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Safety. That Lambert and Vane are now in town, contrary to the vote of Parliament. That many in the House do press for new oaths to be put upon men; whereas we have more cause to be sorry for the many oatlis that we have already taken and broken. That the late petition of the fanatique people presented by Barebone, for the imposing of an oath upon all sorts of people, was received by the House with thanks. That therefore he did desire that all writs for filling up of the House be issued by Friday next, and that in the mean time, he would retire into the City and only leave them guards for the security of the House and Council. The occasion of this was the order that he had last night to go into the City and disarm them, and take away their charter ; whereby he and his officers said, that the House had a mind to put them upon things that should make them ódious and so it would be in their power to do what they would with them. We were told that the Parliament had sent Scott and Robinson tó Monk this afternoon, but he would not hear them. And that the Mayor and Aldermen had offered their own houses for himself and his officers; and that his soldiers would lack for nothing. And indeed I saw many people give the soldiers drink and money, and all along the streets cried, God bless them," and extraordinary good words. Hence we went to a merchant's house hard by, where I saw Sir Nich. Crisp, and so we went to the Star Tavern, (Monk being then at Benson's.) In Cheapside there was a great many bonfires, änd Bow bells and all the bells in all the churches as we went home were a-ringing. Hence we went homewards, it being about ten at night. But the common joy that was every where to be seen! The number of bonfires, there being fourteen between St. Dunstan and Temple Bar, and at Strand Bridge I could at one time tell thirty-one fires. In King-street seven or eight; and all along burning, and roasting, and drinking for rumps. There being rumps tied upon sticks and carried up and down. The butchers at the May Pole in the Strand rang a peal with their knives when they were going to sacrifice their rump. On Ludgate Hill there was one turning of the spit that had a rump tied upon it, and another basting of it. " Indeed it was past imagination, both the greatness and the suddenness of it. At one end of the street you would think there was a whole lane of fire, and so hot that we were fạin to keep on the further side.'

April 1. 1660. This morning comes Mr. Ed. Pickering, he tells me that the king will come in, but that Monk did resolve to have the doing of it himself, or else to hinder it.'

« Oct. 7. 1660. (Lord's Day.) To Whitehall on foot, calling ac my father's to change my long black cloake for a short one (long cloakes being now quite out); but he being gone to church, I could not get one. I heard Dr. Spurstow preach before the king a poor dry sermon; but a very good anthem of Captn. Cooke's afterwards. To my Lord's and dined with him; he all dinner-time talking French to me, and telling me the story how the Duke of York hath got my Lord Chancellor's daughter with child, and that she do lay it to him, and that for certain he did promise her marriage, and had signed it with his blood, but thắt he by stealth had got the paper out of her



cabinett. And that the king would have him to marry her, but that he will not. So that the thing is very bad for the Duke, and them all ;

my Lord do make light of it, as a thing that he believes is not a new thing for the Duke to do abroad. After dinner to the Abbey, where I heard them read the church service, but very ridiculously. '

20. I dined with my Lord and Lady; he was very merry, and did talk veryjhigh how he would have a French cooke, and a master of his horse, and his lady and child to wear black patches ; which methought was strange, but he is become a perfect courtier : and among other things, my Lady saying that she could get a good mer. chant for her daughter Jem., he answered, that he would rather see her with a pedlar's pack at her back : so she married a gentleman, than she should marry a citizen.'

1660-1. Jan. 3. To the Theatre, where was acted. Beggar's Bush,” it being very well done : and here the first time that ever I saw women come upon

the stage.' • Aug. 4. To church, and had a good plain sermon. At our coming in, the country people all rose with so much

and when the parson begins, he begins, “ Right worshipfull and dearly beloved” to us. To church again, and, after supper, to talk about publique matters, wherein Roger Pepys told me how basely things have been carried in Parliament by the young men, that did labour to oppose all things that were moved by serious men, That they are the most profane swearing fellows that ever he heard in his life, which makes him think that they will spoil all, and bring things into a warr again if they can.'

31. At Court things are in very ill condition, there being 80 much emulacion, poverty, and vices of drinking, swearing, and loose amours, that I know not what will be the end of it, but confusion. And the clergy so high, that all people that I meet with do protest against their practice. In short, I see no content or satisfaction any where, in any one sort of people. The Benevolence provés so little, and an occasion of so much discontent every where, that it had better it had never been set up. I think to subscribe 201.'

