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confidence to le premier Général du siècle. The consequence was that he lost all credit with the Bourbon government, although he did nothing to render himself an object of resentment, or incur the penalty of being sent out of the kingdom.

Barbier, the bibliographer, deserves notice among literary men for his valuable catalogue of the library of the Conseil d'Etat ; a library which still exists in the Louvre, and is, we understand, likely to receive extension under his care. His Dictionnaire des Ouvrages Anonymes et Pseudonymes (see M. R. Vol.lxiii. p.462. Appx.) is likewise a publication of much utility; and we learn with pleasure that he is still in the vigour of lite, and likely to be of essential service to the cause of literature.

Beaujour, whose work on the United States we lately took occasion to notice (M. R. Vol. lxxix.), and who has long been known by his Tableau du Commerce de la Grèce, has resumed his favourite studies, and will probably give the public a performance respecting the part of Asia-Minor which adjoins the Mediterranean.

British Biography. In this department of the present dictionary, we had reason to expect much less accuracy than in the portions which related to France and Germany; the leading facts in the former being directly known to the writers, and the latter being a country in which it is the fashion to record even minutiæ with punctilious accuracy,

Under the head of Canning, that minister is confounded with his relation, the Envoy to the Swiss Cantons; and, under that of Lord Cochrane, we find the extraordinary mistake of giving two lives of the same individual, the naval actions of his Lordship being ascribed to one person and his political transactions to another. Yet, in the midst of these misapprehensions, the substance of the narratives is clear, and in general accurate ; more so, at least, than it commonly is in works of this description:

German Biography. Here we find a list of the names and publications of many literary men who are little known in England ; among others, the works of Arndt, the intrepid asserter of the liberty of his country against the tyranny of Bonaparte. - Adelung, a nephew of the well known philologist, (see M.R. Vol. lxvi. p. 478.) is established at Petersburgh, and is said to continue that course of study in which his uncle was so distinguished. - Cotta, the well known bookseller of Tubingen, has figured also as a politician, having been a member of the Wurtemberg parliament, and an adherent in their stormy debates to the side of the popular party. He was deputed'in 1814 to the Congress of Vienna, with M. Bertuch, by the body of German booksellers, to urge

a point


Arguelles was born at Ribadesella in Asturia, in 1975, and brought himself into notice at the University of Oviedo by his promising abilities and lively imagination. Being the youngest of his family, he went, when he had completed his education, to Madrid, in quest of a civil appointment; he was soon intrusted with a mission to Lisbon; and, on his return, he was sent to London, apparently with a view to regulate some financial matters, but in reality to transact a most important political negotiation., He returned to Spain, and was in Cadiz when the last revolution broke out, and when (in 1809) the authorities were obliged to take shelter in that city. He was soon chosen a deputy to the provisional assembly of government, became a member of the committee charged with framing a constitution, drew up the report made on this important occasion, and gave repeated proofs of his talents as an author and an orator. Yet, on the 10th of May 1814, at four o'clock in the morning, the ministers of Ferdinand caused him to be arrested at Madrid, and carried in chains to the state-prison. Judges were appointed to conduct his trial : but he shewed so much ability in his defence, that his accusers knew not how to proceed, and recommenced not fewer than five different times ; till at last the King, to put an end to so uncommon a proceeding, ordered the papers to be laid before him, and wrote on them, “ Ten years of the galleys at Ceuta.''

Modern Greeks. — The schemes of Bonaparte, however different in point of motive, have had the effect of promoting those discoveries which have excited so much disinterested attention on the part of our travelling countrymen; and the list of living literati presents occasionally the name of a Greek whose primary object is to rouse the faculties of his countrymen, and prepare them for throwing off the Ottoman yoke.

Coray, called in Greek Coraïs, is an able physician and a learned Hellenist. His family came from the Isle of Chios, and he was born at Smyrna in 1748. Besides the study of the antient languages, he early cultivated those of modern days; and, while very young, he translated a catechism from the German into modern Greek. To complete his literary education, and render his acquirements in some degree useful to his country, he quitted Greece and passed into France in 1782, pursuing his studies for several years at the University of Montpellier ; where he added a knowlege of medicine and natural history to the acquirements which he had already made in philology. He there took his doctor's degree, and came in 1788 to fix himself in Paris. We owe to this learned and laborious translator and editor, ". Les Caractères de Théophraste, d'après un manuscrit du Vatican, contenant des additions qui n'ont point encore paru en France : nouvelle traduction, avec le texte Grec, 1799, 8vo. ; - Traité d? Hippocrate des airs, des eaux, et des lieux; traduction nouvelle, avec le texte Grec, et des notes, 1800, 2 vols. 8vo.;- and Traité


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