A Companion to the Works of Johann Gottfried Herder
Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) is one of the great names of the classical age of German literature. One of the last universalists, he wrote on aesthetics, literary history and theory, historiography, anthropology, psychology, education, and theology; translated and adapted poetry from ancient Greek, English, Italian, even from Persian and Arabic; collected folk songs from around the world; and pioneered a better understanding of non-European cultures. A student of Kant's, he became Goethe's mentor in Strasbourg, and was a mastermind of the Sturm und Drang and a luminary of classical Weimar. But the wide range of Herder's interests and writings, along with his unorthodox ways of seeing things, seems to have prevented him being fully appreciated for any of them. His image has also been clouded by association with political ideologies, the proponents of which ignored the message of Humanität in his texts. So although Herder is acknowledged by scholars to be one of the great thinkers of European Enlightenment, there is no up-to-date, comprehensive introduction to his works in English, a lacuna this book fills with seventeen new, specially commissioned essays.
Contributors: Hans Adler, Wulf Koepke, Steven Martinson, Marion Heinz and Heinrich Clairmont, John Zammito, Jürgen Trabant, Stefan Greif, Ulrich Gaier, Karl Menges, Christoph Bultmann, Martin Keßler, Arnd Bohm, Gerhard Sauder, Robert E. Norton, Harro Müller-Michaels, Günter Arnold, Kurt Kloocke, and Ernest A. Menze.
Hans Adler is Halls-Bascom Professor of Modern Literature Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Wulf Koepke is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of German, Texas A&M University and recipient of the Medal of the International J. G. Herder Society.
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Herders Life and Works
Herder and Historical Metanarrative Whats Philosophical about History?
Herders Concept of Humanitat
Herder and Language
Herders Aesthetics and Poetics
Myth Mythology New Mythology
Particular Universals Herder on National Literature Popular Literature and World Literature
Herder and Politics
Herders Poetic Works His Translations and His Views on Poetry
Herder as Critical Contemporary
Herder in Office His Duties as Superintendent of Schools
Herders Reception and Influence
Notes on the Contributors
according to Herder Adrastea aesthetic ancient Aufklärung Berlin biblical Bildung Bückeburg Christian classical cognition critical culture deutsche developed edition eighteenth century Enlightenment epistemology essay fables Fragmente Frankfurt French Friedrich Geist genre German literature Geschichte der Menschheit God’s Goethe Goethe’s Gott Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Greek Hamann Haym Herder’s concept Herder’s Ideen human humankind ideas Ideen zur Philosophie Immanuel Kant individual Irmscher Johann Georg Hamann Johann Gottfried Herder Kant Kant’s knowledge Kräfte language Leben linguistic literary mankind Mensch Menschen menschliche Metakritik modern myth mythology nature one’s original Ossian Philosophie der Geschichte philosophy of history poems poet poetic poetry political reason reception Religion Riga Rudolf Haym Schiller Schriften Scottish Enlightenment Seele sense songs soul Sprache Sturm und Drang style texts theology theory thinking Thomas Abbt thought tion tradition translation Ulrich Gaier understanding universal Vernunft Volk Weimar Welt Werke Wilhelm word Wort writings