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CODE OF CANONS,
vilege among the Bishops, but the right of corrYOR PRESERVING THE EPISCOPAL SUCCESSIox. vocating and presiding; and that expressly
under the following restrictions: 1st, That THE Episcopal Church in Scotland invio.
he shall always be obliged to notify to the other lably retaining in the sacred Ministry, the
Bishops the reasons of his calling a Meeting, as three Orders of Bishops, Priests, and Deacons,
well as the time and place for holding it; and if as of Divine Institution, requires, according to
the majority shall dissent, as judging either the the Apostolic Canon, that a Bishop be ordained
reasons insufficient, or the time and place imby two or three Bishops, not fewer than three
proper, the proposal of such Meeting shall be in all ordinary cases; and Priests and Deacons,
either wholly set aside, or the time and place alby one Bishop ; the right of Ordination be
tered, as shall seem to them most expedient. longing to the Order of Bishops only: And it
2dly, That if the Primus shall at any time reis hereby decreed, that no Person shall be con
fuse to call a Meeting, when desired by a masecrated a Bishop of the Episcopal Church in
jority of the other Bishops, they shall in that Scotland, without the consent and approbation of
case have power to meet, and act synodically the majority of the Bishops; and that, if any
without him: And, 3dly, The Primus thus three, or more Bishops, not being a Majority,
chosen by the majority, is to continue in that shall take upon them, without such consent,
office only during their pleasure. That the to consecrate any Person to that Office, both
Church, however, may suffer as little inconvethe Consecrators, and the Person so consecrated,
nience as possible, by the death or resignation shall be holden as Schismatics.
of the Primus, the senior Bishop shall instantly succeed to his powers, until a majority of the
Bishops shall appoint one to the office, by a forCANON II.
mal Deed of Election. REGULATING THE ELECTION AND OFFICE OF THE
CANON III. introduced into Scotland, one of the Bishops | FOR PROVIDING VACANT DISTRICTS WITH LULY had a precedency under the title of Primus Sco
DUCT OF TIE PRESBYTERS IN SUCH DISTRICTS. tiæ Episcopus ; and the Episcopal College having for a century past adopted the old form, it
II PON the demise, or translation of any Biis hereby ordered, that the Bishops shall, with L shop, the Presbyters of the District thereout respect either to seniority of Consecration, by become vacant, shall not be at freedom eior precedency of District, choose a Primus by ther to elect or submit themselves to another majority of voices, who shall have no other pri- | Bishop, without a mandate from the Primus, and.
ELECTED BISTI OPS; AND REGCLATING THE COX
from a majority of the Bishops, or from such a | in whose district they are, shall, by a subscribmajority without the Primus, if he shall refuse to ed Deed, agree to this Regulation. grant a mandate; and as every Bishop is hereby required to appoint one of his Presbyters to officiate under him as his Dean: the Dean thus
CANON V. appointed shall notify the death of his Bishop,
FOR HOLDING AND REGULATING THE BUSINESS OF to the Primus, applying also for a Mandate to
ECCLESIASTICAL SYNODS. elect a successor, within four months at far TIHEREAS hitherto the Constitution of this thest after the vacancy happens. And if the W Church has been such, that a Synod Presbyters of any District shall think proper called for the purpose even of enacting a body to elect a person already vested with the Epis 1 of laws or canons, has consisted of the Bishops copal character, the Bishop so elected shall
only, aided by the advice of the Deans only, have no jurisdiction over that District, until his who sat with them in the same chamber : And Election be confirmed by a Deed of Collation whereas this practice appears inexpedient in the from the majority of the Bishops: But, if they
present circumstances of the Church, it is hereby shall elect a Presbyter, of whose fitness for that
enacted, that henceforth every Synod called for purpose, the Bishops shall declare they have suf
the purpose of altering the Code of Canons, shall ficient reasons not to be satisfied, in that case
consist of two Chambers, of which the second the Presbyters shall be required by the Bishops
shall be composed of the Deans, and of the Reto proceed to a new Election : And during the
presentatives of the Clergy, one such Represenvacancy of any district, the Presbyters there.
