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is, though we may not be able to say come? How may we get joy? How may we well what it means. Joy is a good

spread it ? What is

joy in the Lord”?

How did Paul wish to get it? thing. Sometimes it is got in a bad way, and by bad means. That is not well. It will not stay long if it be

December 27.-A Christian Warfare. got by doing wrong, or if the heart be

2 TIMOTHY iv. 7: “I have fought a good full of sin.

fight.” Sorrow came by sin, and sin still causes sorrow, even when the 1. What Paul fought. The end of sin which brought it is put away.

Paul's life was near.

That death was There is no joy so sure and so lasting drawing nigh which he said would be as that which is brought by goodness.

gain.' As he looked back over the How, then, may we get joy ?

long years which had passed, he felt 2. Two ways of living.--Hear now like a warrior who was putting off his what Paul once said to another, “ Let armour at the close of a long and fierce me have joy of thee.” So we may battle, and he said, “I have fought a give joy to others. Do we not know good fight.” But against what had this and feel it every day ? May not Paul fought? Against evil men: some a brother give joy to a sister? a child had tried to lead him astray from what to a parent ? friends and companions was right; some had done him great each to the other? Think of the wrong. Against Satan. He had tried many ways in which you have given ever to get sin into Paul's heart, and and got joy. But we may also give to hinder the good work he was doing, sorrow, and get it, too, from others. but Paul strove against him. Against Do not parents sometimes get sad

his own evil heart. This was, perhaps, hearts through their children ? Do the hardest fight of all. For Paul, not even brothers and sisters give like all other men, was a sinner. The sorrow to each other? How sad that thoughts of his heart were evil, and it life should be passed in spreading was only by the grace which God gave sorrow ! How blessed to pass a life him that he could keep down and in spreading joy! The one life is like conquer the evil within him. a cloud giving no rain, but spreading 2. How Paul fought. — He fought gloom. The other life is like a ray of against men with good words and kind sunshine, cheering and brightening all

deeds. These are sharp and strong it touches. Which shall your life be weapons. He fought, too, by the like? But how may we thus give patient enduring of ill. How meekly joy? Our verse will teach us.

he bore suffering! how bravely and 3. Joy in the Lord.—“Joy of thee cheerfully too! Then, he fought with in the Lord.That was what Paul the Word of God. How often he wanted. He knew this was the one turned aside the rage of men and the only sure way of getting it. But what malice of Satan with this weapon! did he mean? Joy in the Lord,” Who had taught him to use this? must mean such joy as the Lord would How did Jesus fight against the tempapprove, and got in such a way as tations of Satan? Paul also fought would please Him. Paul asked the with prayer. This brought him help man to whom he wrote, to show kind- from God, and none could stand ness to one who had grieved him. Some against him then. And he now looked would rather try to get joy by grieving back upon “ the world” of evil men those who wrong them. But this is and things; "the flesh,” his own bad not the Lord's way. He says to all, heart, which was now changed; and “Do good to them that hate you.” “ the devil;" and felt that by the This is, indeed, a way to get joy, grace of God he could say he had and a way to spread joy also. Paul overcome them all. Was not that a wanted not the good done to himself, good fight”? but if done to another it gave him joy. 3. All must fight.-Have we enemies? True joy is “the fruit of the Spirit, Yes, the very same which Paul had, something which God Himself causes and the same need to fight against to grow up in the heart of those who them. Have we his weapons ? The love Him. In His “presence is fulness very same also. Even little children of joy.”

must strive against sin. Do not REVISION.-What is joy? How did sorrow naughty companions try to lead you to

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LITTLE DAVID. RETURNING from labour one evening, I was informed that a little girl had called to say that her brother was very ill and wanted to see his teacher. As soon as possible I went. At the door I was met by the mother, who had been watching for my coming. With tears in her eyes she said, “We are glad you are come; David has been so much wanting to see you. Last Sunday (you know what a bitter day it was) he was very poorly, and I wanted him to stay home from school, but he wished so much to go that I had not the heart to refuse him. He went; but he had scarcely strength enough left to return home. With great effort he reached the door, when he fell down exhausted, and he has been very unwell ever since. Last night he was so ill we did not expect he would have lived till the morning.”

