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dents of that part of South America which

Imperial Decree, the Portuguese have invaded.

A British ship has been seized at the Dated the fifteenth Day of the seventh Moon Havannah-when the captain was deprived

of the twenty-first Year (6th September of his sword--the specie and stores taken 1816) of Kia-King, addressed to the Viceaway- and the British colours torn down roy Kiang, and the Fuynen Jung of Canand destroyed.

ton, and received the fifth of the eighth Moon (25th September).

The English Ambassadors, upon their Asia.

arrival this time at Tien-sing, have not observed the laws of politeness,* in return for

the invitation of the emperor. Reaching EAST INDIES. The Calcutta Journal, Nov. 6, states, that

Tung-chow (four leagues from court), they a fatal rencontre took place between Cap- gave assurances of readiness to perform the tain Heaviside, with a part of the officers and prostrations and genuflexions required by crew of the Hon. Company's ship Elphin

the laws of good manners (of the coun, stone, and a party of Malays, in the month try). Arrived at the imperial country-house of September, at Boroo, on the north-east (half a league from court), and when we of Sumatra. Mr Macdonald, surgeon, and

were upon the point of repairing to the hall the second officer, were killed on the spot,

(to receive the embassy), the first, as well and several others left for dead. Captain

as the second ambassador, under pretence Heaviside was desperately wounded.

of ill health, would not appear. We, in The peace of the Peninsula is likely to consequence, passed a decree, that they be disturbed by the predatory excursions of should be ordered to depart. Reflecting, Ameer Khan, who, at the head of an army however, that although the said ambassadors of 80,000 Pindarrees, spreads terror and

were blamable in not adhering to the laws devastation around. As their only object is

of politeness, their sovereign, who, from an plunder, some of the Rajahs were desirous immense distance, and over various seas, had of calling in the assistance of the Company's sent to offer us presents, and to present with troops, and a considerable force has been respect his letters, indicating a wish to shew ordered to assemble under the command of

us due consideration and obedience, had not Colonel John Adams, in the dominions of deserved contempt, such being also against the Rajah of Berar.

our maxim of encouragement to our infe. We understand the Prince Regent has riors ; in consequence, from among the prebrought the most satisfactory accounts of the

sents of the said king, we chose the most state of every part of India. Trade was trifling and insignificant, (which are) four brisk, and so far from there being a glut of charts, two portraits, and ninety-five engra. British goods in our settlements, there was

vings; and in order to gratify him, have actually a want of them.

accepted them. We, in return, give, as ą reward to the said king, a Yu-Yu,t a string

of rare stones, two large purses and four Accounts have been received relative to

small ones; and we ordered the ambassa. the mission to China. The embassy had dors to receive these gifts, and to return to returned to Canton ; and though the pre

their country (we having so enacted), in obsents were not accepted by the emperor, yet

servance of the maxim (of Confucius), there was no reason to suppose that the

“ Give much, receive little.” good understanding between the two coun

When the ambassadors received the said tries would be in any way affected. Trade gifts, they became exceeding glad, and was carried on as usual, and three China ships evinced their repentance. They have al. left Canton after the embassy had returned ready quitted Tung-Chow. Upon their ar. from Pekin to Canton. This intelligence rival at Canton, you, Kiang and Jung, will was brought by the Prince Regent. Whilst invite them to a dinner, in compliance with she was preparing, March 12th, to weigh good manners, and will say to them as fol. anchor from St Helena for England, three lows :large ships came in sight, and these proved

Your good fortune has been small : to be the vessels so anxiously expected from you arrived at the gates of the imperial China, namely, the General Hewitt, the house, and were unable to lift your eyes to Castle Huntly, and the Cumberland. As

the face of Heaven (the emperor)

The soon as they came to anchor, an officer from great emperor reflected that your king sighthe Prince Regent went on board the Ge- ed after happiness (China !!!) and acted neral Hewitt, order to obtain the latest intelligence from China respecting British affairs. Part of the presents intended for * Previous to coming to table, the guest the emperor had been sold at Canton, and makes a profound inclination, or actual prothe remainder were put on board the stration, according to the rank of the host. General Hewitt, together with despatches + Insignia of honour (a long carved stone) for England. The three ships left Canton presented on days of fete to high mandarins on the 5th January.

and foreign ambassadors.

CHINA.

