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bullets. They agreed, that in case the ene to bring the Article to a close in the my got over their dykes, they should retire succeeding Number, after bringing to the house, and if they should find them down more completely the account of selves overpower'd there, to burn it, and the Kirk-Yetholm community to the bury themselves in the ashes. In this action 15 men were killed, besides present time; with the addition of

such other anecdotes and observations the officers named, and 30 wounded. The account of the enemies loss is uncer

as we had collected respecting their tain, but they are said to be above 300 more general history; and, perhaps, slain, amongst whom were some persons of with some further remarks upon their

separate language and supposed oric That handful of unexperienced men was gin. The attention required by more wonderfully animated to a stedfast resist pressing subjects, however, has hitherance against a multitude of obstinat furies. But they gave the glory to God, and praised and it is, unfortunately, only in our

to prevented us from reverting to this; him, and sung psalms, after they had fitted themselves for a new assault.

power now to execute the least diffi. Amongst many who shewed extraordinary cult, if not the least important, part courage, some young gentlemen cadees de- of our original plan--namely, to preserve a special testimony and remembrance sent to the public the remainder of the -as William Sandilands above named, miscellaneous anecdotes, with which James Pringle of Hultrie, William Stirling we have been furnished from various of Mallachen, James Johnstoun, a reform

sources, respecting this curious people. ed lieutenent, and others. Diverse officers besides those above speci. Records of the Court of Justiciary,

We begin with some extracts from the fied, vize another Captain John Campbel, and other judicial documents relating Captain Harries, Lieutenent Henry Stuart, Lieutenent Charles Dalyel, Licutenent Oli.

to trials of Gypsies. phant, Lieutenent Thomas Haddo, Ensign In May 1714, William Walker, William Hamilton, and most of all the offi- Patrick Faa, Mabill Stirling, Mary cers, behaved very worthily at their several Faa, Jean Ross, Elspeth Lindsay, Joposts throughout the whole action, and de- seph Wallace, John Phennick, Jean serve well to be recorded as men of worth Yorkstown, Mary Robertson, Janet and valour. And the whole souldiers did Wilson, and Janet Stewart, were inevery thing with such undaunted courage, dicted at Jedburgh, as guilty of wiland so little concern, in all the dangers and deaths which surrounded them and stared ful fire raising, and of being notorious them in their faces, that they deserve to be Egyptians, thieves, vagabonds, sorrecommended as examples of valour to this ners, masterful beggars, and oppresand after ages, and to have some marks of sors, at least holden in repute to be honour fixt upon them. And it is expected such. his Majesty will be graciously pleased to

It appeared from the proof, that a take notice both of officers and souldiers. Upon the Saturday immediately after of Greenhead in Roxburgh. One wit

gang of gypsies had burnt the house those actions, the young Laird of Bellachan came in to Dunkeld to treat for the benefit

ness swore, that of his Majesties indemnitie for all those of “ The deponent being in a barn at HairAthole ; and he declared that Lord James stanes, on a morning, Janet Stewart, pannel, Murray was willingly to accept thereof. came into it, and prayed God's malison to

But Major General M.Kay (who by his light upon them who had put lier to that gallant and wise conduct prevented the con trouble; and being asked who it was, she junction of ill-affected people with the re said it was Sir William Kerr of Greenhead, bels, and baffled all their designs upon the who had put her bairn in prison—and delow countries) is now in the Highlands with pones, that the same night after Janet Stewa brave army. And with the blessing of art uttered the words aforesaid, Sir William God, will shortly give a good account of Kerr's house of Bridgend was burnt.” them all, and put an end to the troubles of this kingdom.

Another witness swears,

that Edinburgh, printed according to order, 1689. The night after Sir William Kerr's

house was burnt, about five o'clock, Patrick Faa, pannel, looked over the prison window, and asked if it were true that Sir William Kerr's house was burnt, and the deponent answering that it was but too true, Patrick

Faa said, that the rest of the justices of (Concluded from page 161.) peace would have set him at liberty, but

Sir William would not consent; and that, When we printed the second section if he had been at liberty, it would not have of our Gypsey Notices, we proposed happened, for he would have cleansed the

NOTICES CONCERNING THE SCOTTISH

GYPSIES.

