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We noticed, in our paper of last the architect, boat-builder, and merweek, the loss of an infant during this chant. very critical passage, with the excepo To the northward of Port Davey, tion of which melancholy occurrence, in lat. 48 deg. 10 min. S. and lon. 145 Capt. J. had the happiness to land the deg. 30 min. E. is another harbour, detachment, with their families, in a named Macquarie Harbour, of very state of health, which, from the va considerable extent, into which a rivriety of climates and changes of at- er, that runs a considerable distance mosphere passed through, could not through the country, disembogues ithave been hoped for.

self. Unfortunately, at a small disCapt. J. recommends to command- tance from the mouth of the harbour, ers of vessels going to India by the or rather at the harbour's mouth, is a way of Torres Straits, to keep the bar that extends across its entrance, land close aboard from their leaving having no more than nine feet water Port Jackson or Van Diemen's Land, over it, which will for ever render it anchoring at night, as occasion may impossible to be navigated but by direct, when they get among the reefs. very small craft. As Mr M'Carty is A continued chain of sand banks and just returned from thence with a cargo shoals extends from Cape Grafton, of Huon wood, he has favoured us which is in lat. 17 deg. s. to Cape with the following description of the York, which is in lat. 10 deg. 30 min. harbour :with numerous narrow passages no

“ Mr PRINTER,—To gratify my own more than a mile wide from four to fourteen miles off shore. This pass- discovered on the west coast of Van Die

mind respecting the harbour and river lately age, Capt. J. observes, is perfectly safe men's Land, known by the names of Macto ships of moderate draft of water, quarie Harbour and Gordon River, I for with the exception of the two dangers the second time sailed in my brig (the sowhich he hitherto encountered. phia) for that harbour. On the fifth day,

By his Majesty's armed brig Kan we came to anchor outside of the bar in garoo, the colony received an increase seven fathom water, to wait for the tide, as of inhabitants, by forty male and sixty the current runs at the rate of six and seven

knots an hour, and there not being more female convicts; but as the male con

than one and a half fathom water over the victs were the very worst of characters, bar. Captain Feen, conceiving he could selected from the goal gang of Sydney, make out a channel, kept the starboard they had scarcely been twelve hours shore on board close in shore. The soundon shore before several of them were ings, after passing the bar, where seven facommitted to goal for depradations. thoms, then ten, and regularly decreasing

The resources of the Isle of Van to two fathoms at the distance of twenty Diemen are daily developing ; two miles from the bar, where we were obliged harbours, by the bold and enterpris

to bring up, not having sufficient water to ing perseverance of an individual in proceed further. From the entrance of the

harbour we encountered shoals for the first a whale-boat, have been discovered on the bleak and western shore of the isle. tween them. We then continued our course

ten miles, having a very narrow channel beThe southernmost of those harbours, up the harbour in a whale-boat. Having named Port Davey, is of the utmost advanced about two miles farther, we found, importance to the navigator, as it lies on the northern shore, a quantity of coal. about nine miles to the northward of The first we observed, was on the beach, South-West Cape, and is a most ex

and washed by the salt water-an immense

bed, but how deep we could not ascertain. cellent harbour, divided into two arms

On further inspection, we found the bank extending some miles into the coun

from the river was nearly all coal, in strata try. On the shores of this harbour of six feet thick, then a few feet strata of are great quantities of the timber clay, and then coal again. We much lanamed Huon Pine-the superior value mented the impossibility of proceeding with of this wood for every purpose of join- the brig to this place. On the following ers' and cabinet work, from the close- day, we continued our course up the har. ness, regularity, and beauty of its bour to the entrance of Gordon River : we grain, is generally acknowledged—it computed the distance from the mouth of will also be eminently serviceable the harbour to Gordon River to be about in building boats, especially whale- river, we arrived at the First Falls (similar

fifty miles. Pursuing our course up the boats, from its lightness, buoyancy, to the Falls of Derwent), and which we and indestructibility from worms, considered to be fifty miles further inland, it thus becomes a valuable article to through, as we supposed, the western moun

