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the Middlesex and London Sessions, for Lord Sidmouth's Circular...Opinion of the licenses to Medical, Literary, and Philoso
Law Officers of the Crown, referred to in phical Societies, which were granted. The the Circular Letter from Viscount Sid- Academical Society, to whom a license had mouth, to his Majesty's Lieutenants of been refused on the 18th ult. as noticed in Counties in England and Wales, dated our last month's Chronicle, again applied to 27th March 1817.
the London Sessions, when, after some disWe are of opinion that a warrant may be cussion regarding the proceedings on the issued to apprehend a party charged on oath former occasion, a license was granted, in for publishing a libel, either by the Secre terms of the petition of the Society. Some tary of State, a judge, or a justice of the of the magistrates complained, that the peace.
sentiments which they had expressed when With respect to the Secretary of State in the petition was formerly refused, had been the case of Entick v. Carrington, as reported misunderstood or misrepresented. by Mr Hargrave, though the Court were of 3.-Duke of Wellington's Plate. The opinion the warrants, which were then the magnificent service of plate which was subject of discussion, were illegal, yet Lord sent by the Prince Regent of Portugal to Camden declared, and in which, he stated, this country, some months ago, as a prethe other judges agreed with him, that they sent to the Duke of Wellington, and which were bound to adhere to the determination is understood to be worth £200,000, has of the Queen v. Derby, and the King v. been in the possession of Mr Garard, the Earbury; in both of which cases it had been silversmith in Panton Street, in the Hay. . holden, that it was competent to the Secre- market, since its arrival. Great numbers tary of State to issue a warrant for the ap- of the nobility and others have been adprehension of a person charged with a scan mitted to see it. The devices are ingenious dalous and seditious libel ; and that they, and appropriate, and the workmanship of the judges, had no right to overturn those the most exquisite description. Among decisions.
other articles, there are fifteen dozen of With respect to the power of a judge to plates, knives, forks, and spoons, weighing issue such warrant, it appears to us, that at about 100,000 ounces. all events, under the statute of the 48th Fatal Boxing Match.—A fight took place Geo. III. ch. 58, a judge has such power, a few days ago near Oxford, between two upon an affidavit being made in pursuance persons of the names of Clayton and Witof that act ; a judge would probably expect ney, which terminated in the death of the that it should appear to be the intention of former. We hope the attention of the lethe Attorney-General to file an information gislature will speedily be drawn to these against the person charged.
disgraceful scenes ; and are glad to hear With respect to a justice of the peace, the that the magistrates have interfered on some decision of the Court of Common Pleas in occasions since, to prevent the recurrence of the case of Mr Wilkes' libels only amounts such brutal exhibitions. to this—that libel is not such an actual 6.-Fiars of Lanarkshire.--At the anbreach of the peace as to deprive a member nual meeting of the Commissioners of Supof parliament of his privilege of parliament, ply, held at Lanark on Wednesday the or to warrant the demanding sureties of the 30th ult, the report of a former meeting peace from the defendant; but there is no respecting the Fiars was ordered to be printdecision or opinion that a justice of the ed, and circulated in the county, and transpeace might not apprehend any person not mitted to the conveners of other counties, so privileged, and demand bail to be given preparatory to applying for an act of parliato answer the charge. It has certainly been ment to regulate, more consistently and the opinion of one of our most learned pre- equitably, the mode of striking the fiar decessors, that such warrants may be issued prices of grain in future. We have seen and acted upon by justices of the peace, as this report, and it goes far to prove the neappears by the cases of Thomas Spence and cessity of legislative interference in regard Alexander Hogg, in the year 1801. We to this very important measure; or at least, agree in that opinion, and therefore think that the present practice is, in the instance that a justice of the peace may issue a war referred to, and we have reason to suspect rant to apprehend a person, charged by in in many others, highly objectionable. formation on oath, with the publication of The Army.---List of Regiments now in a scandalous and seditious libel, and to com the West Indies, America, Gibraltar, the pel him to give bail to answer such charge. Mediterranean, and Africa. Lincoln's Inn, 1 W. GARROW.