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country of these Egyptians and vagabonds jargon the declarant did not well understand, that were going about."

they fell a-squableing, when the declarant

was in are other room with some other com. The sentence upon Janet Stewart was, that she should be scourged pany; upon the noise of which, the declaradt

ran in to them, where he found the said through Jeolburgh, and afterwards James Kairns lying above the said William stand a quarter of an hour at the Cross, Baillie, whose nose the said James Kairns with her left ear nailed to a post. had bitten with bis teeth till it bled ; upon

P. Faa, Mary Faa, Stirling, Lindsay, which the declarant and his wife threatened Ross, Robertson, Phennick, and York to raise the town upon them, and get a constown, were sentenced to be transport. stable to carrie them to prison ; but Kairps ed to the Queen's American planta- and Pinkerton called for their horses, Wi. tions for life. Patrick was, in addi. liam Baillie saying he would not go with tion, sentenced to be whipped through and Pinkerton had got their horses, and

them. Declares, that after the said Kairns the town, and to stand half an hour at mounted, they ordered the declarant to bring the cross with his left ear nailed to a a chopen of ale to the door to them, where post, and then to have both his ears William Baillie was standing talking to

cutted off.' Phennick was banished them : that when the declarant had killed furth of Scotland ;' and Walker, Wal- about the ale and left them, thinking the lace, and Wilson, were acquitted. were going off, the declarant's wife went to About the same time, three men the door, where Kairns struck at her with a

drawn sword, to fright her in ; upon which and two women, all gypsies, were sen

she ran in; and thereupon the declarant tenced to be hanged at Edinburgh.

went to the door, where he found the said In a precognition, taken in March William Baillie lying with the wounds upon 1725, by Sir James Stewart of Colte him, mentioned in John Meikle's declaraness, and Captain Lockhart of Kirk- tion." ton, two of his Majesty's Justices of “ Thomas Brownlee declares, that upon the Peace for Lanarkshire, “anent the the fourth of November last, being Sc murther of William Baillie, brazier, Leonard's fair in Lanark, the said declarcommonly called Gypsie,” the follows ant, with several others, comeing from

Lanark fair towards Carlouk, at Cartland ing evidence is adduced:

on the high road, David Pinkerton and “John Meikle, wright, declares, that James Kairns came riding straight upon i upon the twelvth of November last, he be the declarant and his company, upon which

ing in the house of Thomas Riddle, in New, the declarant went off the way. They call. 30. arthill, with some others, the deceased ing to bold off the way : the declarant said, D, William Baillie, James Kairns, and David The way is broad enough, hold off, folk: si Pinkerton, were in ane other roume drink. upon which James Kairns turned back the t's ing, where, after some high words, and a breadeth of one house, and then, haveing a

confused noise and squabble, the saids three drawen sword or shable in his hand (with persons above named went all out ; and the blood upon it), came straight upon the dedeclarant knowing them to be three of those clarant and cutt him upon the head, to the idle sorners that pass in the country under effusion of his blood, without any provoca. the name of gypsies, in hopes they were tion. This was done about half ape hour gonc off, rose and went to the door to take before sunset,” &c. the air; where, to his surprise, he saw Wil. “ John Lightbodie in Belstaintown, &c. liam Baillie standing, and Kairns and Pin- declares, conform to the said Thomas Brownkerton on horseback, with drawn swords in lie, with this variation, that James Kairos their hands, who both rushed upon the said said-Know ye whom yow speak to ? James William Baillie, and struck him with their Kairns will not be quarreled upon the road, swords; whereupon the said William Baile - which he said, when none quarreled him lie fell down, crying out he was gone. Upon further than to say, Ride off, folk." which Kairns and Pinkerton rode off: that Another witness declares, vt the declarant helped to carry the said Wil. liam Baillie into the house, where, upon and Kairns in Bowridgemilne Kilne, with

“ That he had frequently seen Maxwell search, he was found to have a great cut, or wound, in his head, and a wound in his several others in company with them com. body, just below the slot of his breast; and monly called gypsies and sorners, who took declares lie, the said William Baillie, died that they had horses alongst with them, and

hens and peats at pleasure also declares, some time after.". *** Thomas Riddle, tenant and change for fear they had drawn his stacks or done

the declarant was obliged to give them straw, keeper in Newarthill, &c.; declares, that the other mischief to him," &c. ; deceased Williain Baillie, James Kairns, and " David Pinkerton, all idle sorners, that are

