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two parties were so exasperated, that blood- the south, daily prayers have been offered up shed" would inevitably ensue. The king during some weeks for rain. From San. signified his acquiescence.

cerre, department of the Cher and Loire, on The animosity, revived by the representa- the contrary, we learn, that for three days tion of the play of Germanicus, betwixt the preceding the 5th April, hail and snow had Royalists and Bonapartists, has found an- fallen without interruption ; that the fruits other subject of contention--the Gardes du in general had been blasted, and the vineCorps. This body, composed of persons of yards threatened with a total destruction of respectability, has always been an eye-sore this year's crop:--The distress in the prðto the party styled Libéraux, who contend, vinces is excessive. Bread is that it is highly improper that the sovereign ? sols (3}d.), in many 9 (43d.), and in some should have a guard unconnected with the 10 and 11 sols a-pound. army. The infringement of certain privi. By a late ordonnance of the king, the lèges, to which this corps had considered standards of the ancient company of horsethemselves entitled, seems to have excited grenadiers of his guard are to be deposited in considerable disgust among them, and some the hands of the family of La Rochejaquelin. disorders. Of the Duke D'Havré's com- His Majesty has given permission to that pany nearly the whole have sent in their family to make these ensigns the supporters resignation, and by a royal ordonnance of of their arms, and to unite them by the fol. 10th April, that of Noailles has been dis- lowing device : “ Vendée, Bordeaux, Ven. banded.

dée," as a perpetual memorial of the faithIt will be seen from the following article, ful and devoted services rendered to the that arrests for criminal designs against the crown by that illustrious family. government of the Bourbons have not yet entirely ceased. On the 29th March, the Count de Croquembourg, a Belgian officer,

NETHERLANDS. formerly in the French service, and M. Two ships, under the flag of the NetherArnoud de Briqueville, were apprehended lands, which were captured by a Moorish at Paris, and their papers secured, on a vessel in October last, have been restored. charge of carrying on a treasonable corres- The king has done ample justice to the pondence with the French exiles in Bel. inhabitants of the city of Antwerp, for in a gium ; and, more recently, the wife of M. formal decree he declares the toll of Flush. Regnauld de St Jean D'Angleby was appre- ing to be abolished, and that the sums hended on a charge of a similar correspond- which have been levied upon the merchants ence with her husband, now an exile in the shall be restored. United States of America. A copy of a cu. On the 11th April, a dreadful storm, acrious letter, said to have been intercepted, companied with lightning, assailed the town is given in the London papers, but it is of Ath. A thunderbolt fell upon the steeple evidently of English manufacture.

of the cathedral church, which it also set The French police has not permitted the on fire, and in less than eight hours the journals to take any notice of the motion of whole edifice was reduced to ashes. Lord Holland with respect to the situation A most horrible catastrophe is detailed in of Bonaparte, nor of the answer of Lord a recent Ghent journal. A poor peasant Bathurst.

and his three children had applied to his Late accounts give the following state of brother, who was in easier circumstances, the present military force of France :—The for relief: he met his brother on the road, Garde Royal, 20,000 of all arms. Inwho desired him to go to his house and ask fantry, 81 departmental legions, consisting his wife for bread and potatoes, which she each of from 300 to 500 men. The regi. inhumanely denied. The poor wretch, af. ments of cavalry are each from 200 to 300 flicted at the situation of his starving chilstrong.

The corps of artillery and sappers dren, resolved to kill them; and for that complete, as fixed by ordonnance of the purpose tied them all together with a string, peace establishment. Besides these, France and threw them into a deep well, and imhas in its service seven regiments of Swiss, mediately leapt in after them. His brother, and two regiments of Germans--the latter on his return, finding what had been done, under the command of Prince Hohenloe. blew out his wife's brains with a pistol, and

Died at Paris, on the 4th April, in the immediately delivered himself up to justice. 59th year of his age, Marshal Massena, The public feeling is strong in his favour. Prince of Essling. He was one of the ablest The baptism of the Duke of Brabant, and most successful of those great officers son of the Prince of Orange, took place on whom the French revolution raised to dis- the 29th March, at Brussels, in the presence tinction—the great blemish in his charac. of their Majesties, the Princess Dowager of ter, as in that of the English Marlborough, Orange and Brunswic, the Princes William was avarice.

and Frederic, the Grand Duke Nicholas of The state of the weather during the month Russia, &c. The young prince received the of April seems to have been particularly names William-Alexander-Paul-Frederic. unfavourable in France, and great public Louis. The Queen of Great Britain and anxiety prevails respecting the vintage and the Prince Regent were the sporsors by

At Toulouse, and other places in proxy.

arvest.

