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as their natural strength is not such as to permit them to continue growing. They will be also less energetic than persons of the other temperaments, in consequence of their coldness, which will render them more sleepy also. They will be a prudent people. They will be also idle, and that in consequence of cold, for as heat renders a man light and brisk, so cold makes him heavy and idle ; phlegmatic people will also be fat in consequence of bodily impurity. They will also be sluggish in mind, or sleepy, or given to much sleep. If instructed they will be intelligent, and will acquire what will be expected of them ; but in consequence of their sluggishness, they will come off but indifferently in all competitive efforts, and will soon succumb. The memory will be bad, and they will not love, but from selfish motives. They will not seek merriment, song, or jollity, and when possessing knowledge, they will be found wanting in genius. But when there is a mixture of the sanguineous in the constitution, then we may often find him a man wise in knowledge, and of strong genius; being patient, long suffering, and discreet. He will not love contention, mimicry, nor flippancy, because he will not love, save what is seemly and substantial.
TO RECOGNISE THE VAPOURISH CONSTITUTION, AND THE
PERSONS WHO ARE OF THAT TEMPERAMENT.
§ 801. He who is of a vapourish or choleric constitution, will be impatient, in consequence of a superfluity of heat, disposing him to precipitancy. One of this constitution will be very ambitious of obtaining superiority, dignity, and authority over others, in as much as natural heat disposes the mind of the man to folly. Vapourish persons will also have a facility of acquiring learning in consequence of the heat of bile, but they will not retain what they have learnt. They will also be high spirited, that is, they will not patiently suffer injustice, in consequence of their heat. They will aspire to great eminence, official position, and social elevation. A choleric man will be as voluptuous as a goat,
and passion, rather than love, will direct him in every thing. He will be a deceiver, and will be soon angry on account of trifles, exhibiting in this the heat of vapour, and sanguineous ebullition about the heart. He will be cunning, quick, and imprudent in his policy and plans; being more distinguished for violence than constancy in what he does and thinks. He will be slender in his limbs, ungracious in his address, and yellow as saffron in his complexion. As Avicenna says, this complexion indicates haughtiness, one of slender body and limbs, and one who sees a fault in others where it does not exist, and is blind to his own imperfections. He will be kind to those who honour him, cold and haughty to those who do not, and revengeful towards those who wrongly and falsely injure him. The phlegmatic character cannot be commingled with this constitution; and if it could, a sanguineous temperament will be unfaithful and capricious. Of the four constitutions of man, this is the least capable of amelioration and improvement. Rhys the Physician has termed this the vapourish temperament, as it is occasioned by cardiac ebullition, and the bitterness of the bile in man.
THE FOLLOWING ARE INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE RECOGNITION OF THE NATURE AND CONSTITUTION OF MELANCHOLY, AND OF THE TEMPERAMENT
OF THE PERSONS WHO ARE MELANCHOLIC.
$ 802. He who is of a melancholic constitution, will be surly and unmanly, as if at war with himself. Most melancholic people will be also sad and unsociable in consequence of their coldness. They will be also studious, meditative, and .
, thoughtful, as well as disposed to seek solitude. In consequence of the dryness of the brain, their sleep will not be sound, being broken and disturbed with dreams. Of studious minds, their memory will be good. They will be difficult to please, en vious, covetous, apt to evil from moral weakness, little able to follow up their good intentions, consequently bad paymasters and cheats. A melancholic man will be a great reader, abstemious, fearful, and his complexion will be earthlike, which, if it has a shade of green, will indicate dignity, as the wise Cassius says. All men of this
sort will be exposed to extremes in all things; if sad and sorrowful they will be exceedingly so; if joyful, there will be no limit to their jollity. They love singing in solitude, and from a solitary place, to listen to song and harp. They like to say their minds of others, but in no manner to reveal their own internal feelings. They are lovers of song and curious research, but do not much care to show it. They are apt to cultivate the arts and sciences, taking care to understand what they are about, and to be careful as to what they say and do. If there is a mixture of the sanguineous, they will be found a superior class of men. If choleric be the mixture, they will be bitter, surly, and most disagreeable men. If there is a phlegmatic admixture, there will be a tendency to insanity, and mental strife. This class of men will be slender of body and limbs. Many a poet will be found of this constitution, and often will they exhibit inordinate love, and excessive hate.