tative being chosen from each Diocese in which of shall apply to the Bishop who shall have
there are more than four Presbyters; and that no his place of residence nearest to them, for the
Law or Canon shall be enacted, or abrogated, performance of Episcopal offices amongst them : but by the consent and with the approbation of and no other Bishop shall take upon him to per both Chambers. For regulating the proceedings form any such offices within that District, with.
of the first Chamber, it is hereby enacted, that out the consent of the nearest residing Bishop : when any of the Bishops are disabled from beAnd if any case relating to discipline shall oc
ing personally present at a Synod, through incur, for which the Presbyters may find no par
firmity, or pressing inconvenience, to be notifiticular provision made by the Canons of this ed to the Primus, and by him to the other BiChurch, they shall have recourse to the Primus,
shops; the absent Bishop, or Bishops, may who, with the advice and consent of his Col
send his, or their judgment to the Primus, signleagues, shall determine the same.
ed with his, or their own hand, concerning those matters on account of which the Synod
was precisely called to meet; and this shall be CANON IV.
holden for their canonical vote. The absent REGULATING THE JURISDICTION OF THE BISHOPS Bishops may likewise propose to the Synod in IN A PARTICULAR CASE.
writing any thing which they shall judge exA S in the present state of this Church, it fre- pedient for the good of the Church; and as to
quently happens that a Bishop has his other matters which may incidentally come beChapel and Residence within the District of fore the Synod, the absent Bishop or Bishops another Bishop; in that case, those who belong must be concluded by the majority of those that 10 bis Congregation, together with the Presby- are present: But no Synod shall be holden, unters, or Deacons, joined with him, as his assistants less there be more Bishops present than absent ; in officiating therein, shall be as much under his and in all questions or cases, where the Bishops jurisdiction, as if they were within the bounds shall happen to be equally divided in their opiof his own District; and shall be exempt from nions, in Synod, or out of Synod, that side of the jurisdiction of that Bishop, within the bounds the question shall carry the point upon which of whose District they are: And the Bishop, the Primus gives his vote.
ENJOINING THE STUDIES AND QUALIFICATIONS NECESSARY IN THE CANDIDATES FOR HOLY ORDERS.
RESPECTING THE AGE, THE PRUDENCE, TIE PLACE,
OR CHARGE, OF PERSONS TO BE ORDAINED; AND IN WHAT CASE LETTERS DIMISSORY ARE NECES. SARY.
IN the Canons intended for the Church of
Scotland, and sanctioned by Royal Authority, in the year 1635, the second Chapter, entitled " Of Presbyters and Deacons, their No“mination, Ordination, Function and Charge,” is thus very properly introduced—“ For as “ much as the weight of the ministerial calling “ doth require such a measure of sufficiency as “human weakness can attain unto, and is often "discredited by the ignorance, insufficiency, “ and scandalous conversation of many who “ undertake the same; It is ordained, that no "person hereafter shall be admitted to that " Holy Function, who hath not been bred in “some University or College, and hath taken “some Degree there; and who shall verify the “same by the Subscriptions and Seals of the “ University or College, where he received the “ Degree of Learning.” Now, although in the present state of this Church, it may be found expedient, in some particular instances, to dispense with the observance of part of what is here ordained; yet shall it in general be required of all Candidates for Holy Orders: and, as a regular Education, and competent knowledge of Philology, and sound Philosophy, are justly esteemed requisite to the due exercise of the Ministerial Function, it is, therefore, hereby expressly ordered, that no Person shall be admitted into Holy Orders in this Church, until he have been properly examined, as to his literature, by two or more Presbyters, appointed for that purpose by the Bishop who is to ordain him, and before whom, as his Examiners, he must deliver an account of his faith in Latin, as also a Discourse in English on any text of Scripture which they shall prescribe; and answer such questions, connected with Theology, or Ecclesiastical History, as they shall think proper to put to him: And, before his admission to examination, the Bishop must be satisfied, by sufficient Letters testimonial, (of which a form is subjoined in the Appendix, No. I.) of his good life, and conversation, as well as his good learning..
