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Aloidae, 174

Arator, of a countryman, 338
Alps, earthquakes in, 191

Aratus, Virgil's relation to, 126 foll. ; his
Altars, kindling of, part of a solemn ban- literary characteristics, 127: his mate-

rials, how dealt with by Virgil, 181 foll.
Alter ab undecimo, 83

Arbos, not the vine but its supporter, 57,
Altius repetere, 333

203, 221, 223, 225
Altus, of a river, 158 : altum, the main sea, Arbos and arbor, 41
273

Arbustam, 37
Alveus or alvus, for alveare, 242

Arbutus, eaten by kids, 43
Amarus = salsus, 99

Arcadia, historical and poetical characters
Amaryllis, etymology of, 23

of, 2, 72
Ambages, 200

Arcturus, rising and setting of stormy, 165
Ambarvalia, a time of continence, 43 Ardere = perdite amare, with accusative,

associated with the festival of
the Nymphs, 9, 60 : time of celebration Arena, of the soil of a river, 335
of, 60, 180

Arethusa, the conventional pastoral foun-
Ambo, of parties as well as of individuals, tain, 99: her union with Alpheus, ib.
26

Argitis, a name of wine, 204
Ambrosia, 349

Argutus, of form, 259
Amellus, flower so called, 332

Aridus, of sounds, 182
Aminaean vines, 204

Aristae, in the sense of messis, 27
Amoebaean singing, principle of, 36 Aristaeus, traditional account of, 146, 333 :
Amor for studium, 97

not originally mentioned in Georgic iv.
Martis, 103: habendi, 322

302
Amores, of love-songs, 81, 104

Ariusian wine, 60
of the loved object, 271

Arma ferre, 194
Amurga (amurca), 164

Armare, of rigging ships, 171
Anacolutha, in Virgil, 310, 330

Armenians, submission of, 255
Anethus, 34

Armenta and pecudes distinguished, 250 :
Angina, of swine, 294

armenta, of horses, 277
Anima Mundi, doctrine of, 186, 326 Army, Roman, disposition of, at different
Animi, with verbs, adjectives, &c., 277, periods, 223
356

Arx, of a mountain, 109, 211, 250
Animosus, shades of meaning of, 240, 259 Ascanius, river, 275
Animus, of the memory, 96 : inanis, 224 : l'Aorw.laopóc, 234
animos tollere, 231

Aspice, calling attention, 97
Annus, original meaning of, 237

Aspicere, of favourable regard, 303
magnus, doctrine of, 47

Assaracus, ancestor of Aeneas, 255
Anser, a poet contemporary with Virgil, 95 Asses, flesh of, 287
Ante exspectatum, 282

Assyrius, used loosely, 243
omnia, intensive with adjective, 244 At non, in elliptical expressions, 282, 360
quam, with subjunctive, 336

Ater, of noxious things, 157, 208, 288, 348
Antes, 238

Athens, plague of, 292
Aonius, of Helicon, 253

"Αθος, supposed form of "Αθως, 179
Apium, 69

Atmosphere, diseases connected with, 293
Apollo Nomios associated with Pales, 9, 57, Atque-atque, like et-et, 56
252

in an apodosis, 165
Applause given to popular statesmen in the -, trajection of, 66
theatre, 247

Auctor, used in its etymological sense, 147
Apple-trees, twice-bearing, 209

A úlcos, an epithet of the evening star, 71
Apposition between a thing and a part of | Aðos, kappaléos, tnpós, of sounds, 182
itself, 30: loose, 73

Aures, of the plough, 161
Aptare, of shaping wood, 161 : of putting Aureus, epithet of Saturn, 250
on arms, 311

Auritus, by whom used, 177
Aptus = aptatus, 266

Aut, introducing a new question, 339
Aqua caeli, 320

Autobiographical introductions and conclu.
Aquilices, 155

sions to poems, 362
Aquosus, of an Italian winter, 106

Autumnus (auctumnus), perhaps of the
Ara and altare, 59

fruits of autumn, 196
Aracynthus, where, 32

Avernus, lake of, 210
Aranea and araneus, 330

Avertere, of derangement, 86
Arar, river, its locality, 26

Averti, with accusative, 294

ib.

