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NUMBER.

The verb bas two pombers: Singular, as, 4068, I write, and Plural, as, rebule, we write.

PERSON.

The persons are three: First, as, qks, I write. Second, as, 4fbw, thou writest. and Third, as, 405, he writes.

CONJUGATION.

The variation of a verb in it's tenses, numbers, and

persons

is called conjugation. Conjugation is either Regular or Irregular.

Regular conjugation changes regularly in the termination of the verb without any omission.

The irregular conjugation wants some tense or mood, and is called Defective; or in some tense or mood deviates from the role, and is called Devious; or wants the first and second

person, and is called Impersonal.

MOODS OF THE VERB.

The manner of signifying some action is called the Mood. There are four in the regular verbs: Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive and Infinitive.

When the verb indicates some action, affirming it simply, it is called the indicative,

as, ups, I write. 4cbgt, I wrote. qckgbg, I shall write.

When it commands or prohibits, it is called imperative, as, qpku, write thou or do thou write. Vi arbe, do thou write not.

When it expresses a suspended action, or dependent upon another verb to complete the sense, it is called subjunctive, as, 112! 4gber, if I write.

When one action is denoted without tense, number or person, the mood is called infinitive, as, 4rbųto write. The indicative has three tenses, with

persons and numbers. The imperative has two tenses: present, and future; it has two numbers, but in the singular has no first person, because he who speaks does not command himself. However in the plaral there is a first

person, because other persons are addressed and commanded.

The subjunctive has the numbers, and persons perfect: but in the tenses has only the present, and the future, because the Armenian language has not properly the past tense of subjunctive.

The infinitive bas neither tense, number, nor person: whence it is used as a noun, and declined in the singular, and is then called the Gerund.

Example.

SINGULAR.

1. Tyky, to write.
2. Popku, of writing.
3. Topluyor ' 46, to writing.
4.q1pty, the writing.
5. Irk, from writing.
6. Jorku, with or by writing, writing.

The Conjugations of the verbs are four, and are distinguished by the last vowels of their indicatives, which are, t, -, -, L.

The indicative of the first conjugation ends with the vowel +, as, zwed, I move; of the second with w, as, LnLutowel', I wash; of the third with .-, as, Stqm-S, I pour out; of the fourth with k, as, nyuwbar, I learn.

Every, conjugation although different in its moods, tenses, numbers and persons, preserves the first syllable of it's indicative, excepting such verbs as are Devious.

Every person and tense of the verb endiug in or ", is plural. ~ is the sign of the first and second person, and of the third; provided only that, be not the article distinctive of the person, because it then would be singular.

Every verb which terminates in S, is in the first person; in w, is in the second person; verbs ending in ¢ or y, are in the first

or second person; verbs ending in t, w-, --, wong or wth, iu the third person; and those terminating in p, are in the second and third person. In

every conjugation the future of the indicative is formed by adding the letter y to the perfect, as, zwpdbgt, I moved, zwadhu gby, I shall move. nlwgts, I washed, uw gbg, I shall wash. Sbat, I poured out, Senty, I shall pour out. nlund,

I learned, nluwe,

I shall learn.

PARTICIPLE

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The participle is formed by adding to the termination of the verb the particles or on (sign of the present), fu (sign of the past), wg or Lt (siga of the future).

As a verb it has tense, and as a noun; cases and numbers.

Example.

P R E S E N T.

Singular. 1. Worn or 4802, he who writes, or is

writing 2. Popool, of him who writes. 5. Պրողի օր առ գրողն, to him who writes. 4. q)paz, him who writes.

5. ի Գրող, from him who writes.
6. Պրողա, by or with him who writes.

Plural. 1. ԳրողՔ, those who write, or who are

writing 2. Պրողաց, of those who write. 5. Պրողաց or առ գրողu, to those who

write. 4. այրողu, those who write. . 5. • Գրողաց, from those who write. 6. Դրողաւք օր գրողRք, by or with those

who write.

PAST.

Singular. 1. Կրեալ, written or wrote. 2. Որելու, of written. 3. Գրել օr. առ գրեան, to writteu. 4. արեան, written. 5. Է Պրելու, from written. 6. Որելով, by or with written.

Plural. 1. Գրեալք, written or wrote.

Գրելոց, of written. 5. Գրելոց օր առ գրեալս, to written. 4. (մրեալս, written. 5. Ե րելոց, from written. 6. Գրելովք, by or with written.

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