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return thanks to the friend who sent us the IVorcester and the Orford · Herald.--The town of Rippon has petitioned; likewise the town of Guildford ;-the dean and chapter of St. David's ;-the clergy of the four archdeaconries of that diocese, viz. Şt. David's, Camarthen, Cardigan and Brecon ;-Aberystwith ;- the archdeacon and clergy of Gloucester; the bailiff and inhabitants of Penrhyn, with 8000 signatures ;Bristal with the signatures of between 8000 and 9000 persons ;-the town and county of Lancaster signed by between 14,000 and 15,000 people ;-the clergy of the archdeaconry of Suffolk ;-clergy and archdeaconry of Sudbury; - Ereter has petitioned ;-as has Carlisle ;-the dean and chapter of Durham ;-the archdeaconries of Durham and Northumberland ;-and the clergy of the same ; Berwick upon Tweed ; - the city of Cork ;--and several parishes in York.--Harwich, in the name of the mayor, aldermen, burgesses, and principal inhabitants ;-Cornwall petitions potwitlistanding a violent opposition at Bodmyn, where the county meeting was held ;-the corporation of Bodmyn ;-the county of Donegal petitions, and addresses the Prince Regent; the parish of St. Dunstan in the East, London, petitions ;--- Kent, after much debate, and a clear majority, petitions : as do the clergy of the diocese of Rochester.The county of Denbigh has petitioned, with only one dissenting voice. The county of Merioneth has petitioned-as has the county of Caernarvon, and New Sarum. The corporation of Penzance has petitioned ; -The corporation of Wallingford has presented a petition, attested by the corporation seal; but the mayor has, with some inhabitants, sigred a petition in favour of the Claims. The inhabitants of the city of Worcester have petitioned. The county of Meath has petitioned: as has the county of Sligo, the counties of Down and Cavar, and the county of Tipperary. The county of Fermanagh has presented' a petition with 13,300 signatures of Protestants; more by upwards of 9,000 ihan the Papists, with all their industry, could procure in all Ireland. The county of Carlow bas petitioned; as has the county of Monaghan; 14,154 persons signing the petition. The lord mayor of Dublin bas presented the petition of that cily, at the bar of the House of Commons. The petition of Wexford was withdrawn for informality. Mr. Whitbread presented a petition ia favour of the claims from some persons near Loughborongh ; and the Queen's County in Ireland petitions for the claims.-We shall be very happy after the question is decided to be favoured with a complete list ;--and also with lists of the majority and minority in both houses,

Acknowledgements to Correspondents in our next.

THE

PROTESTANT ADVOCATE,

FOR APRIL, 1813.

The Pope claims an absolute supremacy over our King and his realms; and how “ he can be a good subject of the King of England, who professes obedience to this

foreign princely prelate, is very hard to be understood : if you own the Pope to be " above the King, you must then obey him even when his orders contradict those of

your lawful Sovereignt, and so you are the Pope's subjects, not the King's ; nor can " bis Majesty have any security of your allegiance, any longer than it pleases the " Roman Bishop; so that he reigns over you at the Pope's mercy."-Comber..

POPERY RESISTED BY THE MEMBERS OF THE ESTABLISHED

CHURCH We beg that our Correspondent J. D. (p. 260) will accept our thanks for tracing the doctrine asserting the Sovereignty of the Mob, to Rome, the grand source of error. This piece of moral genealogy will account for many affinities between parties that seemingly, and to common eyes, stand in no sort of relationship to each other. Popery and Jacobinism ! how dissimilar do they appear! The former, tyrannical and domineering; the latter, proclaiming liberty and equality: the former, shackling the very consciences of men ; the latter, raising the hand of insurrection against all that is sacred. They are, however, nearly akin, and each promotes the other's purposes in secret. The Pope has often gained an accession of power, by exciting revolt against independent sovereigns; and the child and champion of jacobinism found no great difficulty in calling the ultramontane head of the Romish Church over the Alps, to sanction, with his imposing presence, the coronation of the Emperor of the French at Paris. The infallible old man was gratified in once more conferring a crown; and, although the ape of Charlemagne varied from his original by stripping the Pope of his temporalities, the two potentates have since come to a better understanding. Buonaparte has restored, we are informed, his territories to the Pope ; the Pope has received back the stolen property; and this infallible compounder of a felony (give us leave to speak with the feelings, and to use the language of Englishmen) has compromised his honour ; has consented to the formal repadiation of Josephine ; and will, probably, attend the ceremony of setting an usurped diadem on the head of her

Vol. I. [Prot. Adv. April 1813.) 2 X

successor. Risking all the consequences, he will, most likely, offer a sceptre to the infant King of Rome, whose little haods have, as yet, only swayed a rattle.