Another witness states, that the said known in the country by the name of gypsies,

“ Maxwell, tinker, sorner, and Egyp-came to the declarant's house about sun-set- tian," with his gang, frequently took ting, whicre, after some stay, and talking a possession, without any leave asked or

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given, of his out-houses; and that, had lately returned from abroad, and "to prevent abuse in the country, he was then roaming about the country. allowed them to take his peats," &c. This document bears the date of March It is mentioned by another person ex 11, 1725. amined, that the same gang, passing On referring to the Justiciary ree by his house to Watstounhead kiln, cords, we find that in 1727, Robert sent in some of their number to him, Johnstoun, sone to John Johnstoun, asking for straw for their horses, gypsey, sturdy beggar, and vagabond, 1" which he refused, until they said at that time prisoner in the tolbooth

they would draw his stacks; upon of Jedburgh, was indicted at the inwhich he gave them some bottles to stance of his Majesty's Advocate, and prevent further danger."

at the instance of Marjory Young, John Ketter, in Murdiston Walk- relict of the deceased Alexander Fua, miln, declared

hecklemaker in home, for the mur. “ That upon the said fourth of November der of the said Faa. In the evidence last, as he was coming from St Leonard's brought forward upon the trial, we fair, David Pinkerton and James Kairns find the following curious account of came riding up to the declarant, and said this savage transaction: to him, Yield your purse ; but afterwards they said it would do them little good, bea

66 John Henderson, feuar in Huntley. cause he had said to them he had but a wood, depones, that time and place libelled, crown. But Kairns' wife said the declarant Robert Johnston, pannel, and his father, was a damned villain he had gold ; and came to Huntleywood and possessed themordered to take it from him ; but Kairns selves of a cot. house belonging to the desaid, if the declarant would go to Carlouk, ponent; and that a little after, Alex. Fall, and give them a pynt and a gill, they would the defunct, came up to the door of the said pardon him. And accordingly they came house, and desired they would make open to Carlouk, to the house of James Walker the door: that the door was standing a-jarr, there, where the declarant paied some ale; and the deponent saw Robert Johnston, and as he was goeing away, Pinkerton beat pannel, in the inside of the door, and a fork him for not giving them brandie.”

in his hand, and saw him push over the John Whytefoord, in Cartland, de- door-head at the said Alexander Fall, and clared

saw the grains of the fork strike Alexander “ That he saw Maxwell's called the

Fall in the breast, and Alexander Fall comeMerchant, have a wallate, and as he thought, ing back from the door staggering, came some ware in it, which he valued at twenty died immediately; and depones, that the

to a midding, and there he fell down and pound Scots, amongst which he had a short pistoll; and farder, that he saw James distance of the midding from the house Whytefoord, constable, at the command of where he received the wound is about a Captain Lockhart, Justice of Peace, take a

penny-stone cast ; and when Alexander Fall naked baignet off the wall-head of the house retyred from the house, he said to the rest, wherein they were lodged, which Maxwell Retyre for your lives, for I have gott my younger, the merchant, called his father's; death: Depones, he saw Robert Johnston, and that his father rolled the pans with it! pannel, come out of the cott-house with the and farder declares, that he saw them

fork in his hand, and pass by Alexander boyling desh in poats while they were in

Fall and the deponent; heard the pannell the said house."

say, he had sticked the dog, and he would

stick the whelps too ; whereupon the pannell After the examination of the fore

run after the defunct's sone with the fork going witnesses, and a number of other in his hand, into the house of George Carter: persons who had been cited by order Depones, in a little while after the pannel of the Justices of the Peace for Lan- had gone into George Carter's house, the arkshire, “ to compear before them to deponent saw him running down a balk and give their declarations, what they know

a meadow ; and in two hours after, saw him of these idle vagabonds, commonly

on horseback rideing away without his called gypsies,” a report follows from stockings or shoes, coat or cape." it the said Court, enumerating the griev

Another witness swears, thatances suffered by the lieges from the -“ She heard Johnston say, “ Where are oppressions and disorders of these au the whelps, that I may kill them too ?”. dacious vagrants, and ordering the laws that the prisoner followed Alexander Fall's to be strictly enforced against them.

son into George Carter's house, and the It is particularly mentioned in this re- deponent went thither after him, out of fear port, that a gypsey “ of the name of Carter's wife or children ; there saw the

he should have done some harm to George Johnstoún, who, about nine years by- pannel, with the said fork, search beneath past, was guilty of a most horrid mur.

a bed for Alexander Fall's sone, who had der," but had escaped from justice, hiden himself beyond the cradle ; and then VOL. I.

