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cated for the presentith many of unauthorizedis, le 14 Juilis

e law, anaminister of his opinions by him, amet

has never sanctioned the printing of any of his speeches; and the book published in 1799 under the title of Mémoires Historiques et Diplomatiques de Barthélémy, depuis le 14 Juillet jusqu'au 30 Prairial, An VII., is unauthorized by him, and is in fact at variance with many of his opinions.

Decazes, the present minister of police, was born in 1780, educated for the law, and subsequently employed in a political capacity in Holland. He attached himself to the Bourbons at the restoration, and acted with great boldness after the entry of Bonaparte into Paris, 20th March 1815; in consequence of which he was removed from the capital, and passed the succeeding three months in the country. Returning to Paris a few days before the second entry of the King, he was appointed prefet de police, and in a few months succeeded Fouché in the important charge of minister in that department: a station in which he is not a little exposed to the attacks of the Ultra-Royalists, who form the present opposition in the French parliament. Of the latter, one of the most conspicuous is Chateaubriand ; from whose biographical sketch we proceed to give an extract.

Chateaubriand was born in 1769, at Comburg, near Fougères, of an antient family in Brittany. He entered the service in 1786, in the regiment of Navarre, and was soon afterward presented to the unfortunate Louis XVI. The arıny having revolted at the beginning of the Revolution, Chateaubriand went over to North America in 1790, and, animated with enthusiasm for the beauties of nature, wandered with infinite delight in the immense forests of the new world. It may be easily imagined what a powerful impression such scenes would make on so elevated an imagination; and it cannot be doubted that he owed to them much of his singular and romantic turn. He lived there two years, returned to Europe in 1792, and, resuming service, was wounded in that year by a shell before Thionville. This accident, added to severe illness, which for three years kept him at the point of death, prevented him from remaining in the army. He then went to England, where he experienced all the inconveniences of poverty, but became intimate with M. de Fontanes, whom he had slightly known in Paris; and it was this enlightened writer who first encouraged him to publish his Genie du Christianisme, which appeared in 1802. “Anxious to add still farther to his stock of information, he departed for Egypt in July 1806, taking his route through Italy, and travelling through antient Greece, a country teeming with recollections suited to his ardent imagination; he then visited Turkey, Egypt, and lastly Jerusalem, the principal Object of his journey. He afterward landed on the coasts of Africa, surveyed the spot on which Carthage had once stood, and returned home through Spain in 1807. Soon afterward he pubJished his Marturs, and in 1811 lItinéraire de Paris à Jerusalem. At last came the time when he found himself enabled to express



freely his hatred to Bonaparte, and his devotion to the cause of the legitimate monarch. It was so early as the beginning of April 1814 that these sentiments burst forth with equal beauty and eloquence, in his book intitled De Bonaparte et des Bourbons ; of which a prodigious number of copies was printed by order of government, and which had an incalculable effect on the public mind. He produced, at the end of the same year, a work which was remarkable from the prevalent supposition that an august hand had influenced its composition : it was intitled Reflexions Politiques sur quelques Brochures du Jour. M. de Chateaubriand had been appointed several months by the King to fill the place of French ambassador at Stockholm : but he had not departed for that city when his Majesty was obliged to go to the Netherlands at the end of March 1815. He therefore accompanied the King, and held. at Ghent the station of one of his Majesty's ministers. The report which he addressed to the King in the month of May, on the situation of France, was made public and printed even at that time in Paris without any impediment from Bonaparte's policė. Immediately on his return, the King created M. de Chateaubriand a peer of France, and Minister of State: but he throughout shewed himself an Ultra-Royalist, and chose to dissent from the change adopted in September 1816 respecting the mode of treating the revolutionary party. His publication intitled De la Monarchie selon la Charte appeared a few days after the dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies ; it was seized by the police; and, three days after its publication, an order was inserted in the official

journal, purporting that, M. de Chateaubriand was no longer to bear · the title of Ministre d'État

French Literati. - M. Benjamin Constant de Rebecque, whose name has been of late repeatedly brought before our readers, is a native of Geneva, and was born in 1767. He came to France early in the Revolution, and, having escaped the judicial assassinations of the Jacobins, took part in the less hazardous debates which occurred under the reign of Bonaparte: but in 1802 he received orders to quit France, and travelled in different parts of the Continent with Madame de Stael, whom he is said to have assisted in several of her literary compositions. The most singular event of his life, and that which marks him for a true Frenchman, is his political vacillation in the year 1815. On hearing at Paris that Bonaparte had landed from Elba, he published the most energetic appeals against him through the mediuin of the news-papers, and among other things asked, “ Ne sommes-nous pas mille fois plus libres que sous son empire ?". Yet no sooner was the invader installed, and the submission of France ap

parently general, than this political sage, who professed to in.struct eyery body around him, was persuaded to take a part in the new council, and to call on the nation to give its


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