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with regard to this point can be found- Swiss tradition, that without further
ed. The epidemic diseases to which comment, I extract the latter from my
children are liable, varying in the ex- journal, and send it for your perusal.
tent to which they prevail and the It relates to an ancient family, now
character which they assume, are al- extinct, whose names I neglected to
ways more or less present in the town. write down, and have now forgotten,
To make some record of these, from but that is a matter of little importo
time to time, and to give an account ance.
of the state of the healthiness of the
town, and of the circumstances which “ His soul was wild, impetuous,
appear to affect it, are objects of in- and uncontrollable. He had a keen
terest and importance. Much valu. perception of the faults and vices of
able information is contained in the others, without the power of correct-
annual reports of the diseases of Edine ing his own ; alike sensible of the no-
burgh, which were published by Dr bility, and of the darkness of his mo-
Monro, primus, in the Medical Essays ral constitution, although unable to
of Edinburgh, early in the last century; cultivate the one to the exclusion of
and an excellent account of the epide the other.
mics of Edinburgh, which it is to be “In extreme youth, he led a lonely
regretted has not been continued, was and secluded life in the solitude of a
published by Dr Duncan, senior, in Swiss valley, in company with an only
the year 1811. More recently, quar brother, some years older than hima
terly reports of the diseases treated at self, and a young female relative, who
the New Town Dispensary have been had been educated along with them
regularly given, containing information from her birth. They lived under
much more minute concerning the dis- the care of an aged uncle, the guar-
eases prevailing in Edinburgh, than is dian of those extensive domains which
intended to be given in those which we the brothers were destined jointly to
are now commencing.


J. W. T. "A peculiar melancholy, cherished Edinburgh, June 1, 1817.

and increased by the utier seclusion

of that sublime region, had, during The First MEDICAL REPORT will ap the period of their infancy, preyed up pear in our next Number. on the mind of their father, and fin

ally produced the most dreadful re

sult. The fear of a similar tendency SKETCH OF A TRADITION RELATED

in the minds of the brothers, induced

their protector to remove then, at an MR EDITOR,

early age, from the solitude of their In the course of an excursion, during native country. The elder was sent to the autumn of last year, through the a German university, and the younger wildest and most secluded parts of completed his education in one of the Switzerland, I took up my residence, Italian schools. during one stormy night, in a convent “ After the lapse of many years, of Capuchin Friars, not far from Altorf, the old guardian died, and the elder the birth-place of the famous William of the brothers returned to his native Tell. In the course of the evening, valley; he there formed an attachment one of the fathers related a story, to the lady with whom he had passed which, both on account of the interest his infancy; and she, after some fearwhich it is naturally calculated to ex- ful forebodings, which were unfortuncite, and the impressive manner in ately silenced by the voice of duty and which it was told, produced a very of gratitude, accepted of his love, and strong effect upon my mind. I noted became his wife. it down briefly in the morning, in my “ In the meantime, the younger journal, preserving as much as possible brother had left Italy, and travelled the old man's style, but it has no over the greater part of Europe. He doubt lost much by translation, mingled with the world, and gave full

Having just read Lord Byron's dra- scope to every impulse of his feelings. ma, “ Manfred,” there appears to me But that world, with the exception of such a striking coincidence in some certain hours of boisterous passion and characteristic features, between the excitement, affording him little pleastory of that performance and the sure, and made no lasting impression


upon his heart. His greatest joy was ing rocks; these accorded with the in the wildest impulses of the imagi- gentler feelings of his mind; but the nation.

