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turously attempted to be transfused art, as usual, of Allanton, though not into our native language.

a knight-and this is surprisingTHIS . SACRED FOUNTAIN. who is married to a Janet Tait,--the IS. DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY. alleged daughter, however, of one,OF. SIR. ALLAN . STEUART. OF. AL- who died in the year 1547: and I on

LANTON. AND. DALDUE. my part subjoin the following docu-

ment, the Latin portion of which I THAT . EXALTED. HEROE. FLOWER. have translated in the text, inserting OF CHIVALRY.

the original in the note. * HE. WHO, BY. THE RENOWNED. “ The Inventory of all the goods of BATTLE.

the late Allan Stewart, taken down, at OF. MORNING SIDE.

Allanetoune, from his mouth, † on HAS. RENDERED. HIS NAME. his departure, the xijth day of the ILLUSTRIOUS. TO . POSTERITY. month of July, in the year of our


Lord jmv xlvij, in presence of these HAPPY. IN. DISCHARGING . A . PIOUS. witnesses, William Wallace, Alexan


Inventarium Omnium Boncrum, quonTHE. ELEVENTH . IN. THE ORDER. dam Allani Stewart factum apud AllaneOF. SUCCESSION.


toune per os decedentis xij die mensis Juli FROM . THAT . MOST . VALOROUS.

anno Domini juvexlvij coram his testibus

Willielmo Wallace, Alexandro Robesoune, GENERAL.

Domino Johanne Lyndesai, meo curato diIN. THE YEAR. MDCCCXIII. CAUSED. ERECT. THIS. MONUMENT.

versisque aliis.

In primis fatetur se habere quinque boves,

Item duas vaccas, Item duo animalia etatis I may here state, that as little else- duorum annorum, Item unam lye quy etawhere, in any shape, has the faintest tis unius anni, Item unum ly stot 'etatis unius notice been yet adduced of the fam- anni, Item unum taurum ly bull etatis ily of Allanton, previous to the six. trium annorum, Item unum lie stot etatis teenth century.

duorum annorum, Item quatuor ly moder

lesse calvis, Item xxxvij oues senes, Item Hitherto, then, we have vainly at. xxij lie hoggis, Item in utensilibus et domitempted to penetrate through the thick ciliis xl, Item in avenis seminatis xl b. I.

tem in Ordeo seminato iüi b. vail of obscurity, under which they



sibi debentur : are so effectually concealed. But I

Imprimis Allanus Lockhart de lie et am now to present some original in- Alexander Lockhart in Wicketschaw ix® formation—for which they are solely mercas monete. indebted to me-of this humble race,



debentur alüs : who have thus, in the shade, pursued Imprimis Domino


firma terra duas the “ noiseless tenor" of their career.

marcas vüjd, Item Andree Cadder xxd març The next link, still exclusively cas, Item Gavino Stewart lxxx mercas et

iii marcas, vulgariter, to rentall him, at my resting upon the authority of Mr John Brown and the immaculate manuscript, of Daldowe Wester, et xxj s. land in Mos

Lord of Glasgui's hand, of fyve merk land introduces to our notice a James Stew- platt: Item Joanni Steill xij 6:~Item John

Scot xx s:-Item Jonete Spier x peccas Or* The original is as follows :

dei :-Item Thome Russel xl s:Item

Willielmo Wallace x si -Item Alexo Roger Allani , Stevart. de . Allanton .

vi s: Item Thome Smyth üii s. Et . de . Daldue • equitis . Banneretti . Cum nichil sit certius morte, nes hora

Viri'. egregii . Armis . acerrimi. ejus incertius, hinc est, quod, ego Allanus Ejusdem . qui , insigni · pugna Stewart, sanus mente et corpore, condo tesApud . Morningside . clarus : factus . timentum meum in hunc modum sequenFons Sacer.

tem : In primis nempe do et lego animam + +

meam Deo Omnipotenti, Beate Marie VirV. S.L. A. faciund.C. An. MDCCCXIII. H. S. gini, et omnibus sanctis celestis curie, corXI . Gradus . distans . hic. a. duce. illo.

pusque meum terre, quator d. fabrice Sancti fortissimo.”

