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REVISION.–What is meant by example ? To whom did Paul set an example? How did they follow it? What greater Example had they? What did they leave? Who are heathens? What is done now to teach them a better way?

July 12.-David and Goliath. 1 SAMUEL xvii. 42: “ He was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.

1. The giant Goliath.King Saul and the people of Israel were once in dismay. Their enemies, the Philistines, had come upon them with a great army, and Saul had taken his soldiers out to fight against them. But as the armies drew near to fight, there came out from the Philistines a great giant, tall and strong and fierce, with his armour and his weapons greater than any other man could carry. With boid words he stood and cried aloud to Saul and the Israelites, bidding them choose out a man to come and fight with him. Now there were many brave and strong warriors in Saul's army, but none durst face this great giant. Day by day the giant came out with his taunting words. “ Saul and all Israel..were dismayed, and greatly afraid;” and though the King offered riches and honour to any one who would slay the giant, none could be found to go forth against him.

2. David's courage and faith.— While this was going on, David was sent by his father to visit his elder brothers, who were in Saul's army, and to take a present. He gladly went to see his brethren, and while he was talking with them Goliath came forth with his boastful words, and “all the inen of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.' But David asked the meaning of all this, and why they did not fight this Ph stine who “defied the armies of the living God”? His brother was angry with him for speaking thus, but David knew that he was right, and he was so earnest in what he said that they told Saul, who sent for David to his tent. David told the King to fear not, and said he was ready to go to fight the giant. Now David “ but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance,” and the King said, “ Thou art not fight with him : for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.” But David told Saul how a lion and a bear once came against his father's sheep,

and that he had killed them both. He did not boast of this as though he thought himself better than others, for he said, “ The Lord that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, He will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine." Then Saul said, “Go, and the Lord be with thee.

3. The death of Goliath.As David was setting out to the fight, Saul put on him his own armour, a helmet of brass upon his head, a coat of mail upon his back, and a sword in his hand. But when David tried to go with all this, he could not. He knew that if God helped him he should not need Saul's armour, so he put it all off, and went just as he was, with his staff in his hand. He choose five smooth stones from the brook, which he put into his shepherd's bag, and set forth with a sling and a stone to meet the Philistine. All the men of both armies gathered on the hill-sides were full of wonder at the strange sight before them. When the giant saw this youth, he despised him, saying he would Aling his body to be eaten by the birds and beasts of prey. David said, "I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts,..and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee;.. that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.” Then, as Goliath came towards him, he ran to meet him, and slung a stone and smote the Philistine in his forehead, “ and he fell upon his face to the earth.” After this he took the Philistine's own sword, and cut off his head with it. “ And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.” Thus God delivered His people by the skill and courage of His young servant. REVISION.- Who was Goliath?

Why did the men of Israel fear? Who saved Israel ? How was it done? In Whom did David trust? How did he kill the giant ?


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all parts to learn, and to see the riches and beauty of Athens. While Paul was staying there, “ his spirit was stirred in him," not for these things, but because “ he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.”

With all their wisdom and skill they knew not God, but strayed sadly away from what is right.

2. The preacher there.—But what did Paul do when he saw all this? preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection.” Going daily wherever people gathered, meeting the learned teachers with the rest, telling them the truth, and trying to turn them to the service of God. This was doctrine to them. Some scorned his words, others sought to hear more, and at last they took him to the great meeting-place of the city, and asked him to tell them what all these things meant. So he told them of the Great God Who “ made the world and all things therein ; ” how He had made all men, and could not be “worshipped with men's hands, as though He needed anything;” and that He had commanded “all men everywhere to repent,” for that a day was coming in which He would judge the world by Jesus Christ. How full of wonder these Athenians were to hear all this! Some believed, and were saved. Have we anything to do with all this? Yes, “For in Him welive,and move and have our being.

3. What we owe to God.—God gives us life. The body and the spirit are alike from Him. We could not keep ourselves or each other in life for one moment. The wisdom, the power and the care of God alone can do this. Our life is His; do we use it for Him ? In Him we move.