tains, as it runs nearly due east from the ture advantage is, that when the genharbour's mouth. We then procured our eral rich, and highly fertile, soil of cargo by drifting the wood down to the brig; the isle should be exhausted by a sucand on our return down the river, Captain cession of crops, or a system of bad Feen made another

attempt to sound a passo husbandry, then the lime and marle age, in which he happily succeeded so that there is no doubt but any vessel that can

will be manures of incalculable value. cross the bar at the entrance, may go with. But so very rich and productive is the in half a mile of the Falls, and lay at an- soil, and so genial the clime to every chor within ten yards of the coal mine. The species of husbandry, that it will be a mountains on the northern shore, where the long series of years before recourse coal is, are barren, but the rest are gener must be had to either one or the other. ally covered with myrtle and pine.--Yours,

- These are natural advantages the &c. DENNIS M.CARTY.”

country of Port Jackson doth not In addition to the above great dis- possess, and which will enable the covery of an inexhaustible mine of agriculturists of Van Diemen's Land coal, coal has been found at various to carry on their concerns with much places on the isle, and more is likely greater success than the inhabitants of to be discovered on continuing our re Port Jackson will ever be enabled to searches. Good slate has been found; do; as neither marle nor limestone have and a limestone quarry has been opened hitherto been found on the eastern and worked within a mile and a half side of the Blue Mountains. of Hobart Town, the mortar from We cannot but highly applaud the which is extremely good for masons' enterprising mind of Mr D. M'Carty, work, but not so good as shell-lime in exploring these harbours. Scarce (which is to be had in the greatest had the discovery of them been anabundance) for the plasterer's use. nounced by Mr Kelly, than he reFor the benefit of the farmer, most solved to visit them. In his first atexcellent marle abounds everywhere; tempt he was so unfortunate as to lose and limestone has been discovered in his schooner at Port Davey. On his various parts of the country. On Mr return to Hobart Town, his ardour to Gunning's beautiful estate at the Coal pursue this object was unsubdued, alRiver, lime of a very good quality has though he had met with so severe a been made, and might be carried on loss-rising superior to the difficulties to any extent. From these two nat- he had encountered, and to the hazural productions, limestone and marle, ards and perils he was likely to meet we derive immediate and future ad- with on a tempestuous and almost unvantages : immediate, from the facility known coast. He again sailed in his with which lime can be obtained for brig, and was so happy as to surmount erecting buildings on the newly-set- every obstacle in his perilous voyage, tled farms, and for the improvement and to return in safety, with a valuable of the buildings on the old ;—the fu- cargo as the reward of his toil.




Vendicio terre in Waldefgate, 1290. Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos

presentes litere pervenerint Thomas (The following curious Extract, relating de Ravinischer Salutem in Dno. Noto the sale of lands in Scotland in the thir- verit universitas vestra quod cum ego teenth century, is taken from the MS. Char- tanto ære alieno essem oneratus quod tulary of Kelso, preserved in the Library of creditoribus meis satisfieri non possit the Faculty of Advocates. It is valuable, nisi terra mea in Waldefgate in villa because it throws some light on the state of de Berewyc, quam tunc solummodo property in this kingdom during these dark habui in manu meâ vendicetur, atque ages on the manner in which the important contract of sale was conducted on the compulsus essem judicialiter per Baljurisdiction of the Ecclesiastical Courts, and livos Dni Regis et eciam Dni Abbatis the prevalence of the Roman Law at this de Kalchou, modis omnibus ad satisremote period in our Island.)

factionem hujusmodi debitorum con


siderans, quod aliunde pecuniam habere non potui nisi de dicta terra, ip

WITCHEIS.' sam terram cum omnibus edificijs et alijs pertinencijs suis ad dictam terram [This and the following article will serve spectantibus, vel spectare valentibus, to illustrate the opinions and practice of our jacentem inter terram quondam Ste- rulers in former times, in regard to that phani de Hose, ex parte orientali, et singular phenomenon in the history of the terram quondam Michel de Abirden human mind-the supposed crime of witch

craft. The documents are sufficiently plain, ex parte occidentali, per diversas et sufficientes oblaciones factas in curia, ad

and do not seem to require, at present, either

elucidation or comment. Should we hereexoneracionem hujusmodi debitorum, after resume the subject, it may be useful to dictis abbati et conventui de Kalchou refer to them.] tanquam capitalibus Dnis ejusdem feodi, vendidi et presenti scripto meo