NEW SOUTH WALES.

with sincerity; he therefore accepted some presents, and gifted your king with various The advertisements in the Sydney Gaprecious articles. You must return thanks zette are of considerable interest, in conveyto the emperor for his benefits, and return ing an idea of the great improvements in with speed to your country, that your king every description of European manufacture may feel a respectful gratitude for these of East India goods, West India produce, acts of kindness. Take care to embark the &c. They have their theatre, their Hyde rest of the presents with safety, that they Park, their races, and every description of may not be lost or destroyed.

amusement England in miniature. After this lecture, should the ambassadors new governor has lately been appointed, supplicate you to receive the remainder of and it is said, it is no longer to be used as the presents, answer" In one word, a a depot for transported criminals, but that decree has passed ; we dare not, therefore, every encouragement is to be given to setpresent troublesome petitions;" and with tlers, and that it is likely to become a this decision you will rid yourselves of the colony of the greatest importance to the embassy. Respect this.

mother country.

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SINECURES AND USELESS OFFICES.

HOUSE OF LORDS.

speedily for the relief of the people of Ire

land. HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION BILL. Mar. 10.Lord HOLLAND gave notice,

Mar. 3.- The order of the day being that he would, on an early day, move for read, for taking into consideration the copies of the instructions given to the goamendments made by the Commons on this vernor of St Helena respecting the treatbill, the Earl of Rosslyn said, he disap- ment of Napoleon Bonaparte ; and moved proved of the original framing of the bill, that the Lords be summoned on Tuesday which placed the liberties of the people of se'nnight, which was ordered. Scotland in a very different and far more Mar. 11.-The bill for the protection of precarious footing than it did those of Eng. the Prince Regent was read a third time land. In the former, an inferior magistrate and passed. was empowered to act under the bill; whereas, in the latter, a responsible minister, or Mar. 11.-Earl GROSVENOR called upsix privy councillors, only could act. So on their Lordships to agree to a motion, far he approved of the amendments ; but of generally, for the abolition of sinecures or the measure generally he disapproved. Af- useless offices, to which he could not conter some discussion, the amendments were ceive any sound objection ; and after a speech agreed to.

of considerable length, he proposed these Mar. 4The royal assent was given, by four resolutions: Ist, That sinecures should commission, to the Habeas Corpus Sus- be abolished, after the expiration of the pension Bill, the Malt Duty Bill, and se lives during which they were at present veral private bills. The Army Seduction held : 2d, That useless places should be Bill, and Treasonable Practices Bill, were abolished forthwith, or properly regulated : brought up from the Commons, and read a 3d, That places or offices should no more first time.

be granted in reversion : and then, 4th, He NAVY AND ARMY SEDUCTION BILL. should propose a resolution in favour of

Mar. 6.–Viscount MELVILLE moved some reform. The Earl of LAUDERDALE the order of the day for their Lordships asserted, that there never was a period in going into a committee on the Navy and our history when men in office were less cor- · Army Seduction Bill, when Lord SHAFTES- rupt, and perhaps never a time when the BURY took the chair. The bill being gone public was more corrupt ; that the influence through, was reported without any amend of the Crown in the House of Commons was ment, as was also the Regent's Protection far less than formerly, and abolishing these Bill. Adjourned.

places would be no relief to the public burTREASONABLE PRACTICES AND ARMY dens. After some discussion, the question

was put. Contents 5; non-contents 45; Mar. 7.-The Earl of LIVERPOOL majority against the motion 40. moved the third reading of these bills; but Mar. 13.-Earl GROSVENOR presented on some ambiguities being pointed out by a petition from Chalford in Gloucestershire Lord HOLLAND, it was agreed to postpone against the corn laws, and praying for a the third reading of the T'reasonable Prac. renewal of the property tax ; also one from tices Bill till Monday; and the Army and Southwark, praying for the abolition of Navy Seduction Bill, after some opposition sinecures. Laid on the table. by Lord GROSVENOR, was read a third

IRISH DISTILLERIES. time and passed.

Mar. 14.Earl DaRNLEY presented a DISTRESS IN IRELAND.

petition from Belfast, praying for the stopThe Earl of DARNLEY pressed the ne. page of the distilleries, which was laid on cessity of adopting some measure very the table.

• AND NAVY SEDUCTION BILLS.

SCOTS APPEAL.

Mar. 14.-Lord DARNLEY presented a Appeal Committee, the recommendations in petition from Belfast, complaining of the which were agreed to by the House. distresses in the North of Ireland, from the

PROTEST, scarcity and bad quality of corn.

