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CARR ROCK STONE BEACON.

from the smallness of the foundation

afforded by the rock, which, as already The Carr Rock forms the outer ex- noticed, forms the communication to tremity of an almost continuous reef seaward of an extensive reef of rocks. of rocks, which extends about a mile Both the Bell and Carr Rocks are and a half from Fifeness, the eastern what seamen term half tide rocks, a point of land in the county of Fife. name which indicates, that they are As this reef forms a turning point in wholly covered by the sea at half tide, the course of all northern bound ships In respect to the elevation of these to or from the Frith of Forth, and has rocks above low water mark of spring very often proved fatal to shipping, it tides, the circumstances of both are was extremely desirable that this dan- very similar, but the surface of the gerous rock might be distinguished, Bell Rock measures about 300 feet in and pointed out to the mariner. length by 280 feet in breadth, while

After much labour and expense, the the greatest extent of the Beacon Rock, Bell Rock Lighthouse, situate also at at the Carr, is only seventy-two feet the entrance of the Frith of Forth, in length by twenty-three in breadth. but at a greater distance from land, The consequence of the smallness of was completed in the year 1810 ; but the dimensions of the Carr Rock, is the still the safety of the navigation of the almost total want of shelter for the atgreat estuary of the Frith of Forth tending boats on either side, which was incomplete, while the place of the renders the approach difficult exceptCarr Rock could not be ascertained by ing in the finest weather. Another the mariner between half flood and evil consists in its having been found half ebb tide, and especially in neap necessary to cut down the rock for a tides, when it hardly appears above solid foundation, even so low as to be water. In the year 1811, the Commis- under the tide ; it thus became necessioners of the Northern Lighthouses, sary to erect a coffer-dam round the with a view to remedy this evil, first site of the building; this required ordered one of Waddell's large floating the pumping of water from the founbuoys, from their superior and com- dation-pit every tide, and thereby submanding appearance at sea, to be jected the whole operation to many moored off the Carr Rock.

casualities, which were only to be overBut as chips still continued to be come by the resolution and perseverwrecked upon, and in the neighbour- ance of those employed in the work, hood of this rock, a permanent beacon, encouraged by the confidence of the a more conspicuous mark, appeared Board of Commissioners. The operastill to be necessary. Accordingly, in tions have been at length brought to 1812, the Northern Lighthouse Board the most flattering prospect of being resolved upon the erection of a stone completed in the course of the present beacon, and this building has now been year. in progress during the last five sum- The Carr Rock, as before noticed,

is only twenty-three feet in breadth, As the Bell Rock Lighthouse is and the foundation course of the beaabout twelve miles from the nearest con is consequently confined to a dialand, and as this great work was e- meter of eighteen feet. Its height rected in the course of four years, our therefore cannot exceed fifty feet, havreaders will probably be desirous to ing an elevation of a circular form, dilearn how a building upon the Carr minishing towards the top to nine feet Rock, of much less extent, and not diameter over walls. two miles from the shore, should have During the three years ending in required a longer period, and be at- . 1815, the artificers employed at this tended with so much difficulty. We work were wholly occupied in preare informed by Mr Stevenson, engi- paring the foundation or site of the neer for both works, that this is partly building, which became extremely teowing to the waters of the ocean being dious and difficult, from the lowness more easily agitated and disturbed of the first course and the accidents when flowing over the shelving rocks to which building apparatus so exbounding the shores, than over those posed was liable. The operations more in the open sea. The chief bar, could go on only in good weather, and however, to the operations of the Carr only at the return of spring tides. A Rock Beacon, is considered to arise whole year's work, under these circuma

mers.

third course,

*

SKETCHES OF FOREIGN SCENERY AND

MANNERS.

stances, did not exceed 130 hours work, which the perpendicular rise of the ing upon the rock, although a pre- tide gives motion ; and in this manner mium was allowed to the artificers, the large bell is tolled. A weight is over and above their stated wages, also at the same time raised; and as the for every hour's work they were able tank or float is elevated to the height to make good upon the rock. After of neap tides, to which the train of much labour, a site was at length pre- machinery is ealculated, when the tide pared for the building, and two cour- has flowed to its height, the weight ses of stone were built upon it in 1815 ; begins to operate by its tendency to but in the month of September of descend, and it keeps the machine in that year, when in the act of laying a motion till the flood returns again to

which would have brought lift the float and raise the weight, or, the beacon up to the level of low water in other words, to wind up the mamark of ordinary spring tides, a dread- chine. In this manner the bell is to ful gale occurred, that dispersed the ar- be tolled without intermission. tificers, and wrenched the oaken tre- We shall have much pleasure in nails, used in fixing down the stones attending to the further progress of till the cement took bond; by which this curious work, and in giving our untoward accident, one-half of the readers a detailed account of the apstones of the third course were swept plication and effect of the machinery, away, the building apparatus was des- when it comes to be erected in the troyed, and the works were stopped building. It has already been modelfor the season.

