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however, that any deep-rooted or exten. sive conspiracy against the existing order

of things has ever been discovered, though In the Journal of Agen, of the 17th it may be true, that a few obscure indi. of June, we read as follows ;-On Satur. viduals have availed themselves of the day the 7th inst. a dreadful storm burst popular ferment produced by most severe forth in the communes of Cancon, Beau. privations, to lead on the ignorant and gos, Moulinet, and Bondi, in the Ar- unthinking to acts of sedition. Within rondissement of Villeneuve sur Lot, and the last two or three weeks, the prices caused the greatest ravages. Not a blade of grain have fallen greatly, and continue of grass, nor a vine leaf are to be seen in to fall. The harvest has begun in the the places where the hail fell; happily south, and the produce is said to be abund. its extent was not great. The rain, ant in every part of the kingdom. which poured from the same cloud, did an infinite deal of mischief, by the great quantity of earth which it carried with It is now confirmed that the great it, and by covering all the pasturage a. arsenal of Caracca, near Cadiz, has been round with sand. This is now the fifth totally consumed, with all its immense year in succession that the crops have naval stores, by a conflagration which, been destroyed in this unfortunate dis. there is reason to believe, was the result trict.

of a conspiracy. Paris, July 3. The number of French By private accounts it appears that the emigrants who have reached the United grand financial plan, projected by the min. States do not amount to a less number ister Garey, is not to be carried into ex. than 30,000. They have in general em- ecution till January 1818. This delay barked from Belgium, Holland, Ger. originates in the opposition of the nobles many, and even Russia. In America and high churchmen, who will be most they have enjoyed unrestricted freedom, affected by its being put into execution ; but have obtained no political preponder. and, in the mean time, it is expected that ance. Joseph Bonaparte is said to have the minister himself will lose his place. given up every hope of returning to France. Clauzel and Lefebvre Des. nouettes are at New Orleans ; Grouchy Lisbon, May 27th 1817.-" I hasten to has quitted Baltimore for New York. inform you of an alarming conspiracy. The greater part of the officers of this which, thanks to the vigilance and enernation appear determined on repairing gy of Marshal Beresford, has, within the to Mexico or Brazil.

last twenty-four hours, been discovered The French government have come and crushed in this city. of the real to the determination of causing a light. intention of the conspirators we are yet house to be erected at the entrance to ignorant; it is, however, certain, that Calais. A letter from thence states, that the first act of vengeance would have an eligible spot is selecting for this de- been the destruction of their gallant Marsirable purpose, and when the danger shal, and Don Miguel de Forjaz, with of the entering of that harbour is consi. the whole of the present regency. It is dered, such a measure must appear highly reported, that in the expectation of suc. beneficial. The light is intended to re- cess, an offer of the crown of Portugal volve, with deep red reflectors, and will had been made to the young Duke de be so placed as to be conspicuous in all Cardeval, the next a-kin to the present weathers to vessels bound thither.

King, through his mother, who prudent. The Paris papers have been unusually ly rejected the offer. To complete the barren of interesting intelligence for this sanguinary and treacherous character of month past. They have been chiefly file this black ptot, a general massacre of the led with accounts of disturbances in dif- English residents was contemplated. ferent parts of the kingdom, occasioned Happily, the compunction of some of by the scarcity of grain, into which, in the conspirators has led to the detection some instances there seems to have en- of the treason. The marshal having re. tered a spirit of discontent with the pre. ceived intelligence of their proceedings, sent government. It does not appear, on Sunday evening seized the whole, or


most of the ringleaders in their beds, and The royal Government hereby publishes at the head of them proves to be the in- this, his Majesty's resolution, that the triguing General Don Gomez Ferreira most punctual care may be taken to obde Andrade. The Marquises of Abrantes serve it in every point. and Valencia, the son of Baron Bran- Given at Buda, the 23d December camp, and the Conde de Cunha, with 1816, in the assembly of the memabout forty others, many of them per- bers of the Royal Hungarian Gosons, of distinction, are said also to be ap

