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March 24, 1817. At Edinburgh, John to the late Admiral Sir R. Kingsmill, Bart. Prentice, only son of Richard Prentice, Esq. –9. At Longtown, James Walker. Esq. solicitor-at-law.

principal clerk of session.–10. At Gargrave, April 3. At Madeira, Miss Elizabeth near Skipton, aged 67, Mrs Parker, relict Esther, eldest surviving daughter of the of John Parker, Esq. of Browsholme Hall, late Sir Alexander Macdonald Lockhart, and sister of Lord Ribblesdale.-11. At Bart.-25. On board the Europe Indiaman, Bristol, Jarvis Holland, Esq. son of Peter on his passage from India, Major William Holland, Esq. of that city, merchant.-13. Hedderwick, of the 24th regiment of foot. In Duke Street, St James's, London, aged

--28. At Rozelie, Lady Hamilton Cath. 74, Mr James Daubigny, wine merchant in cart of Bourtreehill and Rozelie, aged 77 ordinary to the Prince Regent.--14. At years, relict of the late Sir John Cathcart of Edinburgh, Mr Henry Biggar, advocate.Cathcart.

At Turin, where she had gone for the reMay 1. At Croxton Park, the lady of covery of her health, Mrs Allan, wife of Sir George Leeds, Bart. At Clifton, Right Thomas Allan, Esq. banker in Edinburgh. Hon. Lady Edward O'Brien, daughter of At Glasgow, Mrs Balfour, wife of the the late Paul Cobb Methuen, Esq. of Cors- Rev. Robert Balfour, D.D. one of the mi. ham House. At Aston Hall, Lady Marynisters of Glasgow. 16. At Buckland, near Foljambe, sister to the Earl of Scarborough, Gosport, aged 106 years, Charles F. Gorand relict of the late Francis Ferrand Fol- don, Esq. late surgeon of the royal hospital, jambe, Esq. of Osberton Hall, Wilts. 2. Haslar. 17. At Kendal, Barbara, relict A. Campbell, Esq. of Hallyards, merchant, of Thomas Lake, Esq. of Liverpool, and Glasgow.--At London,

D. Caddel, Esq. of youngest daughter of the late Fletcher FleSalisbury Square. At Paris, M. de Urquijo, ming, Esq. of Ragrigg, Westmoreland.prime minister of Spain under Charles IV. 19. At Ostend, Mrs Macdonald, wife of and during the government of Joseph. At Col. Macdonald, commandant of that forLondon, George Drummond, Esq. Only son tress.--21. At Glasgow, James Dunlop, of Mrs Drummond of Upper Gower Street, jun. Esq.-24. At Acrehill, Margaret BanLondon.-3. At Bath, William Thomson, natyne, wife of Daniel M.Kenzie, Esq. Esq. of Jamaica, in his 70th year.John merchant, Glasgow.-25. At Edinburgh, Macgill, Esq. of Kemback.Drowned, Miss Watson of Tower.-27. At his seat, while angling in Pishiobury Park, Rev. at Great Melton, Norfolk, Sir John Lombe, John Lane, vicar of Sawbridgeworth, Herts. Bart. aged 86.-28. At Bath, the Rev. The body, after some hours search, was Philip Yorke, youngest son of the Hon. and found with the fishing-rod in his hand. Right Rev. Dr Yorke, late bishop of Ely. 4. At Dunfermline, James Douglas, Esq. -29. At Edinburgh, Lawrence Craigie,

-At London, aged 79, James Butler, Esq. Esq. advocate.-30. At Enfield, William late of the province of Georgia, North A. Saunders, M.D. late of Russell Square, inerica, an American loyalist. At Poulton London, aged 84.-Lately, at Inverness, House, near Marlborough, in his 86th year, after a short illness, at an advanced age, R. Lieut. Col. Baskerville ; who, after serv- Macdonald, Esq. This gentleman, who ing with distinguished