Aviarium, 239

Bonum sit or bene sit, in ejaculations, 90
Axis, the north pole, 222

Bos loculus, 191
Axus or Oaxus, in Crete, 27

Bov-, prefix denoting magnitude, 205
Bovi urós, poetical descriptions of, 35

Branding cattle, how and when performed,
B.

171

Bridges, courage of colts shown in passing,
Bacae (baccae) of the acacia, 206

258
Bacchar, what it is, uncertain, 49

Britanni sued for peace to Augustus, 254
Bacchatus, passive, 245

Brundisium, peace of, the occasion of the
Bacchus and Ceres worshipped together at fourth Eclogue, 46
Rome, 145

Bruttian pitch, 240
Bacchus identified with the sun, 145: beauty Bubulcus, a ploughman, not a herdsman,
of the Greek, 235 : Roman worship of, 101

Bucolic Caesura not much attended to by
Bactria, 208

Virgil, 13
Βαΐδιος, 259

Bufo, only found in Virgil, 163
Balance, in the Zodiac, sometimes placed in Bull, zodiacal sign of, rising of, 167
the scorpion's claws, 148

Bulls with gilded horns in triumphal pro-
Balantes, use of, for sheep, 173, 29)

cessions, 167, 209, 344
Balsam, 206

Bumastus, 205
Barbarians introduced into the Roman ar- Buris, 161
mies, 28

Buskins worn by Bacchus, 196
Barley supposed to degenerate into darnel

and wild oats, 57
Basket-work, one of the husbandman's home

C.
occupations, 35, 106
Bath Col, 191

Cacumen, a cutting from the top of a tree,
Beans, when sown, 166

198
Bede, his • Conflictus Veris et Hiemis,'| Cadere, of being left to fall, 31 : of winds,
116.

97
Bee, queen, supposed by the ancients to be Cadit aliquid in aliquem, 93

a male, 310: clipping or cutting off of its Caeli orbis, of a planet, 180 : caeli menses,
wings, 313 : regulates the working bees, &c., 179, 280
326.

Caeruleus, meanings of, 169, 346, 355
Bees make holes for themselves, 307: dis Caesar the dictator, omens connected with

like strong smells, 308, 327: whether his death, 56, 96, 190 foll. : his birth-
pleased by the tinkling of metal, 310 : day, when kept, 59
why they fight, ib.: Virgil's magnilo Calabria, Cilician pirates transplanted by
quence about, ib., 312, 321 : frightened Pompey into, 315
by dust, 312: two varieties of, ib. : le-Calathus, for a cup, 60
gend concerning, 319: division of labour Calcare, of other kinds of pressure than
among, ib.: commence their work in the

treading, 218
top of the hive, 320 : avoid rain, ib. : Calliopea, other form of Calliope, 53
ballast themselves with stones, 323 : ge- Calor, neuter, 230
neration of, ib. : duration of their life, Calpurnius (T. Siculus), early editions of his
324 : symptoms of disease among, 331 : Bucolics, 108 : whether the author of
produced from oxen, 333 foll.

those inscribed to Nemesianus, 108 foll. :
Bidens, a hoe, 231, 236

does not elide long vowels at all, 109 :
Bird-catching, how far allowed on holy- probable date of, 110: contents and cha.
days, 172

racter of his work, 110 foll.
Birds, loves of, 228

Caltha, not fragrant, 34
Birthday, a time of merry making, 43 Calves taught to step together, 266
Bisaltae or Bīsaltae, 291

Campi natantes, 269: patentes, 311
Biting and stinging confounded, 311, 328 Camurus, 257
Black sheep sacrificed to the dead, 361 Canalis, 331
Blandus, .caressing,' 267, 294

Candidus, of beauty, 58
Blatta, 329

Canor, 310
Blood, coldness of, connected with slowness Cantabri, victory over, 255
of intellect, 245

