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in the ferrugious plumage of the tawny some other species of sandpiper. In owl, or characteristic variety, there re- succeeding systems it should therefore mains no adequate reason for suppos- be distinguished by the name of Tringa ing it distinct. On examination, we pigmea. have found satisfactory evidence of There is a species described by Penthis variation. In the late edition of nant and Latham, under the name of Buffon, by Sonnini, the Aluco owl Brown Snipe, found in their time only is described as characterised by a fer on the coast of New York. A bird in ruginous tinge ; and a similar obser- the collection of Montagu so greatly vation is made by Daudin, in his orni- resembles the description given by thology.

these authors, that there is little doubt As nothing material occurs to us to of its being the same species. It was remark in the remaining genus of ac- shot on the coast of Devonshire in the cipitrine birds, or in any of the genera month of October. The Red-breasted of the six succeeding orders, many of Snipe ( Scolopax noveboracencis), is a which are almost exclusively composed rare species, of which several are reof foreign species, we shall pass to the corded as having been shot in Britain. Grallæ, or eighth order of the system. The most recent instances of this kind,

Several important observations have of which we are aware, are the two been made in the natural history of birds procured by Mr Foljambe in this numerous tribe, since the publi- 1812. Mr Stewart describes a bird cation of the first edition of Mr Stew- called the Dunlin, under the name of art's work, chiefly through the labours Scolopar pusilla. We are at a loss reof the late Colonel Montagu, who did garding the species, as there is great much to elucidate the ornithology of confusion in the references made to it Great Britain.

in the ornithological works to which The Ardea cinerea of Linnæus is the we at present have access. Is the s. female, not a variety, as Mr S. sup- pusilla distinct from the Tringa alpina poses, of the Ardea major, or common of Lin. ? heron. In 1805, Montagu ascertain Mr S. has continued the Jadreka ed, that the little white heron (Ardea snipe ( S. limosa), and the Red Godwit equinoctialis), was a visitant of Britain. (S. lapponica), as distinct species. The specimen in his collection was Montagu received a specimen from shot on the most southern promontory Lord Stanley, which is in a state of of Devonshire, near the coast. The plumage intermediate between these same author, in his supplement, mem two species, and which, when conside tions the occurrence of an apparently ered along with those circumstances nondescript species, which he has which had formerly caused some named the freckled heron (Ardea len- doubts as to their specific distinction, tiginosa). This bird was shot in Dor- satisfactorily proves that they are realsetshire, in 1804. It is most probably ly the same. The Cambridge Godwit the female of some species already (S. cantabrigiensis), given by Mr S. known as native to Europe, of which as a distinct species, is considered by the sexual distinctions are undescrib- the other ornithologists of the day as ed. Besides these, several other rare merely the young of the Red-shank species have been found in Britain, viz. (S. calidris.) the Gardenian heron (A. gardeni), As we have already exceeded the the African heron (A. caspica), the limits which have been necessarily asnight heron (A. nycticorax and gri- signed to this article, we must delay sea), and the Sguacco heron (A. our farther observations until next comata.)

month. Since the first publication of Mr Stewart's work, the Pigmy Curlew, one of the rarest of European birds, has Modern Greece. A Poem. 8vo. Lonbeen shot in England. It is preserved

don, Murray, 1817. in the Liverpool Museum ; and after an accurate inspection of the specimen, In our reviews of poetical producwe feel perfectly of Montagu's opinion, tions, the better efforts of genius hold that it is not a Numenius, but a T'ringa. out to us a task at once more useIts discoverer was probably misled by ful and delightful than those of infethe slight arcuation of the bill, which, rior merit. In the former, the beauhowever, is not more deflected than in ties predominate, and expose while

they excuse the blemishes. But the Pleasures of Hope," his readers would public taste would receive no benefit not have numbered one for a hundred ; from a detail of mediocrity, relieved yet the accessary ninety-nine, attractonly by the censure of faults uncom ed by the seductive form in which he pensated by excellencies. We have has actually appeared, firmly believe great pleasure in calling the attention that they have all been regularly imof our readers to the beautiful poem bued with a taste for genuine poetry. before us, which we believe to be the The whole secret is, that Mr Scott work of the same lady who last year gave to the world a series of brilliant put her name to the second edition of romances, and turned into this newanother poem on kindred subject, made channel all who ever in their “ The Restoration of the Works of lives read and relished fictitious comArt to Italy," namely, Mrs Hemans of positions. All the poets, good and bad, North Wales. That the author's fame forth with wrote metrical romanceshas not altogether kept pace with her from the time of Gertrude of Wyoming merit, we are inclined to think is a re to that of Lalla Rookh ; and to the exproach to the public. Poetry is at hibition of human passion and action present experiencing the fickleness of in well-conceived plots and catastrofashion, and may be said to have had phes, more than to any change in its day. Very recently, the reading their mere poetry, is to be imputed public, as the phrase is, was immersed that powerful stimulus which several in poetry; but seems to have had of the masters of the present day have enough ; and excepting always that succeeded in applying to the formerlyportion of it who are found to relish rather-languid feelings of the public. genuine poetry on its own intrinsic ac There needs not the fine imagery, the count, and will never tire of the ex- exquisite metaphors, the delightful alquisite enjoyment which it affords, the lusions, of genuine poetry to do this. said public seldom read poetry at all. There is no want of excitability in