The work of man, the wisdom, the power to think, the power to do, are all the gift of God. Our very being we have in Him. What will He say for the sad use made by many of His precious gifts ? Will you think of this as you enjoy life and heing day by day ? Live to Him, and He will bless you and care for you now and for ever. REVISION.-What sort of place was Athens ? What did Paul see there? Why was his spirit stirred ? What did this lead him to do? What did he say? What do we owe to God! Why should we live to Him?

left Athens, he went to another famous city called Corinth. In many things this place and its people were like Athens. Many beautiful things were there, but they were heathens still, for they worshipped idols instead of the living and true God. There were living there some Jews also, men of the same country as Paul. A few of these feared God. Paul soon found them out; good people now find each other out. He sought too to bring the rest to the same mind, but they “opposed themselves,” and spake evil words against Paul and what he taught. Paul reproved them for this, and turned from them in grief. What was he to do now? His preaching was not listened to by many of those about him. It had even brought him much danger. Still he failed not, but preached to the Corinthians and many believed.

2. God's comfort to Paul.—God saw all that Paul did, and knew what he needed to help him on in his great work. He sees all His servants, great and small, and knows what is best for each. To give courage and strength to Paul, the Lord spake to him “in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace: for I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city.” It may be that Paul was sad at heart, and fearing for himself and his work. How cheering were these words, “I am with thee!” It mattered not who was away, nor who were against the Apostle, if the Lord was with him. It may be that Paul thought of the few who were saved in the ark, when all others were drowned, and of Moses, safe in the presence of the angry king of Egypt; and of the Three in the fiery furnace; and of Daniel in the lions' den,- all safe, because the Lord was there. Then, too, it may be that, like Elijah, Paul thought those who feared the Lord were few, but God said He had “ much people” in the city. Then He promised Paul that none should hurt him. How easily God can keep off the enemies of His people! These words are for all God's people in all time. Let us serve Him, and fear not; He is ever with those who love Him, to bless and to save them. And He knows all that are His.

July 26.—God's Care for His People.

Acts xviii. 10:“For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee."

1. Paul at Corinth. When Paul

A Peril to our Young Men. first step in the career of a fast young
To the Editor.

man. Charles Garrett says, “I see with SIR,-Permit me to call attention to a great regret the habit of smoking formed growing practice fraught with great amongst the lads and young men. It is danger to the mind and body of young to many of them the first step on the men,-I mean tobacco-smoking. Until wrong road.” I do not overstate the the last half-century, the habit was case when I say that hundreds of youths almost entirely confined to men. Boys owe their temporal and spiritual ruin never smoked. But times have changed, to habits and associations formed in and now-according to the estimate of

tobacco-smoking. Dr. Murray—there are in Great Britain It has been said by the pro-tobacco at least two million boys who smoke. journal that Sunday-school prizes have This estimate is, I think, considerably sometimes taken the form of meerschaum under the mark. But assuming it to be pipes. But I cannot believe that juvenile correct, is there not sufficient cause for smoking has ever been encouraged by alarm ? Whatever opinions medical men Sunday-schools. Smoking-teachers there hold as to the injuriousness of the prac- are in plenty ; but they are the last tice to men of mature years, there is an persons to deliberately ensnare their absolute unanimity of judgment that scholars into the practice. The great tobacco-smoking is physically and enemies of religious, as of secular educamorally detrimental to youth.

tion, are the pipe and pot. The pipeTobacco is a narcotic poison. Its essen- light is a torch that shows the way, not tial principle, nicotine, is so deadly that to the school and Church, but to the beerthe amount of it contained in one cigar, house and casino. It has been recently if extracted and administered in a con- remarked that there is a decrease in the centrated form, would suffice to kill two attendance of young men at religious men. As in the case of other poisons, services. Young women largely prewhen first taken into the system, nature ponderate. The cause of this is not far asserts herself by seeking to expel the to seek. In a report to Convocation at trespasser, and the novice suffers a most York, the Sunday evening concerts held severe form of nausea, giddiness and at public-houses, are referred to as not headache. If, however, his mannishness only neutralising all good teaching prompts him to renew the experiment, while the young people remain at the he suffers less and less each time, until Sunday-school, but as speedily severing his system becomes habituated to the altogether the connection between them narcotic, as in the parallel case of opium. and the Sunday-school and Church. The Thus nature is tortured into its use, and liquor-shops, with their manifold attracwhen the habit becomes confirmed it is tions, are alluring thousands to destrucnot easily abandoned.

tion. Here, as at the theatre, everything My desire is to warn boys not to learn is done the practice. To be forewarned is to be

“ To make vice pleasing forearmed. Tobacco-smoking is generally

And damnation shine." acquired through lack of a knowledge A few weeks ago I spent Sunday-night of its nature, as well as through the among the gin-shops of Manchester, example of men. In the estimation of and in one of them there were nearly great numbers of boys, the pipe, not the three hundred young men, and this at mind, is the standard of the man. And an early hour. In a notorious concertas it is difficult for the majority of hall, thirteen hundred young people, people to resist the dictates of fashion, mostly males, entered between the hours so it is difficult for the warm passions of of six and ten. youth to resist the ridicule which boy- These facts and arguments speak for smokers heap upon their abstaining themselves. companions. Very often smoking is the