Leeward Isles. 2.--Academical Society.-- This day and 15th
Leeward Isles. yesterday, several applications were made to 25th
13.-On Friday morning, the 9th, a 60th 4th Battalion, Leeward Isles. dreadful fire broke out in the premises of 61st
Mr Berstall, timber-merchant, Bankside, 63d
Leeward Isles. Southwark. It being low water, the engines
could not be supplied from the Thames, and WEST INDIA REGIMENTS. · 1st Regt.
the wells being very soon nearly exhausted, 2d
a tank of lime water on the South London 3d
Gas Light Works in the vicinity, was emp*5th
tied into the engines, and found extremely *6th
serviceable in extinguishing an immense West India Rangers,
Leeward Isles. body of fire arising from a pile of timber. York Rangers,
Wherever the lime water fell on the burnYork Chasseurs,
ing materials, it not only extinguished the * These two have been ordered to be dis
flame, but it was remarked, that the matebanded.
rials once wetted with the lime water would not again take fire.
The loss to the proAMERICA.
prietors is at least £10,000. At Halifax, New Brunswick, and Canada.
19.-Scots Appeal.-David Black, town. 37th Regt.
clerk of Inverkeithing, against Major-Gen. 60th 2d Battalion, Canada.
Alexander Campbell of Monzie.-At the 62d
general election in 1812, the district of 70th
burghs, of which Inverkeithing is one, was 76th
keenly contested by General Campbell and 98th
the Right Honourable Sir Thomas Mait99th
land. In this burgh there is no annual 100th
election of counsellors; but to entitle them 103d
to vote, they must be inhabitant burgesses. 104th
On the day of election, two gentlemen in The 103d and 104th have been ordered to
the interest of General Campbell, whom be disbanded.
Mr Black knew to have no residence within Gibraltar, Malta, and Ionian Isles.
the burgh, appeared at the meeting, and 10th Regt.
Ionian Isles. tendered their votes. The friends of General 14th
Maitland protested against their votes being 26th
Gibraltar. taken, and called on Mr Black, as returning 31st
officer, on his highest peril, to make a fair 35th
return. General Campbell also objected to 60th 5th Battalion, Gibraltar.
some voters, and called on Mr Black to 75th
reject them : both parties thus recording 4th West India Regiment, Gibraltar. their opinion, that Mr Black was bound to 1st Garrison Battalion, Ordered home. exercise a sound discretion. Mr 'Black, AFRICA
accordingly, expressed and minuted his The African Regiment.
opinion, that the two gentlemen first alluded
to had no right to vote ; but he agreed to The Navy.-The following is the present mark them in the mean time, if tendered disposition of the British Naval Force:
under protest, and stated, that if an eminent lawyer, whom he meant to consult, should think the votes good, he would give effect
to them in the return. This lawyer, now STATIONS.
the Right Honourable the Chief Commis
sioner, gave a written opinion, that the Sheerness & Downs,
votes should not be counted, and that Mr Leith Station,
Black was entitled to exercise his honest Eng. C. & Coast of Fr.
discretion in such a case, and, in conseIrish Station, Jersey, Guerns. &c.
quence of his knowledge of the facts, bound Spain, Port. & Gib.
to make out a commission in favour of Mediter.& on Passage
General Maitland. This was done ; but Coast of Africa,
1 0 Halifax & Newfound.
General Campbell had still a majority of Leeward Islands,
the commissions in his favour. NotwithJamaica & on Passage
standing carrying his election, however, Souih America, C.of G.Hope & South
General Campbell presented a petition and E.Indies & on Passage
complaint to the Court of Session, in which
Mr Black was accused, in the most intemTOTAL AT SEA, 9 31 21 19 o 40 In Port and Fitting,
perate language, of setting law at defiance, Guard Ships,
of “ having incurred infamy, and of being Hosp. & Pris. Ships, 2
totally unrestrained by the obligation of his TOTAL IN COM./ 19 3 27 22
oath, the fear of disgrace and condign punOrd.& repair,forServ 112 16 68 28 112
ishment;" and which prayed “ that he Building,
should be fined in the statutory penalty of TOTALS, 151 19 103 521 6 163 3 6 £500, imprisoned for six months, and de
1 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 1 1
ooooooooo000000000| Bomus, &c.
clared disabled from holding the office of Messrs Nichols and Ralph's, he had even clerk of the burgh, as if he were naturally dispensed with the latter.-He literally dead.”