In the following sum- led, and tried upon the small scale for mer of 1816, the damages of the former several years, and found to answer in Season having been repaired, the work the most satisfactory manner. was got to the height of the high water mark of spring tides ; and as the building has withstood all the gales of last winter in this unfinished state, without sustaining the smallest injury,

No II. there remains little doubt of its being Batavia's patient sons before me stand, now successfully completed.

Where the, broad ocean leans against the Our readers will observe, from the

land; smallness of the Carr Rock, that it is And, sedulous to stop the coming tide, impossible to erect any building upon Lift the tall rampire's artificial pride ; it, of sufficient height to be above the While the spent ocean, rising o'er the pile, reach even of very weighty seas, which Sees an amphibious world beneath him would at once be fatal to the

effect and The slow canal, the yellow-blossom'd vale,

smile. apparatus of a lighthouse. The build. The willow-tufted bank, the gliding sail, ing is therefore to be covered with a The crowded mart, the cultivated plain, large bell, in the form of a cupola ; A new creation rescued from his reign. this bell is to be tolled night and day,

GOLDSMITH. to warn mariners of impending dan

Leyden. ger. But as the beacon is too small, I left Rotterdam the day before yesand is otherwise quite inadequate for terday in the treckschuit for Delft, the habitation of a man, it is none of where I arrived in the forenoon of the the least interesting parts of this de- same day. The morning being wet sign, to devise how this effect is to be and hazy, I saw little of the country, produced, without the regular attend- but on reaching Delft the atmosphere ance of a person to wind up the ma- cleared up, and I obtained a distinct chinery of the bell apparatus. This view of the surrounding landscape. is provided for in the following man- One of the most interesting and ner: In the centre of the building picturesque features which I have yet there is a kind of chamber or cavity, witnessed in the scenery of Holland, into which the tidal waters are ad- is the appearance of the storks on the mitted, by means of a small conduit chimney tops, pruning their feathers, or perforation in the walls, and as the and feeding their callow young. The tide rises on the exterior of the build

whiteness of their plumage, ing, it also rises in the chamber, and elevates a metallic float or tank, which * For an illustration of the dangers at. is connected with a rod communicat- tending the Carr Rock, we may refer to ing with the train of machinery to page 109 of our first Number.

snowy

and their elegant and stately forms, nants, as it were, of the superstitions have a fine effect amidst the confusion of our infancy, which, I believe, most of a populous and bustling city. This men experience while wandering abird, like the ibis among the ancient lone, and in darkness, among those Egyptians, is considered sacred by the venerable piles which have been for so Hollanders. It is never killed or dis- many ages consecrated to the purposes turbed, however familiar or trouble- of religion. some it may prove, and that dwelling But must, for the present, bid is considered as fortunate on which it adieu to these “ dwellers in the temchooses to take up its summer abode. ple,” though what I have said is due The young are, however, sometimes to their memory, from the pleasure captured and sold to slavery, which which they afforded me during one seems in some degree inconsistent beautiful evening of summer. with the veneration which is paid to Delft, where I now am, is said to be the personal dignity of the parent bird. an ancient town, and so it appears, for I am informed, that they observe an as- the canals are green and stagnant, and tonishing regularity in the periods of the streets narrow, except at the great their migrations to and from this central square, which is certainly not country. They usually make their insignificant. As usual, the canals are appearance in spring about the end of numerous, and bordered with rows of March, and depart in the autumn trees. A Dutchman, with whom I about the beginning of September. travelled for a few hours in the treckThey are said to winter in Egypt and schuit, informed me, that the canals the north of Africa. Yesterday even- of the town might be cleaned, by ing, which was beautifully calm and means of sluices, every day, and that serene, when the sun had sunk and the frequency of this operation acdim twilight overspread the land, I counted for the greater purity to be found myself alone in a church-yard, observed in their waters. He like--not a voice was audible to disturb wise mentioned, that he was a native, the utter solitude and silence with of the town of Delft, from which cirwhich I was surrounded,-a soft and cumstance, as I remarked rather the winnowing sound in the air suddenly reverse of a superiority in the particuattracted my attention, and immedi- lar alluded to, I infer that he was ately a beautiful pair of storks alight- inclined to flatter the place of his naed in the church-yard, within a few tivity. paces of the place where I stood. It Here I visited the principal church, was a mild and dewy night, and they which is well worthy of inspection for were no doubt attracted there by the its own intrinsic excellence, and still expectation of a plentiful supper on more so on account of the remains the slugs and insects, which might of many illustrious men which have have left their hiding places. My un- been deposited in it, and the superb expected presence, however, seemed monuments which a grateful country to disturb them, for in a few seconds have erected to perpetuate their methey mounted to the steeple of the mory. church, where they sat uttering their The church itself is very large, and wild and singularly plaintive cries, is divided in the interior by two ranges which added greatly to those impres- of magnificent arched pillars; and sions of loneliness and seclusion which there are no galleries to diminish the the situation naturally tended to in- grandeur produced by the great height spire. Besides the usual note, I ob- of the walls and the vaulting of the serve these birds make a singular superb roof. noise, apparently by striking the two The monuments are worthy of bemandibles of the bill forcibly against ing held in undying remembrance, each other. This too, in the stillness Indeed I have somewhere read, that of a summer night, during which it is Delft might be considered as the Westusually made ; and when heard from minster of Holland, on account of the the top of some lofty cathedral, a remains of warriors and of learned name which most of the churches in men which it contains. In the centre Holland deserve to bear, produces a of one compartment of the church fine effect, and is, indeed, in my mind, stands the splendid mausoleum of already intimately connected with William I. Prince of Orange, a man those undefinable sensations, the rem- who is justly considered as the found