W HEREAS the necessities of this Church
may often render it inconvenient to defer giving Ordination, till the Person to be ordained has fully attained what has been usually called the Canonical Age; therefore, in any such case, the Bishop may ordain one a Deacon, if duly recommended for that purpose, when he has completed his Twenty-first year; and after serving one year in that capacity, he may be promoted to the Order of Priesthood, if the Bishop be satisfied that, during his service as a Deacon, he has conducted himself in a prudent, and becoming manner, and has also a particular place or charge in the Church assigned to him, wherein he may use or exercise bis Function; without which relation to a particular place, or congregation, no person shall be advanced to the Order of Priesthood in this Church; neither shall any of its Bishops admit any person into Holy Orders, who is not of his own Diocese, unless he shall bring Letters Dimissory from the Bishop of the Diocese wherein he resided for at least the three immediately preceding years, and a Certificate of his having, during that time, lived piously, soberly, and honestly; and diligently applied himself to his studies.
APPOINTING THE SOLEMN PERFORMANCE OF THE
OFFICE OF ORDINATION, AND THE FORM TO BE USED IN MAKING, ORDAINING, AND CONSECRATING OF BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS.
THE welfare of the Church being most inti
- mately connected with the Ordination and Function of the Clergy, the ancient Fathers, led by the example of the Apostles appointed Prayers and Fasts to be used for imploring the Divine Direction and Blessing in that behalf. Therefore the Church in Scotland, tho' obliged by necessity not to restrict her Ordinations to any particular Seasons, does yet sincerely ve
nerate the appointment of the Ember Weeks, and deprived by the Pope, or any authority of the the Prayers to be used on these solemn occa See of Rome, may be deposed or murdered by sions; hereby requiring that all her Ordinations their subjects, or any other whatsoever : And be performed with Public Prayer, and Impo he shall, in like manner, acknowledge, that the sition of hands, and, (as has been practised in King's Majesty, to whom he shall sincerely this Church ever since the Restoration of Charles | promise to bear true allegiance, is, under God, II.) according to the “ Form and manner of the only supreme Governor within his Domi. “making, ordaining, and consecrating of Bi nions; having authority to rule all Estates and “shops, Priests, and Deacons,” used in the Degrees committed to his charge, Clergymen, Church of Engiand, adopting only a few ne as well as Laymen; and that no foreign Prince, cessary verbal alterations, such as saying Person, Prelate, State, or Potentate, hath, or “ this Church,” instead of “ this Realm," or ought to have, any jurisdiction, power, superi" this Church of England,” and omitting the ority, pre-eminence, or authority, Ecclesiastical Oaths of Allegiance, and of the King's Sove- or Spiritual, within this realm: And, together reignty, the purposes of which are provided for with these Acknowledgements and Declarations, by the immediately following Canon.
every Person at his Ordination shall promise, (according to the Form in the Appendix, No.)
III.) to give due obedience to the Canons of CANON IX.