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there being a cry given that Alexander Fall Faa, alias Falla, alias Williamson, was dead, the pannel went away.”

William Miller, Christian Stewart, Johnston was sentenced to be hang- Margaret Young, and Elizabeth alias ed on 13th June 1727, but he escaped Elspeth Anderson, were indicted at from prison. He was afterwards re- Jedburgh for the crimes of theft, and taken; and in August 1728, the High as habit and repute vagabonds or va Court of Justiciary at Edinburgh or- grant persons, sturdy beggars, sorners, dered his sentence to be put in execu- and gypsies. They all received sention.

tence of death, except Miller, who was Upon comparing these statements transported for life. * with the traditionary account of the murder of Geordie Faa by Rob John A correspondent, who has very ob stone, given in our Second Number, ligingly furnished us with several cu. page 161, the latter appears to be in- rious communications on the present accurate in several points, and parti- subject, mentions, that in the combat cularly in mentioning Jean Gordon as at Lowrie's Den, described by Mr the wife of the murdered Faa. John- Hogg in a former Number, the wife ston, it would seem, had contrived of one of the parties assisted her husto elude the pursuit of justice for band by holding down his opponent more than ten years, and after being till he despatched him by repeated taken and condemned, had again es stabs with a small knife. This virago, caped from prison. If the story of thinking the murderer was not making Jean Gordon's having pursued a mure quick enough work, called out to him, derer beyond seas, and traced him « Strike laigh! Strike laigh ?from one country to another till he The same correspondent has lately was finally secured, be at all connect- sent us the following anecdote of Billy ed with the case of Johnston, she Marshall, derived, as he informs us, may perhaps have been the mother from 'Black Matthew Marshall,' grandof Sandie Faa, the person murdered. son of the said chieftain:"Marshall's Her husband rather seems to have gang had long held possession of a large been Patrick Faa, mentioned at page cove or cavern in the high grounds of 615. But as these bloody transactions Cairnmuir, in Galloway, where they appear to have been very frequent a- usually deposited their plunder, and mong

this savage race in former times, sometimes resided, seeure from the it is not improbable that two stories officers of the law, as no one durst may have been blended together in the venture to molest the tribe in that popular tradition.

retired subterraneous situation. It A few years after this, our heroine, happened that two Highland pipers, Jean, appears to have been reduced to strangers to the country, were travelrather distressed circumstances; for in ling that way; and falling in by chance May 1732, we find that a petition was with this cove, they entered it, to presented to the Circuit Court at Jedburgh, by Jean Gordon, commonly

* While printing this sheet, the following called the Dutchess, then prisoner in notices have been transmitted to us from the tolbooth of Edinburgh; in which England :she states, that she is now become * Simson, Arington, Fetherstone, Renan old and infirm woman, having been wicke, and Lanckaster, were hanged, being long in prison. She concludes with Egyptians."-8 Aug. 1592. requesting to be allowed “ to take vo St Nicholas Par. Register, Durham. luntar' banishment upon herself, to de

“ Francis Heron, king of ye Faws, bu

ried 13 Jan. 1756." pairt from Scotland never to return thereto."-We have little doubt that

Jarrow Register, Co. Durham.