This statement did not come upon me unexpectedly. I had often looked upon the boy's frail form and flushed face and listened to his short breathing, as he took his seat in the class, and had thought that consumption, that fell destroyer of the youth and beauty of England, had marked him for its prey. But the thought that I was about to lose one of my best scholars made me very sad. He had never given me the least trouble: it was quite a pleasure to talk to him, as he sat listening with rapt attention to my entreaties that all in the class would at once seek an interest in the Saviour's precious blood.

When I entered the house, I found that he was a little better, and able to come down-stairs. He was sitting in an old arm-chair drawn to the table, on which lay his Bible, which he had been

reading. When he saw me his eyes shot forth their welcome. I said,

“I am very sorry to see you so ill.”

“I am a little better to-day,” he said ; “but last night I was so ill I thought I should have died.”

“And were you ready if God had called you?” I inquired.

66 Yes.”

“When did the change take place ? tell me all about it."

“You know last Sunday in school we read the twelfth chapter of Ecclesiastes, where it says, “Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth;' and you explained it to us. I felt a great deal then, though I did not say anything to any one. After I got home I was so poorly that I could not go to the evening preaching, so I stayed home to mind the house. After mother had gone out, I took my Bible and read the eleventh and twelfth chapters of Ecclesiastes. When I read the ninth verse of the eleventh chapter and the first verse of the twelfth chapter, I thought my evil days' are already come, and the years in which I can say, 'I have no pleasure in them.' Ithought, I have notóremembered my Creator in the days of my youth. I knelt down by the fireside and cried to God for mercy; I wept and prayed until God spoke peace to my soul, and now I feel my sins are all forgiven. I should so much like to see father, and tell him about it. But I have written a letter for him to read if I should be gone before he returns."

None but those who have been accustomed to rejoice over souls born for glory and souls for whose conversion they have watched and laboured, can tell the joy caused in my heart by this

narrative. We knelt together, and from that humble hearth there went up heartful thanks to Him Who had saved us by His grace, and filled our hearts with peace and joy and love.

The end was not so near as we anticipated. For several months David had to wait before his change came. It was not until the summer that he passed away. Twice each week I visited him, and always found him resigned ; willing to get better if it were God's will, but if not, “ to depart and to be with Christ.” Just before he died, he called his father and mother and sisters to his bedside, and bade them an affectionate farewell, dividing his few

treasures amongst them. But his greatest treasure, his Bible, out of which he always read in Sunday-school, he reserved for his teacher. I was just in time to receive it from his hands as a last token of his esteem and love. I need not say that it will always be reckoned amongst my greatest treasures.

God has given me great encouragements to labour on. Three of my scholars have passed away leaving a blessed testimony behind that they are gone to be with Jesus: whilst from three others I have heard the glad tidings that they have “liberty found, through the blood of the Lamb.” Grange, Cardiff.


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Essay on the "Examination of

Sunday-School Teachers." At the Quarterly Meeting of the Castleford Wesleyan Circuit SundaySchool Union, held at Methley, an Essay was read by the Secretary, Mr. T. H. Gorle, on the “Examination of SundaySchool Teachers.” The Essay, in a somewhat condensed form, is here appended :

There cannot be two opinions as to the value and importance of Sundayschool work; consequently, we think that all earnest and thoughtful persons engaged therein will hail any measure or series of measures inaugurated to increase that efficiency. Living as we do in an age when all things are more or less tested, we cannot expect that any work which has attained gigantic proportions will escape the notice of all who from time to time are called upon to support it; there can be no doubt that results will be looked for, and especially will this be the case with Sabbath-school operations; hence the necessity for increased efficiency. To promote this end we must use every legitimate means within our power. Whilst the closet must ever take precedence in preparation for this work, there must be intelligence exhibited in the mode of working; and to keep pace with the increasing facilities afforded to

the young for obtaining elementary knowledge, there must be on the part of Sabbath-school teachers no objection raised to any method which will tend to their improvement, which in effect means their increased usefulness.