starved himself to death. Mr Black defended himself on these and 23.-Suicide.- This day a hackney-coach other grounds: 1st, That he was at liberty, drove up to the eastern gate of Carleton and bound to exercise a sound discretion, House, in Pall Mall. At the moment a which he did openly, fairly, and honestly : pistol was discharged, and it was discovered 2dly, That he could not be subjected in any that the gentleman in the coach had shot criminal consequences, in a case where there himself. He was conveyed to the house of was obviously no dolus animus, no undue Mr Phillips, twodoors from Carleton House, intention ; and, 3dly, That as the conclu- where medical assistance was procured, but sions were criminal, the charge behoved to in vain, as he expired in about five mibe made more precisely, and established in nutes, the contents of the pistol having ena different manner.
tered his chest, and lodged in his right side. The Court below, though with reluctance, The Duke of Cumberland, and one or two decerned in terms of the prayer of the com other distinguished characters, were on the plaint, and found Mr Black liable also in spot. His Royal Highness recognised him expenses, considering that they had no alter as Captain D'Aacken of the German Legion. native under the acts of Parliament. Mr The unfortunate gentleman, it is said, had Black appealed ; and the Lord Chancellor of late been making applications for promohas now reversed in toto the judgment tion, but had been unsuccessful. Captain against Mr Black, whom he considered as D'Aacken has been for some time in the having been the worst used of the two par British service, and distinguished himself ties. His Lordship expressed his decided in the battle of Waterloo. disapprobation of the terms of the pleadings 26.- Trial for Sedition. This day came against Mr Black in the Court of Session, on, before the High Court of Justiciary, the and which would not have been allowed to trial of Niel Douglas, Universalist preacher remain on the record of an English court. in Glasgow, accused of uttering seditious He expressed strong doubts of the construc- expressions in his discourses from the pultion put upon the statute founded on ; and pit ; when, after the examination of a numwas quite clear that the charge had not been ber of witnesses on the part of the prosecumade in terms sufficiently precise, nor sup- tion, and in exculpation, the jury returned ported by proper evidence. Lord Redesdale a verdict of Not Guilty. The principal was of the same opinion.
witnesses against the pannel were two town. The inhabitants of Inverkeithing, Dun- officers of Glasgow, who acknowledged that fermline, Culross, and North Queensferry, they had been sent by their superiors to hear have demonstrated their joy at this result, his discourses, but whose evidence seemed by kindling bonfires, ringing bells, and to be less conclusive than that of the pan. holding convivial meetings, at which the nel's witnesses. healths of the Lord Chancellor, Lord Redes 30.-Wreck of the Royal George.- The dale, the Lord Chief Commissioner, Sir first survey was made on the 24th inst. by Samuel Romilly, John Clerk, Esq. &c. means of the diving-bell, of the wreck of were drank with enthusiasm.
the Royal George, which sunk off Spithead A Miser starved to death.-Friday the about thirty-five years since. She lies nearly 16th, Mr Omer, of Great Castle Street, east and west, with her head to the westOxford Market, not having seen James ward, and, with a trifling inclination, on Alexander, a man who rented the back her larboard bilge. The whole of her decks garret in his house, for several days, broke have fallen in, and the starboard broadside open the door of his room, and found him upon them : there are, in fact, no traces quite dead. The officers searched the place, whatever of her original formation, her reand in a remote corner found bills, &c. to mains appearing as a piece of ruinous timthe amount of £2000, which will all fall to ber-work. The surface of her timbers is a distant relation at Edinburgh. The de decayed, but the heart of them is sound. ceased was by trade a journeyman carpenter, It is fully expected the Navy Board will and had worked for Messrs Nichols and give directions immediately for the breaking Ralph, in Well Street, for near twenty up and removal of her remains. years. About twelve years ago they fined 31.-Early potatoes made their first aphim a guinea for being detected stealing pearance in the Edinburgh market this the workmen's victuals from a cupboard morning. The quantity was about two appropriated to their use : on that occasion Scots pints. They were sold at four shilhe would have hung himself, but was rather lings per pint. unwilling to purchase a rope ! About a year About the middle of this month accounts ago he was discharged for committing simi were received at Lloyd's of the appearance lar depredations. He never had a fire if he of several Moorish pirates in the north seas. was to pay for it; but his business as a One of them was captured by the Alert carpenter enabled him to get plenty of sloop of war, Captain J. Smith, who states shavings. His diet consisted principally of the following particulars in a letter, dated a twopenny loaf per pay, and a pint of Margate Roads, May 18.-" I have conductsmall beer; but since his discharge from ed into this anchorage a piratical ship of 18 Vol. I.