strong spirit which so frequently over“ His spirit, though mighty and un came him, listened with intense debounded," from his early habits and light to the dreadful roar of an ima education, naturally tended to repose; mense torrent, which was precipitated he thought with delight on the sun from the summit of an adjoining cliff, rising among the Alpine snows, or among broken rocks and pines, overgilding the peaks of the rugged hills turned and uprooted, or to the still: with its evening rays. But within mightier voice of the avalanche, sud him he felt a fire burning for ever, denly descending with the accumulate; and which the snows of his native ed snows of a hundred years. mountains could not quench. He “ In the morning he met the ob. feared that he was alone in the world, ject of his unhappy passion. Her eyes and that no being, kindred to his own, were dim with tears, and a cloud of had been created; but in his soul there sorrow had darkened the light of her: was an image of angelic perfection, lovely countenance. which he believed existed not on earth, For some time there was a mutual but without which he knew he could constraint in their manner, which both: not be happy. Despairing to find it were afraid to acknowledge, and nei-, in populous cities, he retired to his ther was able to dispel. Even the unpaternal domain. On again entering controllable spirit of the wanderer was. upon the scenes of his infancy, many oppressed and overcome, and he wishnew and singular feelings were expe- ed he had never returned to the dwelrienced-he is enchanted with the sur- ling of his ancestors. The lady is passing beauty of the scenery, and equally aware of the awful peril of wonders that he should have rambled their situation, and without the knowso long and so far from it. T'he noise ledge of her husband, she prepared to and the bustle of the world were im- depart from the castle, and take the mediately forgotten on contemplating veil in a convent situated in a neigh« The silence that is in the starry sky, bouring valley. The sleep that is among the lonely hills." “ With this resolution she departA light, as it were, broke around him, ed on the following morning ; but in and exhibited a strange and momento crossing an Alpine pass, which conary gleam of joy and of misery ming- ducted by a nearer route to the adjoinled together. He entered the dwelling ing valley, she was enveloped in of his infancy with delight, and met mists and vapour, and lost all knowhis brother with emotion. But his ledge of the surrounding country, dark and troubled eye betokened a The clouds closed in around her, and fearful change, when he beheld the a tremendous thunder-storm took place other playmate of his infancy. Though in the valley beneath. She wandered beautiful as the imagination could about for some time, in hopes of gainconceive, she appeared otherwise than ing a glimpse through the clouds, of he expected. Her form and face were some accustomed object to direct her: associated with some of his wildest re- steps, till, exhausted by fatigue and fear, veries-his feelings of affection were she reclined upon a dark rock, in the united with many undefinable sensa. crevices of which, though it was now tions--he felt as if she was not the the heat of summer, there were many wife of his brother, although he knew patches of snow. There she sat, in a her to be so, and his soul sickened at state of feverish delirium, till a gentle the thought.

air dispelled the dense vapour from “ He passed the night in a feverish before her feet, and discovered an enstate of joy and horror. From the ormous chasm, down which she must window of a lonely tower he beheld have fallen, if she had taken another, the moon shining amid the bright step. While breathing a silent prayer blue of an Alpine sky, and diffusing a to Heaven for this providential escape,, calm and

beautiful light on the silvery strange sounds were heard, as of some snow. The eagle owl uttered her long disembodied voice floating among the and plaintive note from the castellated clouds. Suddenly she perceived, with; summits which overhung the valley, in a few paces, the figure of the wanand the feet of the wild chamois were derer tossing his arms in the air, his heard rebounding from the neighbour- eye inflamed, and his general aspect

wild and distracted—he then appear. with enchanted ear to his wild and ed meditating a deed of sin--she rush- impassioned eloquence, and careless of ed towards him, and, clasping him in all other sight or sound. her arms, dragged him backwards, just “ She too had renounced her mornas he was about to precipitate himself ing vows, and the convent was una into the gulph below.

thought of, and forgotten. Crossing “ Overcome by bodily fatigue, and the mountains by wild and unfreagitation of mind, they remained for quented paths, they took up their asome time in a state of insensibility. bode in a deserted cottage, formerly The brother first revived from his frequented by goatherds and the hunstupor ; and finding her whose ime ters of the roe, On looking down, for age was pictured in his soul lying by the last time, from the mountain top, his side, with her arms resting upon on that delightful valley in which she his shoulder, he believed for a moment had so long lived in innocence and that he must have executed the dread- peace, the lady thought of her departed ful deed he had meditated, and had mother, and her heart would have died wakened in heaven. The gentle form within hers but the wild glee of the of the lady is again re-animated, and brother again rendered her insensible slowly she opened her beautiful eyes. to all other sensations, and she yielded She questioned him regarding the pure to the sway of her fatal passion. pose of his visit to that desolate spot “ There they lived, secluded from á full explanation took place of their the world, and supported, even through mutual sensations, and they confessed evil, by the intensity of their passion the passion which consumed them. for each other. The turbulent spirit

“The sun was now high in heaven of the brother was at rest he had the clouds of the morning had ascended found a being endowed with virtues to the loftiest Alps-and the mists, like his own, and, as he thought, des. • into their airy elements resolved, titute of all his vices. The day were gone.'. As the god of day ad dreams of his fancy had been realized, vanced, dark vallies were suddenly and all that he had imagined of beauilluminated, and lovely lakes bright ty or affection was embodied in that ened like mirrors among the hills form which he could call his own. their waters sparkling with the fresh “ On the morning of her departure breeze of the morning. The most the dreadful truth burst upon the beautiful clouds were sailing in the mind of her wretched husband. From air-some breaking on the mountain the first arrival of the dark-eyed strantops, and others resting on the sombre ger, a gloomy vision of future sorrow pines, or slumbering on the surface of had haunted him by day and by night. the unilluminated vallies. The shrill Despair and misery now made him whistle of the marmot was no longer their victim, and that awful malady heard, and the chamois had bounded which he inherited from his ancestors to its inaccessible retreat. The vast was the immediate consequence. He range of the neighbouring Alps was was seen, for the last time, among next distinctly visible, and presented, some stupendous cliffs which overhung to the eyes of the beholders, 'glory the river, and his hat and cloak were beyond all glory ever seen.'

