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Theodoric the Goth even attempted the restoration of learning in the West; and his successor, Athalaric, restored to the professors at Rome the salaries that had been long withheld from them. He also enriched the schools of Milan, Pavia, and other cities; and Justinian on again acquiring the dominion of the West, confirmed the edict of the Gothic emperor. * So that learning may be said to have held some semblance to its ancient rank, up to the final subjugation of Italy by the Lombards.

But though the ancient educational institutions, after the advent of Christianity as a political power, were by degrees discountenanced and forsaken, yet the laws in regard to them were never formally abrogated. Many of them, under the patronage at first of the Bishops, and afterwards of the Benedictine monks, were converted into Christian schools. Some of them in the Eastern portion of the empire, now under the sway of the Saracens, served as starting points for the progress of knowledge, and especially of medical knowledge, among the Arabs. In many of the cities and municipalities of which the Western portion of the empire consisted, and into which it was finally dissolved, traces of the ancient system of medical education and police continued visible throughout the whole of the middle ages; and in connection with other fragments of Roman law not yet laid aside, played no unimportant part in the early development of modern science and civilization.

* Alia Aliquot Constitutiones Justiniani, capitula xxii, pp. 237. Elzevir edition.

Ꭼ Ꭱ Ꭱ Ꭺ Ꭲ Ꭺ .

For "Telephorus," page 29, last line but one, read Telesphorus.

For "Burgess," page 33, last line, and page 36, tenth line from bottom, read Burges.

For "Clinicæ," page 47, fourth line from top, read Clinice.

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