( Apud Haliruidhous, Oct. 26, 1591.) confirmavi pro me et heredibus meis vel assignatis, et jus quod habui vel FORSAMEKLE as the kingis Maiestie, habere potui in dicta terra cumædi- with aduyse of the Lordis of his secrete ficiis et pertinencijs suis pro me et here- counsale, hes gevin and grantit, and dibus meis vel assignatis, extunc et be thir presentis gevis and grantis, his exnunc per fustem et baculum merâ hienes full power and commissioun, et spontaneâ voluntate, in plena curia expres bidding and charge, to his trusdicti Dni Abbatis apud Berewyc sur ty and weil-belouit counsallouris, Schir sum reddidi et quietum clamavi pro Johne Cocburne of Ormestoun, Jussexaginta libris sterlingorum mihi pre tice Clerk ; Maister David Mckgill of manibus totaliter solutis, de qua pe- Nesbitt, advocat ; As alswa to Mr Rocunia plene et integre reputo me probert Bruce and Johnne Dunkiesoun, pacato exceptioni non numerate non ministeris; Williame Littill, prouest tradite et non recepte pecunie penitus of Edinburgh ; and Johnne Arnot, et expressé renunciando, et si contin- burges thairof; or ony three of thame gat me vel heredes meos contrâ istam coniunctlie ; All and sindrie personis, vendicionem et quietum clamacionem, alsweill thame quhilkis ar alreddy conseu aliquem alium vice nostra nomine vict, or vtheris quhilkis ar detenit capnostro, mandato, consensu, procuraci- tiue, and hes confessit, and sum that one, vel ratihabicione nostra in aliquo hes not confessit ; As alswa as ar difacere vel venire, obligo me et heredes laitit, or that heirefter sal be accused meos ad solucionem quatuor viginti and dilaited, off committing, vsing, librarum fabrice ecclesie de Kalchou, and practicing of witchcraft, sorcherie, nomine dampnorum et interesse sol- inchantment, and vtheris divilish divendarum antequam in aliqua lite vysis, to the dishonour of god, sklender audiamur. Subjiciens me et heredes of his worde, perrelling of thair awne meos jurisdictioni et cohercioni Dni saullis, abuseing of the commoun peoArchideaconi Laudonie vel ejus offi- ple, and grite contempt of god, his ciali qui pro tempore fuerint, quod maiestie, auctoritie, and lawis : To call possint me et heredes meos sine cause and convene befoir the saidis commiscognicione et epitu judiciali per sen sionaris, or ony three of them coniuncttenciam excommunicacionis in perso- lie, as said is, alsoft as neid beis; And nas nostras de die in diem fulminan- thame to try, inquire, and examinat; dam compellere et cohercere, ad ob- Thair depositionis to putt in write; servandum omnia et singula premissa, and the same to reporte to his Hienes et eciam quosque eisdem Abbati et and his counsale, To the effect thai conventui de dictis quatuor viginti may be putt to the knauledge of ane librarum nomine ecclesie sue plenarie assyiss, and Justice ministrat as effeiris; fuerit satisfactum pacto vendicionis Or`sic vther ordour takin with thame hujusmodi nihilominus in suo robore as to his Maiestie and his said counsaill duranturo nullo proponendo obstante. sall be thocht maist meit and conveni. In cujus rei testimonium Sigillum ent: The personis wilfull, or refusemeum presentibus est appensum Da- and to declair the veritie, To putt to tum apud Berewye die Veneris proxi- tortour, or sic vther punishment to mâ post festum Sancti Jacobi Apostoli vse, and caus be vsit, as may move anno Dni mo cco nonages. Hijs testi- thame to utter the treuth ; And genbus-(none added.)

erallie all and sindrie vtheris thingis


to do and vse that heirin is requisite and articles alreddie deponit and conto be done ; Firm and stable haldand; fessit aganis the said Margaret, and and for to hald all and quhatsumevir ypoun sic vther circumstances as may thingis the saidis commissionaris, or drawe hir to a discouerie and confesony three of thame coniunctlie, as said sioun of the treuth ; and for this effect is, sall lauchfullie do herein.

to confront hir and the said John (Acta Sec. Conc.)