vernment. prehended and thrown into the dungeons The ceremony of the marriage of the

of the castle of Belem. Don Gomez archduchess Leopoldine with the king | Ferreira is lodged in Fort St Julian, the of Portugal took place by proxy at Vien

governor of which has been superseded, na, on the 14th May. Owing to the in. and the command given to Sir Archibald surrection in Brazil, the princess had Campbell. The two regiments of mili- not sailed for that country at the date of tary police continue to parade the city, the latest despatches from Portugal. and the artillery guns, loaded to the muz- Vienna, June 4.-The following are zle with grape shot, are posted in differ. some of the details of the arrest of ent parts of the town. The conspir. Santini. This man had obtained passators had established printing presses, ports in England to go to Italy, where and prepared proclamations, all of which he pretended to have some family affairs are seized. I am happy to add, that the

to arrange.

He was strictly watched in disposition of the troops seems highly fa- this country, and having passed by Kravourable, and we hear of only three offi- genfurt about the middle of the last cers of any rank who are at present im. month, he was arrested on the frontiers plicated. It is strongly believed, that a of Lombardy, and conducted under an close connexion has subsisted between escort to Milan. It is said, that papers those traitors and the insurgents at Per- of great importance were found upon nambuco, and but for the energy and him. He was apprehended on a road activity with which the government here different from that prescribed to him, have acted, no doubt can exist of the and which he should have taken, if he fate which awaited them. The 5th June

meant only to go to Genoa, and from being the feast of Corpus Christi, was thence to Corsica. fixed upon for the explosion of the plot. The states of Wirtemberg having re

The conspirators are now under trial jected the constitution, as modified by the before a chief judge, four assistants, and royal rescript of the 26th May, by 67 a secretary. The examinations have voices against 42, have been dissolved. hitherto been private, but some of the sentences are expected to be published: next month. About fifty persons are in

america. custody.


The Boston Commercial Gazette of the Prohibition of Bible Societies in Hun. 24th of March contains the provisions of gary. Buda, May 3. The following an important law, which may be called circular letter to the clergy in Hungary the Navigation Act of America, of which was issued on the 23d December; last the following is the substance. year, by the Government in this city. 1. No goods to be imported into the

Considering that the London Bible As. United States, except in vessels the pro. sociation has caused the establishment of perty of the citizens of those States; or several affiliated Societies, particularly of the countries of which those goods are in Germany, and that several such asso. the growth, produce, or manufacture. ciations in the Imperial hereditary do. 2. In all cases of contravention of the minions, particularly among the Protest. preceding article, the ship and cargo to ants, have more intimate connexion in be confiscated. view, his Sacred Majesty has been gra. 3. Bounties and allowances now grant. ciously pleased to ordain, that care beed to fishing-boats to be refused to all but taken that printed copies of the Bible be those of which the officers and three. not circulated gratis, or at a low price, fourths of the crew are citizens of the by such Foreign Associations and Socie. United States, ties in his Majesty's hereditary domin. 4. The coasting trade is confined to ions, nor the establishment of a Bible As. native vessels and seamen. sociation be allowed. For the rest, his 5. A tonnage duty is imposed upon Sacred Majesty is graciously pleased to vessels, though belonging to the United allow the trade with Bibles as with all States, which shall enter a port in one other books by booksellers, according to district from-a port in another district. the ordinances published on this subject." (This is subject to exceptions.) Vol. I.



6. A tonnage duty is levied on Ame- seem, that the French refugees renounce rican vessels arriving from foreign ports, the hope of ever returning to the Conti. unless two-thirds of the crew be citizens nent of Europe, since they spend their of the United States.

whole fortunes in fixing themselves in so Boston, May 12.--Despatches have magnificent a manner in America.” just been received from Mr Serjeant by The National Intelligencer states the the governor of the national bank. We terms on which the bank of the United understand they state he has succeeded States obtained its specie in England, viz. in obtaining ten millions of dollars for -“ The specie to be delivered in the the new bank at Philadelphia, and this United States at 45. 8d. sterling per too without difficulty in England. What dollar, within six months from January a country of wealth and poverty! The last, the time the contract was made ; Venice has arrived with 300,000 dollars ; the payment secured by a deposit of the the Solon, the Emily, and the Electra, United States'. stock at par, redeemable with much more.