It has ever been an object with the Romanists, to endeavour to serve their own religion by inflaming the unhappy disputes of Protestants amongst themselves. Popery was busied for many years, not only in directly opposing Protestantism, but by breaking in pieces the bond of union amongst the professors of the reformed religion, and making them jealous of each other. Camden (Annales Elizabethe, A. D). 1568), says, that " while Harding, Sanders, and others, attacked our church on one side ; Coleman, Button, Hallingham, Benson and others, were as busy on the other ; who, under the pretence of a purer reformation, opposed the discipline, Liturgy, and calling of our Bishops, as approaching too near to the Church of Rome.' One of the ingenious pieces of advice given to Young, by Signior Ballarini, concerning the best way of managing the Popish interest in England, upon King Charles II.'s Restoration was this : " to make appear, underhand, how near the doctrine, worship, and discipline of the Churcb of England comes to us (the Papists] : at how little distance their common-prayer is from our mass; and that the wisest and ablest men of that way, are so moderate, that they would willingly come over to us, or, at least, meet us balf way ; bereby the more stayed men will become more odious, and others will run out of all religion for fear of Popery." Now this was exactly conceived in the spirit of what is now called Jacobinism; to make men dissatisfied with the established order of things; and to introduce the principles of disorganization. Partial as Rome is to Episcopacy, she vould willingly bave destroyed it amongst the English Protestants, and priesthood too, in the hope of recovering her own supremacy, during the prevalence of the confusions which must have ensued. At least Cardinal Barberini said so, in the hearing of a witness who testified the fact to Bishop Stillingfleet (at tbat time Dean of St. Paul's). His expression was : “ I could be contented there were no Priests in England, so there were no Bishops; "-" for then,” adds Stillingfleet, " their work would do itself.'* Now this is ecclesiastical jacobinism. The artifices of Rome have but too well succeeded. The English Protestants are a disunited people. Many of them believe the lies propagated by the emissaries of Rome. Some of them espouse the cause of the very men who delight in seeing them divided, and feel satisfaction in contemplating aloof the success of their own schemes. They cry up liberolity to the skies. The

# See the Preface to Stillingfilect's Unreasonetleness of Separation, pages ix, xiv, szi«

Papists will be very happy to obtain their ends by means of Protestant liberality. The Papists abound with liberality, and have a most scrupulous regard for tender consciences ! Do our worthy fellow-countrymen know that the mode of insinuating Popery into any country, has been reduced to a system? Stillingfleel (page xix.) quotes the Jesuit Contzens, who particularly prescribes three rules for this precious parpose.1. That it be done under a pretence of ease to tender consciences, which will gain a reputation to the prince, and not seem to be done from his own inclination, bat out of kindness to his people. 2. That when liberty is granted, then the parties be forbid to contend with each other; for that will make way the more easily for one side to prevail, and the prince will be commended for his love of peace. 3. That those who suspect the design, and preach against it, be traduced as men that preach very unseasonable doctrine, that they are proud, self-opiniators, and enemies 10 peace and union." We cannot wonder at the way in which some of the steady friends of Protestantism have been railed at of late ; we cannot wonder any longer at the epithets which have been applied to them-Protestant bigots,&c.—This is a part of the system, wbich was never more fully carried into effect than in these our days. Many Protestants, afraid of the imputation of bigotry, join in the cry against those of their brethren who deserve their best thanks. Since the era of the Revolution, never has Popery been more audacious in its pretences, or more intemperate in its language, than at present. An ignorant maa might be led to believe that Popery has never, at any time, been tyrannical, never intolerant; that it never made war on common sense; that it never fabricated a miracle;

that it never garbled holy writ; mistranslated Scripture to serve a purpose ; prohibited the use of the Bible to the bulk of the people; set the Apocrypha on a level with canonical Scripture, ard explained both by vague tradition ; that it never falsified the page of history; that it never trenched on civil liberty; that it never trampled on the necks of Kings; that it never absolved subjects from their allegiance to lawful Sovereigns; that it never anatbematized both people and princes; that it never pretended to give away kingdoms, and to dispose of the surface of the globe at its pleasure; that it never crecied the tribunal of the inquisition; that it never employed the rack; and that, in England, it never attempted the horrible enterprize of blowing up the King and the Parliament, by means of gunpowder. An ignorant man might be induced to believe that the Papists have been grossly iraduced ; that they are innocent sufferers; and that whoever cpposes their claims, must be a stranger to literality of sentiment. If this be the case, we fear that there men who must be classed with the ignorant. This is, unhappily, but too true. The arts of Popery have prevailed too fat. The Romanists have attained a degree of popularity. Many of the descendants of their ancient opponents, now fight their battles. The Protestants are become disunited! and that has happened in our days which our fathers would have counted a prodigy, - professors of the reformed religion no longer deem it necessary to repress the growth of Popery. The Papists have carried things further than they once even ventured to hope; they have not only contrived to set Protestant against Protestant, and sow the seeds of disunion amongst them; but they have gained over a very large number of Protestants to their side. At least they have contrived to lull them into neutrality. We here beg leave to appeal to the whole country, whether we have not, from the commencement of our labours, called on Protestants, of all denominations, lo make common cause with us. We acknowledge that we are members of the Established Church; but we have ever been accustomed to look with brotherly eyes on all churches, and all classes of Christians, which have cleared themselves from the corruptions of the Church of Rome. Little did we expect that the Church of England should be left to contend almost single-handed against the Papists, re inforced as they bave been to a certain degree with some formidable alliances wbich they have contrived to make amongst the Dissenters. If any classes of non-conformists join the Papists in the attempt to obtain a repeal of the Corporation and Test Acts; they must be very short-sighted if they do not see what the necessary effects of giving power to the Papists must be. If the Protestant ascendancy be overturned, they cannot expect to gain by it. They must be crushed in the common ruin of Protestantism. The Papists praise them to the skies at present; they are the only friends of freedom; they are the liberal assertors of the natural rights of mankind! Can the Protestant Dissenters be so easily gulled ? In a state of civil society, there must be a surrender of many natural rights; and when the laws of religion and society are combined together, so as not to be separated, as is ever the case among Christians ; mankind are still farther removed from a state of nature. But supposing the Papists here, or in Ireland, or in both countries, to gain the ascendancy, what will be the consequence? What have Protestants to expect from those who class with Heretics, and consiga to damnation all who are out of the pale of the Romish Church. In this case, the Protestant non-conformists will soon suffer under disabilities and penalties, compared to which the Test Laws will be as nothing. They will find “the little finger" of the Papists, "heavier than the loins" of their brethren who are members of the establishment; if they complain of “the yoke" now laid on them they will find that of the Papists incomparably“ heavier ; "a yoke

are many

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