On the motion, that the consideration of SEDITIOUS MEETING BILL.

the Habeas Corpus Suspension Bill be put Mar. 17. Lord SIDMOUTH moved the off for three months, being negatived. first reading of this bill, and the Lords were Dissentient,-Because we concur entirely ordered to be summoned for Thursday. in the reasons stated in the protest entered NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.

against the second reading of the said bill Mar. 18.-Lord HOLLAND moved for a

on the 24th February last, and because the great number of papers and correspondence, delay that has taken place since the bill has respecting the confinement and treatment of been hurried through this House, contrary Bonaparte at St Helena, calling upon Go- to its established forms and standing orders, vernment to vindicate themselves from as.

(in consequence of which unbecoming haste persions thrown upon them in various pub. the amendments have been found necessary), lications, for their harsh treatment of the has confirmed and increased our conviction, ex-emperor. Earl BATHURST denied that that this measure, which necessity alone can any unnecessary severity was exercised to. justify, is without any such justification. wards Bonaparte ; and said that there is no

CLIFTON. other restraint upon his correspondence than

AUGUSTUS FREDERICK. what is usual respecting prisoners of war

VASSAL HOLLAND. the letters must be opened. The sum al

SOMERSET lowed for his establishment is equal to that Lords HOLLAND and DARNLEY entered allowed for the governor £12,000 per an- a protest, dissenting from the resolution of num; and he has, besides, personal proper. the Lords, refusing the motion for the proty, which he may expend for his own com- duction of papers regarding the treatment fort, if he find that allowance too small. of Bonaparte in the island of St Helena. His Lordship assured the house, that the Mar. 28.The Exchequer Courts Bill inconveniences complained of were created was returned from the Commons, their by Bonaparte himself. The motion was ne. Lordships' amendments having been agreed gatived.

to.

Mar. 29. Mr BROGDEN, accompanied Mar. 21--In the case of Amot v. Stuart, by several members, appeared at the Bar, counsel were finally heard. Affirmed, with and requested a conference with their Lord£50 costs.

ships on the subject of the amendments in The house went into a Committee on the the Seditious Assemblies Bill, which was SEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES BILL, on which granted, and the alterations agreed to. some amendments were made.

Mar. 31. The SPEAKER of the House SCOTS APPEALS.

of Commons attended, with several memMar. 24. Shepherd v. Waterson affirm- bers, and heard the royal assent given, by ed, with £120 costs to one of the parties, commission, to the Seditious Meetings and viz. Mr Harvey.

Naval Officers' Half-pay Bills. The House Macdonald v. Stalker affirmed.

then, on the motion of the Earl of LIVERSEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES BILL. POOL, adjourned till Wednesday fortnight. Mar. 25.--The order of the day for the third reading of this bill was read. Lord

HOUSE OF COMMONS. ERSKINE objected to the bill as unnecessary, and considered the existing laws suffi

GAME ACT. cient for every purpose. The Lord CHAN- Mar. 3.- Sir E. KNATCHBULL wished CELLOR supported it. Lord SIDMOUTH to introduce a bill to alter and amend the introduced a clause to prohibit public meet- Game Act, which was to prevent persons ings within a mile of Westminster Hall, from going out at night armed to destroy with the exception of meetings at Covent, game. The bill was brought up and read Garden and Southwark. Several Lords ob. a first time. jected to this clause, when the house di- SEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES BILL. vided. For the clause 111; against it, 23; The SOLICITOR GENERAL rose to move majority 88. The clause was of course the second reading of the bill for preventannexed to the bill, which was read a third ing seditious assemblies. Of the various time and passed.

means, he said, employed by the fomenters!:) Mar. 26.- In the Scots appeal cause of of discontent, one of the most efficacious was, Walker v. Weir, their Lordship's decision to call together a number of persons, to was, that the case be remitted back for fur. inflame them by harangues, to persuade ther consideration.

them that the evils arising from the cirThe Naval Stores Bill, and the Exche- cumstances of the times would be remedied quer Bills Bill, were read a third time and by their application to Parliament, and to passed.

persuade them that they had a right to APPEAL COMMITTEE.

force Parliament to comply with their deMar. 27.-The Earl of SHAFTESBURY mands. These meetings, which might be presented a voluminous report from the turned to every mischievous purpose, the

SEDUCTION AND TREASON BILLS.

