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Quam fixam paries illos servabat in usus,
Lumina fida locat; geminos tunc veste lacertos
Liberat, et, cinctus villosæ tergore capræ,
Præverrit cauda silices gremiumque molarum.
Advocat inde manus operi, partitus utrimque :
Læva ministerio, dextra est intenta labori;
Hæc rotat assiduis gyris et concitat orbem.
Tunsa Ceres rapido silicum decurrit ab actu.
Interdum fessæ succedit læva sorori,

Alternatque vices. Modo rustica carmina cantat,
Agrestique suum solatur voce laborem.

Interdum clamat Cybalen: erat unica custos,

Afra genus, tota patriam testante figura,

Torta comam, labroque tumens et fusca colorem,
Pectore lata, jacens mammis, compressior alvo,
Cruribus exilis, spatiosa prodiga planta;
Continuis rimis calcanea scissa rigebant.
Hanc vocat atque arsura focis imponere ligna
Imperat, et flamma gelidos adolere liquores.

Postquam implevit opus justum versatile finem,
Transfert inde manu tusas in cribra farinas

Et quatit. At remanent summo purgamina dorso;
Subsidit sincera foraminibusque liquatur
Emundata Ceres. Lævi tum protinus illam
Componit tabula, et tepidas super ingerit undas:
Contrahit admixtos nunc fontes atque farinas ;
Transversat durata manu, liquidoque coacto
Interdum grumos spargit sale. Jamque subactum

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And on a little table, which the wall

Had, for that use, sustain'd, puts down the lamp.
He both his arms sets free then from the vest,
And, in a rugged goat-skin clad, he sweeps
The surface of the mill-stones with a brush.

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Both hands he sets to work, its share to each:
The left to serve, the right to ply the work;

And stirs and turns the wheel in frequent rounds.

The corn ground by the swift stones' weight runs down.

The left hand oft her wearied sister aids,

By taking turn. Now country songs he sings

And lightens labour with his rustic voice.

Then he calls Cybale, his only aid,

Of Afric race, as all her figure proves;

Of curly hair, lip swoll'n, and dusky hue;

Full neck, breast pendent, and contracted waist;
Of slender legs, prodigious splay of foot;
The fissured heels were hard, and full of chinks.
He calls and bids her lay upon the hearth
Firewood, and heat cold water on the flame.

When the revolving work has fully ceased,

He puts, by hand, the corn, ground, into sieves,
And shakes it, and the bran remains at top;
Pure flour subsides and, th' pure, is pour'd in jars.
On the bright table he now places it,
And tepid water pours (at once) thereon.
While he the water mixes with the flour,
He turns it over with a frequent hand,

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Salt sometimes sprinkling on the moisten'd lump.
And now he renders smooth the kneaded mass,

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Lævat opus, palmisque suum dilatat in orbem,
Et notat, impressis æquo discrimine quadris.
Infert inde foco-Cybale mundaverat aptum
Ante locum-testisque tegit; super aggerat ignes.
Dumque suas peragit Vulcanus, Vestaque, partes,
Simulus interea vacua non cessat in hora;

Verum aliam sibi quærit opem; neu sola palato
Sit non grata Ceres, quas jungat, comparat escas.
Non illi suspensa focum carnaria juxta,
Durati sale terga suis truncique vacabant:
Trajectus medium sparto sed caseus orbem,
Et vetus adstricti fascis pendebat anethi.
Ergo aliam molitur opem sibi providus heros.

Hortus erat junctus casulæ, quem vimina pauca

Et calamo recidiva levi munibat arundo;
Exiguus spatio, variis sed fertilis herbis.
Non illi deerat, quod pauperis exigit usus.
Interdum locuples a paupere plura petebat:
Non sumptus erat illud opus, sed regula curæ.
Si quando vacuum casula pluviæve tenebant

Festave lux, si forte labor cessabat aratro :
Horti opus illud erat.
illud erat. Varias deponere plantas

Norat, et occultæ committere semina terræ,
Vicinosque apte cura submittere rivos.

Hic olus, hic late fundentes brachia betæ,
Fecundusque rumex malvæque inulæque virebant :
Plurima surgit ibi, crescitque in acumina, radix;

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And to a circle spreads it with his hands,
And four divisions marks out equally.
Then to the hearth he takes it. Cybale
Had clear'd a place, before prepared, and he
Now covers it with tiles, and fire heaps on.
While Vulcan acts and Vesta each a part,
Simulus for a moment idles not,
But seeks for nourishment additional,
And other food prepares to add thereto,
Lest bread alone may not his palate please.
For him no flesh-hooks, hanging near the fire,
The cut-off joints of salt-dried pig sustain'd,
But a cheese cast into a round rush bag,
And a dried bunch of anise (plant) hung there.
Our frugal hero strikes out other aid.

Connected with his cottage was a garden,
Which a few osiers and the slender cane,
For ever fruitful in fresh shoots, enclosed.
Narrow of space, but rife of various herbs,
It wanted nothing that a poor man needs.
Much from this poor man oft the rich would seek.
No need of outlay was there but of care,
Whene'er the rains brought leisure to his cot,
Or festal days, or work ceased at the plough,

His garden profited. He various plants

Had learnt to set, and seeds sow in the soil,

And aptly how to use the neighbouring streams.
Here flourish'd herbs, beet, spreading wide its leaves,
Mallows and sorrel rife, and elecampane.

The longest radish grows here into points;

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Hic siser, et capiti nomen debentia porra;
Hic etiam nocuum capiti gelidumque papaver,
Grataque nobilium requies lactuca ciborum,

Et gravis in latum demissa cucurbita ventrem.
Verum hic non domini-quis enim contractior illo ?—
Sed populi proventus erat; Nonisque diebus
Venales olerum fasces portabat in urbem;

Inde domum cervice levis, gravis ære, redibat,
Vix unquam urbani comitatus merce macelli.
Cepa rubens sectique famem domat area porri,
Quæque trahunt acri vultus nasturtia morsu,
Intubaque, et Venerem revocans eruca morantem.

Tum quoque tale aliquid meditans intraverat hortum,

Ac primum, leviter digitis tellure refossa,

Quatuor educit cum spissis allia fibris;

Inde comas apii graciles rutamque rigentem

Vellit, et exiguo coriandra trementia filo.
Hæc ubi collegit, lætum consedit ad ignem,

Et clara famulam poscit mortaria voce.
Singula tum capitum nodoso cortice nudat,

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Et summis spoliat coriis, contemptaque passim

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Spargit humi atque abicit. Servatum gramine bulbum

Tingit aqua, lapidisque cavum demittit in orbem.

Hinc salis inspergit micas; sale durus adeso
Caseus adjicitur; dictas super ingerit herbas;
Et læva vestem sætosa sub inguina fulcit.
Dextera pistillo primum fragrantia mollit

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