NOTICES OF BOOKS. Wood Notes and Church Bells. By On wings of faith and prayer the smooth the Rrv. RICHARD Wilton, M. A.

stone' took

Its fatal flight, urged by the circling string, London : Bell and Daldy.—The work

And the prone giant's shield and helmet ring of a true poet. Its special claim for

Hollow; and earth at his loud downfall notice in this Journal is its rich illustra

shook : tion of Scripture. As a specimen, take So with one promise from the Sacred the following :


The streams whereof make glad the Church DAVID AND GOLIATH.

below, “He lays his mantle by, and shepherd's One text worn smooth by use of rolling crook,

ages, And dons the cumbrous armour of the

Our soul's strong enemy we overthrow; king

Faith in God's Word the help of God One moment- then resumes his well

engages, proved sling,

And. It is written,' puts to flight the foe.”' And simple pebbles rounded by the brook :

PORTFOLIO. David's Position with regard any more immediate design upon the to Saul.

crown,-except that he knew it would in “It was not his purpose to set himself the course of time come to him,-than forth as a competitor for the crown;

any leader of our own parliamentary that his sworn friendship for Jonathan, opposition may be supposed to entertain. no less than his determination to await It is true, that all the opposition leaders the course of the Lord's providence,

of the East have not been so forbearing forbade. Still, as an oppressed man, in a

as David in this respect. This was the public position, who had rendered great peculiar merit of his faith, of his loyalty services to the State, and whose life was to Saul, and of his fixed determination unjustly pursued, the notions of the that his own conduct should afford no East would account it just and laudable, justification of the inveterate hatred with that, while abstaining from any offensive which the King sought his destruction.” acts against the Government, and shun

-Kitto. ning rather than seeking occasions of collision, he should organise such a “ Thou Son of the Perverse power around him, in a body of attached

Rebellious Woman." and hardy followers, as might ensure his “In abusing another it is still cussafety, and even bring the royal oppressor tomary in the East to apply disgraceful to some conditions of peace.


epithets to the mother of the abused constantly meet with this in Eastern

There is intention to history. It necessarily arises from the stigmatise the mother personally. She absence of adequate checks upon the may be wholly unknown to the person extravagances of the royal power on the who employs such expressions, and no one hand, and from the want of a lawful one thinks her injured by them; but outlet for the expression of public dis- they are in the highest degree offensive content on the other. With us, opposition to her son. When one person is offended to the Government is a recognised part with another, or when two persons of the public system, and therefore safe


quarrel, it is, indeed, the last and most to all parties. It is parliamentary, it is venomous mode of attack for the parties legal, it is oral. In the East it of necessity to apply every intemperate epithet to takes a more demonstrative shape, the their respective mothers, wives and shape of organised bands, of weapons of daughters; to charge them with crime, war, of military action. David became and to threaten what they will do or in fact the leader of the opposition in would do to them. But the mother is the reign of King Saul, without more in all these cases the most general and personal animosity to the sovereign, or favourite object of this revolting form


of abuse; and so prevalent is this habit, that not only will a father, like Saul, use such expressions in abusing his son, but even brothers in their quarrels with each other will in the same way, and for the purposes of mutual offence, apply the same expressions to the mother whom both of them respect and love. Similar forms of reflected abuse, harmless to the object from which they are reflected, are not unknown in this

country, and, so far as they go, are quite analogous to those employed in the East. The father, also, is sometimes, though not so often, the object to whom contumelious epithets are applied for the sake of annoying the son. Even Antar, who deeply respected his father and loved his mother, does not scruple on occasion to call his own brother 'base born,' and 'the son of a dog.'. Kitto.


(Written for the Children's Service of Praise,held at St. George's Hall,

September 13, 1873, in connection with The Liverpool Wesleyan Sunday School Union.)

MISS A. J. CLEGG. Harmony by W. THACK 'RAY.

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fIn vain with all the angel choir,
The ransom’d host of heaven aspire,

Thy glory to proclaim; dim. How then shall we approach Thy throne;

How make Thy countless mercies known; р Or sing Thine awful Name?

р Father! for Jesu's sake receive
The praise, which now we gladly give,

Though with a stammering tongue;
eres. Grant us at length to see Thy face,
And join with all the ransom'd race,
In Heaven's eternal song.


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