Stewart, and sic vther personis as hes or can depone aganis her: And gif she sall continew constant and obdured in

her denyall, with power to thame to ART AND MARGARET BARCLAY, AC- put her to tortur ; With power also to CUSED OF WITCHCRAFT.-1618. thame, or ony tua of thame, Justice

courtis, ane or mae, at quhatsomevir JAMES, &c.- Forsamekle as it is vn- place or places, and upon quhatsomevir derstand to the lordis of secrete coun- day or dayis, lauchfull and convenient, sall, that John Stewart, vagabound, To sett, begin, affix, affirme, and conand Margaret Barclay, spous to Archi tinew Suittis, to mak be callit absentis, bald Deane, burges of Irwing, war lait to amerchiat vnlawis, escheatis, and alie tane and apprehendit be the magi merchiamentis of the saidis courtis, to stratis of our burgh of Irwing, vpoun ask, lift, and raise, and for the same, most probable and cleire presumptioun yf neid be, to pound and distrenzie: of thair practizeing of witchcraft aginis And in the saidis courtis, the foirsaidis John Deane, burges of Irwing, And John Stewart and Margaret Barclay procuring thairby the distructioun of vpoun pannell to present, be dittay to the said Johne, and the drowning and acuse, and tham to the knawledge of perisheing of the schip called the Gift ane assyse to put, and as they sal be of God, of Irwing, and of the haill fund culpable or innocent of the said personis and goods being thairintill; cryme, to cause Justice be ministrat Lykas the said Johne Stewart, vpoun vpoun thame for the said cryme, conexaminatioun, hes cleirlie and pounk- form to the laws of our realme; Astallie confessit the saidis divilishe prac- sysis needfull for this effect, ilk pertizes; and the said Margaret, foolishe- sone, under the pane of xl pund, to lie presumeing by her denyall to eshew sumond, warne, cheis, elect, and cause tryall and pvnishment, doeth most ob- be sworne, clerkis, serjandis, dempduredlie deny the treuth of that mater, stars, and all vther officiaris, and memnotwithstanding that the said Johnne beris of court neidfull, to mak, create, constantlie avowis the same vpoun substitute, and ordain, for whom they her, and that diuerss vtheris cleir and sal be holdin to answer: And generevident verificationis ar producit &- allie, &c. ; ffirme and stable, &c.; gainis hir, as in the proces of exami- chargeing, &c. Gevin vnder our signatioun, tane in the mater seene, and net, At Ed? , the second day of Junij ; considerit be the lordis of our privie and of our Reigne, the 16. and fyftiecounsell, at lenth is contentit : Quhair ane yearis. (Sic subscribitur.) for, necessar it is that Justice be mi

AL. CHANCEL. MAR. BINING. nistrat vpoun the saidis personis, con

KILSAYTH. forme to the lawis of our realme; For

(Acta Sec. Conc.) quhilk purpois we haif maid and constitut, and be the tennour heirof makis and constitutes, our louittis, John Peeblis, lait provest of Irwing, Alland EARLS OF HUNTLY, MARISCHALL, Dunlop and James Quhyte, bailleis of AND ERROLL.-1543. our said burgh, and John Blair, late

[The following copy of a treaty of albaillie of the same, or ony tua of liance, offensive and defensive, between thame conjunctlie, our Justices in three Scottish Chieftains, of great pride and that pairt, to the effect underwrittin: potency in their day, has been transcribed Gevand, grantand, committand vnto from the original paper, in the possession thame, or ony tua of thame, our full of a gentleman of this city. James V., powar, commissioun, expres bidding, withstanding his gay and chivalrous man

whose high notions of regal prerogative, not. and charge, To call the saidis personis ners, proved very offensive to many of his befoir thame, and to re-examyne thame factious and arrogant barons, had died on vpoun the said cryme of witchcraft, and the 13th of the preceding December, of a vpoun the particular pointis, headis, broken heart, after the disgraceful rout at




Solway; and a minority, which promised such day, yeir, and place aboun writin, full scope for the pursuit of feudal ambition befor thir witneses, Alexander Ogilor vengeance, was not to be overlooked by a vy of that Ilk, Patrick Chene of Esilnobility who boasted hereditary claims to more than regal authority in their respectivezies of Petfodellis, Comptrollar, &c.

mount, Knyght, and Thomas Menjurisdictions.--Huntly was killed twenty years afterwards in a conflict with the Regent,

(Signed) GEORGE, Erll of Huntly. Earl of Murray, at Corrichie; the other two

WYLZAM, Erll Marshall. died in their beds.]