January 1819, or at an earlier period, After the 14th of July next, the Ame. giving two month's notice, interest at five rican national flag will consist of thirteen per cent. commencing at the date of the stripes and twenty stars. The thirteen


From the same paper we stripes are to be permanent, and one star learn, that the mania for emigration is to is to be added whenever a new state is be found even in the United States. A received into the union. The facts are company of young men was forming at published at this time for the benefit of New York, for the purpose of proceeding ship-owners, &c.

to some parts of South America, there to By the Courier arrived from Boston in form a settlement. Each adventurer was nineteen days, and the Canton, with se- to advance a certain sum, to purchase a veral other vessels, from New York in vessel and the necessary stores. twenty-one days, Boston papers to the Extract of a letter from St Francis. 20th of May, New York to the 17th of ville (L. A.) dated May 5th 1817.-A that month, and New Orleans to the 16th very serious and distressing accident of April, have been received. Cobbett happened nearly opposite this place.-has given notice, in a letter addressed to Yesterday morning, about eight o'clock, the people of America, that he will re. the steam-boat, Constitution (formerly the sume his labours in that country.--A ship Oliver Evans), passing down the river arrived at Boston from Perambuco fur. from Natchez to New Orleans, burst her nishes intelligence to the 9th of April. boiler, and every person in the cabin, The new Government appeared well esta- eleven in number, was scalded to death; blished, and was making every necessary some lived two or three hours, some five preparation for defence. So far do the or six, and two or three lived about twenAnti-Portuguese rulers consider them. ty hours. The captain of the boat, the selyes settled, that they have sent out his engineer, and one or two sailors that were Excellency Don Antonio Gonsalvo de in the after-part of the boat, were the Cruz as Ambassador to the United States. only persons that escaped uninjured.

A letter from Washington, dated the In an American paper, a remarkable 2d May, states, that the American Go. advertisement appears from the Navy vernment have lately sold 100,000 acres Board in Washington. It is for propo. of land on the Tinibechy, in the Missis. sals for supplying the machinery for three sippi territory, to a French company, at steam batteries, each to be equal to 120 two dollars per acre, payable in fourteen horse power, to be completed in one years, without interest, upon condition of month. their planting the vine and olive. About 300 French emigrants have gone to reside on those newly-purchased lands. At the In the house of Assembly in Lower head of these people are Lakanal, Pen Canada, the Speaker notified to the House, nienes, Garnier de Saintes, the two L’Al. on the 21st February, that he had the lemands, Desnouettes, Clausel, and others, same morning signed warrants for the with a crowd of artisans and mechanics. imprisonment of S. W. Monk, Esq. con

Joseph Bonaparte's New Town.--The formably to the order of the House; after Dutch mail supplies the following account which, the deputy serjeant at arms at the of the Ex-King of Spain's colony in the bar informed the House, that, in obe. United States." Joseph Bonaparte is dience to its orders, he had lodged S. W. building a town near Baltimore, which Monk, Esq. in the common gaol of the none but French are permitted to inhabit. district. It is to be capable of containing for the On the 1st of March, the Legislative present 12,000 inhabitants. The art of Council of Lower Canada came to a reso. the most sublime architecture is employed lution, that an address be presented to his to embellish the edifices. Thus it should Royal Highness the Prince Regent, hum.


