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riiij. He should be skilled in all professional acquirements, and should know the complexion and sign of every feminine disease. He should be able to examine the sick, whether man, woman, boy or girl, in regard to age, constitution, sex, and that in a mild, gentlemanly way, both as to address and voice.

II. He should carefully keep all professional secrets, nor should he divulge them on any account, to any man, nor on any consideration.

roj. He should most carefully avoid intoxication, tippling, or incontinence in any shape, as there can be no trust or dependance upon those Physicians who are addicted to such evil deeds, nor can that respect, which learning and professional intelligence are entitled to be accorded them.

ruij. He should be a faithful subject, lest he should practice treachery or treason in the exercise of his profession, on native or foreigner, friend or foe; for the office of a Physician is not to slay, but to preserve from what would slay, and to be in accord with God and His peace, and not with the rage and enmity of man to his fellow man.

rpiij. He should always have his case of instruments, his emetics and antidotes about him, in case of need.

rir. He should keep about home as much as he can, so that he may be found when wanted.

Xr. He should be constitutionally and habitually devotional, so that the blessing of God may be upon him, and what he does, and that he may be conscientious to do what is right and beneficial in the practice of his art.

And these things are called the Essentials of a Physician.*

* It will be interesting to compare these wise “ essentials" with the oath of the Asclepiadæ, in old Greece, being a formula not unlike that in use among the Pythagoreans, and which was in the following words :

“I swear by Apollo, the Physician, by Æsculapius, by Hygeia, Panacea, and all the gods and goddesses, that, according to my ability and judgment, I will keep this oath and stipulation, to reckon him, wbo teaches me this art, equally dear to me as my parents, to share my substances with him, and relieve his necessities if required, to look upon his offspring in the same light as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they shall wish to learn it, without fee or stipulation; and that by precept, lecture, and every other mode of instruction. I will impart a knowledge of this art to my own sons, to those of my teachers, and to disciples bound by a stipulation and oath according to the law of medicine, but to none others. I will follow that system of regimen, which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients; and abstain from what is deleterious and mischievous. I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel ; and in like manner, I will not give a woman a pessary to produce an abortion. With purity and with holiness I will pass my life, and practice my art. I will not cut persons labouring under the stone, but will leave this to be done by men who are practitioners of the work. Into whatever houses I enter, I will go into them for the benefit of the sick, and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief or corruption ; and farther, from the seduction of males or females, of freemen or slaves, What. ever in connection with my professional practice, or not in connection with it, I see, or hear, I will not divulge, as reckoning that all such should be kept secret. While I continue to keep this oath inviolate, may it be granted me to enjoy life, and the practice of my art, respected by all men at all times. But should I trespass and violate this oath, may the reverse be my lot.”

Adams' Hippocrates, Vol. II. p. 799.

And thus ends this Book of Medicine, and I, Howel the Physician, the son of Rhys, the son of Llywelyn, the son of Philip the Physician, have selected the same from the authorized old books of the original Physicians of Myddvai, even Rhiwallon the Physician, and his three sons, Cadwgan, Gruffudd, and Einion, and the other Physicians, their sons and descendants who succeeded them.

And I, Howel the Physician, am regularly descended in the male line from the said Einion, the son of Rhiwallon the Physician of Myddvai, being resident in Cilgwryd, in Gower. May the grace and blessing of God attend this Book, and him who studies it as a directory of the art, for the love of God, and the health of the diseased and mained.

Amen. With God's help even so let it be. I, William Bona have transcribed this work from the Book of John Jones, the Physician, of Myddvai, who was the last of the descendants of the Physicians of Myddvai, Anno Christi, 1743.

And I, Iolo Morganwg have re-written the same carefully from the Book of the above William Bona, now in the possession of Thomas Bona, Physician, of the Parish of Llanfihangel Iorwerth, in the County of Carmarthen, in the year 1801 ; and with old Howel the Physician I say,

The grace of God attend it. I, John Pughe, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, of Penhelyg House, near Aberdovey, Merionethshire, have finished translating the same into English, this 12th day of February, 1861.

INDE X.

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ABDOMEN, tumour of the 43, 51
Abdomen, hardness of the 328
Abdominal complaints

43, 51
Abscess or Impostume 302, 390, 392
Abscess, to promote an

339
Abscess, to re-open an

349
Abscesses, ointment for

1,430
Absorption of the gums 344
Aches, all kinds of, 303, 308, 323,

381, 338, 339, 340, 389
Acorn bread

448
Adder, bite of an

332, 421
Agues, 41, 51, 65, 304, 313, 315,

348, 370, 438, 443, 448, 455
Alopacea or falling of the Hair 342
Anal Warts.