GEORGE, Erll of Erroll.

ruar, the

The Bond betwix my Lords Erle Mar. shall and Erroll.


BERRY, &c. TO GRAHAME OF CLAAt Huntlie, the nyntene day of Feb


of God In V. fourty and thre (1543) yeiris. It is appointit,

(The following letters, addressed to the aggreit, and finaly endit betwix nobill celebrated Colonel Grahame of Claverhouse, and mychty Lordis, George Erle of afterwards Viscount Dundee, are printed Huntlie, William Erle Marscheall, from the originals in the possession of a genand George Erle of Erroll, in maner tleman in Edinburgh. The first, from the as eftir followis, that is to say, for ob- Marquis of Montrose, appears to have been serving and keeping of hartlie kind- written aboạt the time that the Duke of

York commenced his infamous career in ness, according to proximite of bluid, and allya, and for guid

rewle to be Scotland, during his brother's reign. The

second is addressed to Claverhouse by Queens. kepit in the north partis of Scotland, the saidis Erle Marscheall and Erroll cil, under the immediate apprehension of

berry and other members of the privy counsall accompany in all radis, hosting, and Argyle's invasion, in 1685.] conuentionis, with kyne, friendis, and servandis dependand on tham, with

For the Laird of Claverhous. the said George Erle of Huntlie; and SIR,-Yow cannot imagine how overall thre their actionis and causes sall joyed I should be to have any imbe ane ; and the said Erle of Huntlie ployment att my disposall that wer sall not do by the saidis William and worthy of your acceptance, nor how Georges counsalis, nor pass to nane much I am ashamed to offer yow any conuentionne but thair awyss and con thing so far below yo? merit as that sent thareto, nor thay inlikwyse by of being my lieutenant, tho I be fully his awyss

and consent; and that perswaded that it will be a step to a nother of the saidis Erlis sall pur- much more considerable imployment, chess by thamselfes, and of thar and will give yow occasion to confirme causing, otheris kindemen, takkis, row the Duke in the just and good opinion mis, teindis, or steddingis, but otheris which I do asure yow he has of yow; awysse in tyme cumin ; and in case he being a person that judges not of that ony discord or distance happen people's worth by the ranke they ar in. betuix ony of the saidis Earlis, thar I do not know, after all this, in what friendis or servandis, they sall concur termes nor with what confidence I can incontinently, and cause reformatione express my desyr to have yow accept be made but violence according to the of this mean and inconsiderable offer ; falt ; and that nane of the saidis whither by endeavouring to magnifie Erlis sall make equale band but the it all I can, and telling yow y! it is awyss of otheris; and gif ony insurrec- y first troupe of y? D. of York's retioun ryse within this realme, that giment,

y! I am to raise it in Scotland, nane of tham sall pass thareto, but the and y! I pretend that non but gentleawyss of otheris, and sall concur for men should rid in it, or by telling the commoun weil of the realme and yow that I am promised to be very thairselfes; and for the fulfilling and quickly advanced, and y! yow shall observing of the premisses, all the ether succeid to mę, or share wt me in saidis thre Erles ar suorne and oblist my advancement. I can say no mor, be thair grit athis, the haly Evangelis but that yow will oblidge me in it tuechit, ilk ane to otheris, and under beyond expression. I do not expect the painis of infamatè and perjurie; any answer to this while I am here ; and this present oblissing to indure for I do resolve to be at Edin! against for thair lyfetymes. In witness hereof, y? Ist or 2d day of yo next moneth, the saidis Erlis hes interchangeably where if yow be not already, I earsubscrivit this writ with their handis, nestly intreat yow would be pleased

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