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FROM OCTOBER 4, TO DECEMBER 27, 1834,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR,
11, BOLT COURT, FLBET STREET.
No. 1. Letter II. to Cbarles Marshall. Letter nor.-To Lord Althorp.-- Paper-Money.--
to Mr. Smith.--Letier to Mr. John Dean. Patriot Creevy:- Negro-Work.- Treat-
King.--Change of Ministry.–To my Con.
stituents.-Letter IX. to Charles Mar.
shall.- Legacy to Labourers.- Fires in
No. 2. Letter III. to Charles Marshall.--To
History of George IV.-Lord Durham.
No. 4. Letter V. to Charles Marshall.-Burn-
Hume.--The Swamper. -Mr. O'Connell,
Whi: Effusions.- The Fires.-Common
No. 5. Later VI. to Cbarles Marshall. --Burn- of Mr. Hume to the Electors of Middle-
sex.--Dinner tt Oldham.
and Currency.- Bull-Frog Meeting.-To
Lord Aliborp.- Poor-Law Bill.--To the Sir Francis Burdett.-Coventry Election.
-Sir Charles Wolseley's Address to the
tax Debate.-American Currency Ques.
tion.-- Seeds.-Life of Jackson.
Peel's Letter.--Mr. Harvey.-Legacy to
Morning Register.--Letter of Mr. O'Con-
To the Edi!or of the Standard,- Dialt-tax.
Kentish Bull - I rogs.-- Poor-Law Bill.
Charles Marshall.–To the Earl of Rad- Electiou.--Mr. Williams's Speech, dic.
VOL. 86.No. 1.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, October 4th, 1834.
[Price Is. 2d.
and all these persorts are, as they eat, standing up in the room, as thick as they can stand. Each, as soon as the mess is eaten, goes away; and, as there is room made, others come in ; and there were about three hundred theri waiting in the yard to take their turn.
There were about a hundred little Bancroft Library
girls in a school, and about as many boys in another, Deither had shoes or
stockings, and the boys had no shirts. TO CHARLES MARSHALL,
Their faces were pale, the whole hun
dred not having so much red as your LABOURER,
little round-faced chap that was set to Of Normandy Tithing, Ash, Farnham, seed in Dodman's field. Yes, MaksualL,
keep the birds away from the cabbage Surrey.
that little chap, with his satchel full of Dublin, 27. Sept. 1834.
bread and cheese or bacon ; he was at MARSHALL,
the proper school! He and Tom DeadAfter I wrote to you, the other day, max and little BARRATT will make strong about the MĖNDICITY, I went again at und able men like their fathers; will the dinner time. You know, I saw the live well, and be well clothed ; and will breakfasi ! that is the ground oats and be respected like their fathers, and be butter-milk, or water, or skim-milk, happy in that state of life in which it (sometimes one and sometimes the has pleased God to place them; and other), boiling in great coppers for the will not, I hope, listen to any fanatical breakfust; and now I went to see the man, who would persuade them, that to dinner; and the gentlemen, who have starve ih rags, in this world; has a the management of the place, showed tendency to give them a crown of glory me all about it. There are about three in the next. thousand persons fed here; and, if they In another place I saw a great crowd were not thus fed, they must either die, of women sitting and doing nothing, or thieve or rob; or more properly each with a baby in her arms. They take by force ; for, in such a case, the were sitting in rows, waiting, I helieve, words theft or robbery do not, according for their messes.
Some of them were to the just laws of England, apply to the young and naturally 'handsome; but act; though they do apply, aod, I hope, made ugly by starvation, rags, and dirt. always will apply, in England. It was one mass of rags; and, not what
I saw this " dinner." In one long you call rags ; not rags such as you see room, there were about 500 women, on the beggars or gipsies that go to each with some_potatoes in a bowl, hopping at Farnham ; but far worse mashed, as you mash them, to mix with than any that you ever saw tied round a meal, for your hogs. These people go stake to frighten the birds from our to one end of the room, and, one at a wheat and our peas; far worse than lime, get their mess. There are persons the Kentish people and South Hampto put the potatoes into the bowl ; shire people put up on a scare-crow to which they do by taking the potatoes keep the birds from their cherries. And out of a tub, with a tin measure, holding this is the condition, Marshall, to which about a quart, and putting the thing the Scotch feelosofer vagabonds wish to full in to the bowl, which is then carried persuade the Parliament to reduce the away by the person who is to eat it; wives and the daughters of the working (Printed by W. Cobbett, Johnson's court.)