SPAIN.

This revolution, we are assured, was organLetters from Spain state, that in the Ri- ized for the express purpose of re-establishoxa, a province of Old Castile, the town of ing the Cortes and Constitution, and the Armedillo has been overwhelmed by the proclamations to this effect were couched falling of a mountain: every inhabitant in the same terms as those of Porlier in perished. Nothing now appears but the top Gallicia. The first acts were to have been of the steeple.

the seizure of all the constituted authorities, The earthquake which was felt at Barce- as well as of the strong fortresses of Figueras lona on the 18th March was likewise felt on and Monjui, in order to make the city of the same day at Lerida, Saragossa, and Barcelona the point of union for all the Madrid. At Saragossa, the concussion was troops which were to assemble and co-oper60 violent as to throw down a painting in ate in the enterprize. The plan was, howthe chapel of the Virgin of the Pillar dur- ever, discovered by the government, before ing mass, and the people fled from the it could be carried into effect; and, in conchurch. At Madrid, the effects were still sequence, eighteen officers of rank, among more alarming; it overthrew a wall at the whom is General Lacy, were arrested, beroyal manufactory of porcelain, which kill- sides a great number of other persons of ed two men. A violent shock was felt at distinction. Milano had effected his escape. the palace of justice. The judges, who were A considerable number of arrests have likesitting, deserted the hall, which trembled wise taken place in other parts of the kingaround them. The weather was again clear dom. The prisons and castles are no longand serene, and the air had recovered its er sufficient to contain all the prisoners. In usual temperature.

Malaga, twelve persons of distinction were The Spaniards are carrying on the slave lately arrested ; and at Santiago, in Gallicia, trade with unabated perseverance. Several several officers of the garrison, one chaplain, of their ships have recently arrived at the seven sergeants, and many private indivi. Havannah, with slaves from Africa to the duals, have been thrown into prison--all number of two thousand.

implicated in the Barcelona conspiracy. A letter from Gibraltar states, that an affray had unfortunately occurred at the

ITALY outposts, between some English and Span- April 3.- The Ex-empress Maria Louisa ish troops, in which several of the latter lives in a style of great splendour at Parma, were killed. Two English soldiers had but without ostentation. Her Minister of been tried and executed.

State and Grand Chancellor is a Mr M.Aulay, Letters have been received from Cadiz, an Irishman by birth, possessed of considated March 28. They inform us, that on derable property in the king's county in the 25th the expeditionary troops destined Ireland. to act against South America were review- The Pope Pius VII. has issued a bull of ed by their commander, Count Abisbal, a most extraordinary nature against Bible in the public square ; and having re- Societies. This instrument is addressed to ceived part of their pay, and with it the Primate of Poland, and highly commade merry, they refused to re-embark. mends the archbishop for his zeal in having A regiment of lancers, and the regiment of denounced to the Apostolic See “ this deNavarre, are said to have broken out into filement of the faith so eminently dangerous open mutiny, and bid defiance to the con- to souls ;" and he goes on to say, that " it trol of their officers. They cried out, they is evident, from experience, that the Holy would not ge out to act as butchers to the Scriptures, when circulated in the vulgar Cadiz monopolists ; swore they would li. tongue, have, through the temerity of men, berate all confined in the prisons, and them. produced more harm than benefit.” The selves obtain their arrears of pay out of authenticity of this bull has been disputed. the Treasury. The other regiments were marched against them; and, after a severe

GERMANY contest, they were compelled to embark on Mar. 25.-In Prussia the new plan of the following day. During the whole time finance is completed. It is founded on the the greatest alarm prevailed in Cadiz; the introduction of a uniform land-tax throughwindows and doors of every house were shut out the kingdom, from Memel to the Moup. A postscript of the same letter adds, selle. that the contest was renewed on board, A very liberal and important edict has when a great number of men were shot, been issued at Berlin, respecting the formawhose numbers, as well as 300 who had tion of a national representation; and a compreviously deserted, were replaced by part mission, selected from members of the counof the Cadiz garrison.

cil of state, has been formed for carrying Conspiracy to re-establish the Cortes.- this intention of his Majesty into immediate Madrid, April 9. A revolution was pre- execution. pared and ready to break out in Barcelona, The Germanic diet have unanimously acon Good Friday, the 4th instant ; at the ceded to the request of the Grand Duke of head of which were to have been the illus- Weimar, to take under their guarantee the trious and patriotic Generals Lacy and Mil. constitution which he has granted to his lano, well known in the peninsular war. subjects. VOL. I.