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NEW COINAGE.

bill was intended to control, by some regu. merely whether they would prohibit the lations precisely of the same kind as those distillation in Ireland ; the trade with Ireadopted at other critical times. After some land was free, and, consequently, such a discussion, and some remarks from Lord prohibition would give to the English distiller COCHRANE respecting the imprisonment of a preference in the Irish market. It should a Mr M'Arthur of Glasgow, who had been be considered, that one of the evils attendafterward released, the bill was then read a ing the stoppage of the regular distillation second time, and ordered to be committed would be the stimulus thus given to illegal to-morrow.

distillation, which would probably cause, on

the whole, an increase in the consumption Mar. 3.-The Army and Navy Seduc- of corn: and, as it would at least be a tion Bills, and the bill respecting Treason. month before the stoppage could be affectable Practices, were read a third time and ed, he was persuaded that the proposed passed.

measure would not save one barrel of corn, PETITIONS.

but be productive of mischief rather than Sir FRANCIS BURDETT moved that the good. He should add, that the Irish Gopetitions which lay on the floor, signed by vernment had taken all practicable means nearly a million of subscribers, should be in its power to obviate the dangers of scarreceived. (There appeared to be nearly a city, especially by taking upon themselves raggon-load of petitions ; they lay in a the responsibility of admitting American heap, and almost covered the floor of the flour, which the letter of the law did not House ; it is understood there were 600 of permit. At the suggestion of Sir J. Newthem.) The SPEAKER.-Bring them up. PORT the motion was withdrawn. (a laugh.) Sir Francis, on the suggestion of the Speaker, agreed to the propriety of Mar. 5. Mr BROUGHAM moved for proceeding with the petitions some other copies of some correspondence which had day.

passed between the Chancellor of the Ex. PRISONERS AT GLASGOW, &c. chequer and certain Magistrates in the counMar. 4.Lord COCHRANE, seeing the try, respecting the new coin, and expressed Learned Lord Advocate of Scotland in his in strong terms his indignation on discoverplace, begged to know if the statement was ing the letters W. W. P. on the reverse of true, that some of the persons imprisoned at the new coin of the realm ; adding, that Glasgow had been discharged, there being Cardinal Wolsey having impressed upon no foundation for any charge against them. the king's coin a cardinal's hat, this was The LORD ADVOCATE stated, that he had made one of the articles of impeachment received no information on the subject. Sir against him. Mr W. W. POLE declared, FRANCIS BURDETT said, he had received that if there had been any such correspond. a letter from Glasgow, stating, that the per- ence as that alluded to by the Hon. and sons apprehended, and afterwards liberated, learned Gentleman, he had never heard of had been taken up on the evidence of spies. it. With regard to the letters W. W. P. Several petitions for reform were presented the learned Gentleman ought to know that by Lord Cochrane, some of which were ob- he was authorised, by indentures, to put jected to, and others ordered to lie on the what private marks he pleased on every table. The SoLICITOR GENERAL moved piece of the new currency. The question some new clauses in the Seditious Assem

was put and negatived. blies Bill, pro forma, and the House adjourned.

Mar. 7.-The CHANCELLOR of the ExMar. 5.-The CHANCELLOR of the Ex. CHEQUER, in reply to a question of Sir CHEQUERmoved a grantof £200,000 on ac- George Clerk, respecting the general equalicount, for expences of a civil nature in Great zation of weights and measures, assured Britain, which formed no part of the or- him that a measure was in progress for the dinary charge of the civil list. Agreed to. purpose to which he alluded. A commis

Lord PALMERSTON moved for £500,000sion had been issued, and the whole was, as a further sum for the expense of the land for the present, under the superintendence service, with the exception of the troops in of the Royal Society. France, and in the territories of the East India Company. Agreed to.

Mr CALCRAFT presented two petitions SCARCITY OF FOOD IN IRELAND. from two parishes in Devonshire, in one of Mar. 5.-Mr MAURICE FITZGERALD which the Poor Rates amounted to 18 or 198. moved for an investigation into the amount and in the other to one guinea in the pound and state of human food in Ireland, with to the landholders ;-that in one parish, cona view to determine whether it might be taining 575 inhabitants, no less than 497 expedient to stop the distillation of grain in were receiving parochial relief, and to this Ireland. Mr PEEL thought he should be he begged to call the attention of Lord Casable to satisfy the Hon. Gentleman and the tlereagh. His Lordship said, he was conHouse, that a prohibition of distillation vinced a great part of the rate would be would not lead to the result which he an. found to be wages paid in the shape of poor ticipated from it. The question was not rates ; a system which ought to be discou

EQUALIZATION OF WEIGHTS AND MEA

SURES.

COMMITTEE OF SUPPLY

POOR RATES.