Kentigerni executores meos constituo Eliza+ From this we may form some idea of bet Tait meam sponsam et Jacobum Doug. the justness of the remark of Candidus, that las in Todhallis ut ipsi disponant pro salute bis " respected friend” is much more able, anime mee sicuti respondere voluerint coram had he chosen to have undertaken the task Summo Judice in die judicii : Similiter do of “

vin-ticating his family honours.” et lego mee sponse ut sequitur in vulgari,

Some ordinary contrivance-urn, ves [Then follows as in the text.] $el, &c. &c. for receiving the water.

+ “ Est pauperis numerare greges."

“6 D. M..

der Robesoune, Master John Lyndisai, willing, to pass wyt

my Lord Govermy parish minister, and sundry others. noure and my Lord Zester to ye bor.

"In the first place, he acknowledges doure, to ye defence of ye Realme : that he possesses five oxen--two cows Item, I leyf to my wife All my Sted. -two animals, of the age of two years dingis yat I haif of my Lord Zester in

one “ lye* quy,” of the age of one Auhtarmuire, during hir lyftyme, year-one “ lye stot,” of the age of wy! all my gudis, movable and' imone year-one““ ly bull,” of the age of movable, and to use it to the proffeit three years one " ly stot,” of the age and utilite of hirself and effame of two years—four “ ly moderlesse Stewart, my dochter, and eufame to calvis”-xxxvij old sheep-xxij “ lie abide at ye command and counsall of hoggis”+-utensils and household fure hir moder; and I Ordain hir to use niture to the amount of xls-in oats hir at the comand and plessoure of sown upon the ground, to the amount hir moder, in all maner of sortis : of xl bolls-in barley sown, iii bols. Item, I Ordane Gawane Stewart, my

Debts which are owing to him: sone, to geyf effame my dochter xx* In the first place, Allan Lockhart of for geire yat I loupt to him in EdinLie, and Alexander Lockhart in Wick- burcht,tand ane gray horse, scho buditschaw, ixxx merks of money. and at ye consall and comand of

Debts which are owing by him to hir moder and her broyer; and as to others :

ye lard of leyse payment, ye contrakkis In the first place, to the Laird for the beris in yaim self I tak one my saule, rent of the land, two marks, viiid: Al- I gat nevir na payment of him, excepte so, to Andrew Cadder, xxi marks: jc merkis of money." Also, to Gawin Stewart, lxxx marks [Confirmed 220 June 1548.] et iii marks, in order, as it is termed Instead then of blazing at tournain our native language, to rentall him, ments, and of " commanding” armies, at my Lord of Glasgui's hand, of fyve this humble race have only been solimark land of Daildowie Wester, and citous to gain a decent livelihood by xxjs land in Mosplatt: Also, to John raising a moderate crop of oats and Steill, xijs: Also, to John Scott, xxs: barley ;-instead of entering into soAlso, to Janet Speir, x pecks of bar- lemn political negotiations with neighley: Also, to Thomas Russel, xls: bouring barons, we find their repreAlso, to William Wallace, x*: Also, sentative implementing a bargain with to Alex! Roger, vis: Also, to Thomas a village matron for the sale of a few Smyth, üis. (Including a few more pecks of his grain ;-instead of richly insignificant payments to other ob- caparisoned steeds and palfreys, he has scure people.)

nothing in the shape of such an ani“ Seeing that there is nothing more mal ;#-baronial castles are transformcertain than u^th, and nothing more ed into steadings; circumambient uncertain than the hour, Therefore I, moats into preliminary dunghills ; the Allan Stewart, entire in body and daughter of the house, whom we might mind, make my testament as follows: have fancied noble, and peerless, with a In the first place, I leave my soul to splendid retinue of obsequious knights, the Almighty, and to the Blessed Vir- and damsels arrayed in magnificent apgin, and to all the Saints of Christ's parel, into possibly some such ordinary Church in heaven; and my body to garlic-eating wench, though probably the earth, with four pennies to the not so dainty in her diet, as crazed the Cathedral of Saint Mungo: I nomi- intellects of the knight of La Mancha ; nate my executors, Elizabeth Tait, my for whom the damage of certain respouse, and James Douglas in Tod- jected clothing and accoutrements, hallis, to dispone for the good of my transferred by her father to her brosoul, as they will answer for their conduct to the great Judge at the last day. Either twenty pounds, marks, shillings, I moreover bequeath to my spouse, shred of the paper in the original being torn

or pence, it is impossible to tell which, a as follows in the vulgar:I Allane Stewart, intendis, God away.