• May 31. 1662. The Queene is brought a few days since to Hampton Court, and all people say of her to be a very fine and handsome lady, and very discreet, and that the King is pleased enough with her : which, I fear, will put Madam Castlemaine's nose out of joynt. The Court is wholly now at Hampton. A peace with Argier is lately made, which is also good news. My Lord Sandwich is lately come with the Queene from sea, wery well and in good repute. The Act for Uniformity is lately printed, which, it is thought, will make mad work among the Presbyterian ministers. People of all sides are very much 'discontented; some thinking themselves used, contrary to promise, too hardly: and the other, that they are not rewarded so much as they expected by the King.

June 14. 'About 11 o'clock, having a room got ready for us, we all went out to the Tower-hill; and there, over against the scaffold, maile on purpose this day, saw Sir Henry Vane brought. A very great press of people. He made a long speech, many times interVol. XXIV. N.S.


rupted by the Sheriffe and others there; and they would have taken his paper out of his hand, but he would not let it go. But they caused all the books of those that writ after him to be given the Sheriffe ; and the trumpets were brought under the scaffold, that he might not be heard. Then he prayed, and so fitted himself, and received the blow : but the scaffold was so crowded, that we could not see it done. But Boreman, who had been upon the scaffold, told us, that first he began to speak of the irregular proceeding against him; that he was, against Magna Charta, denied to have his exceptions against the indictment allowed; and that there he was stopped by the Sheriffe. Then he drew out his paper of notes, and begun to tell them first his life; that he was born a gentleman; he had been, till he was seventeen years old, a good fellow, but then it pleased God to lay a foundation of grace in his heart, by which he was persuaded, against his worldly interest, to leave all preferment and go abroad, where he might serve God with more freedom. Then he was called home, and made a member of the Long Parliament; where he never did, to this day, any thing against his conscience, but all for the glory of God. Here he would have given them an account of the proceed. ings of the Long Parliament, but they so often interrupted him, that at last he was forced to give over: and so fell into prayer for England in generall, then for the churches in England, and then for the City of London : and so fitted himself for the block, and received the blow. He had a blister, or issue, upon his neck, which he desired them not to hurt: he changed not his colour or speech to the last, but died justifying himself and the cause he had stood for ; and spoke very confidently of his being presently at the right hand of Christ; and in all things appeared the most resolved man that ever died in that manner, and shewed more of heate than cowardize, but yet with all humility and gravity. One asked him why he did not pray for the King. He answered, “ You shall see I can pray for the King : I

pray God bless him!” The King had given his body to his friends; and, therefore, he told them that he hoped they would be civil to his body when dead; and desired they would let him die like a gentleman and a Christian, and not crowded and pressed as he was.”

pp. 146, 7. • June 30th. This I take to be as bad a juncture as I ever observed. The King and his new Queene minding their pleasures at Hampton Court. All people discontented; some that the King do not gratify them enough; and the others, Fanatiques of all sorts, that the King do take away their liberty of conscience ; and the height of the Bishops, who I fear will ruin all again. They do much cry up the manner of Sir. H. Vane's death, and he deserves it. Much clamour against the chimney-money; and the people say, they will not pay it without force. And in the mean time, like to have war abroad; and Portugall to assist, when we have not money to pay for any ordinary layings-out at home.' p. 151.

* Aug. 17th. This being the last Sunday that the Presbyterians are to preach, unless they read the new Common Prayer and renounce the Covenant, I had a mind to hear Dr, Bates's farewell ser


mon; and walked to St. Dunstan's, where, it not being seven o'clock yet, the doors were not open , and so I walked an hour in the Temple-garden. At eight' o'clock I went, and crowded in at a back door among others, the church beiug half-full almost before any doors were open publicly: and so got into the gallery, beside the pulpit, and heard very well. His text was, “ Now the God of Peace

;” the last Hebrews, and the 20th verse: he making a very good sermon,


little reflections in it to any thing of the times. To Madam Turner's, and dined with her. She had heard Parson Herring take his leave; tho’ he, by reading so much of the Common Prayer as he did, hath cast himself out of the good opinion of both sides. After dinner to St. Dunstan's again ; and the church quite crowded before I come, which was just at one o'clock ; but I got into the gallery again, but stood in a crowd. He pursued his text again very well; and only at the conclusion told.

after this manner:

.66 I do believe that many of you do expect that I should say something you

in reference to the time, this being the last time that possibly I may appear here. You know it is not my manner to speak any thing in the pulpit that is extraneous to my text and business; yet this I shall say, that it is not my opinion, fashion, or humour that keeps me from complying with what is required of us; but something after much prayer, discourse, and study yet remains unsatisfied, and commands me herein. Wherefore, if it is my unhappiness not to receive such an illuminacion as should direct me to do otherwise, I know no reason why men should not pardon me in this world, as I am confident that God will pardon me for it in the next."..