found by the chamois hunters at the " In the mean time a change had foot of an ancient pine. taken place in the feelings of the “ Soon too was the guilty joy of mountain pair, which was powerfully the survivors to terminate. The gen strengthened by the glad face of nature. tle lady, even in felicity, felt a load The glorious hues of earth and sky upon her heart. Her spirit had burnseemed indeed to sanction and rejoice ed too ardently, and she knew it must in their mutual happiness. The darker ere long be extinguished. Day after spirit of the brother had now fearfully day the lily of her cheek encroached overcome him. The dreaming pre- upon the rose, till at last she assumdictions of his most imaginative years ed a monumental paleness, unrelieve appeared realised in their fullest ex- ed save by a transient and hectic tent, and the voice of prudence and glow. Her angelic form wasted away, of nature was inaudible amidst the in- and soon the flower of the valley was toxication of his joy. The object of no more. his affection rested in his arms in a “ The soul of the brother was dark, state of listless happiness, listening dreadfully dark, but his body wasted



not, and his spirit caroused with more from the hands of the merchant, who fearful strength. • The sounding ca;

had purchased it as waste paper. I taract haunted him like a passion.' is a quarto volume, bound in vellum, He was again alone in the world, and and written in a fair hand about the his mind endowed with more dreadful beginning of the eighteenth century. energies. His wild eye sparkled with Nearly 300 pages of it remain. . It is unnatural light, and his raven hair entitled, “ The Historie of Scotland hung heavy on his burning temples. He from the year 1660; begins with an wandered among the forests and the account of the “happie restauration” mountains, and rarely entered his onc of Charles II.; and ends with a letter, beloved dwelling, from the windows dated 27th October 1677, from the of which he had so often beheld the Privy Council to the Earl of Glena sun sinking in a sea of crimson glory. cairn and Lord Rosse, preparatory to

“ He was found dead in that same the calling in of the Highland Host pass in which he had met his sister upon the western shires. The reamong the mountains; his body bore maining part of the history, extends no marks of external violence, but his ing from 1677 to 1691, is of course countenance was convulsed by bitter a-wanting. In consequence of the insanity.”

P. F. mutilations before referred to, there is

a large chasm in the MS. including the history from 1663 to 1669. There are also a number of blanks left for

the insertion of public papers. LAND; BY SIR GEORGE MACKENZIE

My reasons for thinking that this

MS. forms part of Şir George Mac, Communicated by the Rev. Dr MʻCRIE. kenzie's history are entirely of an inMR EDITOR,

ternal kind, but they are such as leave Ar your request, I send you an ac no doubt on my mind. This might count of a MS. which lately came in- be presumed from the circumstance of to my possession, and which I consider its detailing, with great minuteness, as part of a history of Scotland, by those transactions in which Sir George Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh. was personally concerned, and giving The fact of Sir George having left at length the speeches which he de such a history is already known. It livered in Parliament. But there is is mentioned in the following adver more direct evidence. In the intro, tisement prefixed to the second volume duction, the author says: of his works :

" I may without vạnitie promise, that no ..* Whereas, in the list of the Author's man hath wrote ane historie who knew manuscripts, there is mention made of an more intimatelie the designes, and observed History of the Affairs of Scotland, from the

more narrowlie all the circumstances, of restauration of King Charles II., 1660, to

these actions he sets down, than myself, the 1691, which subscribers might have having been either actor in, or witnes to, readily lookt for in this second volume, but

all the transactions which I mention ; es that manuscript being in the hands of some pecially since ye year 1677, at qeh time I of the author's relations, who think it not was made his Majestie's advocat." ready for the press until it be carefully re Now, it is known that Sir George vised, they have reckoned it more proper to Mackenzie became. Lord Advocate in have it printed by way of appendix to this the course of that year. It is unne second volume, how soon they have it revised and transcribed by a good hand.”

cessary to quote other passages, in

which the author is described in a This is the only notice of the work that I have met with.

manner which cannot be easily miss

It does not taken, although in terms less precise appear that the author's relations car

than the above. I shall therefore ried their design of printing it into merely add, that there are a number execution ; and I have not, upon in. of marginal alterations, in a handa quiry, been able to learn that a copy writing different from that of the rest of the manuscript exists in any library, of the manuscript; and from a compublic or private.