† Yat I loupt to him in Edinburcht.

“ To Loup—to change masters--to pass The French “le,” usually prefixed to from one possessor to another; applied to all Scotch terms introduced into our Latin property."

Jamieson. documents.

Not Allan certainly-it is even doubto † Young sheep.

ful if his so3 Gawin then possessed one,

ther Gawin, about to commence his ta supellex” of the inferior orders of bucolical career, was an ample dower; the community of Scotland in the not to forget the generous donation of sixteenth century, would nevertheless the gray steed,—the lordly possessor strike us as luxurious and profuse. of hereditary trophies of ancient val And yet the age was lavish in our, armour, pennons, and ensanguin- furniture, and apparel, or

« abulsied banners, won by the illustrious Al- ments” and moveables of all descriplantons of departed memory, at the tions, to a degree that by a modern battles of Dundalk, Morningside, and person could scarcely be credited, as elsewhere, dwindles down into the might easily be proved by the adhumble owner of a scanty farm, some duction of many contemporary invenstots, and of four motherless calves ! tories—a mania which descended even

The rank and condition of the fam to the lowest vulgar. ily is easily gathered from the testa That Allan was a farmer, or rentalment without any commentary. It ler, and not even a petty fewar, is evimay be only observed, that the entire dent from his allusion to the properhousehold plenishing and furniture, ty which in any shape he retained ;the boards upon which they reposed to the “ steddingis* yat (he) haid of their hardy limbs, after, in many my Lord Zester in Auchtermuire ;" — cases, but a hopeless wrestling with a and to the lands of wester Daldüe, bestubborn and ungrateful soil, where longing to the Bishop of Glasgow, in some of the common fruits of the which Gawin is to be rentalled, and earth never arrive at maturity,--the NOT INFEFT:t The former, the anplatters, trenchers, and salt-vats, &c. cient estate of Allanton, which, ac affording but slender means of appeas- cording to Candidus, was bestowed in ing the cravings of an appetite not a full property, by the Church, upon little exasperated by the vicinage of their immediate vassal, Sir Allan the keen air of the Shotts,-clothes, Stewart of Daldüe ['whose father was vessels, &c. &c. every thing within the “ second cousin to Robert the Second,''] walls of the steading amounted to the in the year 1420, in reward of his mimighty value of forty shillings, at that litary services ! The other, upon the time the price of the common military same authority, that still more venerimplement, a cross-bow ; as also, of a

able possession, or

barony,as it is friar's cloak, and of the homely utensil, called, “ upon the Clydenear Glasa mortar and pestle, adapted for an or gow, that Sir Robert Stewart, the

prodinary family. *

genitor certainly” of one of the most Contrasted with what these must ancient branches of the house of Stewhave been, the goods and chattels in art,had obtained " in patrimony". communion, in the well-known ballad from his father, Sir John Stewart of of “ The Vowing of Jock and Jynny,” written at least a very few years after the death of Allan, if not before it, fices. The farms were small, and the mi

* “ Steddyng.” A farm-house and of. that were to crown the approaching serable steadings (the old phrase for a farmnuptial felicity of that rustic pair, house and offices) denoted the poverty of which Lord Hailes has pronounced lu- the tenants. “ (P. Alloa Clackmann, Stat. dicrous and wretched, -and which he Acc. viii. 603.)”-I am exilit fra my takkis quotes as a good example of the “ and fra my steddingis. Compl. S. p.


