Out in Force: Sexual Orientation and the Military
Gregory M. Herek, Jared B. Jobe, Ralph M. Carney
University of Chicago Press, 15. dec. 1996 - 337 sider
Can the U.S. military integrate gay personnel into its ranks and still accomplish its mission? In 1993, this question became the center of a heated debate when President Clinton attempted to lift the long-standing ban on gays in the military. This debate persists because the compromise policy "Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Don't Pursue," faces serious legal challenges, and is likely to go to the Supreme Court before the end of the decade. Just below the surface of this debate rages a more general argument about the status of gay people in America.
Both sides base their views on assumptions about the consequences of integration. Even defenders of the ban grudgingly acknowledge that homosexuals are fully capable of serving with distinction. Few question gay service members' abilities or patriotism; justifications for the ban are now predicated on heterosexuals' negative reactions.
Out in Force refutes the notions that homosexuality is incompatible with military service and that gay personnel would undermine order and discipline. Leading social science scholars of sexual orientation and the military offer reasoned and comprehensive discussions about military organizations, human sexuality, and attitudes toward individuals and groups. They demonstrate forcefully that the debate is really about the military as an institution, and how that institution will adapt to larger social changes. The contributors show that the ban could be successfully eliminated, and set forth a program for implementation. In sorting opinion from fact, myth from reality, Out in Force stands as an invaluable guide for the military, lawmakers, and the courts as they continue to grapple with this question of institutional and societal change.
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acceptance acknowledged active acts African Americans allowed appears argument armed forces Army Association attitudes behavior beliefs chapter Clinton cohesion command concerns conduct confidentiality consequences considered countries courts culture Defense departments directive discharged discrimination discussion effect engage equal example experience findings fire forces gay men gays and lesbians heterosexual homosexual implementation important individuals Institute integration issue Journal leaders lesbians less limits major male military personnel military service minority noted officers one's organizations percent performance personnel political positive practices president Press problems protection Psychology questions racial reasons recent regarding regulations relationship reported Research respondents restrictions result role rules sample serve sexual orientation shared similar situations social society status stereotypes suggest survey tion United Washington women York
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