44
Ankles and Joints

318
Animal, purge for a sick 377
Anodyne ointment

320
Antidotes for poison

65, 67, 309,
371, 422, 440, 442, 444
Aperient drinks

316, 355
Appetite, to provoke an

375
Arm or breast, stitch under the 341
Arms, aches in the 339, 340
Arms, pain in the

312
Arrow head, how to extract an 337
Articular Rheumatism

356
Ascites

43
Asp, bite of an

421
Back, boil on the

376
Back, pain in the 327, 334, 364,

372, 375, 385
Barrenness, 45, 76, 441, 446
Bath, hot air

Bite of a spider

48, 326
Bite, an application for a 375, 407
Black Fever

397
Black Jaundice

314, 372
Bleeding

74
Bleeding, dangerous days for
Bleeding, good days for

56, 57
Bleeding from the mouth 443
Bleeding of the nose 59, 61, 66,

352, 364, 412, 433, 443
Bleeding, to restrain 363, 366, 454
Bleeding sores

398, 409
Blessed Thistle, virtues of the 443
Blindness.

365, 367
Blood or bruise, to remove from
an injury

393
Blood, eruptive diseases of the 432
Blood, restoration of

443
Blood, eruptive virus in the 369,

444, 448
Blood, vomiting of

64
Blows or wounds

404
Bodily debility,

446, 448
Boils, 77,366, 369, 376, 391, 398,

401, 402, 436, 444, 445
Bones, fractured

413
Bones, loose fragments of 413
Bones, three which will not unite 50
Bones, union of

78
Brain fever

341
Brain, things hurtful to the

362
Brain, things useful for the 361
Brain, weakness of tbe

447
Breast, stitch under the . 341
Breast, inflammation of the 49, 60
310, 361, 335, 369, 370, 377, 378,

414
Breasts, painful

414, 415
Breath, to cure a fetid breath 306, 409
Breath, to strengthen the 443
Breathing, difficulty of

311, 314,

358, 372
Bronchites,

319, 361, 381
Bruises, to heal,

379, 393, 430
Bruise of the scalp.

379

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44
Beer, stomachic

354
Betony, virtues of the

438
Biliousness.

383
Birds and Aies

74
Bite of an adder, 62, 64, 332, 421

421
Bite of a dog

364, 421
Bite of a mad dog 60, 76, 306, 311,

337, 341, 364, 375, 380, 421, 422
Bite of a viper

53, 64

Bite of an asp

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Burns, plasters for

60
Burns or Scalds 60, 63, 303, 320.
330, 336, 351, 352, 362, 366,

369, 430
Calculi, urinary, 44, 75, 306, 438
Calculus, for a vesical

306
Cancer, 342, 348, 358, 367, 368,
373, 391, 393, 397, 407, 409, 424,

428, 444, 445
Cancer in the mouth, &c. 367, 368,

373
Canker of the mouth

335
Carbuncle 48, 359, 368, 369
Carbuncle or Plague 340, 359, 436,

413
Carbuncles, to mature 365, 443
Cardiac region, pain in the 323
Cardialgia

324, 380, 411
Cardus Benedictus

443
Cataplasm for a sprain, &c.

428
Catarrh

312, 317, 440
Cathartic, a good

410
Cautery for deafness

47
Cautery for pain in the eye 39
Cerecloth, to make

392
Change of Life

352
Charm for an ague :

455
Charm to restrain bleeding 454
Charm to cause confession 453
Charm for the dropsy

456
Charm for epilepsy

455
Charms and medical feats 453
Charm to see things invisible to
others

456
Charm to know whether a sick

man shall live or die . 456
Charm to produce sleep 454
Charms for the toothache 453, 454
Charm for the uterine disease 454
Charm for warts

456
Charm to cure a wound 455
Chastity, how to preserve •

52, 75
Chest and stomach, oppression of

444
Chest, pain in the

304, 372
Chest to strengthen the

380
Chest, tightness of

370
Chilblains

366, 376,422
Children, weeping

54
Choleric temperament

451
Chronic cough

438, 441, 443
Chronic ulcer

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Colic 390, 416, 431, 435, 438, 440
Collyrium for the eyes 302, 307,

311, 360, 363
Confections for sore mouths 316, 317
Confession, charm to cause 453
Constipation 61, 62, 64, 304, 358,

376, 435
Constitutions, fat and dry 82
Contused integuments

448
Contusion of the head

380
Cooling drinks :

41
Cornea, opacity of the 54, 304,

324 329, 334, 360, 372, 398
Cough, chronic 438, 441, 443
Cough, remedies for 61, 308, 309
355, 356,, 357, 358, 381, 410,