Jamieson. * “ Item unum le corsbow, price xls ; + The term “ rentalis abundantly Item ane brasing mortar cum le pestell, price known. Farmers, in these days, were for xls » Original confirmed testament of the the most part stationary upon the grounds Vicar of Govan, in the year 1552; where of their landlord, and hence sometimes came are also noticed, “ ane tangis and yrne to be styled native rentallers. scwill, price xo ; three beif tubbis,” price I admit, that as now, it was at this period

expedient, occasionally, even for absolute These prices are taken from the list of proprietors, to rentall, or take in lease, some the "

gudis and geir” of one “ Johne necessary portion of the territory of their Gib,” burgess of Edinburgh, who died be- neighbours; but it is extremely obvious, fore the year 1570 : “ane diager, price x$ ; that without a certain quantity of land ane hat, price xls"; ane auld frer's clak, feudally held, none then could be admitted price xls ; ane plaid, price xls ; ane irne 'into the ranks of gentry, or possess the chimnay, price vli; ane pair of black hoise, smallest political consideration in the counprice iii!” Edinburgh Commissary Records, try. The speculations of Candidus upon 7th April 1571.

the term fewar are now utterly irrelevant,



Bonkill, killed at Falkirk in the year but I peremptorily defy any one to 1298, to whom it is thus alleged origi- prove his existence. They have totalnally to have belonged, and not to the ly suppressed Gawin and Euphan, but See of Glasgow, who, notwithstanding, dropt their own offspring into their were the ancient proprietors.

nests; but these exotics, not agreeing The family of Yester, or Tweeddale, with the change of climate, are all sufheld all Auchtermuir Blench of the fered piteously to die away; an expeopulent religious house of Arbroath,* dient indispensible, in order to give upon which, previous to the reign of the thing a natural appearance, it beDavid II., the high privileges of a re- ing rather an odd race that was in the gality had been conferred.t Agree- habit of producing only one member ably to the usage that prevailed in at a time. When these authorities are such great jurisdictions, the Abbot of so accurate in modern points, they Arbroath would, in the event of the must assuredly be much more so in general raising of the militia of the those of greater antiquity, and hence, country to repel such an invasion as upon their bare allegation, and in the that of the Earl of Hertford, in the absence of any other evidence, we must year 1947, evidently alluded to by believe in the prodigies of Dundalk and Allan in his testament, have the lead- Morningside, and all that has been asing of the men of Auchtermuir, who serted of this unparalleled family. would necessarily rally under his cle- The eventual fate of Gawin and Eurical banner. By various notices, how- phan I have not been able to unravel; ever, in the Chartulary of Arbroath, these are the only faint glimmerings Í it appears that the Abbots were in have detected respecting them.--I have the habit of delegating to their vassal, now trespassed sufficiently, for the preLord Yester, the duty of discharging sent, upon the attention of your readmany of their civil rights, such as the ers—if their patience be not altogether office of justiciary, within the limits exhausted, perhaps the residue of the of Auchtermuir. Hence, they would Historie" may be forthcoming in the not fail also to invest him with those course of your next Number.

J. R. of a military nature; and, accordingly, 111, George Street, Allan Stewart, along with other pea 9th August 1817. santry of the muir, is to accompany Lord Yester, acting for the Abbot, to

P.S.-I see it is inaccurately stated, the border. I

that “ the learned and worthy BaronMr John Brown, and that precious memoration of a tournament in which

et” bears in his arms a spear, in comfamily manuscript, have so utterly metamorphosed those early members of the Hero of the day of Morningside is the family of Allanton, that it might supposed to have shared. The fact is, have defied their own acquaintance to that, on the 21st of December 1815, have recognised them,—not to advert

the present Lyon Depute—who exerto the more obvious disguisements, for cises even royal prerogatives-conferwhom this personage, Sir James

Tait red upon him, and certain heirs in reof Ernock, stands proxy, I know not,

mainder, by“ Patent," a new honour

able augmentation, The Tweeddale family were seated surmounted by a helmet, as a further there as far back as the year 1432. Charty.

mark of his (Sir Allan's) gallantry in of Arbroath, Ad. Liby. fol. 39 b.

that engagement ;"-as also the motto, + Ib. fol. 38.