It was very natural for poets in their the multitude, by pathos skilfully adfiner sympathies, to be lured into the ministered ;--the electrical effects of mistake that, like themselves, “ the sympathy in the theatre prove it: but million” loved “music, image, senti- these emotions are not imputable nement, and thought, with a love cessarily to the poetical form in which “ never to die.” They did not observe the popular sentiments are conveyed. that the attachment was greatly too A justly admired author has lately sudden to give reasonable hopes of shewn, that this can be done in a very constancy. For more than two hun- powerful manner in a prose narrative. dred years the best poetry in Europe It is impossible to work such effects was to be found in our own country; by mere song, with all its imagery and yet a very small portion of the edu- all its eloquence. cated classes seems ever to have taken But so little is that excitement which any warm interest in these treasures. the bulk of readers covet necessarily How few have read Chaucer or Spen connected with poetry, that these readcer, or studied Shakspeare, except in ers have tired even of romances in a the theatre. Upon what multitudes metrical form, and are regarding all has Milton thrown away his lofty their late rythmical favourites alike, strain,-Dryden his fire, Pope his with that sort of ingratitude with exquisite polish,—Thomson his music which repletion would lead them to and grace,-and his exquisite and im regard a banquet when the dishes are passioned descriptions of nature. Poe removing from the table. But this is tical excellence addresses itself to high- no proof that these great poets have er tastes and finer sensibilities than are forfeited their title to be admired. bestowed on the bulk of mankind; and They are fixed orbs, which stand just to all who are not so endowed, it is a where they did, and shine just as they very tiresome sort of pastime.

were wont, although they seem to deAn era however approached. “ The cline to the world which revolves the Lay” converted thousands, and “Mar opposite way.

But if the world will mion” tens of thousands, and the whole turn from the poet, whatever be his world read poetry.

Had Mr Scott merit, there is an end of his popularigiven out the same quantity of poeti ty, inasmuch as the most approved cal thoughts and images, in poems conductor of the latter is the multiconstructed like “The Task,” or “ The tude, as essentially as is the air of the


sound of his voice. Profit will also “ Souls of the lofty! whose undying names fail, from the lack of purchasers; and Rouse the young bosom still to noblest aims ; poetry, high as it may intrinsically Oh! with your images could fate restore seem, must fall, commercially speak Your own high spirit to your sons once more;

Patriots and heroes ! could those flames ing, to its ancient proverbially unpro

return, fitable level. Yet poetry will still be That bade your hearts with Freedom's arpoetry, however it may cease to pay ; dours burn; and although the acclaim of multitudes Then from the sacred ashes of the first, is one thing, and the still small voice Might a new Rome in phenix-grandeur of genuine taste and feeling another, burst! the nobler incense of the latter will With one bright glance dispel th’ horizon's ever be its reward.

gloom, Our readers will now cease to won

With one loud call wake Empire from the

tomb ; der, that an author like the present, Bind round her brows her own triumphal who has had no higher aim than to regale the imagination with imagery, Lift her dread Ægis with majestic frown, warm the heart with sentiment and Unchain her Eagle's wing, and guide its flight, feeling, and delight the ear with To bathe its plumage in the fount of Light.” music, without the foreign aid of tale The

poem more immediately before or fable, has hitherto written to a us is of much greater length, and, we select few, and passed almost unno are inclined to think, of higher merit ticed by the multitude.

than its predecessor. The measure is With the exception of Lord Byron, like the Spencerian, though different. who has made the theme peculiarly The experiment was bold, but it has his own, no one has more feelingly not failed in the author's hands; and contrasted ancient with modern Greece. the music is upon the whole good.

