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TKA

HISTORY

OP

I R E L A N D

FROM THE

INVASION OF HENRY II.

WITH A

PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE

ON TIIE

ANCIENT STATE OF THAT KING DOM.

BY THOMAS LELAND, D. D. Senior Fellow of Trinity College, and Prebendary of St. Patrick's, Dublin,

VOL. III.

DUBLIN:

PRINTED BY BRETT SMITH, 46, MARY-STREET.

1814.

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Effects of the royal GRACE$. . . . Temper of the recusarts...

... Their clergy. ... Their practices. ... Proclamation, against their hierarchy ....Removal of lord Paulklard.. sa Loftus, and the earl of Cork lords justices ... Conrculed. in their attempts for suppression of popery.... insolence of the Romish party . . . .Lord Wentworth appointed chief governor....His address in proeuring a voluntary subsidy from the Irish..., Ilis arrival in Ireland. ... His dispositions. . . . and principles ....He disgusts the Irish prirycouncil. ...He gains a continuance of the voluntary sube sidy...

....A parliament desircd. ... Wentworth undertakes to manage it....His object, and Measures....Debates in council on the bill of subsidy. ...Compliance of the commons . ... Temper of the lords. . .. Incident in the house of peers....Earl of Ormond a favorite . . . . Carl of Kil. dare disgraced. . .. Lords dissatisfied. ... They order the VOL. III. А

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transmission of bills....Protest of lord Wentworth.... He refuses to confirm the graces.... Subsequent acts of his parliament....Convocation. ...Circumstances of the clergy.... They are supported by Wentworth... His care of the university. ... English articles, and canons established. ... High cominission court erected. ...Wentworth's schemes for improving the revenue. ... Introduction of a linen manufacture. ...Project of a western plantation revived. ... Progress of the inquisitions in the western province . . . .Clamor against the proceedings....Wentworth's administration odious. ...His insolence and rigor....Sir Pierce Crosby.... Lord Mountnorris....His prosecution and sentence....Wentworth repairs to England. ...His administration approved by the king....He returns to Ireland....Is still odious and arbitrary....His contest with lord chancellor Loftus... Merits of his administration.

A.D. 1629.

It were natural to expect, that Ireland, situated as it now appears, relieved from the calamities of intestine war, with a more general, and apparently more sincere submission to the crown of England than former ages had experienced, should

proceed in quiet, through the course of civility and refinemerit, without affording any incidents considerabte enough to be recorded. But that happy period hat: riot yet arrived, when the turbulence and commotion, which supply materials for the historian, should be exchanged for a peaceable and prosperous obscurity. From the present period, we shall find the affairs of this country more interesting and important, more nearly connected with those of Engfand, and therefore the worthier and more necessary to be distinctly considered.

The instructions transmitted by Charles to his lord deputy, which declared the rights, and promised to redress the grievances of his Irish subjects, were for the present, received with satisfaction. The king stood engaged, that his graces should be con

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