2C

Several Frenchmen, who had purchased embarked for America, and have been achouses and other national domains in the companied by many inhabitants from AlElectorate of Hesse, having been deprived sace, and others are still to follow. These of their property by the Elector, the Court poor creatures cannot even pay their pasof France interfered, and instructed their sage without selling their persons for a term minister at Frankfort to protest against any of years. The situation of the inhabitants Frenchman being deprived of his property of the canton of the Glaciers is not less disacquired by bona fide purchase.

tressing. Five hundred and eighty of the An article from Vienna, published in the peasants of Argovia have taken their pas. French papers, gives the following account sage from Amsterdam for America in a of a sect lately formed in upper Austria, single ship, finding no resource from facalled Petzelians, from the name of the foun- mine but in desertion of their native coun der Petzel, or Peschel, a priest of Branau. try. Of this sect dreadful atrocities are related : they preach the equality and community of

SWEDEN. property ; they sacrifice men to purify o. thers from their sins; and, it is added, that

Stockholm, Mar. 7.-Yesterday was cele.

brated the solemn removal of the different several were thus sacrificed during Passion Week, who died in the most horrible tore military trophies taken by the Swedes in

the last 200 years, amounting to near 5000, ments. A girl of thirteen years of age was

from the Saloon in the Royal Garden to put to death in the village of Afflewang on

the Retterholme Church. The deputies Good Friday. Seven men have been vic

of the army gave a grand entertainment on tims of this abominable faith. The author of the sect, Peschel, with eighty-six follow- Prince honoured by their presence, and

the occasion, which the king and the Crown ers, have been arrested. Order is now re

their healths were drunk amidst the disstored. Peschel is the clergyman

who ato charge of 286 pieces of cannon. tended the unfortunate bookseller Palm to

Letters from Stockholm announce, that the place of execution, when he was shot by several regiments have received orders to order of Bonaparte. He is now at Vienna, put themselves in march to approach the where he has been frequently examined by capital. This is in consequence of an atthe ecclesiastical authorities, but shows such signs of mental derangement, that it has tempt meditated against the life of the

Crown Prince, Bernadotte. It appears that been resolved, by the advice of the said au

the projected assassination was to have taken thorities, and on consulting several judicious physicians, to place him in some pious in place at a masqued ball, a scene of the stitution to be taken care of.

same description as that which proved fatal

to Gustavus III. The fete was held, but The marriage of Madame Murat with the Crown Prince and his son chose to be General Macdonald has been celebrated at absent, having received a timely warning of Vienna. The ci-devant queen has just their danger. purchased the Lordship of Lottingbrom,

The marshal of the Court, Gyllerstrom, four leagues from Vienna, in the neigh- has been banished ; and the Scandinavian bourhood of Baden.

Journal, and other publications of a tenSome disputes had arisen between the king of Wirtemberg and the States of his dency dangerous to the new dynasty, supkingdom, respecting the consolidation, desir: pressed. The son of Gustavus, who was

set aside to make room for Bernadotte, is ed by the king, of the representatives of the living at the court of Wirtemberg, the king ancient and new territories into one consti. being his cousin. He is also a nephew of tuent assembly. This measure had met

the Emperor Alexander. with much opposition, but has at length

A conscription is now making throughout been acceded to by a majority of the diet.

the kingdom, including all the youths from

twenty to twenty-five years of age inclusive, SWITZERLAND. The intelligence from the Grisons is dis litia of about 300,000 men, from which,

to form a well disciplined and uniform mitressing in the extreme. A frightful aval- only in time of war, the regular regiments, anche destroyed, on the 6th, the village raised partly by recruiting, partly furnishof Nueros ; in this valley eleven houses

ed and equipped by all the land owners, are and mills, with all their inhabitants and

to be reinforced and filled up. cattle, were overwhelmed. On the 8th, the

The king has issued an ordinance, in curate and ninety-four persons, all wound which the importation of wine, rum, and ed, were dug out;-many dead bodies were also found, but the fate of twenty-eight der, as it is stated, to assist in bringing

cotton goods, are strictly prohibited, in orpersons is still unknown. From the Tyrol down the rate of exchange. the news is equally afflicting. At Nouders the snow is as high as a church-steeple. At Ichsgel, in the Pinzgau, twenty-one houses were destroyed. Six leagues from Inspruck The seaport of Odessa seems in a fair ten persons were killed. The course of the way to become one of the most considerable Inn is interrupted. Many hundred persons towns in the Russian empire. Its extraor--. of the cantons of Basle, Soleure, &c. have dinary trade in corn has, latterlý, doubled

RUSSIA.