PETITIONS FOR REFORM.

ment.

raged as much as possible. MR CALCRAFT, Hon. Baronet, Sir Francis Burdett, was 527, in reply, stated, that he wished to call the of which 468 were printed. After several attention of the Committee on the Poor

were rejected for want of form, and others Laws to the subject of making funded pro- for impropriety of language, the question perty rateable to the support of the poor, was put that the 468 printed petitions should and that he had sanguine hopes that their be read, when Lord CASTLEREAGA conlabours would be attended with the most tended, that the rules and practice of the salutary effects.

House were against the entertaining printed

petitions. The House divided. Ayes 6; Mar. 10.-Sir R. FERGUSON presented noes 58 ; majority against receiving the pea petition from Arbroath, praying for a re

titions 52. form in Parliament. It was not reasonable, MANUFACTURES AND COMMERCE. he said, to think that the people in Scotland Mar. 13..Mr BROUGHAM, in a long should be content, when they could not but and elaborate speech, set forth the distresses know that Cornwall sent as many members of the lower classes of the community in to that House as all Scotland. Mr BRAND fearful colours. The pressure in the cloth rose to confirm what had been said by the trade, great as it is represented, was less gallant General, as to the anxiety of the than in the other branches. At Birmingpeople in Scotland for a reform in Parlia, ham, out of 80,000 souls there were 27,000

Mr BOSWELL observed, there was paupers, who were formerly able to earn not a single petition from the landholders from £2 to £3 a-week, who did not make of Scotland in favour of parliamentary re. more at present than from 7s. to 9s., in no form. Lord A. HAMILTON asserted, that instance more than 188., and their wives the voters in that country were not commen- and children had no employment at all. surate with the landholders. The LORD In Lancashire there were 500,000 persons ADVOCATE had stated on a former night, engaged in the weaving and spinning trade, and he would repeat it now, that the people who could formerly earn 13s. a-week, but of Scotland, taking those classes of the com- their wages in January last were as low as munity who were most capable of forming 4s. 31d., and some inferior workmen so little a judgment on the subject, were nine-tenths as 2s. 6d. weekly, for the support of them. of them opposed to any change in the re- selves and families, and that many of them presentation of that country in Parliament. were actually reduced to live upon half a After much discussion, the petition was or- pound of oatmeal a-day, with a little salt dered to lie on the table.

and water In Spittalfields and Coventry

the distresses were nearly as great. He did Lord PALMERSTON called the attention not attribute this state of things to the of the House to the Army Estimates, when change from war to peace (except perhaps the following sums were voted, from De- at Birmingham), but to our restrictions on cember 25, 1816, to June 24, 1817 : trade, our neglect of commercial treaties, For defraying the expenses of volunteer and our excessive taxation, and keeping up cavalry,

£37000 0 so large a standing army, which not only Ditto for Ireland,

15,682 10 prevented the nations on the continent from Chelsea Hospital,

25,000 0 considering us in the light of a commercial In-pensioners of Kilmainham

country, but excited such jealousy of our Hospital,

8,3000 power as incited them to every possible Out-pensioners of Chelsea, 393,200 0 means of injuring our trade. He contend. Ditto of Kilmainham,

82,700 0 ed, that if the duties on foreign articles of The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER consumption were greatly reduced, our trade moved for a grant of £1,000,000, to be would be much increased, in consequence advanced to the armies who fought at Wa- the revenue would be eventually augmentterloo. Also the sum of £5,152,000, to ed, and all classes of society benefitted. make good out-standing Exchequer Bills.

He concluded with proposing resolutions Also £1,680,000 for the discharge of Irish tending to reprobate the conduct of minisExchequer Bills. And the House resumed. ters, and calling upon the House to take

the subject into their serious consideration. Mar. 11.-Mr PEEL introduced a bill

Mr ROBINSON replied ; and Lord Casfor the better regulation of the Police in

TLEREAGH, after stating that commercial Ireland, which would gradually reduce the treaties were calculated to do more harm military. establishment of that country.

than good, moved the orders of the day.

The House divided. For going into the Mar. 12.-The CHANCELLOR of the 63; majority in favour of ministers 55.

orders of the day 118; for the resolutions EXCHEQUER proposed that the sum of £18,000,000 be raised by Exchequer Bills.

Mar. 14.-Sir G. WARRENDER propos. Agreed to.

ed, that the sum of £1,140,000 be granted

for the ordinary service of the navy for six The SPEAKER informed the House that lunar months, from the 1st of January 1817. he had caused the several petitions to be SEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES' BILL, sorted. The total number presented by the Upon the third reading of this bill, Mr VOL. I.

2 D

ARMY ESTIMATES.

POLICE IN IRELAND.

WAYS AND MEANS.

NAVY ESTIMATES.

PARLIAMENTARY REFORM.

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