Capere ingressus, 338
Bloodshed, fertilizing effect of, 193

Capi, captus, of injury or loss, 163
Boats on the Nile, 334

Capistrum, 268, 286

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Caput, both of the root and of the top | Color, of beauty, 31,
branches, 231: of a river, 338

Coloratus, of dark colour, 335
Carceres, 194, 261

Colorem duceré, 96
Carchesium, 345

Columella, his poem on gardening, 318
Carenum, 175

Columnae rostratae, 254
Carmen, of a magic song, 86

Coma, of a flower, 317
pere, of spinning, 339

Commodus, of human qualities, 316
Casia, 34, 243

Comparative particles, meaning of, in dif-
Castella, of Alpine forts, 292

ferent languages, 325
Castoreum, where produced, 150

Compitalia, 234
Caucasus covered with woods, 240

Concidere, 220
Caurus (Corus), 276

Concilium, . company' or society,' 147
Caves, poets placed in, 358

Condere, of passing time, 96
Cavus of a river, 178, 350

Condere in locum, 188
Cedar and cypress, durability of, 241 Congerere for nidum congerere, 42
Celeus, 160

Coniugis amor, love felt as for a wife, 81
Cella (vinaria), 204

Conjunctive, see Subjunctive.
Centaurs and Lapithae, 242

Conon, 39
Centaury, 332

Consortes, 319
Ceos, its connexion with Aristaeus, 146 : Constituere, statuere, a sacrificial word, 361
its fertility, ib.

Consumere in aliquem (aliquid), 267
Ceres, whether identified with the moon, Contemplator, 163
145 : offerings to, 180

Continere, of confinement to the house, 171
Cerintha, 309

Contingere and continguere, 286, 290
Certamen ponere, 249

Continuo, 150, 161, 258, 276, 330
Certe, ' at any rate,' 103

Contrarius, ' unfavourable,' 174
equidem, 92

Contubernales, given to slaves, 23, 42, 73
Challenger in singing had the right of be- Copper vessels split by cold, 283
ginning, 40

Copulative, where some other particle might
Cheeses, making of, 286

have been expected, 73: coupling things
χειρουργείν, 290

not co-ordinate, 274
Chelae, the claws of the scorpion, 148 Cor, of the intellect, 156
Chelydrus, 216, 287

Corpora curare, 322
Chersydros, Nicander's lines on, quoted, Corpus in periphrases, 256, 258: of de-
129 : description of, 288

parted spirits, 354
Chicory, how injurious to crops, 156 Corripere campum, &c. 261
Chiron, patronymics of, 300

Corsica not known to have been famous for
Cicero, his mention of Aratus and Nicander,
126, 128, 130

Cortex, the bark of the suber, 242
Ciere gemitus, &c., 296

Corulus or corylus, 21
Cilicia, hair cloths, 279

Coruscare with ablative, 310
Cilicia famous for gardening, 315

Corycus famous for saffron, 315
Cinyps, river, 279 : its goats, ib.

Cosmogony, Virgil's inconsistent views of,
Circlus for circulus, 266

65, 229
Citerius Sidonius Syracusanus, his . Epi- Cotes for sheep and goats, position of, 278

gramma de tribus pastoribus,' 116 Cowherd, goatherd, and shepherd united in
Cithaeron, 256

the same person, 73
Clausum, of a closed place, 336

Cows rarely have twins, 38 : points of, 256
Clavi, a disease of sheep, 278

Cranes descend before rain, 183
Clitumnus, effect of the water of, 209 Crasis, metrical effect of, 191
Cocomero serpentino, 315

Crater declined by Virgil as Greek, 59:
Cocytus, black water of, 354

size of, 242
Coeus, 173

Crates, bush-harrows, 154
Cogere in ordinem, &c., 201: cogere, of Credere aliquid, 104
gathering produce, 328