TURKEY.

the number of strangers, and its increase after embracing Christianity, shall join this proceeds in a manner beyond all conception. community, may leave the country when

The amount of goods imported into St they have paid their debts, and the legal Petersburgh last year was above 90,000,000 contributions for three years on the capi. of roubles, and that of goods exported near- tals which they have acquired in Russia. ly 77} millions.

This regulation excites the more attention, St Petersburgh, April 12.-On Easter because it is well known that our ambassa. Sunday there was published a very remark- dors in Germany are expressly ordered to able imperial mandate, in favour of the give no more passports to those who desire Jews who are converted to Christianity. The to emigrate. following are some of the chief articles :

1. Al Jews embracing the Christian religion, no matter of which confession, shall The friends of humanity will lament to have privileges granted them, whatever pro- learn, that the German physician, Rosenfeld, fession they may adopt, suitable to their one of those persons who ventured to inoknowledge and abilities.

culate themselves with the plague, has fal. 2. In the northern and southern govern. len a victim to his generous devotion. ments, lands shall be assigned them gratis, Some movements on the Persian frontiers where such as please may settle at their own have taken place, occasioned by the conduct expense, under the name of Society of Jew- of Ibrahim Pacha, commander of the Turkish Christians.

ish fortress of Bejazid, who was discharged 3. This society shall have its own pri- from his office and had fled to Persia; but his vileges.

not returning at the desire of the neighbour. 4. At St Petersburgh a Board shall be ing Turkish governors, has caused the Turks formed, of which Prince Alexander Golyzin to commit some excesses in the Persian vil. shall be president, under the denomination lages, for which the Persian crown Prince of “ Board for the affairs of Jewish Chris- threatens to exact reparation by force of tians ;” on which, and on no other magis. arms. trates (except in criminal cases), the society The city of Constantinople has been again of Jewish Christians depends.

a prey to the ravages of fire, upwards of 5. This Board is bound to attend to every 300 houses having been destroyed. thing relating to the settlements, and to re- The Pacha of Smyrna, the richest in all port on it to the Emperor. In the settle Turkey, has been beheaded by order of the ments of the Jewish Christians, which are Grand Signior, for forwarding recruits and given to them as hereditary property for assistance to the Dey of Algiers. ever, the society can carry on any kind of A private letter from Cairo mentions, that professions, build cities, villages, or single they had experienced a circumstance not dwellings ; the lands are given to the whole remembered by the oldest inhabitant-four community, but not to individuals, and days of successive torrents of rain, which cannot be sold or mortgaged to strangers. had nearly destroyed whole villages. The In these settlements the Jewish Christians houses having been built of unbaked clay, and their posterity have entire religious li- scarcely a dwelling escaped without injury, berty in the Christian confession of faith and had the rain continued a few days longwhich they embrace. The society is under the city of Cairo itself must inevitably the immediate protection of the Emperor, have been washed away. and depends entirely on the Board in St Petersburgh, to which alone it will give ac

America. count. No other local magistracy shall in. terfere with them; their preachers are only under the Board.

The internal government of the society is under administration By the American papers, received 20 April, of the Society of the Jewish Christians, con- we see that the spirit of hostility to the insisting of two superiors and four adjuncts, troduction of British manufactures is still chosen by the Society from its own mem- manifested, by resolutions and proposals, bers, and confirmed by the Board. It tending to show the inveteracy of a portion manages the internal concerns, the police, of the people against every thing English. &c. and has a particular seal. It may ex- The celebrated Mr Randolph has retired pel improper members, and receive new from public life. ones, but must report on this to the Board. An address has been presented by the The members of the society obtain the rights citizens of Washington, to Mr Madison, on of citizens in the Russian empire. They his retiring from the presidency. His remay carry on trade at home and abroad, ply relates chiefly to the welfare of that conformably to the general laws; establish city, and, amongst other matters, informs manufactories, &c. without being register. them, that ultimate good will follow from ed in any guild. In their settlements the the disaster which befel the capital. society may brew beer, distil brandy, &c. It appears the American Commodore, They are free from billeting of troops, and Chauncey, concluded a new treaty with for twenty years from taxes; are not bound Algiers on the 25th December, on the basis to military service, &c. Foreign Jews who, of the Treaty of June 1815.

er,

UNITED STATES.