people of England! while they talk of bonds before we have done. It is our educating you all, at the same time ! duty, too, to exert this right to endeaAh! MARSHALL, these vagabonds want vour to better the lot of our suffering to give you books, and to take away the fellow-subjects in Ireland. Mr. Dean bread and meat for themselves. will tell you, that I have always set iny
In another place I saw the most pain- face against the ill-treatment of Irish fül sighi of all: : xoren, with heavy people who go to get work in England. bammers, cracking slowes into very small Their own food is sent away from them pieces, to make walks in gentlemen's to England, for the benefit of their landgardens ! These women were as ragged lords; we receive the food, and it is as the rest; and the sight of them and monstrous injustice in us to frown upon their work, and the thoughts accompa- them, if they come and offer their lanying these, would have sunk the heart bour in exchange for a part of that very in your body, as they did mine. And food which they theniselves have raised. ) are the women and girls of England to I hear that discondents are arising be brought to this state? Would not again in England, on account of the every man in Normandy suffer every lowering of wages. 'Mr. Dean will not drop of blood to be let out of his body lower the wages of any body. He knows rather than see your sisters and daugh-that I never gave a full working man ters and mothers and wives brought to less than 15s. ä week, though found a this state? If I were not sure that Tou good house and garden and plenty of Farr would perish himself rather than fuel. And I know that a man, with a see his sister brought to this, he should wife and only three small children, cannot live under my roof a moment longer. not live, as he ought to live, on less, And what, then, of his good and indus- though flour were cheaper than it is trious and kind and tender mother! The now, as I hope it will be. But, Marbare thought would drive him mad ! SAALL, let us be just ; let us do as we Yet, Marshall
, it is my duty to tell you, would be done by : many of the furmers that the half-drunk and half-mad and are not able, in the present state of greedy and crawling Scotch vagabonds, things, with all these taxes and monowhose counsels have beggared the polies arising out of them, to give the Scotch working people, are endeavour- wages that I give, without being ruinrd ing to persuade the Parliament to bring themselves; theirs is, in many cases, a your wives, mothers, sisters, and daugh- life of greater hardship than that of the ters into this very statė! Be on your labourer: they are compelled to give guard, therefore; be ready to perform 8s. 61. for MALT, which, if there were your duty to prevent the success of these no tur, they would have at this moment crawling villains, who hope to get re- for about 3s. 3d. They would give warded for their schemes for making their men beer, they would keep the you work for 6d. a day, and for putting young people in their houses, as I do ; your wages into the pockets of the land- but they are unable to do it without lords. When I get back we will have being ruined and becoming labourers a meeting at Guildford to petition the themselves. Then the landlords : why king and Parliament on the subject; to should their rents not be paid ? Not to this meeting you must all come; for, get their rents is to lose their estates; though the law does not give you the and why should they have their estates right of voting, it always gives you the taken away? Those estates are as much right of petitioning; and as I shall here their right as good living in exchange after show you, it gives you a right to for your labour, and as parish aid in parish relief in case you be unable to case of inability are your rights. So earn a sufficiency to keep you in a pro- that I hope that you will duly consider per manner. This is as much youç birik- these things; and not conclude that, riyht as is the lord of the manor's right though others may not give the wages to his estate; and of this we will con- that I give, they would not do it if they vince the crawling and greedy vaga-could.
It is my opinion that, if flour were
TO MR. SMITH, only 5s. a bushel, 155. a week is not too
AT THE PRINTING-OFFICE, much for a really able, sober, and trust
BOLT.COURT. worthy labouring man, who has a wife
DEAR SIR, and only three small children. And I
Dublin, 27. Sept., 1834, never did, and never will, make any of each of these Letters to MARSHALL
You will please to cause 500 copies distinction between a married man and a single man. Why should I? What to be struck off, in the manner described have I to do with the man, more than
in my last letter. Put thein up in a to pay him duly the worth of his labour? coach-parcel, and send them by the And how is the single man ever to be Farnham coach, directed to Mr. DEAN in a fit condition to marry, and to lead at Normaudy, Ash, Farnham, Surrey. a happy life and rear a family, unless This is not giving you trouble, but plean he has, from his earnings while single, sure; and therefore I offer you no apothe means of starting well in his new
logy. I hope that all the unstamped state of life? The old saying, that will send these letters about. “ when poverty comes in at the door, love flies out at the window," is perfectly
Your faithful true. And how is poverty to be kept
And most obertient servant,
WM. COBBETT. out if there be nothing of any worth to begin with!
P.S. Put an ounce weight of each of I have not time to write any thing them under cover, and direct it to oar more to you now. I will, in future let- county member, John Leech, Esq., Lea, ters, tell you the causes of all this misery, Godalming. and you will want nothing more to make you all resolve to use all the law. ful means in your power to prevent it
TO MR. JOHN DEAN. from falling on yourselves.
DEAR SIR, Two things, I hope, you will all at- I suppose that the parcels of printed tend to in my absence: first, cheerful letters will get to Farohum every Tuesa obedience to Mr. Dean, in all things, day night. And you must get them 27 years of experience having convinced over to Normandy. Send about 200 me that he will require from you no- of each Number, by one of the boys of thing but that which is proper, and that men, to Mr. Wortlaw, at Compton, who nothing will induce hiin to do any I hope will get them sent to Godalining, thing towards any body that is unjust, Brainley, Elstead, Frencham, Seale, or hard. The other thing is, my hope Hazlemere, &c. and all about that side that none of you will go to any drinking of the Hog's-back. You will take care to place on any account. You have no get the rest sent to Farnham, Guildford, need to do it; when you have not good Chertsey, Egham, Bagshot, and to ali beer at the farm-house, I give you the the parishes round about us, especially means of having it at home with your Purbright and Chobham. Be very diliwives and children ; and therefore, if gent about this. Any of the men will any of you should disobey me in this carry them on a Sunday, or in the evenrespect, and should set at nought the ing, to such a place as Purbright or example which you have in Mr. Dean, Aldershot. You will observe, that I as well as the precept that you thus re- have this matter greatly at heart; and ceive from me, Mr. Dean has my full therefore. I beg you to act accordingly. authority to act towards you accordingly. My native county shall not be unjust
With giving you this important pre- towards Ireland for want of knowing cepl, and in the hope that all of you and her treatment, and for want of knowing all belonging to you are well,
the miseries so unjustly inflicted upon
her ; nor shall the people of that county Your master and friend,
be sleeped in similar misery by the WM. COBBEIT. scheures of the renegado Scotch yillains,