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A grove which springs through levell’d battlements, io.
Our spirits from their urns.-' It will be easily seen that this drama was never intended for representation, and it would therefore be unfair to criticise it as a theatrical effort. Our opinion of it as a poem may be collected from what we have already expressed ; and, in terminating this article, we cannot refrain from repeating a hope that the time will come when we shall not associate with the muse of Lord Byron ideas of all that is terrible, gloomy, and forbidding.
ART. VII. A Voyage round the World, from 1806 to 1812, in: which Japan, Kamschatka, thé Aleutian Islands, and the Sandwich Islands, were visited. Including a Narrative of the Author's Shipwreck on the Island of Sannack, and his subsequent Wreck in the Ship’s long Boat. With an Account of the present State of the Sandwich Islands, and a Vocabulary of their Language. By Archibald Campbell. Illustrated by a Chart. 8vo. pp. 288. gs. Boards. Longman and Co. 1816. This is in fact not so much the detail of a circumnavigator I as the adventures of a young seaman, who, by a series of strange and disastrous events, has been reduced at an early age to extreme helplessness and consequent penury. In this state, after his return home, he was accidentally noticed by Mr. Smith, who dates from Jordan-hill, in Scotland, and discovered to have made a voyage round the world: when compassion and curiosity jointly induced Mr. Smith to draw up, and to publish for Campbell's benefit, a narrative of that voyage, in which he himself is made to tell his own story, speaking in the first person.
We learn that this, son of misfortune was born at a village near Glasgow, and at the age of thirteen was bound apprentico
had yielded to their fate. Four men reached the shore from the bowsprit, but two of them expired almost immediately.
The land on which they were cast was one of the eastern of the Aleutian or Fox islands, in latitude 54° 27' N.: by Captain Cook named Halibut island, by the natives Sannack. The people discovered muscles and fresh water, and many things Aoated to the shore from the wreck; and they also found the long boat.
« One or two of the seamen's chests drove ashore, and amongst them mine; it contained only one shirt and my Bible, which I had put into one of those squares common in sailors' chests for holding case-bottles, and in which it was firmly fixed, in consequence of having swelled with the water. I was at great pains in drying it in the
sun, and succeeded so well that I could read any part of it. It was afterwards saved from a second wreck; and in my future hardships and sufferings, the perusal of it formed my greatest consolation. It is still in my possession, being the only article I brought with me when I returned to my native country:
Having saved much of the wreck, the Captain and his associates were encouraged to set about building a vessel large enough to sail to the Sandwich islands, where they did not doubt of meeting with American ships. Towards the end of September, which was above a fortnight after their disaster, they were joined by a party of native Americans, who brought them fish, and berries cured with seal-oil, which Campbell and. his companions then deemed no small luxury;' and, which was of more consequence, one of the natives kindled a fire (for they had been all this time without one) in the following
• He laid a piece of soft wood on the ground, and took another within his teeth ; between these he put an upright piece of a harder quality, which he twirled rapidly round with a thong of hide, as we would a drill;. the friction soon kindled the soft wood, and by placing it in dried grass, and blowing it, it burst into a flame. We lost no time in broiling the fish, and enjoyed the first com, fortable meal we had since the shipwreck. The next day about forty Indians, men and women, came and encamped beside us ; they made huts for themselves, by setting up planks, leaning against each other at the top, and throwing earth upon them, over which they put a covering of grass.'
The natives shared all that they had with the wrecked seamen, in the most liberal manner; and, a few days afterward, the Russian commandant of Oonalaska, having been informed of the ship's loss, arrived at the place.
In order to obtain some necessary stores for the equipment of the vessel which they were building, it was determined that the long boat should be sent to Kodiak, and Campbell went in her. The crew departed with moderate weather: but 6 about noon the wind freshened to a smart gale and the sea rose, fre
round with her head to the sea, and being prevented by the anchor from driving farther up, she almost immediately went to pieces upon the rocks. .
That part of the island on which we were cast was quite barren, and many miles distant from the nearest settlement, the path to which lay across mountains covered with snow.
• After collecting what we could save of the wreck of the boat, we set out in search of some place to shelter us for the night, and fortunately discovered, at no great distance, one of those huts that are constructed for the use of the fox and bear hunters. It was too small to admit of a fire in the inside; but the number of people crowded into it rendered the cold less intense; and we lighted a fire in the open air, at which we made ready our provisions.
They now deliberated whether to attempt their way to Karlouski across the mountains, or by going along-shore at low water: but the danger of travelling over the snow made them prefer the latter. On the morning of the 22d, they quitted the hut. . .
Having proceeded some distance, we were interrupted by a · reef of rocks, over which it was necessary to wade. I was provided
with strong seal-skin boots, but unfortunately, in crossing, they were filled with water, which, the cold being so severe, the exercise of walking did not prevent from freezing. In a short time I lost all feeling in my feet, but was able to keep up with my companions, till our progress along shore was completely stopped by a mountain which projected into the sea. Finding it impossible to get round the base, we attempted to climb over the summit. It . was very steep, and in many places crusted with ice. I had by this time entirely lost the power of my feet, and, with all my exertions, was unable to keep pace with my companions. In many places I was forced to dig steps in the ice and snow, with a pair of boots I had on my hands for that purpose. At length, after great labour and fatigue, I gained what I imagined to be the summit; it proved, however, to be little more than half-way up, and the higher part of the mountain was quite inaccessible. I endeavoured to descend again; but in a short time found that the state of my feet rendered the attempt unavailing. I had no alternative but to slide down ; and therefore throwing away the boots, and placing my hands behind me, to direct my course, I came down with such velocity, that, at the foot of the hill, I sunk at least ten feet into the frozen snow. I was at first almost suffocated, till I made a little room by pressing the snow from me. I called as loud as I was able for assistance, but could not make my companions hear me, although I heard their voices perfectly well calling upon me. I at length relieved myself, by compressing the snow till it became sufficiently hard to bear my weight. I then planted my feet into it, and reached the surface. We turned back, and endeavoured to proceed by a valley which lay behind the mountain. My feet by this time were frozen, never to recover; and I was so ill able to ascend, that I was frequently blown over by the wind, and sometimes driven a considerable way down the hill.' X 4