Crescere, Döderlein's etymology of, 229: in
Cognoscere = audire, 65

ventrem, &c., 315
Cohortes villaticae, 281

Creta for argilla, 162, 212, 216
Cold, said to burn, 153

Crocus, colour of, 322
Colere vitam, aevum, &c., 249

Crops, charming away of, 89
Coleridge referred to, 14

Cross-ploughing, 154
Colligere sitim, 280

Crown, rising and setting of the stars so
Colocasia, 49

called, 167

yews, 94

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Crowning a bowl, Virgil's notion of, 249 Deerunt, deesse, disyllables, 214
Crustumerium or Crustumium, 203

Deficere, with accusative, 159, 175
Cubilia, for those that lie in them, 329 Defigere, with dative, 225
Cuius as an adjective archaic, 36

Defluere, of floating or swimming down,
Culpa, of disease, 292

290
Cultus, in the sense of cura, 144

Defringere and deplantare, 226
Cum, of close connexion, e.g. of causation, Defrutum, 175, 332
239

Dehinc, disyllable, 266
primis and cumprimis, 162

Deification of the sons of gods, 339
Cumulus, of the earth at the top of the Deiicere, in hunting, 288
ridges, 155

Deiopea (Δηιόπεια), 341
Cur non with present indicative, 54

Delectus and dilectus, 258
Cura, of the object of care, 26, 101 Demittere and subducere, of a slope differ-
Curare, of vine-dressing, 236

ently regarded, 92
Curculio, 163

Dens, of any curved implement, 237, 239
Curetes, 319

Densare and densere, 186
Currus, of a thing in motion, 162: for equi, Densus, of soil, 223
260

Dentale, 161
Curvus, expressing the attitude of plough. Depasci, with accusative, 291

ing, 39 : of the holes of snakes, 216, 299 Depellere, senses of, 22, 43
Custos, with genitive of thing guarded Deprendi, of being overtaken in a storm,
against, 314

349
Cyllarus, the horse of Castor or Pollux, 259 Dercylos the Arcadian, inventor of springes,
Cymaeus or Cumaeus, 47

&c., 371
Cymbeline (Shakspeare's), its incongruity Deripere and diripere confounded, 196

paralleled with that of the Eclogues, 10 Despicere and dispicere confounded, 213
Cğrene or Cğrene, 338: spelling of, ib. Destiny, accusation of, 297
Cytisus, what, 28 : bees fond of it, 102 Detexere, of completing work, 36
Cytorus, its box-trees, 240

Detrectare and detractare, 257
Devolvere, of spinning, 311

Di patrii distinguished from indigetes, 193
D.

Diana assists the shepherd in hunting, 42,

75: Arician, festival of, 372
Dacians, mountain position of, 246; war Didactic poetry, brief sketch of the history

with, ib. ; supposed custom of theirs, ib. of, 119 foll.
Dactylic verses, 202

Diducere, to break and loosen, 231
Damma (dama), masculine, 82

Dies, archaic inflexions of, 165 : feminine
Damnare, with genitive and ablative, 61 and masculine in close connexion, 173
Daphnis identified with C. Julius Caesar, Differre, of transplanting, 317
12, 53

Difficilis, metaphorical use of, 212
-, myth of, 53

Digging and ploughing in vineyards, 231,
Dare, in sense of dicere, 22 : of giving in 236 : in oliveyards, 239

marriage, 82: of invention, 262: cur- Dignus, shades of meaning of, 161
sum, 149: se, 174 : motus, 181: fu- Dionysiac festivals, 234
nera, 273: stragem, ib. : proelia, 275: Dirigere aciem, 224

mentem, ib.: animam, 324: iura, 364 Dis in composition, intensive, 38
Dative, denoting causation indirectly, 146, Dium (divum), 289
196

Diversus, of things locally separated, 343
of motion to a place, 32, 364 Dodona, oracles of, whence drawn, 197

with the gerundive, 144, 197, 212 Dog-star, setting of, 167
De, in composition denoting destination, 21 Dogs, Molossian, 286 : Spartan, 256, 282,
- caelo tangi, of being struck by lightning, 286 : food for, 286
21

Domare, uses of, 242
Dead body, robe put on, 357

Donarium, of a temple, 298
Decedere, of stars or sun setting, 167: with Donec, with indicative and subjunctive, 300
dative, 88, 306