bly beseeching his Royal Highness not to vered to the Marquis de Aguilar, the King inflict any punishment on the honourable of Portugal's minister for foreign affairs, Louis Charles Foucher, Esq. one of the a note, dated Paris, 16th March, in which puisne judges of the court of King's Bench they express their surprise at the occu. for the district of Montreal, in conse- pation of a part of the Spanish posses. quence of the articles of complaint exhi. sions on the river Plate, by the Portubited against him by the Assembly of that guese troops of Brazil ; and announcing province, until such articles of complaint their intention to take cognizance and should be submitted to the consideration part in this affair, in consequence of an of the Legislative Council, and they application made to them by the Court of should have concurred therein, or until Spain, they call upon his inost faithful such articles of complaint shall have been majesty to explain his views, and to take heard and determined on by such a tri- the most prompt and proper measures bunal as his Royal Highness should ap- to dissipate the just alarms which his point.

invasion of the Spanish possessions has April 20.-James Stuart, Esq. arrived occasioned. on Sunday the 16th at Quebec, and of A great sensation has been excited in course would take his seat in the House Europe, by the accounts lately received next day. What is called the great ques- of a formidable insurrection having broken tion was set down for the 19th inst. that out in Brazil on the 6th of March. ACis, Whether farther proceedings shall be cording to the reports first received, seven had against the two chief justices. It is provinces of this extensive empire had reunderstood at Quebec, that the govern volted from the house of Braganza, and ment at home had given directions to declared for independence, liberty of condissolve the Parliament, if the House of science, and a federal government. By Assembly proceeded farther in this mat. later accounts, however, it appears, that ter. Judge Monk expected to be dis- the revolt had not as yet extended beyond charged on bail; but the Court, on hear the provinces of Pernambuco, and that an ing his counsel, who urged that the war. attempt to subvert the royal government rant of the Speaker of the House of As- at Bahia had failed, and the conspirators sembly was informal, had come to the been apprehended. decision, that the warrant was without The revolution in the Brazils is not objection; he was in consequence re- the only great event that has taken place manded to prison. He had transmitted in the new world. By the Colonel Allan, a petition to the House of Assembly, in Captain M.Lennon, arrived from the which he states that he did not wish to North West Company's settlement, on throw any impediment in the way of the the river Columbia, and last from Buenos committee, who were investigating the Ayres, letters and gazettes to 16th March case of the Chief Justice Foucher. He had have been received, which state that the refused to give up some official docu. Buenos Ayres army, commanded by Gements, but their contents were open to neral San Martin, and destined to free the inspection of the committee; but his Chili from its Spanish oppressors, has duty to the government would not war- met with most complete success. On rant his giving up the possession of official the 12th February, the patriots met the documents.

royalists near Chabuco, defeated them in In the Court of King's Bench of Mon- a general action, and the result of this treal, bills of indictment were found by victory was the complete downfall of the grand jury against Duncan Cameron, Spanish power in this interesting portion and John Dugald Cameron, partners of of the South American Continent. A the North West Company; and against new form of government was instantly Cuthbert Grant, William Shaw, and Pe- organised in the capital of Santiago, and ter Pangman, clerks of the said Company; the supreme directorship confided to and against George Campbell and others, Don Barnard O'Higgins, who issued a for the felonious seizure, in 1816, of the proclamation, congratulatory of the event, cannon sent from England for the defence to the people of Chili. On the 13th of of the colony of Red River.

March, three of the enemy's standards, two taken on the coast of Valpariso, and

the other at Llamparaes in Upper Peru, About 30,000 stand of arms had ar. reached Buenos Ayres. The former Sparived at St Thomas's, from Bordeaux, ac- nish governor of Chili, Marco del Pont, companied by several of Bonaparte's had been taken by the patriots. The officers, and an aid-de-camp of Murat ; brave army of the Andes, with General all of whom, it is asserted, intend joining San Martin at its head, had covered the insurgents of South America. itself with glory, and was expected to

The ministers of Austria, France, Great recross the mountains before the winBritain, Prussia, and Russia, have deli. ter closed them, with a large body of