441, 442
Cranium and Scalp, preservation
of

38
Crusted Scall, or Impetigo capitis

47, 359, 414, 415
Crowing, to prevent a cock 54
Cutaneous eruptions

367, 363
Cutaneous irritation

442
Dangerous days in the year 58
Dead bone, to remove

331
Dead bone from the skull 45, 312
Deafness 47, 66, 311, 314, 315,
333, 338, 348, 362, 365, 392, 400,

438, 446
Deafness after a fever

66
Death, prognosis of

75
Debility, bodily

446, 443
Delirium

441
Derangement of the mind 358
Diarrhwa

310, 434
Digestion, healthy

82
Digestion, to strengthen

443
Digestion, a theory of

81
Diptheria

402, 403
Diuretic drink

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359
Cleavers, virtues of

444
Cock crowing, to prevent

54
Cold or Catarrh

312, 317
Cold, to cure a

397
Cold in the limbs

371, 397

363
Dreams, to prevent 338, 361, 367,

440
Drinks, aperient

316
Drinks, cooling

41
Dropsy 384, 385, 389, 394, 430,

439, 442, 444, 447 456
Drunkness, to remove

52
Diuretic drink

363, 433
Diuretic effect, to produce 305
Dura Mater

38
Dysentery

344, 345
Dyspepsia 78, 301, 306, 330, 416, 447
Dyspnea in the Chest 311, 314,

358, 372
Ear, for pain and noise in the 324
Ears, swelling under the 326

357,

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Ears, ulceration of the

327
Eating and drinking, rules for 84
Eczema, or humid tetter

46
Elbow, knee, or legs, for an injury
in the

324
Elements of man
aan

449
Emetic, an.

435
Emetic for the head and stomach

347, 375
Enemies, to avoid

314
Envy, to cure

52
Epidemics, preservation from 410,

415
Epilepsy, 51, 74, 340, 411, 446, 455
Epiphora of the eye 306, 312, 370
Epistaxis

59
Epithelial Cancer

342
Erethema

60
Eruption of the face

369
Eruption of the head 381, 382
Eruptions, cutaneous 367, 368
Eruptions, malignant

385
Eruptions, squamous

420
Eruptions, to cure all sorts of 338,444
Eruptions and wounds, ointment
for

395
Eruptive diseases of the blood 432
Eruptive diseases, to expel 357

432, 444
Eruptive virus in the blood 369, 444,

448
Erysepelatous Erethema

60
Erysipelas 315, 320, 324, 327, 334
363, 380, 385, 394, 405, 406, 408

424, 430, 444
Essentials of a Physician 460
Evil, for the 314, 343, 350, 357, 367,

412 427, 429, 444, 448
Evil humours from wounds 331,437
Evil Spirits

440
Exanthematous contamination of
the humours

432
Exfoliations from the skull or

other bone 45, 342, 368, 391
Extremities, swelling and pain in 59

312
Eye, a bruise of the

398
Eye, to clear the 311, 360, 391
Eye, cloudiness of the 379, 380,

Eye ointment

399
Eye, opacity of the

54, 304, 324,
329, 334, 360, 372, 398
Eye, ongle or onyx of the 379
Eye, ophthalmia

307
Eye, pain in the 39, 312, 399, 433
Eye salve

78, 302, 398,
Eye, speck in the 74, 304, 324,

329, 398
Eye, stye on the 311, 312, 399
Eye water

374
Eye, a web in the

347, 360, 397
Eyelids, remedy for diseased 39, 307
Eyes, blood in the

443
Eyes, inflamed 306, 307, 312, 375
Eyes, watery,

39, 307, 391, 431
Eyes, seven things injurious to the 50
Eyes, to strengthen the 312, 438, 439
Faintings of the heart

328
Falling fits, treatment of 51, 74, 330

340, 411, 446, 455
Falling of the hair, or Alopacea 342
Falling sickness 51, 74, 330, 340,

411, 446, 455
Fatness, to reduce

64
Favus, see “Ringworm®
Feet, aches in the

339, 340
Feet, swelling in the 358, 422
Fennel, virtues of the

439
Fever, black

397
Fever, brain

341
Fever, inflammatory in a child 404
Fevers, various kinds of

40
Fevers, common and eruptive 420
Fevers, inflammatory 404, 439,

441, 444, 448
Fevers, intermitent

41
Fevers, protection from

417
Fevers, rheumatic

444
Fevers, typhus

397, 417, 418
Fflamgwst.

340
Fire, to hold in the hand unhurt 457
Finger, whitlow on the finger 346,

347, 349
Fish, wholesome
Flatulence

431, 432
Eye, collyrium for the 302, 307, 311,

360, 363
Eye, epiphora of the 306, 312, 370
Eye, haze of the 379, 380, 431, 432
Eye, irritation or cloudiness of the

431, 432
Eye, membrane from the 360

318, 447
Flatulent dyspepsia 301, 306, 416
Fleas, to destroy

53, 339
Flies, to destroy

53, 74
Fætus in utero, dead

437, 442
Food for weak or strong stomachs 82
Food, sayings of the wise as to 79, 80
Fowls, flesh of

46
Freckled face

332, 354
Fruits, herbs, &c.

457
Gangrene of the mouth

309, 316
Gargle, to make a good 403, 434

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