guns and 130 Moors, under Tunisian colours. jesty's High Commissioner. The Prince I have also taken possession of two of his Regent's letter, and the warrant for £2000 prizes captured by him off the Galloper a to be employed in propagating Christian few days since, viz. the ship Ocean of Ham- knowledge in the Highlands of Scotland burgh, from Charlestown to Hamburgh, being read, the Assembly was opened by a with cotton and rice; and the galliot Chris- speech from the throne by his Grace the tina of Oldenburgh, from Lubeck to France Commissioner, to which the Moderator with wheat. I do not think our Govern- made a suitable reply. An address to the ment would allow these pirates to cruize in Prince Regent was moved by Dr Cooke, the narrow seas, to the interruption of our seconded by Dr Francis Nicoll, and untrade and that of other peaceable nations; animously agreed to. Dr Nicoll, after a he denied having any knowledge of these neat and appropriate speech, then moved vessels when I questioned him about them, that the Moderator be instructed to write but on my boarding them I was surprised to the Right Honourable Lord Napier, who to find them in his possession. I do not had for so many years filled the office of think that any vessels, whatever colours his Majesty's Commissioner, a respectful they might be under, would be safe while letter in the name of the Assembly, expresthese pirates are cruising hereabouts, for all sive of their gratitude for his kindness to the world knows they are not very delicate. this Church, their deep regret at the imI expected a broadside from him when I paired state of his health, and of the lively came down to him, but he saw we were interest which they took in his prosperity perfectly prepared for him, and in conse and happiness. On the 28th, the overture quence he did not fire ; his people were at relating to the union of offices was read, quarters. He told us he was in search of and it appearing that fifty-five presbyteries, his Admiral, who had parted company in a constituting a great majority, approved of gale of wind off the isle of Wight, some days the overture, the Assembly therefore enactbefore; but we know they both passed the ed it as a law of the Church. On the 31st, Straits of Dover in company, and said they the Assembly took into consideration the were bound to Copenhagen to some—to petition of Mr James Bryce, presbyterian Amsterdam to others. He says his Ad. minister of Calcutta, East Indies, praying miral is in a corvette of 26 guns and 150 the Assembly to remove the injunction laid men. Captain M'Culloch is gone in search on their chaplains in India, by the reverend of the other in the Ganymede ; I hope he the presbytery of Edinburgh, of date the 27th may fall in with him and bring him in. I day of March, and to favour the petitioner shall remain in the Downs with the corsair with such other advice or instructions in the and prizes until I receive instructions from premises, as to them in their great wisdom the Admiralty how to act. Is it to be en- might seem meet ; and there was also transdured that these monsters should be allow- mitted a petition of Dr Thomas Macknight, ed to cruise in the very mouth of the clerk to the presbytery of Edinburgh. Both Thames, intercepting the trade of all na. petitions were read, and also an extract of tions, and placing every thing they board the minutes of the presbytery of Edinburgh, in quarantine ? No ships belonging to stating the procedure of that presbytery in Hamburgh, Bremen, Lubeck, Oldenburgh, the affair now brought under the consideraor any of these small defenceless states, can tion of the Assembly by the petition of Mr be safe till the other corvette is accounted Bryce. Mr Francis Jeffrey, advocate, was for. I of course am in quarantine, having heard in support of Mr Bryce's petition, and some of the Moors on board.”-A letter from Dr John Inglis in defence of the presbytery Deal, dated the 31st instant, says, “ The of Edinburgh. After a debate of some length, Tunisian corvette, and a schooner which in which several members took a part, the had been also captured, sailed from the following motion was made by Dr Nicoll, Downs this morning, accompanied by his and unanimously agreed to, viz. “ The Majesty's sloop Alert and the Stork cutter. General Assembly find, that no blame whatThe commanders of these vessels, we under ever can be imputed to the presbytery of stand, are under orders to see the Tunisians Edinburgh, who have acted according to quite out of the channel.”