A late communication from another genThe. Dutchess is no other than our tleman in the North of England, enables us old acquaintance, though we were not to correct a slight inaccuracy in our: First formerly acquainted with her title. It Number, respecting the death of Jamie was probably during one of these pe- Allan, the famous Northumbrian piper, who riods of voluntar' banishment,' that it appears did not die, as we supposed, in poor Jean encountered the Goodman Morpeth jail; but after being condemned at of Lochside on the south side of the the Durham assizes, in August 1803, for Border.

horse-stealing, was reprieved, and received About a twelvemonth before the 28th August 1806 died, and was buried in

his Majesty's pardon in 1804; and on the date of Jean Gordon's petition, we find the parish church of St Nicholas, in the city that John Faa, William Faa, John of Durham.”

vi:

shelter themselves from the weather, shepherd's garden. Without leaving and resolved to rest there during the him any time for speculation, hownight. They found pretty good quar- ever, the knight of the curtain bolted ters, but observed some very suspicious forth upon him, and seizing his horse furniture in the cove, which indicated by the bridle, demanded his money. the profession and character of its ab- Mr Leck, though it was now dusk, at sent inhabitants. They had not re once recognized the gruff voice and mained long, till they were alarmed the great black burly head of his next by the voices of a numerous band ad- door neighbour, Gleid-neckit Will, the vancing to its entrance. The pipers gypsey chief.“ Dear me, William, expected nothing but death from the said the minister in his usual quiet ruthless gypsies. One of them, how manner, can this bé you? Ye're ever, being a man of some presence of surely no serious wi' me?-Ye wadna mind, called to his neighbour instantly sae far wrang your character for a good to fill his bags' (doing the same him- neighbour for the bit trifle I hae to self), and to strike up a pibroch with gie, William ?”—“Lord saif us, Mr all his might and main. Both pipes Leck !” said Will, quitting the rein, accordingly at once commenced a most and lifting his hat with great respect, tremendous onset, the cove with all its “ whae wad hae thought o' meeting echoes pealing back the ' Pibroch of yow out owre here-away? -Ye needna Donuil Dhu' or such like. At this gripe for ony siller to me I wadna very unexpected and terrific reception, touch a plack o' your gear, nor a hair

the yelling of the bagpipes, issuing o' your head, for a' the gowd o' Tivifrom the bowels of the earth, just at dale.--I ken ye'll no do us an ill turn the moment the gypsies entered the for this mistak-and I'll e’en see ye cove-Billy Marshall, with all his safe through the eirie Staw--it's no band, precipitately fled in the greatest reckoned a very canny bit mair ways consternation, and from that night nor ane; but I wat weel ye'll no be never again would go near their fa- feared for the dead, and I'll tak căre o’ vourite haunt, believing that the blast the living."-Will accordingly gave they had heard proceeded from the his reverend friend a safe convoy devil or some of his agents. The pipers through the haunted pass, and, note next morning prosecuted their journey withstanding this ugly mistake, conin safety, carrying with them the spo- tinued ever after an inoffensive and lia optima of the

redoubted Billy and obliging neighbour to the minister the clan Marshall.”

who, on his part, observed a prudent The following anecdote of another and inviolable secrecy on the subject noted leader is communicated by an of this rencounter during the life-time individual, who had frequently heard of Gleid-neckit Will.it related by the reverend person chief The following story contains perly concerned :

haps nothing very remarkable in itself, “ The late Mr Leck, minister of or characteristic of the gypséy race; Yetholm, happened to be riding home but it seems worthy of being inserted, one evening from a visit over in Nor- from other considerations:-Tam Gorthumberland, when, finding himself don, the late Captain of the Spittal likely to be benighted, for the sake of a gypsies, and a very notorious and desnear cut, he struck into a wild solitary perate character, had been in the habit track, or drove-road, across the fells, of stealing sheep from the flocks of Mr by a place called the Staw. In one of Abram Logan, farmer at Lammerton, the derne places through which this in the east of Berwickshire. Numbers path led him, there stood an old de- having successively disappeared, Mr serted shepherd's house, which, of Logan and the shepherd sat up one course, was reputed to be haunted. night to watch for the thief; and The minister, though little apt to be about midnight, Tam and his son-inalarmed by such reports, was however law, Ananias Faa, coming for their somewhat startled, on observing, as he accustomed prey, the farmer and his approached close to the cottage, a servant sprung up and seized them.

grim visage' staring out past a win, Abram Logan, a stout active man, had dowclaith, or sort of curtain, which had grappled with the elder gypsey, while

been fastened up to supply the place the shepherd secured the other ;-the ei of a door--and also several ' dusky ruffian instantly drew a large knife, y figures? skulking among the bourtree used for killing sheep, and made re

bushes that had once sheltered the peated attempts to stab him

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