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POS AQUILONIS VICIT CXIV, SECUN- / extended around its base and covered DAS TULIT LVI, TERTIAS TULIT its sloping sides, a fertility in great XXXVI.

measure owing to the deposits of fine

volcanic sand and ashes that had been IV.-8.

thrown out from the mountain. See

Virg. G. II. 224. This Epigram is constantly quoted nobilis uva] Sir Emerson Ten. for its description of the occupations of nent says: “The richest wines of a Roman day. Compare Horace's France, Italy, Hungary, Madeira, and diary, Sat. I. 6, 112 seqq.

Teneriffe, are grown on the sites of 1, 2. Prima] i. e. six a.m. extinct volcanoes.” On Wine, etc. p.

salutantes] Comp. Virg. G. II. 81. 462, where Prof. Conington observes, on lacus] is the vat into which the the authority of the text, that these wine Howed from the press : Cato R, levées were held from six o'clock in R. 25. the morning till eight. Comp. Juv. I. 127,8:

64. * Ipse dies pulchro distinguitur ordine

On Roman Gardens, see Smith's Sportula, deinde forum jurisque Dict. Ant. Hortus: and the letter of peritus Apollo.'

the younger Pliny, Epist. V. 6, in Comp. also V. 22, where the client which he describes his Tuscan Villa. repairs to his patron ‘Sideribus dubiis.' | Comp. also Statius' account of the

4. A siesta at noon is still common “ Villa Surrentina” of Pollius, Silv. in Italy.

II. 2, and that of the “ Villa Tibur6. frangere toros] equivalent tina” of Vopiscus, I. 3. to mensæ accumbere;' since the

3. longo jugo] The Janiculum Romans reclined at table.

stretched from the Aventine and Vati. 7. libellorum] Martial's verses

can hills to the Milvian bridge. were read to Domitian for his amuse

14. frigus]

retreats :" ment after dinner. Euphemus was such as the "frigidum Præneste' of probably the Emperor's maître d'hotel. Horace, Od. III. 4, 22.

10. parca] an indirect compliment The commentators explain 'virto Domitian's sobriety. “Ambrosias,' gineo cruore' by the sacrifices offered 1. 8, implies the divinity of the to Diana, the Virgin goddess, in the Emperor.

grove of Aricia. See Geograph. Dict. il. jocos] libellos, v. 7.

Aricia. But the allusion is not clear.
It is possible that the suicide of Anna

Perenna may be referred to.

19. The sense is: the villa com

mands a good view of persons riding or Martial here alludes to the fearful driving on the Salarian and Flameruption of Vesuvius on the 24th of inian roads, while the noise of the August A.D. 79, described in detail by wheels is too distant to be heard [esthe younger Pliny in bis well-known sedo tacente). letter to the historian Tacitus, Plin. 33. pendulam] beautifully deEp. VI. 16, 20. Herculaneum and scribes the site of Setia on a lofty hill, Pompeii were buried beneath the vast looking down on the Pontine marshes accumulation of ashes.

and the Appian Way. Comp. Mart. 1-5. Vesuvius was noted for the XIII. 112: “Pendula Pomptinos quæ great fertility of the tract which spectat Setia campos.'

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IX.-4. 3. munera] Glaucia was emanci- 5. Conturbabit] Comp. Juv. pated, and made a freedman, in his VII. 128: Sic Pedo conturbat infancy.

[becomes insolvent] : Matho deficit

(fails].' VII.-50.

6. decidat] Comp. Juv. XII. 33: Martial here attributes the decline ventis.'

decidere [to compound] cæpit cum of poetry to the absence of munificent

7-11. Domitian restored the patronage. Juvenal, VII. 38 seqq. Temples which had perished in the makes the same complaint. Soine conflagration of the reign of Nero: remarks as to the relative character- among others the temple of the Capi. istics of the Augustan and Flavian toline Jupiter, spending, according to literature will be found in Merivale's Plutarch, no less than £2,400,000 on Emperors, vol. VII. ch. 64.

the gilding of the edifice alone. He 2. duce] i.e. Domitian.

built a temple to Minerva in the 5. sint İlecænates, etc.] Comp. Campus, and another in the Forum Juv. VII. 69:

Transitorium [addita templa foro]; * Nam si Virgilio puer et tolerabile and consecrated two fanes to Juno. deesset

In the words • Tarpeiæ frondis honore,' Hospitium, caderent omnes a denti- the poet alludes to the chaplets of oak bus hydri:

and laurel which were given as prizes Surda nihil gemeret grave buccina.' in the games instituted by Domitian in 12. Alexin] alluding to the

honour of Jupiter Capitolinus. Suet. second Eclogue of Virgil. Servius

Dom. 5. Merivale's Emperors, vol. VI. mentions

report that Virgil's p. 164. Alexis was only another name for

11. Quid loquar Alciden]

The shrine and altar of Hercules, Alexander, a youth belonging to Mecænas, and given by him to the consecrated by Evander, perished in

the fire and poet, who is supposed by Spohn to

was restored by the have written the 22nd Eclogue as a


: see Merivale, l.c. and Id. mark of gratitude to his patron.

