the pro- animation which he was the means of communicating motion of the great enterprise which absorbed their to their minds on that subject. He visited Denmark, minds, they made a combined movement for the diffu- and was graciously received by his Majesty Frederick sion of truth and knowledge in India. To the hostility the Sixth, to whose steady and uninterrupted protection of Government, and to every discouragement which the Mission may be said to have been indebted for its arose from the nature of the undertaking, they opposed existence, when assailed by the British Government. a spirit of Christian meekness and calm perseverance. His Majesty was pleased to grant a charter of incorpora. They stood in the front of the battle of India Missions; tion to Serampore College, upon Dr Marshman's petiand during the arduous struggle which terminated with tion. He returned to Serampore in May 1829, and the charter of 1813, in granting Missionaries free access joined Dr Carey and his associates in superintending to India, they never for a moment deserted their post, the Mission under the new form of an independent or despaired of success. When, at a subsequent period, association, which it had acquired. In June, 1834, he Lord Hastings, who honoured them with his kind sup- was deprived of his venerable friend and colleague, port, bad occasion to revert in conversation to the se- with whom he had been permitted to act for thirty-five vere conflict they had passed through, he assured them years. He bore the separation with more firmness than that, in his opinion, the freedom of resort to India, was expected; but the dissolution of such a union, which Missionaries then enjoyed, was owing, under cemented by the noblest of all undertakings, and sancGod, to the prudence, the zeal, and the wisdom which tified by time, made a deep and visible impression on they had manifested, when the whole weight of Go- his mind. All the veneration and affection of his vernment in England and India was directed to the younger associates could not fill up the void created by extinction of the Missionary enterprise.
the loss of Dr Carey. He appeared among us as the It would be impossible, within the limits to which solitary relic of a past age of great men. The activity we must confine ourselves, to enumerate the plans of his mind, however, though with occasional interrupwhich they formed for the Mission, for translations of tions, continued till the mind itself appeared to be worn the Sacred Scriptures, and for education; or the ob- The calamity which befel his daughter, Mrs stacles which tried the strength of their principles. Havelock, at Landour, in October 1837, produced Neither is it possible to individualise Dr Marshman's a severe shock to his feelings, which, added to increasefforts in every case ; for so complete was the unity of ing infirmities, brought him gradually lower and lower. their designs, that it seemed as if three great souls had About six weeks before his death, he was taken out on heen united in one, so as to have but one object, and the river by the advice of Dr Nicholson and Dr Voigt, to be imbued with one impulse. But with this unity but his constitution was exhausted. Yet when the of design there was necessarily a division of labour; excitement of this short excursion, which was extended and we may briefly state, therefore, the particular ob- to Fort Gloster, had given him a small return of jects which engaged Dr Marshman's time and atten- strength, both bodily and mental, the energy of former tion. In 1806, he applied himself diligently to the days seemed again to come over bim, and he passed study of the Chinese language, and was enabled to pub- several days in arranging plans of usefulness, the acJish a translation of the entire Scriptures, and a gram- complishment of which would have required years. At mar in that tongue. The Lall Bazar chapel, erected at length, on Tuesday the 5th of December, be gently a time when the means of religious instruction in Cal- sunk to rest, without pain or sorrow, in the lively encutta were small, and when religious feeling was at so joyment of that hope which is full of immortality. low an ebb, that even Martyn could not command on His form was tall and athletic. His constitution an evening a congregation of more than twenty, was appeared to be constructed of iron. He exposed bimmainly indebted for its existence to Dr Marshman's self to all the severities of an Indian climate with perpersonal efforts. When the erection of it was suspended fect impunity. He enjoyed, till within the last year of for lack of funds, he went about from house to house his life, such uninterrupted health as falls to the lot of raising subscriptions for it; and for his pains was ex- few in India. During thirty-seven years he had not hibited in masquerade, at an entertainment given to taken medicine to the value of ten rupees. The Lord Minto, as a pious Missionary begging subscrip- strength of the body seemed to be admirably adapted tions." To him the Benevolent Institution in Cal. | with the structure of his mind, to fit him for the long
career of usefulness he was permitted to run. He was • ball; and as it was said that the subscription list was very ruli, Dra Mårshman peculiarly remarkable for ceaseless industry. He endeavoured to discover his representative, that he might ask for usually rose at four, and despatched half the business the funds; but Leyden would never disclose the name, which led Tor Marshinan to tell him, that there was more humour than honesty
of the day before breakfast. When extraordinary in the transaction.
exertions appeared necessary, he seemed to have a per.
fect command over sleep, and has been known for dayswhich should lead you to discharge your obligatogether to take less than half his usual quantity of tion to your parents, is declared to be the authorest . His memory was great beyond that of most men.