The poem on the Restoration of the We would willingly quote largely from Louvre Collection has, of course, more this poem, but have already outwritallusions to ancient Rome; and no ten our limits. We have seldom been thing can be more spirited than the more delighted than we were with the passages in which the author invokes first nine stanzas, and cannot resist for modern Rome the return of her giving the 8th and 9th. ancient glories. In a cursory but

VIII. graphic manner, some of the most “ Where soft the sunbeams play, the celebrated of the ancient statues are zephyrs blow, described. Referring our readers with

'Tis hard to deem that misery can be nigh; great confidence to the works them

Where the clear heavens in blue transselves, our extracts may be limited.

parence glow,

Life should be calm and cloudless as the The Venus restored to Florence is thus apostrophized:


-Yet o'er the low, dark dwellings of the “ There thou, fair offspring of immortal dead, Mind !

Verdure and flowers in summer-bloom Love's radiant goddess, Idol of mankind ! Once the bright object of Devotion's vow, And ivy-boughs their graceful drapery Shalt claim from taste a kindred worship Oh! who can tell what beams of heavenly

In green luxuriance o'er the ruined pile;

And mantling woodbine veil the withered light

tree, Flash'd o'er the sculptor's intellectual sight; And thus it is, fair land, forsaken Greece ! How many a glimpse, reveald to him alone, with thee. Made brighter beings, nobler worlds, his


Forall the loveliness, and light, and bloom, Ere, like some vision sent the earth to bless,

That yet are thine, surviving many a Burst into life, thy pomp of loveliness !”

Ancient Rome is addressed with Are but as heaven's warm radiance on much sublimity, and the Laocoon

the tomb, most feelingly pourtrayed. The Apollo,

The rose's blush that masks the cankerhowever, is very unjustly dismissed with six of the most indifferent lines

And thou art desolate thy morn hath past

So dazzling in the splendour of its way, in the poem. Many of the Louvre

That the dark shades the night hath o'er statues being Roman worthies, the thee cast poem concludes with the following Throw tenfold gloom around thy deep striking allusion to their restoration : decay. Vol. I.

3 U

may smile,



own ;




Once proud in freedom, still in ruin fair, There stands thy goddess, robed in war's Thy fate hath been unmatched in glory and despair.”

Supremely glorious, awfully divine ! After the same manner, and in the With spear and helm she stands, and same strain of allusion, are stanzas flowing vest, 28th and 29th. Athens is thus beau And sculptured ægis, to perfection wrought, tifully apostrophized :

And on each heavenly lineament imprest, LXX.

Calmly sublime, the majesty of thought ; “Butthou, fair Attica! whose rocky bound

The pure intelligence, the chaste repose, All art and nature's richest gifts enshrined, Al that a poet's dream around Minerva

throws." Thou little sphere, whose soul-illumined round

The following lines touch with a Concentrated each sunbeam of the mind; glowing pencil the frieze of the ParWho, as the summit of some Alpine thenon now so well known : height,

XCII. Glows earliest, latest, with the blush of " Mark on the storied frieze the graceday,

ful train, Didst first imbibe the splendours of the The holy festival's triumphal throng, light,

In fair procession, to Minerva's fane, And smile the longest in its lingering ray ; With many a sacred symbol move along, Oh ! let us gaze on thee, and fondly deem Thereevery shade of bright existence trace, The past awhile restored, the present but a The fire of youth, the dignity of age ; dream.”

The matron's calm austerity of grace, The reader must have recourse to The ardent warrior, the benignant sage ; the poem for much that follows in the The nymph's light symmetry, the chief's same strain. The following descrip

proud mien, tion is not exceeded, in that force and Each ray of beauty caught and mingled in

the scene. brilliancy of poetic painting which sets the object before us, by any poetry of

The other Elgin Marbles are allud.

ed to as follows: the age; the passage is introductory

XCVI. to some fine allusions to the Elgin

“ Gaze on yon forms, corroded and deMarbles, which adds much to the ele

facedgance of the poem.

Yet there the germ of future glory lies ! LXXIV.

Their virtual grandeur could not be erased, “Still be that cloud withdrawn-oh! mark

It clothes them still, though veiled from on high,

common eyes. Crowning yon hill, with temples richly They once were gods and heroes and graced,

beheld That fane, august in perfect symmetry, As the blest guardians of their native The purest model of Athenian taste. Fair Parthenon ! thy Doric pillars rise And hearts of warriors, sages, bards, In simple dignity, thy marble's hue

have swelled Unsullied shines, relieved by brilliant With awe that owned their sovereignty of skies,

mien. That round thee spread their deep ethe - Ages have vanished since those hearts real blue;

were cold, And art o'er all thy light proportions And still those shattered forms retain their throws

godlike mould.” The harmony of grace, the beauty of repose. The poem then gives a prophetic LXXV.

vision of the future trophies of our And lovely o'er thee sleeps the sunny glow, own country in the fine arts,—the sole When morn and eve in tranquil splendour wreath yet unwon by her,--and con

reign, Andon thy sculptures, as they smile, bestow

cludes with the following lines : Hues that the pencil emulates in vain.