ner.

er of Dutch liberty, and whose me- pation which was the certain consemory is revered throughout the land. quence of their fortitude and virtue. It is the finest monument in Holland, Between these statues, a little adand is thought, by some competent vanced beneath the canopy, there is a judges, to present one of the most per- statue of Fame. The attitude is comfect specimens of architectural mag- mon place, but the execution is fine. nificence in Europe.

Above the canopy there is a large and It consists of a square base of white beautiful alabaster urn, on which a marble and bronze, and of a beautiful suit of armour of white marble, and of canopy of similar materials, support- most exquisite workmanship, is placed, ed by four abaster pillars. Betwe and near it the prince is represented the two pillars facing the great organ, stretched upon his tomb. At his feet sits a bronze statue of the prince, in there is the figure of the dog, which, complete armour, seemingly occupied at a former period, having saved his in the administration of justice. "On life, by awakening him when his tent his right side there is a fine statue of was beset by Spaniards, is reported to the goddess of Liberty, and on his left have refused all sustenance after the stands Justice with her scales. The death of its beloved master. This former struck me as being the more great prince, if my memory serves me, beautiful; it is a production of real · was assassinated by a native of Burgenius,--and the greater is the pity gundy, who shot him in the breast that a work so perfect should be de- with three balls, when he was deformed by any thing incongruous or scending his own staircase after dinabsurd,

The assassin, whose name was * That it is true 'tis pity, and pity 'tis 'tis Baltazar Gerard, was supposed to true.”

have been instigated on the one hand But either the evil star of the artist has, by the machinations of some diaboliin an inauspicious hour, darkened the cal monks, and, on the other, allured light of his genius, -or some patriotic by the gold and by the promises of son of Batavia, avidous of immortality, the perfidious Philip. Gerard, like has generously offered himself as the many other villains, was well endowed amender of a work, which, from the with personal courage, and with a reimprovement suggested by him, he solution worthy of a better cause ;could not possibly understand ; for he sacrificed his own life in order to over the left hand of the beautiful destroy this famous restorer and procreature before mentioned, is placed tector of religious liberty. a ponderous chapeau bras, richly gild- Besides the ornaments which I have ed, and sufficiently large, in the eye of already described, there are several taste and feeling, to overshadow one weeping cherubim near the body of half of the mausoleum itself, though, white marble, and in the same masno doubt, in the opinion of its infatuat- terly style; and many figures of smalled manufacturer, spreading a halo light er size adorn the base of the pedestal through every corner of the edifice. It and the friezework of the canopy, all is considered, even by well-educated equally worthy of attention and adDutchmen, as an elegant emblem of miration. that noble spirit which resisted the op- The following is a translation of the pression of the cruel Spaniard, and inscription, the original of which is worthy of being placed as a glory a- without beauty of sentiment round the head of their sainted prince. and elegance of expression :-" To At each corner, on the opposite side, God, whose power and goodness have there is a female figure of great ex- no bound; and to the eternal mecellence. These I believe to be em- mory of William of Nassau, Soveblematic of Religion and Strength. reign Prince of Orange, the father of The one stands upon a pillar of white this country, the welfare of which he marble, on which the name of Christ preferred to his own, and to that of is engraven in letters of gold, and his family ;-who raised and headbears the representation of a church ed, at two different times, and chiefly in her hand, the other holds a book. at his own expense, a powerful army, They are probably meant to perpetuate with the approbation of the States ;the memory of the sufferings of the who repulsed the tyranny of Spain ;people during the times of religious who re-established the worship of true persecution, and that happy emanci- religion, as well as the ancient laws of