“ Virtutis in bello præmium.” “ Universis pateat per presentes nos David permissione divina Abbatem monasterii Sancti Thome Martiris de Abberbrothock et ejusdem loci conventus -fecisse

AMBER IMBEDDED IN LIMESTONE. constituisse et ordinasse-Nobilem et potentem Dominum Johannem Dominum Hay

Edinburgh, July 29, 1817. de Zester, Johannem Ogilvy de Fingask,” MR EDITOR, &c.—" et eorum quemlibet conjunctim et Having observed in the last Numdivisim nostros ballivos commissarios came- ber of your Magazine, that Count. rarios justiciurios infra regalitatem nostram de Abberbrothock et Ethcarmore." 15. Ap having dişeovered amber imbedded in

Dunin Borkowsky had announced his There had also been previously a similar sandstone, I think it may not be uncommission to John Lord Zester, dated 14. interesting to state an analogous obAugust 1488. Ib. fol. 124.

servation which was made about the

a broken spear,

end of the year 1813, on the sea-shore,

Epitaph. in the immediate neighbourhood of

1 Santander, in the province of Santan

Tu qui passez, ové* bouche close der, in the north of Spain.

Parla ou ce corps repose, The mountains which bound and Ententt ce qe te dirai, traverse the whole of the northern pro Sycome te dire le say. vinces of Spain, appear to be a con

Tiel: come tu es, au tiel fu, tinuation of the Pyrennean range-and

Tu seras tiel come je su.

2 the regular succession of the primitive

De la mort ne pensai-jemye,s and newer rocks, is very beautifully

Tant come j'avois la vie : illustrated in travelling from east to En trell avoi grand richesse ; west, especially in the picturesque val Dont je y fis grand noblesse, lies of Biscay ; in the course of which, Terre, mesons, grand tresor, the most magnificent sections are pro Draps, chévaux, argent, or. duced by the impetuosity of the win

3 ter torrent. In that portion which Mes ore su jeo poures** et chetiffs skirts the shores of the province of

Perfond en la tre gis.

Ma grand beauté est tout alée : Santander, the principal rocks are

Ma char est tout gastée. sandstone and limestone, occurring in

4 alternate strata. Coal is found near

Moult est estroit ma maison ; Reynosa, in the higher districts, as

En moy na si verité non. well as at Laredo, on the coast. In Et si on me veisseztt one of the lowest members of this Je ne guide pas qe vous deissez, ** series, close to the shore, I found a Qe je eusse onques homme este considerable mass of yellow amber,

Si su je ore de tant changée.

5 firmly imbedded in the limestone. The union was so perfect, that it was

Pour Dieu priez au celestien Roy

De mercy ait de l'ame de moy. impossible to separate the amber with

Tous ceux qi pour moy prieront, out shattering it into small fragments. Ou a Dieu m'acorderont The whole was extracted, and is now Dieu les mette en son Paradis, in London, with some of the limestone. Ou nul ne poets estre chetiffs. The fact was mentioned in letters to two scientific friends in Britain, soon after it was noticed.


II.-Spenser. In Tod's Life of Spenser, in which there is to be found much valuable information regarding the studies and pursuits of this great man, and the state

of English literature at that period, I.-The Black Prince.

there is a curious letter of Spenser's friend, Harvey, in which he recom

mends to the author of the Faery Queen There is a wonderful simplicity and

the study of Petrarch. “Thinke upon beauty in the following humble epi

Petrarche, and perhappes it will adtaph on so great a man as the Black Prince. The author is unknown-but

vaunce the wings of your imagination it would probably be composed by the

a degree higher-at least if any thing

can be added to the loftiness of his best poet of the age, perhaps by Chau

conceite, whom gentle Mistress Rosacer, who was at this time in the height

lind once reported to have all the inof his reputation, and, from his travels

telligences at commandment, and anin France, must have been well ac

other time christened him Signor Pequainted with the French language. The verses are introduced by this ina

gaso.” The gentle Mistress Rosalind,

here mentioned, was a lady to whom scription :

Spenser was early attached.' It shows Cy gist le noble Prince Monsieur Edward aisnez fils de tres noble Roy Edward Tiers: he and his mistress must have enter,

the poetical conversations with which Jadis Prince D'Aquitaine et de Gales, Duc de Cornwaille, et Compte de Cestre, qi "tained themselves, alluding, as Tod mourust en la Feste de la Trinite q'estoit le VIII. jour de juyn, l'an de grace, mil trois Ou. + Entendez. Telle. Jamais. cens Septante sisine. L'Alme de gi Dieu || Terre. | Maisons. *** Suis-je-pauvre. eut merci, Amen.

tt Si vous m'avez vu. Pense. S$ Peut.


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