“So, should dark ageso'er thy glorysweep, Then the fair forms by Phidias wrought,

Should thine e'er be as now are Grecian unfold

plains, Each latent grace, developing in light,

Nations unborn shall track thine own Catch from soft clouds of purple and of

blue deep, gold,

To hail thy shore, to worship thy remains; Each tint that passes, tremulously bright;

Thy mighty monuments with reverence And seem indeed whate’er devotion deems, And cry, " This ancient soil hath nursed a

trace, While so suffused with heaven, so mingling with its beams.

glorious race !” LXXVI.

We now take our leave of the author, But oh ! what words the vision may pour- her again, and earnestly recommend her

with a hope that we shall soon meet with tray, The form of sanctitude that guards thy work to all the lovers of elegant classhrine ?

sical allusion and genuine poetry.

scene ;

Ewing's Geography, 12mo, pp. 300; the way of teachers who may not have

and Ewing's New General Atlas, had much experience, Mr Ewing has roy.4to. Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd. sketched out à method of instruction,

which, being varied of course according The attention paid to the study of to circumstances, may be found of conGeography is one of the greatest in- siderable advantage. We approve highprovements in the modern system of ly of the plan of having a vocabulary education. Children are now acquaint- at the end of the work, comprehending ed with the names and positions of such names as are liable to be erronethe different quarters and countries ously pronounced, divided, and accentof the globe, at an age when their pa- ed according to the usual mode of prorents had scarcely learned to read. It nunciation. We should have liked, is a study in which they generally take however, to see this vocabulary more pleasure. Their imagination delights copious :-in one or two instances the to expatiate over distant regions, and accent is improperly placed. their curiosity is naturally excited by In a work which comprises within whatever is peculiar to climates and so narrow a compass such a variety of countries different from their own. materials, it is difficult, if not imposTo give to this curiosity its due di- sible, to avoid defects. There are some rection, and to impart such informa- things of importance omitted which tion as may at once interest and im- should have found a place, and some prove the juvenile mind, is a task things inserted which might have been which requires considerable judgment, left out. These imperfections may be and to facilitate which should be the amended in a future edition.--As it is, principal object in elementary systems the work is highly creditable to the of geography

industry and judgment of its author. This object Mr Ewing professes to A New General Atlas has been pubhave had in view in the system now lished by Mr Ewing to correspond before us; and for the manner in with his Geography; and we can very which he has pursued it, he is entitled confidently recommend it as by far the to the gratitude both of the students most elegant and accurate which we and teachers of that useful science. have seen on a similar scale. One de

His plan we think judicious ; and cided advantage it possesses over all the information which, with much other atlasses now in use the advanindustry, he has collected in his notes, tage of having the boundaries of the cannot fail to be extremely useful, European territories accurately delineboth in fixing the names of places more ated, as settled by the Treaty of Paris deeply on the pupil's memory, and in and the Congress of Vienna. storing their minds with useful knowledge; while, by directing their attention to the proper objects of curiosity, it lays a broad foundation for Harrington, a Tale ; and Ormond, a their future improvement. The ac

Tale; in 3 vols. By MARIA EDGEcount of the Solar System, given in the

WORTH, &c. London, Hunter, &c.

1817. Introduction, is correct and perspicuous, and is well elucidated by the ac It is a very common opinion, that companying notes. This part of the when an author has continued to write work we think particularly valuable. long, he must either vary the nature of We know the difficulty of imparting his subjects, or exhaust his invention; to young pupils any accurate idea of and be reduced to the necessity of rethe relative magnitudes, distances, and peating, in different forms, what he has revolutions of the planets; yet, withsaid before, or of tiring his reader by out some knowledge of these, geogra- dull and meagre productions, in the phy cannot be properly understood. hope that his former celebrity may give We know, too, that many who under- thêm currency. We have heard fears take to teach geography, are nearly as expressed that Miss Edgeworth might ignorant of the planetary system as have written herself out; and that their pupils; and to such persons the even her fertile pen might be able to short but clear account of it given by produce nothing in future worthy of Mr Ewing cannot fail to be extremely her well-earned reputation. For our acceptable.

own parts, we must take to ourselves To remove every difficulty out of the credit of saying, that we never en.

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