I literally found the MS. which I parison of these with letters and sigmean to describe to you,

natures of Sir George, preserved in

the Register House, it appears that in vico vendentem thus et odores ; they were written with his own hand: and unfortunately, it had suffered to a so that the MS. in my possession was considerable extent before I rescued it corrected by the author himself.


The sentiments which Sir George Advocat ; which drew upon both of them Mackenzie entertained on the public the odium of the ablest lawyers, who, betransactions of his time are well known.

cause of their senioretie and abilities, thought


that But it may be proper to state, that in it their owne dew;

accompt the history he expresses himself with all that societie, whose friendship in Scot

Middletoun's interest was much opposed by greater freedom and impartiality than land,

especiallie dureing parliament, ought in his Vindication of the Government to be much valued. Sir William Bruce gott in Scotland during the reign of King the office of the Clerk of the Bills by the Charles 11. He does not scruple to favour of Sir Robert Murray; and in the condemn several of the court measures, nomination of the Colledge of Justice, each and exposes the selfish and mercenary great man was allowed a friend or two, till disposition of some of the chief states the list was compleat. But because the Not having seen the latter part ingratitude, for opposing him who had

Earle of Lauderdale charges Tarbet with of his history, I cannot speak of the prefer'd him to one of these chairs, manner in which he has related trans- thought fitt to tell that he was nominated actions during the period in which he by the Earle of Rothes. The greatest held an important situation under go- number of rivalls were those who sought vernment.

for the place of Clerk of Register. But Sir I cannot say that this manuscript Archibald Prymrose, then Clerk to the contains much information which can

Council, did openlie profess that none but properly be called new. It does, how- himself was able to serve in that employever, state facts which I have not he told me, that this was the surest method

ment during parliament ; and I remember found elsewhere ; and it certainly in competitions of that nature ; and it did throws light upon the transactions reallie advance much his designe at that which it relates. A history of that time, for no lawyer was on the list with period, by a person of such intelli- him, and no gentleman was sufficientlie gence and opportunities of informa- qualified for it. But to secure his clame, tion as Sir George Mackenzie, must he payed doun a considerable soume to Sir deserve to be preserved and consulted. Wm Fleeming, who had a grant of it from In general, the view which the au

his Maj. dureing his exile, and hee swore a thor gives of the characters of the Midletoun."

constant dependance upon the Earle of principal statesmen in Scotland after the Restoration, of their intrigues for

Of the passing of the Act Rescissory supplanting one another, and of the the author gives the following account: causes of their elevation and their fall, : « The Commissioner (Middleton), instiagrees with that which has been given gated by Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbet, by, Bishop Burnet. Considering the who was a passionat Cavaleer, resolv'd' to wide difference between the principles rescind all the parliaments since the year of the two writers, this coincidence 1640, because they were but a series of recorroborates the truth of the Bishop's pleased the Commissioner, yet Tarbet urg'd,

bellion.-Albeit at first this overture disstatements. Sir George is more fa- that without rescinding these parliaments, vourable to Middleton than Burnet is. they would never secure his Majestie's preHe gives the same view of Lauderdale's rogative in calling and dissolving parliavices; but his narrative sets the talents ments; and since this parliament had deof that statesman in a stronger light.

clar'd that to have been his Maj. prerogam* I shall now furnish you with a few tive, it followed necessarily, that these parextracts from the work, which will be liaments which state after his Maj. had more satisfactory than any description sioner, were unlawfull. The force of which

dissolv'd them, and without his Commis-' of its contents. Having shewn how

argument prevail'd with Midleton to send th principal offices of state were Mungo Murray, brother to Atholl, to confilled up at the Restoration, the au sult his Maj. in this affair. But how soon

Chancellor Hyde did read his letters, he dis" Bellenden was created. Thesaurer Des patch'd immediatlie ane express to Midle- ,, pute in place of Sir Daniel Carmichael, who toun, chiding him for scrupling to pass that got that employment in anno 1649, but was act, and entreating him to pass it immefallen in some disgust with his Maj. because diatlie, as most conducive for his Maj. intehe had refused to advance the king some How soon it was inform'd that the inconsiderable soume in 1650. Whereas Commissioner had intended to urge this act Cranstoun M'Gill was continued a Senator rescissorie, Mr James Wood, professor of of the Colledge of Justice, because he assisted divinitie in St Andrews, did, out of ane his Maj, in his necessities at that time, Sir indiscreet zeal, go to the Commissioner, and John Fletcher, because of his alliance to told him, that if he offer'd at it they would Middleton, was employed to be his Maj. let loose the people upon them. But it

thor says,


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