reputation in the 30th was a cadet of the Keppoch family, was a regiment, under the Marquis of Granby in subaltern in Keppoch's regiment in the Germany, and afterwards in Ireland and year 1745, and was present the battles of the West Indies, retired to Wiltshire, where Preston, Falkirk, and Culloden. At Cul. for upwards of thirty years he fulfilled the loden he was made prisoner ; but, owing to duty of an upright and most impartial ma. his youth, he was allowed to transport him. gistrate. Lieut.-Colonel Baskerville was self to Jamaica, where he commenced plandescended from one of the most ancient ter. Having by his industry acquired an families in Wiltshire, who have been resi- independent fortune, he returned to his nadent there ever since the time of William tive country, where he settled. Mr Mac. the Conqueror--5. In Grosvenor Row, donald was one of the young gentlemen Chelsea, Philip Dixon, Esq. of Strombollo who, with drawn swords, attended Andrew Cottage. 6. At Killenure House, near Cochrane, provost of Glasgow, in proclaime Athlone, the lady of Major Alex. Murray, ing the Pretender by the name of King Cringletie.--At the Deanery House, Dublin, James VIII. and III.-Lately, at Exeter, Rev. J. W. Keating, Dean of St Patrick's. Mrs Penrose Cumming, widow of Alex. -7. At Dunglass, Helen, eldest daughter Penrose Cumming, Esq. and mother of the of Sir James Hall of Dunglass, Bart.At late Sir A. P. Cumming Gordon, Bart. of Cowhill, Mrs Margaret Johnston, wife of Altyre and Gordonstoune. Lately, at Cas. George Johnston, Esq. of Cowhill.-8. At sel, three old men, who for a series of years London, of a consumption, in the 25th had passed their evenings together in playyear of her age, Susan Boone, only daugh- ing at cards, died on the same day. They ter of John Deas Thomson, Esq. one of the were, General de Gohr, aged 86 ; the CounCommissioners of his Majesty's navy.--At sellor of Legation d'Engelbronner, aged Stirling, James Duthie, Esq. some time of 89; and the Count Gartener, Schwar-eskupt, the island of Jamaica. -At Clarence Cot. aged 83. A fourth friend, M. Voelkel, tage, Ruthwell, Joseph Richardson, Esq. died within a year; and a fifth, the Privy in the 82d year of his age. At London, in Counsellor Schminke, aged 86, had preced. bis 85th year, Major A. H. Brice, brother ed them by some months.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers, Edinburgh.

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the harp,

with their int trains of o some moral s, music was had attained is warriors or ought not un

and encourvisest and least gislators.* The h antiquity of to be established , have possessed, period to which 's, a music, conirty-six melodies. one, I believe, but is nations, are enmusic. Among the Indians, we are inWeld, that nothing try or music is to be mong the more gentle .nhabitants of some of the is, a sort of music (rude, confessed, and little calcu

in European ear) was

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c.

The admirable Observations by “ Senex," on Mr Kemble's Essay on the Characters of Macbeth and Richard III. will appear in our next Number.

The communication On the Exportation of Cotton Yarn,--Some Account of Billy Marshall, a Galloway Gypsey ;-and the Reviews of Stewart's Natural History,-Moore's Sacred Songs,-and Modern Greece, a poem ;-are intended for insertion in No V.

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The articles on Spurzheim's Theory,-Bain's Variation of the Compass,New Method of discovering the Longitude,-Accounts of Dunblane Mineral Spring, and of Leamington Spa,-Comparison between Athens and Edinburgh,—Some particulars respecting the Originals of the Black Dwarf and Edie Ochiltree, --Several additional Notices about Scottish Gypsies, – and a great variety of Poetical pieces,-have been received, and will be carefully attended to.

We have received, from an anonymous Correspondent, the copy (as he assures us) of an unpublished Letter of Robert Burns.”—It contains nothing of much interest; but we shall be happy to insert it upon being furnished with the original, or unquestionable evidence of its authenticity.

Some unlooked for interruptions have rendered it impossible to present our readers with the conclusion of the Review of Lalla Rookh in the present Number, but it will not fail to appear next month.

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EDINBURGH MAGAZINE. .

No IV.

JULY 1817.

VOL. I.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

CIALLY ON THE SOURCES OF THE
PLEASURE WHICH IT COMMUNI-

* CATES.

CURSORY REMARKS ON MUSIC, ESPE- portance of which are commensurate

with those of our intellectual and moral powers and habits.

The inquiry, respecting which I

have no higher purpose than that of The pleasures which are interwo- offering a few hints to serve as the ven with the constitution of our na basis of an evening's conversation, re- t ture, and which, under proper regula- gards a class of pleasures, which all tion, become important sources of civilized nations, in all ages, have our happiness, may be divided into thought worthy of cultivation.