And so he concluded. Parson Herring read a psalme and chapters before sermon; and one was the chapter in the Acts, where the story of Ananias and Sapphira is. And after he had done, says he, “ This is just the case of England at present. God he bids us to preach, and men bid us not to preach ; and if we do, we are to be imprisoned and further punished. All that I can say to it is, that I beg your prayers, and the prayers of all good Christians, for us." This was all. the exposition he made of the chapter in these very words, and no

I was much pleased with Bates's manner of bringing in the Lord's Prayer after his owne: thus, “ In whose comprehensive words we sum up all our imperfect desires ; saying, “ Our Father, &c. I hear most of the Presbyters took their leaves to-day, and that the City is much dissatisfied with it. I pray God keep peace among men in their rooms, or else all will fly a-pieces ; for bad ones will not go down with the City. pp. 158, 9.

• 1663. May 15. After dinner, I went up to Sir Thomas Crewe, who lies there not very well in his head, being troubled with vapours and fits of dizzinesse : and there I sat talking with him all the afternoon upon the unhappy posture of things at this time; that the King do mind nothing but pleasures, and hates the very sight or thoughts of business. If any of the sober counsellors give him good advice, and move him in any thing that is to his good and honour, the other part, which are his counsellors of pleasure, take hiin when he is with my Lady Castlemaine, and in a humour of delight, and then persuade


him that he ought not to hear nor listen to the advice of those old dotards or counsellors that were heretofore his enemies : when, God knows! it is they that now-a-days do most study his honour. It seems the present favourites now are my Lord Bristol, Duke of Buckingham, Sir H. Bennet, my Lord Ashley, and Sir Charles Barkeley ; who, among them, have cast my Lord Chancellor upon his back, past ever getting up again; there being now little for him to do, and he waits at Court attending to speak to the King as others do ; which I


may prove of good effects, for it is feared it will be the same with my Lord Treasurer shortly. But strange to hear how my Lord Ashley, by my Lord Bristol's means, (he being brought over to the Catholique party against the Bishops, whom he hates to the death, and publicly rails against them; not that he is become a Catholique, but merely opposes the Bishops ; and yet, for aught I hear, the Bishop of London keeps as great with the King as ever,) is got into favour, so much that, being a man of great business and yet of pleasure, and drolling too, he, it is thought, will be made Lord Treasurer upon the death or removal of the good old man. My Lord Albemarle, I hear, do bear through and bustle among them, and will not be removed from the King's good opinion and favour, though none of the Cabinett ; but yet he is envied enough. It is made very doubtful whether the King do not intend the making of the Duke of Monmouth legitimate; but surely the Commons of England will never do it, nor the Duke of York suffer it, whose Lady I am told is very troublesome to him by her jealousy. No care is observed to be taken of the main chance, either for maintaining of trade or opposing of factions, which, God knows, are ready to break

out, if any of them (which God forbid !) should dare to begin; the King and every man about him minding so much their pleasures or profits. My Lord Hinchingbroke, I am told, hath had a mischance to kill his boy by his birding-piece going off as he was a-fowling. The gun was charged with small shot, and hit the boy in the face and about the temples, and he lived four days. In Scoto · land, it seems, for all the news-books tell us every week that they are all so quiet, and every thing in the Church settled, the old woman had like to have killed, the other day, the Bishop of Galloway, and not half the churches of the whole kingdom conform. pp. 218–220.

* Aug. 9. To church, and heard Mr. Mills (who is lately returned out of the country, and it seems was fetched in by many of the parishioners with great state) preach upon the authority of the ministers upon these words, “ We are therefore embassadors of Christ.” Wherein, among other high expressions, he said, that such a learned man used to say, that if the minister of the word and an angell should meet him together, he would salute the minister first; which methought was a little too high.'

Nov. 9. Mr. Blackburne and I fell to talk of many things, wherein he was very open to me: first, in that of religion, he makes it greater matter of prudence for the King and Council to suffer liberty of conscience; and impates the loss of Hungary to the Turke from the Emperor's denying them this liberty of their religion. He says

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