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POS AQUILONIS VICIT CXIV, SECUN-extended around its base and covered DAS TULIT LVI, TERTIAS TULIT its sloping sides, a fertility in great
measure owing to the deposits of fine volcanic sand and ashes that had been thrown out from the mountain. See Virg. G. II. 224.
nobilis uva] Sir Emerson Tennent says: "The richest wines of France, Italy, Hungary, Madeira, and Teneriffe, are grown on the sites of extinct volcanoes." On Wine, etc. p. 81.
lacus] is the vat into which the wine flowed from the press: Cato R. R. 25.
On Roman Gardens, see Smith's Dict. Ant. Hortus: and the letter of the younger Pliny, Epist. V. 6, in which he describes his Tuscan Villa. Comp. also Statius' account of the "Villa Surrentina" of Pollius, Silv. II. 2, and that of the "Villa Tiburtina" of Vopiscus, I. 3.
3. longo jugo] The Janiculum stretched from the Aventine and Vatican hills to the Milvian bridge.
14. frigus] "cool retreats:" such as the frigidum Præneste' of, Horace, Od. III. 4, 22.
The commentators explain 'virgineo cruore' by the sacrifices offered to Diana, the Virgin goddess, in the grove of Aricia. See Geograph. Dict. Aricia. But the allusion is not clear. It is possible that the suicide of Anna Perenna may be referred to.
19. The sense is: the villa commands a good view of persons riding or driving on the Salarian and Flaminian roads, while the noise of the wheels is too distant to be heard [essedo tacente].
33. pendulam] beautifully describes the site of Setia on a lofty hill, looking down on the Pontine marshes and the Appian Way. Comp. Mart. XIII. 112: 'Pendula Pomptinos quæ spectat Setia campos.'
3. munera] Glaucia was emancipated, and made a freedman, in his infancy.
Martial here attributes the decline of poetry to the absence of munificent patronage. Juvenal, VII. 38 seqq. makes the same complaint. Some remarks as to the relative characteristics of the Augustan and Flavian literature will be found in Merivale's Emperors, vol. VII. ch. 64.
2. duce] i. e. Domitian. 5. sint Mecænates, etc.] Comp. Juv. VII. 69:
5. Conturbabit] Comp. Juv. VII. 128: 'Sic Pedo conturbat [becomes insolvent]: Matho deficit [fails].'
6. decidat] Comp. Juv. XII. 33: 'decidere [to compound] cœpit cum ventis.'
7-11. Domitian restored the Temples which had perished in the conflagration of the reign of Nero: among others the temple of the Capi. toline Jupiter, spending, according to Plutarch, no less than £2,400,000 on the gilding of the edifice alone. He built a temple to Minerva in the Campus, and another in the Forum Transitorium [addita templa foro]; and consecrated two fanes to Juno.In the words Tarpeiæ frondis honore,'
'Nam si Virgilio puer et tolerabile deesset Hospitium, caderent omnes a denti- the poet alludes to the chaplets of oak
Surda nihil gemeret grave buccina.' 12. Alexin] alluding to the second Eclogue of Virgil. Servius mentions a report that Virgil's Alexis was only another name for Alexander, a youth belonging to Mecænas, and given by him to the poet, who is supposed by Spohn to have written the 22nd Eclogue as a mark of gratitude to his patron.
17. excidit] i.e. he no longer confined himself to humble rural themes, but essayed Epic poetry.
Galatea] See Virg. Ecl. III. 64. 18. Thestylis] See Ecl. II. 10. 20. Culicem] The Culex, or Gnat, is a kind of Bucolic poem in 413 hexameters, often very obscure.
21. Marsus was an Epigrammatist, whom Martial elsewhere mentions, Lib. II. Epigr. 71.
51. domus longe] Schneidewin pronounces the last word a corruption.
and laurel which were given as prizes in the games instituted by Domitian in honour of Jupiter Capitolinus. Suet. Dom. 5. Merivale's Emperors, vol. VI. 164.
11. Quid loquar Alciden] The shrine and altar of Hercules, consecrated by Evander, perished in the fire and was restored by the Emperor: see Merivale, 1.c. and Id. VII. p. 142. Suet. 1. c. He also rebuilt the fanes of Castor and Pollux, 'pii Lacones.' The epithet 'pii' refers to the legend which relates that Pollux preferred to share his brother's fate, and to live and die on alternate
days with him, rather than to live as an immortal in Olympus. Mythol. Dict. p. 1053.
3. gener atque socer] 'socer' describes Cæsar, whose daughter Julia Pompey married. Comp. Virg. Æn. VI. 830:
'Aggeribus socer Alpinis atque arce Monoci
Descendens, gener adversis instructus Eois.'
Participles: of deponent verbs, used both tran- Propert. 1. 25.
sitively and intransitively
future active, signifying desire
perfect passive, in agreement with a
noun, used for the English noun
adjectival use of
passives used as deponents
used for substantives
Per, collocation of, in adjurations
Plural number, used poetically for the singular
Ovid, 41, 89.
Ovid, 28, 31. 33. 129.