rity of God,“ Honour thy father and thy moHe recalled facts, with all their minute associations, with the utmost facility. This faculty he enjoyed to ther, because, or inasmuch as the Lord thy God the last day of his existence. During the last month hath commanded thee." According to the other of his life, when unable even to turn on his couch view, the same consideration of the divine authowithout assistance, he dictated to his daughter, Mrsrity furnishes a measure of the obligation which it Voigt, his recollections of the early establishment of enforces," Honour thy father and thy mother, the Mission at Serampore, with a clearness and minute in the way and manner in which the Lord thy ness perfectly astonishing. The vast stores of knowledge which he bad laid up in early life, and to which God bath commanded thee to honour them.” The he was making constant addition, rendered his personal first of these views has been already illustrated. intercourse in society a great enjoyment. His manners The second remains to be considered. and deportment, particularly towards his inferiors, were II. The extent of the duty which, as children, remarkable for amenity and humility. To his family you owe to your parents, may be gathered partly he was devoted almost to a fault, so that his enemies from a review of some of the particular precepts found in this subject a fertile field for crimination, and instances in Holy Scripture on this subject, with what generosity of feeling let every parent judge. During a union of more than forty-six years, he was and partly from the application of the general the most devoted of husbands, and as the father of a principle of this direction, “honour thy father and family of twelve children, of whom only six lived to thy mother, as the Lord thy God hath commandan age to appreciate his worth, and only five survived to ed thee." deplore his loss, he was the most affectionate of parents. The leading trait of his character, more especially God is very full and explicit in its precepts and
1. On the subject of filial duty, tbe Word of in the earlier part of his career, was energy and firmness. This, combined with a spirit of strong perse-examples. Thus, (1.) respect, reverence, in heart, Perance, enabled him to assist in carrying out into effect speech, and behaviour, is strongly enjoined. “ Ye those large views which he and his colleagues delighted shall fear every man his father and his mother." to indulge in. His piety was deep and genuine. His Levit. xix. 3. Of the children of tbe virtuous religious sentiments were without bigotry. But the inost distinguishing feature in his life was his ardent her blessed.” Prov. xxxi. 28.' And it is recorded
woman it is said, “ that they arise up and call zeal for the cause of missions. This zeal never for a moment suffered any abatement, but seemed to gather of Joseph at the court of Egypt, “ that he bowed strength from every new difficulty. The precious cause, himself with his face to the earth” before his aged as be latterly denominated it, occupied his dying father. Gen. xlviii. 12—and of Solomon, the thoughts as it bad occupied his living exertions ; and king, that he rose up to meet his mother, when the last question which he asked of those around him she came to him, "and bowed himself to her, and was, "Can you think of any thing I can vet do for caused her to sit at his right hand.” 1 Kings ii. it?" This zeal was united with a degree of pecuniary disinterestedness which has seldom been surpassed. He 19. On the other hand, all irreverence, in thought, considered it bis greatest privilege that God had en- word, or deed, is awfully denounced. “ Cursed be abled bin to lay on the altar of his cause so large a he that setteth light by his father or mother; and contribution from his own labours. With the means of all the people shall say, Amen.” Deut. xxvii. 16. amassing an ample fortune, be did not leave behind
“ Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp bin, of all his own earnings in India for thirty-eight shall be put out in obscure darkness." Prov. xxviii. years, more than the amount of a single year's income of his seminary in its palmy days.
24. “ There is an evil generation that curseth We owe some apology for the length to which this their father, and doth not bless their mother.” notice has been extended; but the subject scarcely Prov. xxx. 11. Thus you are to honour your adinitted of our saying less. To some, even this father and your mother, by giving to them your lengthened memorial of the last survivor of the three Dtn who were, under God, the means of giving a
respect, your reverence. (2.) Obedience also is spiritual and intellectual impulse to India, which will enjoined, -obedience both active and passive. You be felt during the present century, will not be displeas- are to do the will of your parents. You are to ing; while others may possibly find some excuse for submit to their chastisements. “ Hear, ye chilthe length to which filial veneration has extended a dren, the instruction of a father.” Prov. iii. 1. tribute of affection, for one to whom the writer is indebted for whatever can be deemed valuable in life.
“My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother.” Prov. i. 8.
The Lord Jesus went down with Joseph and THE DUTY WHICH CHILDREN OWE TO THEIR PARENTS :
Mary to Nazareth, and was subject to them, thus A DISCOURSE.
magnifying this commandment of the law under BY THE REV. ROBERT S. CANDLISH, A.M.,
which, a3 born of a woman, he was made. On Minister of St. George's Parish, Edinburgh.
the other hand, it is specially mentioned as one of
the saddest features of the last times, that men (Continued from p. 171.) “Honour thy father and thy mother, as the Lord thy It is stated as the great sin of the sons of Eli,
shall be " disobedient to parents.” 2 Tim. iii. 2. God bath commanded thee.”-DEUT v. 16.
and the immediate occasion of their destruction, Tae latter clause of this text, may be regarded that they hearkened not to the voice of their faeither, I. As assigning the ground or reason
of the ther," when he remonstrated most affectionately duty enjoined in the first clause ; or, II. as fixing with them. 1 Sam. ii. 25. “ 'The eye that mock
In the former view of it, the motive eth at his father, and refuseth to obey his mother,