this Church ; and to shew in all things an ear
nest desire to promote the peace, unity, and REQUIRING FROM PERSONS TO BE ORDAINED SUB
SCRIPTION OF TIE THIRTY-NINE ARTICLES OF order, of that part of the Flock of Christ, in RELIGION, AND OTHER ASSURANCES OF LOYAL which he shall be authorised to exercise his MiTY AND OBEDIENCE,
nistry. V HEREAS by the Act of the Thirty
second of his present Majesty, entitled " An Act for granting Relief to Pastors, Mini
CANON X “sters, and Lay persons of the Episcopal Com APPOINTING TAE PROPER INSTITUTION TO A PASTO“ munion in Scotland,” it is enacted that every such Pastor, or Minister, shall subscribe a De HEREAS it has never been the practice claration of his assent to the Thirty-nine Ar of this Church, nor the wish of its Biticles of the Church of England; therefore no shops, to interfere, directly or indirectly, with person shall hereafter be received into the Mi- the funds, or temporalities of any Congregation, nistry of the Episcopal Church in Scotland, un it is therefore fully acknowledged, that the Right til he has first subscribed (according to a Form of Presentation to any Charge is vested in those subjoined in the Appendix, No. II.) willingly, who furnish the Pastor's support: Yet to preand ex animo, to the Book of Articles of Reli. | serve the ancient and regular Discipline of an gion agreed upon by the Archbishops and Bi Episcopal Community, it is hereby enacted, shops of both Provinces of the Realm of Eng. | that no Presbyter shall take upon himself the land, and the whole Clergy thereof, in the Con Pastoral Charge of any Congregation, to which vocation holden at London, in the year of our he may be presented, before the Deed of PreLord, one thousand five hundred and sixty sentation (of which a copy is subjoined in the two, and has acknowledged all, and every the Appendix, No. IV.) be duly accepted by the Articles therein contained, being in number Bishop: And no Bishop shall institute to a PasThirty-nine, besides the Ratification, to be | toral Charge any Person who has been ordainagreeable to the Word of God. He shall also ed by another Bishop, whether of this Church, solemnly declare before the Bishop, that he does or of the United Church of England and Irefrom his heart, abhor, detest, and abjure, as land, except he first shew unto him his Letters impious and heretical, that damnable doctrine, of Orders, and bring a sufficient testimony of and position, that Princes excommunicated, or his former good life and behaviour, as well as
give a solemn promise of obedience to the Ca- " any base or servile labour; or to drinking or nons of this Church, as enjoined by the imme “riot, spending their time idly, by day or by diately preceding Canon; in which case, no “night, playing at dice, cards, or tables, or Bishop shall refuse to grant Institution to a “any other unlawful games unbeseeming their person so presented to the pastoral Charge of “sacred function; but at all times convenient any Congregation, by those who are authorised “ they shall hear or read somewhat of the Holy to manage its affairs, whether known by the ! " Scriptures, or shall occupy themselves with title of Church Wardens, Vestry, Managers, “ some other honest study, or exercise, always Proprietors, or Directors, who shall always have “ doing the things which shall appertain to hothe entire controul and management of the “ nesty, and endeavouring to profit the Church Funds and Temporalities of their respective
o of God.” To all that is here enjoined, the Chapels. (See a Form of Testimonial for In Clergy of this Church are therefore required stitution, and a Form of Institution, in the Ap carefully to attend ; and they shall use not pendix, Nos. V. and VI.)
only a proper and becoming habit in the celebration of Divine Service, and other Offices of
the Church, according to what the Bishops may CANON XI.
recommend, (for which see Appendix, No. VII.)
but also such a decent form of ordinary appaREQUIRING PRESBYTERS TO MAKE PERSONAL RESIDENCE IN THE PLACE WHERE THEIR PASTORAL
rel, as becomes their sacred character, avoidCUARGE LIES, AND NOT TO BE ABSENT BUT FOR
ing every appearance of fashionable levity eiA LIMITED TIME.
ther in Dress or Demeanour, that is inconsis1 N Chapter III. of the Scottish Canons above tent with the gravity of their profession, or which
mentioned, entitled “ Of Residence, and might deprive it of that respect which is due to “ Preaching,” it is justly observed, that “ the it. For the same reason, “ the ancient Ca“many Inconveniences which result from the “nons of the Church did strictly prohibit the “ Non-residence of Ministers, require that some “ admitting of any to the Office of a Bishop, “provision be made thereanent.” Therefore, “ Presbyter, or Deacon, who had not brought it is hereby ordered, that every Presbyter “ their families to be Christian :" Whereby having a Pastoral Charge in this Church, shall all Ecclesiastical Persons are taught the necessireside in some place of easy and convenient ac ty of looking well to the order and good governcess to the Members of his Congregation; and ment of their Households; and training up their shall not at any time leave, or absent himself families in such a religious course, as may shew from his charge, for a longer space than three to others an encouraging pattern of piety and weeks, unless for some very urgent cause, and | virtue. All which must be duly observed, unwith the permission and consent of the Bishop der pain of the censures of the Church, to be of the Diocese.
inflicted according to the quality of the offence.
CENCY OF APPAREL, IN ECCLESIASTICAL PERSONS,
OTHER ASSISTANCES TO BE DERIVED FROM MEET-