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MONTHLY REVIEW,

For M A Y, 1817.

ART. I. An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul, and its Depend

encies in Persia, Tartary, and India; comprising a View of the Afghaun Nation, and a History of the Dooraunee Monarchy. By the Hon. Mountstuart Elphinstone, of the Honourable East-India Company's Service; Resident at the Court of Poona ; and late Envoy to the King of Caubul. 4to. pp. 675. with a large Map, and 14 coloured Plates. 31. 135. 6d. Boards. · Longman and Co. It appears that an opinion was entertained by the British I government at Calcutta in 1808, which principally resulted from the embassy of the French General Gardanne to Persia, that Bonaparte had views of penetrating by land to Hindostan, and of thus attempting the conquest of that wealthy and important portion of our oriental dominions. It was therefore deemed necessary to sound the dispositions, and to conciliate the co-operation, of those ruling princes of the East, through whose territories the troops of the modern Alexander were to march. Among these independent sovereignties, the court of Caubul held a high rank; and, as its known character was haughty, and it was suspected of rather undervaluing the European nations, our government determined that a mission to it should be fitted out in a style of importance and splendor. At Delly were made the principal preparations for its equipment; and thence began the escorted procession, more resembling a triumphal solemnity than a journey of negotiation or discovery. Mr. Elphinstone was placed at the head of it, in the character of envoy to the King of Caubul; and in this very handsome volume he furnishes an interesting narrative of his progress and observations.

The embassy left Delly on the 13th of October 1808; passed through Canound, which is a hundred miles westward; and quitted the British dominions on the 21st, in the Shekahwuttee district, where the desert begins. At Chooroo, the women who had accompanied the mission were sent back, with a guard. Six hundred camels were laden with leathern • VOL. LXXXIII.

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