the best of their judgment in circumstances During the present month, disturbances of peculiar difficulty and delicacy. But the have prevailed in different parts of Ireland, Assembly see no reason why Mr Bryce occasioned by the high price of provisions, should not be permitted to solemnize marbut not to such an extent as to be produc- riages, when called upon to do so in the tive of any very alarming consequences. ordinary exercise of his ministerial duty, The present appearance of the crops on the and therefore did, and hereby do remove ground leads us to hope, that the distress the injunction of the presbytery of Edinwhich has been felt so generally, in almost burgh upon that subject; satisfied that in every quarter of the world, owing to the this and every question connected with civil failure of the last crop, will soon be suc- rights, he will conduct himself, as he is ceeded by abundance and cheapness. hereby required to do, with that perfect re
General Assembly of the Church of Scot- spect and deference towards the local autholand— This Court met here on the 22d in- rities to which they are entitled, and which stant, William Earl of Errol being his Ma. are, in a particular manner, due to the most
noble the Marquis of Hastings, the gover- the East India Company, and to correspond nor-general, for the countenance and protec. with that honourable Court on this importtion offered by his Excellency to this branch ant subject.”—The Assembly was dissolved of the Church of Scotland. And the Gene- the 2d of June. There was less business ral Assembly farther resolve to appoint a before them this year than we ever rememcommittee to draw up a respectful memorial ber. Every question has been carried with to the honourable the Court of Directors of the greatest cordiality and unanimity.
Acts passed in the 57th Year of the Reign of George III. or in the Fifth Session of the
Fifth Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Cap. X. To regulate the Vessels carry ton and a-half of the burden of such ship or ing Passengers from the United Kingdom vessel. to certain of his Majesty's Colonies in North Every such ship or vessel shall be furAmerica.-March 17.
nished, at the time of her departure to comFrom and after the passing of this act, no mence the voyage, with at least twelve ship or vessel shall sail with passengers weeks' supply of good and wholesome water, from any port or place in the United so as to furnish a supply of five pints of waKingdom to any port or place in Upper or ter per day for every such passenger, excluLower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Bruns. sive of the crew; and the said supply of wick, Cape Breton, or Prince Edward's water shall be stowed below the deck, and Island, unless the master, or other person every such ship or vessel shall also be fur. having or taking the charge or command of nished with such a supply of provisions as every such ship or vessel, and the owner or will afford an allowance for every such pasowners thereof, shall, before the sailing of senger, exclusive of the crew, during the such ship or vessel from any port or place said period of twelve weeks, of one pound as aforesaid, enter into security by bond of bread or biscuit, and one pound of beef, to his Majesty, his heirs and successors, in or three quarters of a pound of pork per the penalty of five hundred pounds, with day, and also two pounds of flour, three condition that there shall not be taken on pounds of oatmeal, or three pounds of peas board any such ship or vessel any more or pearl barley, and halt a pound of butter such passengers than are hereinafter per eekly; the weekly allowance to commence mitted and allowed, and that every passen on the day the vessel puts to sea. ger, if alive, shall be landed at the port or The master or other person having or place to which such passenger shall have taking the charge or command of any ship contracted to be conveyed; and the master or vessel failing to give out the allowance or other person having or taken the charge of provisions and water herein-before specior command of such ship or vessel, previ. fied, shall forfeit the sum of ten pounds of ous to his leaving the said port, shall and lawful money for each and every such ne. is hereby required to deliver to the said glect and omission. collector and comptroller or other principal Abstract of Act to be exposed in the officer of his Majesty's customs at the said vessel, on penalty of £10. port, a list containing the number of the All penalties and forfeitures to be incur. said passengers, with their names, ages, and red under this act, shall and may be redescriptions, and the places to which they covered in a summary way, on the oath of are to be respectively conveyed : and, upon one or more witness or witnesses, before any the arrival of such ship or vessel at either one or more of his Majesty's justice or jusof the aforesaid colonies, the said master or
tices of the peace. other person having or taking the charge Cap. XI. To facilitate the Progress of or command of such ship or vessel shall Business in the Court of King's Bench in deliver the aforesaid copy of the list to the Westminster Hall.- March 17. governor of such place or other person act It shall and may be lawful for any one ing for him, or to the naval officer or chief of the judges of the Court of King's Bench officer of the customs at the port of arrival, at Westminster, when occasion shall so reor to the nearest justice of the peace, who quire, to sit apart from the other judges of shall be required to examine the passen the same Court, in some place in or near gers within twenty-four hours after their to Westminster Hall, for the business of arrival.
adding and justifying special bail in causes Penalty on taking more passengers than depending in the same Court, whilst others the number allowed, £50.
of the jadges of the same court are at the Passengers to be apportioned according same time proceeding in the despatch of to the tonnage of the vessel in the propor the other business of the same Court in tion of one'adult person, or of three children bank, in its usual place of sitting. under fourteen years of age, for every one CAP. XII. For punishing Mutiny and