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Two fragments of a poem on Fowling (Ixeutica or De Aucupio) were printed in a Dialogue on Birds (Cologne, 1544) by Gibertus Longolius, who asserted that they had been transcribed for him from a copy of a work by Nemesianus existing in a library at Bologna. Wernsdorf, in opposition to Ulitius, thinks them not unworthy of their reputed author: but in any case they need not detain us further. [They are probably modern work.]
The elder Pliny, in two passages of his Natural History,' speaks of a poem by Ovid, entitled Halieutica. A fragment on that subject with Ovid's name attached to it is found in a MS. containing part of Grattius' Cynegetica, and has been frequently printed in editions of Grattius and Nemesianus, or as part of Ovid's works. It would perhaps be too much to assign it to such illustrious parentage, though Haupt thinks otherwise : 2 but it would not disgrace either of the two poets whom we have just been considering. Take a specimen.
At contra scopulis crinali corpore segnis
laxato cadat hamus, et ora patentia linquat.' Another fragment with the same argument was published by Hieronymus Columna in his Commentary on the Fragments of Ennius, having been transcribed from an old MS. by Sertorius Quadrimanus. More ambitious than the former, to which however it is indebted for several lines, it professes in its exordium to be the work of Ovid, who speaks of himself as led to his subject by the scenes of his exile: but though the lines in which the profession is made are not without ability, those who should credit it would be compelled to suppose that Ovid's removal from Rome had made him forget the quantity of the first syllable of 'dirigo,' as he ventures to address Glaucus
• Quare si veteris durant vestigia moris,
huc adsis, dirigasque pedes, umerosque natantis.' The date of Q. Serenus Sammonicus is at any rate earlier than that
Book xxxii, chaps. ii and xi.
of Nemesianus, though it has been questioned whether he is to be identified with a person of that name, 'cuius libri,' says Spartianus, plurimi ad doctrinam exstant,' who was put to death by Caracalla, or with his son, the preceptor of the younger Gordian, and the valued friend of Alexander Severus. His work, however, De Medicina Praecepta, in 1115 hexameters, is not properly a didactic poem at all, but merely a medical treatise in metre. Those who are fond of classical parallels may compare it with Catius' lecture to Horace: but to others it will seem a product of the second childhood of literature, when subjects, which, since prose composition existed, have always been treated in prose, are set to tune again by the perverse ingenuity of grammarians. The only part which appears to have any poetical pretension is the opening
Membrorum series certo deducta tenore
Now let us listen to a remedy for a stiff neck.
* At si cervices durataque colla rigebunt,
Still more barren and unpoetical is Prisciani Carmen de Ponderibus et Mensuris, a set of 208 hexameters, the authorship of which is involved in some doubt. The first nine lines will show that in spite of a preliminary flourish, it is little better than a memoria technica, a device for fixing facts about weights and measures in the memory.
[The poem is now usually attributed to the son : Teuffel, 383.]
Pondera Paeoniis veterum memorata libellis
gramma vocant, scriplum nostri dixere priores.' Here at length we may stop. The didactic poetry with which we have been dealing, though far enough removed from the spirit of the Georgics, has at any rate preserved their form. Terentianus Maurus may have been as much of a didactic poet as Sammonicus or the supposed Priscian; but as he chose to exemplify in his work the various metres for which he laid down rules, he can hardly come under consideration in an essay which is intended to illustrate by comparison the didactic poetry of Virgil. Other works which the historians of Latin literature have classed among didactic poems seem to be excluded by different reasons. The Phaenomena of Avienus, like the fragments of Cicero and Germanicus, hardly calls for notice independently of Aratus' work. The poem on Aetna has didactic affinities, but its subject is not sufficiently general. The Periegeses of Avienus and Priscian fall rather under the category of descriptive poetry. Columella's Tenth Book has been mentioned in another place (G. IV 148).
INDEX OF NAMES AND PRINCIPAL
A, ab, before consonants, E. viii 41. | Aeneid, composition of, p. xxv; manage-
integro and similar phrases, E. iv 5. ment of story, pp. xxxv foll.
instrumental, G. i 234, torrida ab Aeneidomastix, pp. xxix, xlix, liii.
Aegyptus, G. iv 210, 291.
Aerius and néploç, G. i 375.
Aestas, summer sky, G. iv 59.
Aestiper and aestifer, G. ii 353.
Aestiva, summer quarters, G. iii 472.
Aethiopes, E. x 68, G. ii 120.
Aetna, G. i 472, iv 173.
entes Afri, Sahara, E. i 64.
Agitare for agere, degere, G. ii 527, iv 154.
G. i 296.
Alburnus, mountain, G. iii 147.
Albus and candidus, G. ii 82.
Alcimedon an artist, E. iii 37, 44.
Alcippe, E. vii 14.
Alcon, uncertain who, E. v II.
Alexandrian school influenced Virgil, p.
Alexis, whether a real person, E. ii Pre-
face, E. ii, v 86, vii 55.
preceding word, E. iv 11, ix 59, G. i 24, Alps, E. x 47, G. iii 474 ; earthquakes
in, G. i 475.
Alphesiboeus, E. v 73, viïi 1, 62.
239; qualifying another adjective, mag. deep sea, iii 238.
Amaror, G. ii 247, p. xxxiv.
Ambages, G. ii 46.
Ambarvalia, E. iii 77, v 70, G. i 340.
Ambo or ambos, E vi 18, G. iv 88.
Ambrosia, G. iv 415.
Amellus, flower, G. iv 271.
Amerina retinacula, G. i 265.
G. iv 370.
Aminneae vites, G. ii 97. (Possibly a kind | Argutum caput, of form, G. iii 80.
of vine or wine, not named after any Aridus, of sound, G. i 357.
place. See Pauly-Wissowa i 1835-37.] Arion, E. viii 67.
Aristaeus, G. i 14, iv 283 foll.
songs, E viii 23, x 53 ; amores, a be- , Ariusian wine, E. v 71.
Armare, rig a ship, G. i 255.
Armenia, E. v 29, G. iii 31.
Armenta, of horses, G. ii 195, ji 129,
Army, Roman, its battle-order, G. ii
279; recruiting, E. i 71.
Arx, hill, G. i 240, ii 172, 535, iv 461.
Ascanius, river, G. iii 270.
Asia conquered by Octavian, G. ii 171,
Asia prata Caystri, G. i 383.
tollere, G. ii 350 ; ingentes animi, iv Asilus, gadfly, G. iii 148.
Aspicere, regard favourably, G. iv 2.
Assaracus, G. iii 35.
At non, elliptical, G. iii 349, iv. 530.
Ater, noxious, G. i 129, ü 130, iii 430 ;
tigris, iv 407
Atque-atque for et-et, E. v 23.
Atque, even as, G. ii 402 ; for cum, E.
x 21; G. iv 7. See Cynthius, Phoebus. Aura, odour, G. iv 417.
Auritus, G. i 308.
Aurora, G. i 249, 447, iv 543, 551.
Aut introduces a new question, G. iv
Avernus lake, G. ii 161, iv 493.
Avertere, make mad, E. viii 67.
Averti with accusative, G. iii 499.
teristics, p. 146.
ii 89, 267, 290; arbustum, E. ii Bacchatus, passive, G. ii 487.
Bacchus, E. v 30, 79, etc.; connected with
Ceres, G. i 7; goat sacrificed to, G. ii
31, G. iii 392 ; Arcades ambo, E vii 4; identifiable with the Sun, G. i 6.
Bactra, G. ii 138.
Balsam, G. ii 119.
Bavius, poet, E. iii 9o.
Beer, G. iii 380.