SOUTH AMERICA.

Washington, March 5.-The ceremony

BRITISH AMERICA. attendant on the entrance of the president A notification has been issued from the elect on the duties of his arduous station colonial department, to such as intend to was simple but grand. He was attended emigrate to Canada, informing them that it from his private residence by the vice-pre- is not the intention of government to prosident elect, and a large cavalcade of citi- vide any gratuitous means of conveyance zens on horseback, marshalled in due or- this season; and that no person can proceed der. The president reached the Congress to North America as a settler, with any Hall a little before twelve ; and after the prospect of success, unless he departs from vice-president had taken the chair, and had Europe early in the season, that is, before the oath of office administered to him, a the 1st of June. pertinent address was delivered by him on the occasion. This ceremony being ended, the Senate adjourned, and all the officers of April 7.-The Portuguese government state, and judges, attended the president to having transferred to Brazil some seeds of the elevated portico erected for the occasion, the tea-tree, have succeeded in naturalizing where, in the presence of an immense con- this plant at Rio Janeiro. It is cultivated course of citizens and foreigners, the pre- at this moment with success by several sident rose and delivered a speech of consi. Chinese, who have gone there for that pur. derable length; wherein, after enumerating pose. all the advantages of the constitution, and The Independent general, Marino, has the flourishing state of their commerce and entered into a treaty with the governor of finances, he calls upon the assistance of all the island of Trinidad, granting a free trade his fellow citizens in support of that govern- to his Britannic Majesty's subjects with the ment which protects every citizen in the Independent districts of Venezuela, on con. full enjoyment of his rights, and is able to dition that the Independents shall have the protect the nation against injustice from same privileges at Trinidad. foreign powers.

In regard to their manu- Most contradictory accounts are still factures, he says, that as they have the raw received from this quarter of the globe. A materials--the production of their own soil letter purporting to come from an officer and industry—they ought not to depend, in connected with the revolutionary army, to the degree they have done, on supplies from his friend at Philadelphia, speaks of the other countries. He recommends that their most horrid cruelties, and disgraceful enorgreat naval resources should be carefully mities, practised both by Independents and fostered in time of peace, and that their Royalists, particularly by the armed vessels, land forces should not be neglected; but without regard to age, sex, or country; that that it ought always to be held in view, that the streets of St Thomas were filled with the safety of these states, and of every thing refugees from the Main, who were existing dear to a free people, must depend in an on the charity of the island. Another eminent degree on the militia. He rejoices writes from the head quarters of the army that he enters on the discharge of his duties of the republic of Mexico : After exulting in the time of peace, and adds, that it shall be in their success both by land and sea, and his sincere desire to preserve it, on just prin- the excellent disposition of the inhabitants, ciples, with all nations, claiming nothing the letter concludes by saying, that “ We unreasonable of any, and rendering to each are already on our march-our army is what is its due. After some well expressed daily increasing and I have no doubt that compliments to his predecessor, he concluded I shall soon write you from the capital of a speech, replete with moderation and firm. Mexico, after having fixed the standard of ness, when the oath of office was adminis- liberty in every house of that populous and tered to him by the chief justice of the wealthy city.” United States. The oath was announced General Bolivar and Admiral Brion have by a single gun, and followed by salutes declared the whole coast of the Spanisa from the naval yard, the battery from Fort Main in a state of rigorous blockade. Warburton, and from several pieces of ar. The West Indies, and the whole surface tillery on the ground. Mr Monroe was the of the Atlantic, is infested with privateer American minister in this country in the vessels under the flag of the South Ameriyear 1793, and afterwards in France. He can Independents, which have cominitted served in the first American war, and lost a great depredations. leg in it.

He is supposed to be rather in. The Portuguese took possession of Monte clined to the Washington school.

Video on the 20th January, without firing The British consul at New York, in a shot, and have issued proclamations de consequence of the misery and wretched. claring oblivion of all past opinions ; that ness of those who had emigrated from Bri- the security of persons and property is guartain to the United States, has offered to anteed by the Portuguese army, and grantthem a settlement in the British dominions ing them a free trade with all nations. of Canada, or Nova Scotia, and issued a The quiet manner in which this transfer public notice to that effect. Passports have has been effected, proves that an amicable already been granted to 340 persons to pro- understanding must exist between the gove ceed to Upper Canada.

ernment of the Brazils and the Indepen

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