not

the country ;-in fine, who left, at his rows of trees, and canals glittering in death, his son Maurice, an heir to his the sun. There were farm-houses many and royal virtues, together with with groves of chesnuts, villages with the care of 'finally establishing that spires and poplars, and the fantastic liberty which he had prepared. The city stretched beneath our feet; the confederate Belgian Provinces have whole appearing more like the gay erected this monumen to the memory creation of some whimsical monarch of this pious and invincible hero. than the habitations of the plodding Philip II. King of Spain, the terror of and phlegmatic Dutchman. After Europe, dreaded him ;-he never van- gazing for some time, I became at quished him,-he never intimidated length quite unconscious of the great him,-but he was base enough to use extent of the view, and could have bethe hand of an infamous and mean as- lieved that the whole visible world was sassin to take away his life.”

converted into an extensive garden, It is, upon the whole, a most mag- with walks, and fish-ponds, and shady nificent production, and well worthy terraces-Chinese bridges, and basons the inspection of every one who has for gold fish—with peacocks, painted eyes to see, and soul to comprehend. barnacles, and Mandarins' summer

To the left of this beautiful struc- houses. ture is the grave of Grotius, with a From this elevated situation I had a monument, but paltry in comparison fine view of my old friends the storks, with the former. It consists chiefly all busily employed in feeding their of a large medallion, representing the young. I could even keep them in head of Grotius, in white marble, and sight during their excursions to the a child leaning upon an urn with an neighbouring canals, in search of food inverted torch. As the medallion is for their unfledged offspring. The considered as very like him, he must impatience of the callow nestlings, on have been an ugly man. This city is perceiving the approach of the assithe place of his birth.

duous parent, was extreme. They At the other end of the church, in stretched their long necks over the a lonely corner, lie the remains of nests from the chimney tops, the soonLeuwenhoeck, famous for his micro- er to enjoy the wished-for morsel, and scopical discoveries. Over his cold appeared every moment as if about to earth a plain monument is erected by precipitate themselves into the streets his daughter, on which there is a head below. of the naturalist, and a simple, though En passant, I may remark, that when beautiful, inscription in Latin. I was in Rotterdam, I questioned a Dutchpleased by the utter stillness and se- man concerning the probable origin of clusion of this corner of the church; the respect and protection which is af. it felt like a place where the person forded to this bird; he answered, as I whose ashes it contained would have expected, that it was on account of delighted to pursue his beautiful dis, their clearing the canals and marshes coveries unmolested by the world, and of frogs and other amphibious gentry, in death accorded well with the gentle with which they abound. I had not, spirit of him whose life was the life of however, proceeded ten yards after peace.

Mynheer had left me, when I observed Having seen every thing worthy of an old woman sitting under a tree, being seen in the body of the church, with a most excellent supply of frogs I ascended to the top of the spire, and in a basket ready for sale ; and in fact, an arduous ascent it was; but the la- before I left her, a girl came up, bour was amply repaid by the view nothing loth," and made a purchase, which I enjoyed. Few sights will If, therefore, frogs are in request as astonish a stranger more than the first an article of food, as it is known they view from the top of a Dutch steeple. have been for centuries, no thanks are The immense extent of the prospect, due to the storks for their efforts in without a hill or a valley, a rock or a diminishing their numbers; and as, winding river, is indeed most singu- in as far as I have heard or read, there lar. Every thing is rich and luxuri- are no noxious or poisonous animals ant, but flat and uniform ; the land- in the country, it is probable the poscape appeared like one prodigious pular superstition in favour of these plain, extending on all sides as far as birds must have. originated in some the eye could reach, with green fields, other cause. Besides, it is generally

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