Here are recorded the following charms and medical feats discovered through the grace of God, and the intelligence of the sages and saints of olden times.
TO OBLIGE A MAN TO CONFESS WHAT HE HAS DONE. $ 803. Take a frog alive from the water, extract his tongue, and put him again in the water. Lay this same tongue upon the heart of a sleeping man, and he will confess his deeds in his sleep.
FOR THE TOOTHACHE; A CHARM. § 804. Saint Mary sat on a stone, the stone being near her hermitage, when the Holy Ghost came to her, she being sad. Why art thou sad, mother of my Lord, and what pain tormenteth thee? My teeth are painful, a worm called megrim has penetrated them, and I have masticated, and swallowed it. I adjure thee daffin o negrbina by the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost, the Virgin Mary, and God, the munificent Physician, that thou dost not permit any disease, dolour, or molestation to affect this servant of
God here present, either in tooth, eye, head, or in the whole
$ 805. I adjure thee, thou diseased uterus, by the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, so that thou mightest not inflict pain, nor have power (for evil) in me Gwyrvyl, the daughter of Rhys, the servant of God, either in the head, breast, stomach, or any other part of my body. Let God the Father prevail, let God the Son prevail, and let God the Holy Ghost prevail. Even so be it. Amen,
FOR THE TOOTHACHE. $ 806. Get an iron nail, and engrave the following words thereon, -|- agla --- Sabaoth -|- athanatos -|- and insert the nail under the affected tooth. Then drive it into an oak tree, and whilst it remains there the toothache will not return. But you should carve on the tree with the nail the name of the man affected with toothache, repeating the following : By the power of the Father and these consecrated words, as thou enterest into this wood, so let the pain and disease depart from the tooth of the sufferer. Even so be it. Amen.
THUS DID RHIWALLON THE PHYSICIAN RESTRAIN A BLEEDING
ISSUED THE BLOOD AND WATER.
- Stay thou blood -|- in the name of the Father, stay thou blood -f- in the name of the Son, stay thou bloodtin the name of the Holy Ghost, rest thou blood -- in the name of the blessed Trinity, thou wound bleed not to
Unnßith Dews Patris, Vnnfih Dews Filius, Vnnfith Dews Spiritus Sanctus t- Christi Amen --- Amen --Amen -|- Amen -- so be it.
TO PRODUCE SLEEP. $ 807. Take a goat's horn, and carve the name of the seven sleepers thereon, making a knife haft of it. The
writing should begin at the blade, and these are their names, Anaxeimeys, Malchus, Marsianus, Denys, Thon, Serapion, Constantynn. When the names are inscribed, lay the knife under the sick man's head unknown to him, and he will sleep.
Pro morbo kadendo, OR EPILEPTIC DISEASE, WHICH CASTS A
MAN DOWN IN AN INSENSIBLE STATE. $ 808. Set thy mind upon God, and say these words three times in the patient's ear, Anamzapta, and when he is restored from the fit administer him some dog's gall. The gall bladder should be hung in the house where the sick man dwells, for three days, in a place where it may be exposed to the wind; then it should be boiled in a quart of ale, till it is reduced to a pint, and given to the patient to drink in the intervals of the fit.
The following is a charm which was made by the Lord Jesus Christ Himself, and shown to the three brethren, asking them where they went; we go said they to the mount of Olives, to gather herbs to heal wounds and contusions. Then said He, return again and take some oil of olives, the white of
eggs, and black wool, applying them to the injured parts, saying thus : I adjure thee, 0 wound, by the grace and power
: of the eight wounds which were in the true God, and true Man, which He received in His most holy body in order to our redemption, by that which Thou, Jesus Christ, didst Thyself desire, by the weariness which Thou didst suffer, and the atonement which Thou didst Thyself make, that this wound shall neither pain, nor smell, nor putrify, in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost ; let it
FOR AN AGUE; A CHARM. $ 809. Put the following writing on the sick inan's stomach, hanging it about his neck.
When our Lord Jesus Christ beheld the cross which was prepared for Him, He trembled greatly, and the Jews asked Him thus, dost Thou fear this cross, or is it the ague