Doors and gates, ornaments of, 254
Decurrere, of ships, 199

Doris put for the sea, 99
Deducere, metaphorical use of, 63 : its dif- Dorsum nemoris, 289

ferent uses in connexion with water, 156, Drains to be half filled with small stones or
172: of ships, 171: and diducere con- gravel, 156

founded, 231: of leading in triumph, 253 Drinking did not begin till after the first
Deerro, disyllable, 73

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course, 205

nus, 331

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Drones, how treated, 320

Epicureans supposed the sun to perish every
Dryads, number of, 345

day, 170
Dryden on the Dutch, 284

Epidaurus for Argolis, 256
Ducere, of speeding time along, 284: fu- Epithets, local, Virgil's habit of character-

izing things by, 7, 25, 56, 92, 105, 145,
Duci, of animals led, not dragged, to the 241, 253, 282, 321, 339
altar, 236, 362

Eques not for equus, 262
Dulichium or Dulichia, Ulysses supposed to Eratosthenes, passage from his Hermes,
belong to, 70

168
Dum, with present followed by pluperfect, Ergo, 324

73: by imperfect, 363 : with subjunctive, Erichthonius, 262
353

Eridanus, see Po.
after dum-dumque, 60 (69)

έριθάκη, 307
redeo, while I am on my way back,' Error, of madness, 83, 296
93

Erumpere se, 343
Duplex spina, 259

Ervum, 45
Durare, intransitive use of, 66

Essedum, 270
Et, atque, where some other conjunction

might have been expected, 202, 236
E.

Etiamnum and etiam nunc, 316

Etruria, connexion of with Rome, 193;
E facili, &c., 306

divisions in, during the civil war, 194:
E, shortened in third person plural of per- pipers perhaps came from, 214: why
fect, 207

mentioned by Virgil, 249
E, termination of Greek feminine adjectives Eudoxus, 39
in, 100

Eumelus, 338
Ea, pronounced monosyllabically in Greek Euphorion, 104
accusative, 65, 174

Evolvere, of recounting, 358
Ear, touching of, to recall a thing to the Ex, singular position of, 64
memory, 63

ordine, of continuous succession in
Earthquake, affecting rivers, 191

time, 358
Ecce autem, 296

Excipere, to receive from another, 230, 324
Eclogue, first, confusion in, 11, 19, 24 Excitare, of building, 362
Eclogues, date of their composition, 16, 17 Excludi tempore, 318

language of, not generally drama- Excretus from excernere, 286
tic, 13 : rustic expressions in, ib. 38, 74 Exercere iras, 265
-, names in, almost wholly Greek, Exercita cursu, 298

Exesus, of a cavern, 349
orthography and meaning of the Eximius, of cattle for sacrifice, 360
word, 17

Exire, of shooting up, 202, 233
present order of the true one, 17 | Exorsum, exorsus = exordium, 200

-, scenery of, confused between Explorare insidias, 299
Italian and Sicilian, 9 foll.

Exportare, &c., of burial, 331
-, supposed allegories in, 20, 36, Exsequi, senses of, 303
72, 91

Exsilium, of the place of exile, 248
-, supposed strophical arrangement Exsuperabilis, active, 255
of, 18

Exta muta, 294
Edict, of praetors entering office, 278 Extulit, with a present force, 22
Editus, with dative,' rising towards,' 213 Extundere, of invention, 337, 339
Edurus, &c., 318
Effectus, completed,' 238
Ei, Greek dative in, from words in -eus,

F.
53, 361
Electrum, 297

Facere, of sacrifice, 43: with what cases
Eleusinus for Eleusinius, 160

used, ib.
Elices, 155

used instead of repeating a verb,
Empedocles, 245

33
En, in interrogations, 27, 80

Faces incidere, inspicare, 175
Enemies, evil wished to, 296

Facilis, metaphorical use of, 217, 332: of
Enim, uses of, 248

nymphs, 360
Eodem, eadem, disyllable, 87

Facultas, with genitive, 350
Epexegesis, 25

Fagus, declension of, 202

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