In three classes : -Istly, Those which those records of remotest history, the arise from the gratification of the sacred writings, we find repeated menbodily senses; 2dly, Those of which tion of the cornet, the trumpet, the the exercise of the imagination is the psalter, the cymbal, and the harp, chief, if not the only quality ;-and and always in connexion with their lastly, Those of a mixed nature, in power of exciting pleasant trains of which the intellectual faculties are feeling, or of contributing to some moral excited into agreeable action by im- effect. Among the Greeks, music was pressions made on the animal senses. practised by those who had attained The first class cannot require, and the highest distinction as warriors or indeed do not admit of, illustration. philosophers, and was thought not unAll that can be affirmed respecting worthy the countenance and encourthem is, that certain objects in the agement of one of the wisest and least surrounding world are adapted to voluptuous of ancient legislators.* The excite pleasurable sensations with suf- Hindûs, also, the high antiquity of ficient universality to entitle them to whose records appears to be established be called naturally agreeable. We are by sufficient evidence, have possessed, gratified by certain tastes and smells, from the earliest period to which and can give no explanation of the their history extends, a music, concause of our enjoyment. It is of a fined indeed to thirty-six melodies. kind which lasts no longer than the In modern times, none, I believe, but impression itself, and terminates with absolutely barbarous nations, are enthe removal of its object. But the tirely destitute of music. Among the higher classes of our pleasures, being North American Indians, we are inrenewable by voluntary efforts of the formed by Mr Weld, that nothing mind, and depending on the exercise resembling poetry or music is to be of its various faculties (of perception, found; but among the more gentle of association, of judgment, of imagi- and civilized inhabitants of some of the nation), become fit objects of that Society islands, a sort of music (rude, branch of science, the dignity and im- it must be confessed, and little calcu

lated to please an European ear) was * Read to a Literary and Philosophical Society in the country.

Lycurgus.

ascertained by Captain Cook to be the more be explained, than we can acaccompaniment of dancing, which, for count for the inability to discriminate the grace of its movements, would not particular colours, which has been have discredited an Italian opera. ascertained to exist in certain indivi

Pleasures so universally felt as duals, or the insensibility to some those of music, may be inferred to odours, which has been observed in háve their foundation in some quality other persons. Admitting them to common to human nature, and inde- exist, they do not warrant the conclupendent of local or temporary circum- sion, that the pleasure derived from stances. It may be inquired, whether music consists solely in the gratifithis pleasure is to be referred merely cation of the organ of hearing. A certo the gratification of the ear as an tain perfection of the physical strucorgan of sense, or whether it is not

ture of the eye is necessary to render entitled to the higher rank of an in- it an inlet to those impressions from tellectual enjoyment ?

the surrounding world, which, when In the discussion of this question, afterwards recalled by the mind, and it must be acknowledged at the outset, variously combined, constitute the that a structure of the ear, distinct pleasures of imagination. But no one from that which adapts it to the quick would conténd, that the enjoyment perception of ordinary sounds, proba- derived from a contemplation of the bly exists in those individuals who charms of external nature is a sensual are distinguished by an aptitude to pleasure, of which the eye alone is the derive pleasure from music. The ob- seat and the instrument. servation of children, in early infancy, It appears, moreover, to be consistaffords sufficient evidence of the par- ent with observation, that, even in tial endowment of what has been the same individual, the capacity of called a musical ear. Among children being affected by musical sounds adof the same family, it is common to mits of considerable variety; and that meet with the most striking differences it is modified, especially by the state in the

power of catching and repeating of the nervous system, independently tanes-differences which bear no pro- of the influence of those moral causes portion to the degree of sensibility, which will be afterwards pointed out. * as indicated by other circumstances. Dr Doddridge has related a remarkable Nothing is more usual also, than to instance of a lady, who had naturally find persons who, in the course of a neither ear nor voice for music, but long life, have never been able to ac who became capable of singing, when in quire a relish for music, though fre a state of delirium, several fine tunes, quently thrown into situations where to the admiration of all about her. + to hear it became matter of necessity. And I remember a young gentleman, And this defect is observed, not in the addicted to somnambulism, and radull and insensible only, but in per- ther insensible than otherwise to pleasons alive to all that is excellent in

sure from music, who has repeatedly poetry, in painting, and in other polite found himself leaning from an open arts. Pope, who has perhaps never window during the night, and listenbeen surpassed in the melody of ver- ing (as he imagined till awakened) sification, is recorded by Dr Johnson to delightful music in the street. to have been incapable of receiving Another fact, which may safely be pleasure from music. And it is still assumed as the basis of our reasoning more remarkable, that the exquisite on this subject, is, that there are cerart of modulating the voice, which tain sounds which are naturally agreeenables it to express all those delicate able to all ears, and others which are shades of emotion and passion, that so naturally unpleasant, independently powerfully affect us in the eloquence of all casual associations. The soft of the stage, the bar, and the senate, tones of a flute, the notes of certain has been practised by individuals insensible even to the charms of a simple melody. Garrick was a striking in

A friend, to whom this essay was shewn, stance of wonderful command over the pointed out to the author a gentleman distones of the voice in speaking, united, loses, without any degree of deafness, when

tinguished by a fine musical ear, which he we are told, with the total deficiency ever he is affected with a severe cold in the of a musical ear.

head. These defects of the ear can no + Phil. Transact. for 1747.

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