VII. p. 142. Suet. l. c. He also re17. excidit] i.e. he no longer built the fanes of Castor and Pollux, confined himself to humble rural

'pii Lacones.'

The epithet 'pii' themes, but essayed Epic poetry.

refers to the legend which relates that Galatea] See Virg. Ecl. III. 64. Pollux preferred to share his brother's

fate, and to live and die on alternate 18. Thestylis] See Ecl. II. 10. 20. Culicem] The 'Culex,' or

days with him, rather than to live as

immortal in Olympus. Mythol. Gnat, is a kind of Bucolic

Dict. 413 hexameters, often very obscure. 21. Marsus was an Epigrammatist,

71. whom Martial elsewhere mentions, Lib. II. Epigr. 71.

3. gener atque socer] 'socer' describes Cæsar, whose daughter Julia

Pompey married. Comp. Virg. Æn. VIII.-58.

VI. 830:

Aggeribus socer Alpinis atque arce 51. domas longe] Schneidewin Monoeci pronounces the last word a corrup- Descendens, gener adversis instructus tion.



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poem in

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A, ab, use of, where the ablativus instrumenti Ovid, 33, 16. 38, 116. 16,
would be employed in prose

21; Propert. 29, 51.
Accusative Case : neater accus. after intransi. Phædr. 1. 7; Catull. xxii. 18.
tive verbs
of time, with 'hic'

Phædr. 1. 9.
of reference

Ovid, 21, 29. 22, 18. 38, 32.

44, 38; Tibull. 1. 3, 69.
of “the thing” after ‘moneor,' 'rogor,' Orid, 19, 9. 44, 100.
Adjectives: idiomatic use of primus' Ovid, 25, 19.

summus'. Ovid, 19, 7. 22, 20.

for adverbs Ovid, 13, 14.
Greek construction of

Ovid, 17, 19. 39,80.
used in an active sense, e.g. puras,' Tibull. 1. 5, 11. 7, 22 ; 11. 1,
"purifying," "fertilis,” “fertilising," "irri. 46.
guus,' “ watering,” etc.

used with a substantive, where two sub- Ovid, 39, 27.
stantives would stand in English
Comparatives, idiomatic uses of

Phædr. 11. 17. xvi. 12 ; Ovid,

23, 18. 43, 22.
Dative Case, idiomatic use of

Ovid, 30, 16.

Tibull. II. 5, 47.
" of the purpose

Phædr. VIII. 2; Ovid, 30, 57.
66 of the agent

Ovid, 7, 3. 44, 13.
Definite terms, used poetically for indefinite Ovid, 27, 37.
Dum, idiomatically used with the present tense Phædr. x. 9; Ovid, 39, 100.
“provided that,” with subjunctive

Tibull. 1. 1, 6.
Ebar: used idiomatically, the material being Ovid, 42, 48. 44, 94.

put for the object
Epithets, transferred from the person to the Tibull. 1. 7, 6, 36.

Future tense: idiomatic use of

Ovid, 14,8 24, 32. 38, 67,


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Imperfect tense, used for the pluperfect by Tibull. 1. 10, 11.

Indicative mood: in a dependent interrogative Ovid, 37, 86.

in conditional expressions, for the sub- Ovid, 37, 2.

its use distinguished from that of the Ovid, 30, 18.
subjunctive after . sunt qui,' etc.
Infinitive mood : idiomatic use of the present . Ovid, 38, 5. 24, 26.

perfect . Ovid, 12, 2; Tibull. 1. 1, 74.
Iste, the demonstrative pronoun" of the second Ovid, 21, 8. 41, 29.


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Participles: of deponent verbs, used both tran- Propert. I. 25.
sitively and intransitively
future active, signifying desire

Ovid, 31, 37.
perfect passive, in agreement with a Ovid, 13, 16. 39, 47.
noun, used for the English noun
adjectival use of

Ovid, 44, 2.
passives used as deponents

Ovid, 41, 34.
used for substantives

Ovid, 11, 14.
Per, collocation of, in adjurations

Tibull. 1. 5, 7.
Plural number, used poetically for the singular Ovid, 6, 5. 38, 32.
Propertius: characteristics of his style, e.g.-
sudden apostrophes

Iv. 13, 18. 18, 7. V. 4, 86.

11, 39.
ellipses in the sense

Notes, 11, 12, p. 20.
use of hypallage

v. 11, 15, 85.
use of per' for 'inter'

v. 4, 20.

See also p. 19,

Notes 3, 4.

Ovid, 20, 1. 21, 21. 37, 126.

38, 29. 38, 67. 39, 87.
41, 93 ; Tibull. I. 5, 13.
I. 5, 33. 1. 10, 13.


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Qaum, equivalent to quoties,' with an Indica. Ovid, 41, 89.
tive mood

used adversatively, with a Subjunctive Ovid, 28, 31. 33. 129.

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