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Chilenian auxiliaries, to fall on the rear that number of women and children, to of the royalist army acting in Peru.- the sword. Such a succession of important events had given fresh life and tone to every thing at Buenos Ayres, from whence all

asia. the Portuguese had been banished to Luxan. Accounts from Buenos Ayres of the

On the 5th November, the Frances 14th April state, that General S. Martin Charlotte, with a detachment of the 78th was to set out in a few days from thence regiment on board, struck on a reef off to join his army in Lima, and that he the desert Isl of Preparis, which lies would have 10,000 men organized and about half-way between Cape Nigrais, ready to act against Peru, when the sea. on the coast of Pegue, and the Anda. son for operation commenced. The dif- mans. On the 10th, Captain Weatherall, ferences between the government of of the Prince Blucher, on nearing the Buenos Ayres and the Portuguese at island, fell in with some boats belonging Monte Video had been amicably settled. to the Frances Charlotte, and took on The Portuguese governor having apolo. board the crews, who had been several gised for the offensive part of his mani. days without food. Learning that the festo, Artagas had, about the middle of rest of the seamen and troops, with a March, surprised the out.posts of the number of women and children, had got Portuguese army in the vicinity of Monte on shore on the island, he next day sent Video, and driven away 4000 head of his boats to fetch the women and child. cattle, upon which the Portuguese army ren, and as many men as possible. On took the field in pursuit of them ; but the 12th they returned with Major Macfalling into an ambuscade, in which they pherson and his Lady, Mrs Macqueen, had lost nearly 600 men, they had re- the wife of Captain Macqueen, Dr and treated to Monte Video, followed by Ar- Mrs Brown, Lieutenants Mackenzie and tigas, who, when the last accounts came M‘Crummen, with a number of Lascars away, had possession of the mount, and and soldiers' wives and children. A the Portuguese had no footing beyond storm coming on, frustrated an attempt the reach of their guns. The Portuguese to get off the remainder next day. Caparmy did not exceed 5500 effective men, tain Weatherall then made sail for Cal. and it was supposed they would evacuate cutta, where he arrived on the 26th. the place.

Next day the Nautilus cruiser was sent Some of the accounts state, that in the off with a supply of provisions for the immediate vicinity of Buenos Ayres,

sufferers on the island, which it was supthe Portuguese had ceased to excite the posed she would reach in six days; and slightest alarm. The troops at Monte to guard against any unfavourable occur. Video were greatly tainted with insubor- rence, another vessel was ordered to prodination. The Brazilian militia incorpo- ceed for the same destination from Chitrated with the other troops had turned to tagong. There were left on the island the right about, and retired to their homes. six officers, ninety privates, and forty The regular government troops remained Lascars. There are several fine springs behind ; but in order to obtain supplies in the island, and the coast furnishes with the greater facility, they were obli- shell-fish in abundance; there is also ged to be encamped in small divisions at plenty of wood. Hopes were of course considerable distances from each other. entertained, that they would be able to

The Caraccas Gazette of the 18th hold out until the arrival of relief. April, publishes the official detailed ac- About ten soldiers and Lascars were lost count of the recapture of Barcelona by in quitting the wreck, in consequence of the Spanish royalists, during the absence loading themselves too heavily with money of Bolivar and his troops. The siege, and other articles. however confined as to the scale of oper- The following is a sketch of the mi. ations, was rendered memorable by a dis- litary strength of the powers bordering play of mutual animosity unknown to ci. on the British dominions, according to vil war.

It appears that the defenders letters from Calcutta, dated November of Barcelona were enthusiastic in their

6:resistance to the besieging force that 1. The Seikhs possess a large track of the Spanish commander summoned them country ; their tribes are headed by Runto surrender at discretion that on his jeet Sing, a warlike and ambitious leader. summons being rejected, he renewed the Their usual military establishment may attack, and having prevailed at the close be estimated at 28,000. The Seikhs of a tremendous conflict, put 700 men, under our protection can bring into the the remnant of the garrison, with - half field about 17,000 soldiers.

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