Let us then remark that it is thought one means for the attainment of the end desired is to be found in the examination of those who are willing and anxious to be engaged in this department of Christian labour. We shall find this principle adopted more or less in the world, as well as in the Church. Take our own denomination, as the one we are most familiar with, and you observe a numerous body of men employed who are called lay-preachers; these men give voluntary service to the church of their choice, but they are not allowed, and rightly too, to go up and down preaching without control and examination. They have to submit to pass through a certain routine, and they are accepted or rejected according to their proficiency. Why, then, should Sabbath school teachers be exempt from

a similar process ? Their work is of a very important character, they have committed to their charge immortal spirits to train for Christ and heaven; should they not be apt to teach, patient and well up to their work? And how is this to be

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known unless they are examined ? No one desirous of being successful in this work would object to any proper method which would tend to make his or her efficiency known. Right-minded persons would look upon such an ordeal as a means of improvement, for they would necessarily prepare for the time when they would be required to questions, and it would most effectually lead to their benefit intellectually, morally and spiritually.

The duty now before me seems to be:- First, to consider the mode of such examination; and secondly, to suggest the line of question to be submitted to the candidates. I.-As to the mode of such examination

-the question arises whether it should take place immediately upon the person offering his or her services to the School, or whether there should be a little space given for trial and preparation. That, however, may be left as an open question, and we may next discuss whether the questions should be asked orally or in writing ; and whoshould examine? Iam inclined to questioning by the living voice, as it may be made intensely interesting and instructive to all concerned. The writing system would be less likely to attract attention, and might sometimes, perhaps, exclude some who would be very eligible for the work, but who might not be so well up in penmanship as to make it easy for them to do what would be required. Then as to the examiner: I am inclined to a similar method to that adopted in the case of local-preachers—the Chairman of the Meeting to put the questions, and the teachers determine by their votes as to the admission or rejection of the candidate. Of course,

if it be a written examination, the papers could be read over to the teachers in their usual meeting, and

the decision taken as in the other case. II.-The questions to be asked should

come under four heads:-(a.) As regards personal experience. Have you given your heart to God ? Do you now experience a sense of the Divine favour: (6.) The second series should have reference to the work itself. This necessary, to see whether the person has ajust appreciation of the responsibility, the encouragements and the discouragements of the work, and should be something like the following:-Do you enter upon this work feeling its responsibilities? Do you rightly estimate its

portance ? Deathless souls to be trained for glory. Do you realise that the children will probably be troublesome, sometimes try your patience, and are you prepared to exercise patience and overcome tendencies to discouragement ? (c.) The third series should comprise questions on the principal truths taught in the Bible. Do you believe in the inspiration of the Bible ? What does it teach respecting the Deity ? As regards man? His origin? His fall? The redemptive scheme? Give the words of the Scripture summing up the Gospel in a single passage? What is the teaching of Jesus respecting children? Does He attract or repel them ? (d.) The rest of the questions should refer to discipline and the regulations of the School, and might be as follows:-Are you prepared to be punctual, regular and attentive to the discipline of the School ? Will you occasionally visit the homes of the children composing your class, and invite the co-operation of the parents ?

Suitable for Sunday-School Libraries.

fascinating little book was written, as Three Indian Heroes : The Mission

the preface states, in the hope of inary, The Statesman, The Soldier. By

teresting young readers in our Indian the Rev. J. S. BANKS. London: Wes

empire; and this it is certainly calculated leyan Conference Office. 1874.-This

to do, for the story of these noble lives, as related here, is full of thrilling interest. Selected from “Early Days.” London: Whilst much information is given, though Wesleyan Conference Office.-These in small compass, respecting our Indian

simple little stories, which were read affairs, the sterling Christian character

with delight by the readers of the of the three heroes is well brought out. “Early Days,” will be heartily welcomed It is just the book to put into the hands

in their present attractive form. This of an intelligent boy.

pretty little volume is very suitable for Pictures from Memory. By ADELINE.

a Christmas or New Year's present.

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